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Bible Commentaries

Bullinger's Companion Bible Notes

1 Kings 6

Verse 1

four hundred and eightieth year. Note max the number is Greek inal (not Cardinal) = the 480th year of some longer and larger period, viz. the 490 years from the Exodus to the Dedication of the Temple; the difference of ten years being made up of seven years in building (1 Kings 6:38 ) and three years in furnishing. Dedicated not in seventh year, for Completion took place in the eighth month of one year (1 Kings 6:38 ), and the Dedication in the seventh month of another (1 Kings 8:2 ). The chronological period was 40 years in wilderness + 450 years under judges + 40 years of Saul + 40 years of David + 3 years of Solomon (1 Kings 6:1 ) = 573 (from 1490-917). The mystical period of 480 years is obtained by deducting the period of 93 years, when Israel's national position was in abeyance. Thus: 8 (Judges 3:8 ) + 18 (Judges 3:14 ) + 20 (Judges 4:3 ) + 7 (Judges 6:1 ) + 40 (Judges 13:1 ) = 93. (N. B. The eighteen years of Judges 10:7 , Judges 10:9 , was local and beyond Jordan. It did not affect the national position). Hence 573-93 = 480 (from 873-93).

children = sons.

the house of the LORD = the Temple. Similar in plan to the Tabernacle, but double the size. the LORD. Hebrew. Jehovah. App-4 .

Verse 2

cubits. See App-51 .

Verse 3

according to. Or, in the front of,

Verse 5

oracle. See note on 2 Samuel 16:23 .

Verse 7

made ready = made perfect.

before: i.e. in the quarries afar off, or beneath the city.

heard. So in the spiritual house. Ephesians 2:20-22 .

Verse 12

which I spake unto David. Compare 2 Samuel 7:13 . 1 Chronicles 22:10 .

Verse 13

among = in the midst of.

Verse 15

covered. Note that all the stonework was covered with cedar wood; and the cedar wood covered with gold. Even so the saved sinner is covered with Christ's human and Divine righteousness imputed to him. Compare Luke 15:22 .Philippians 1:3 , Philippians 1:9 .

Verse 18

no stone seen. Figure of speech Pleonasm. App-6 . Words not necessary for grammar, or sense; but used to emphasize the completeness of our covering by Christ's merits. Compare Ephesians 1:6 . Colossians 1:28 ; Colossians 2:10 ; Colossians 4:12 .

Verse 20

overlaid. See note on covered, 1 Kings 6:15 and 1 Kings 6:18 .

Verse 22

whole house. Figure of speech Synecdoche (of Whole). App-6 . Put for every part of it.

Verse 23

two cherubims. See App-41

olive tree = oil tree, as in Isaiah 41:19 , rendered pine (Nehemiah 8:15 ); but, Oleaster according to Tristram.

Verse 32

two doors = two-leaved (or double) doors.

Verse 33

door = entrance.

Verse 37

Zif. The second month.

Verse 38

eighth month. See note on 1 Kings 6:1 , and compare Dedication later, in "seventh month" (1 Kings 8:2 ); so that more than one, and probably three, years in completing the appointments.

parts = appointments.

seven years. See note on 1 Kings 6:1 . Seven years for the building itself, and probably three years for the "appointments". Contrast these seven with the thirteen of 1 Kings 7:1 , and see App-10 .

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Bibliographical Information
Bullinger, Ethelbert William. "Commentary on 1 Kings 6". "Bullinger's Companion bible Notes". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/eng/bul/1-kings-6.html. 1909-1922.