Verse-by-Verse Bible Commentary

1 Samuel 18:11

Saul hurled the spear for he thought, "I will pin David to the wall." But David escaped from his presence twice.
New American Standard Version

Bible Study Resources

Concordances:
Nave's Topical Bible - David;   Demons;   Holy Spirit;   Javelin;   Jealousy;   Malice;   Prudence;   Spear;   Thompson Chain Reference - Saul, King of Israel;   Torrey's Topical Textbook - Arms, Military;   Malice;   Spear;   Walls;  
Dictionaries:
Bridgeway Bible Dictionary - David;   Saul, king of israel;   Weapons;   Baker Evangelical Dictionary of Biblical Theology - Demon;   Disease;   Charles Buck Theological Dictionary - Prayer;   Easton Bible Dictionary - David;   Javelin;   Fausset Bible Dictionary - Arms;   David;   Holman Bible Dictionary - Arms and Armor;   David;   Samuel, Books of;   Hastings' Dictionary of the Bible - Avoid;   David;   Samuel, Books of;   Morrish Bible Dictionary - Javelin;   People's Dictionary of the Bible - Obsolete or obscure words in the english av bible;   Watson's Biblical & Theological Dictionary - Arms;  
Encyclopedias:
International Standard Bible Encyclopedia - Armor;   Avoid;   David;   Merab;   Samuel, Books of;   Saul;  

Adam Clarke Commentary

Saul cast the javelin - The javelin or spear was the emblem of regal authority; kings always had it at hand, and in ancient monuments they are always represented with it.

In ancient times, says Justin, kings used a spear instead of a diadem: Per ea tempora reges hastas pro diademate habebant, Hist. lib. xliii. And as spears were the emblems of supreme power, hence they were reputed as attributes of the Divinity, and were worshipped as representatives of the gods. Ab origne verum, pro Diis immortalibus veteres Hastas coluerent, ob cujus religionis memoriam, adhuc deorum simulachris Hastae adduntur. - Ibid.

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Bibliographical Information
Clarke, Adam. "Commentary on 1 Samuel 18:11". "The Adam Clarke Commentary". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/acc/1-samuel-18.html. 1832.

John Gill's Exposition of the Whole Bible

And Saul cast the javelin,.... Out of his hand at David:

for he said; in his heart, determining in his mind:

I will smite David even to the wall with it; he determined to cast it with such force and violence, that it should pierce through David, and enter into the very wall, by the side of which David was:

and David avoided out of his presence twice; to escape the javelin cast at him; either he went out at the first time of its being thrown, and then came in again, when he threw it a second time at him, upon which he also withdrew; or this was one of the times, and the other some time after, of which see 1 Samuel 19:9. Abarbinel thinks, that David, while he was playing, his eyes were so fixed upon his own hands, that he was not aware of the javelin, and turned himself from Saul without intention both times, and so escaped without knowledge of it; such was the good providence of God towards him, and which, when Saul perceived, it wrought upon him, as follows.

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The New John Gill's Exposition of the Entire Bible Modernised and adapted for the computer by Larry Pierce of Online Bible. All Rights Reserved, Larry Pierce, Winterbourne, Ontario.
A printed copy of this work can be ordered from: The Baptist Standard Bearer, 1 Iron Oaks Dr, Paris, AR, 72855
Bibliographical Information
Gill, John. "Commentary on 1 Samuel 18:11". "The New John Gill Exposition of the Entire Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/geb/1-samuel-18.html. 1999.

Wesley's Explanatory Notes

And Saul cast the javelin; for he said, I will smite David even to the wall with it. And David avoided out of his presence twice.

And Saul cast the javelin — Being now quite under the power of that evil spirit.

Twice — Once now, and another time upon a like occasion, chap19:10.

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These files are public domain and are a derivative of an electronic edition that is available on the Christian Classics Ethereal Library Website.
Bibliographical Information
Wesley, John. "Commentary on 1 Samuel 18:11". "John Wesley's Explanatory Notes on the Whole Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/wen/1-samuel-18.html. 1765.

John Trapp Complete Commentary

1 Samuel 18:11 And Saul cast the javelin; for he said, I will smite David even to the wall [with it]. And David avoided out of his presence twice.

Ver. 11. And Saul cast the javelin.] At David to kill him, whom he could not have sufficiently honoured, saith Chrysostom, if he had taken the crown from off his own head, and set it upon his, since he owed to David both his kingdom and his life. But this is merces mundi: look for no better. In princes’ courts there are, saith one, lenta beneficia, iniuriae praecipites, slow favours, quick injuries. David, for his music, hath a javelin thrown at him, to pin him to the wall.

And David avoided out of his presence.] So did our Saviour often, when his enemies sought his life. [Luke 4:30 John 10:39]

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Bibliographical Information
Trapp, John. "Commentary on 1 Samuel 18:11". John Trapp Complete Commentary. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/jtc/1-samuel-18.html. 1865-1868.

Matthew Poole's English Annotations on the Holy Bible

Once at this time, and another time upon a like occasion, 1 Samuel 19:10.

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Bibliographical Information
Poole, Matthew, "Commentary on 1 Samuel 18:11". Matthew Poole's English Annotations on the Holy Bible. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/mpc/1-samuel-18.html. 1685.

Whedon's Commentary on the Bible

11.I will smite David even to the wall — Literally, I will smite in David and in the wall; that is, nail him to the wall by the javelin. Twice he made the deadly attempt, and twice the agile youth avoided the blow. Compare

1 Samuel 19:10.

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Bibliographical Information
Whedon, Daniel. "Commentary on 1 Samuel 18:11". "Whedon's Commentary on the Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/whe/1-samuel-18.html. 1874-1909.

E.W. Bullinger's Companion Bible Notes

cast the javelin. Another attempt of Satan to thwart Jehovah"s purpose in Genesis 3:15, and prevent the "seed of the woman "from coming into the world. See App-23 and App-25, and the Structure of "V" (1 Samuel 19:9 - 1 Samuel 20:1 -), p. 394.

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Text Courtesy of BibleSupport.com. Used by Permission.
Bibliographical Information
Bullinger, Ethelbert William. "Commentary on 1 Samuel 18:11". "E.W. Bullinger's Companion bible Notes". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/bul/1-samuel-18.html. 1909-1922.

Ellicott's Commentary for English Readers

(11) And Saul cast the javelin.—The Alexandrian MS. of the LXX. and the Chaldee Version translate the Hebrew here “lifted the javelin.” The probable meaning of the verb in this place is “brandished,” or “aimed.” It is hardly credible that if he actually threw it, David would have trusted himself a second time in the king’s chamber.

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These files are public domain.
Text Courtesy of BibleSupport.com. Used by Permission.
Bibliographical Information
Ellicott, Charles John. "Commentary on 1 Samuel 18:11". "Ellicott's Commentary for English Readers". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/ebc/1-samuel-18.html. 1905.

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

And Saul cast the javelin; for he said, I will smite David even to the wall with it. And David avoided out of his presence twice.
cast the javelin
19:9,10; 20:33; Proverbs 27:4; Isaiah 54:17
And David
Psalms 37:32,33; Isaiah 54:17; Luke 4:30; John 8:59; 10:39
Reciprocal: Numbers 25:7 - a javelin;  Numbers 35:20 - by laying;  1 Samuel 16:23 - Saul;  1 Samuel 20:27 - Wherefore;  1 Samuel 20:32 - what hath;  2 Samuel 4:8 - sought;  2 Samuel 12:7 - I delivered;  Psalm 64:4 - suddenly

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These files are public domain.
Text Courtesy of BibleSupport.com. Used by Permission.
Bibliographical Information
Torrey, R. A. "Commentary on 1 Samuel 18:11". "The Treasury of Scripture Knowledge". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/tsk/1-samuel-18.html.