Verse-by-Verse Bible Commentary

1 Samuel 18:13

Therefore Saul removed him from his presence and appointed him as his commander of a thousand; and he went out and came in before the people.
New American Standard Version

Bible Study Resources

Concordances:
Nave's Topical Bible - Captain;   David;   Jealousy;   Malice;   Prudence;  
Dictionaries:
Bridgeway Bible Dictionary - Saul, king of israel;   Baker Evangelical Dictionary of Biblical Theology - Disease;   Charles Buck Theological Dictionary - Prayer;   Easton Bible Dictionary - Captain;   David;   Holman Bible Dictionary - Samuel, Books of;   Smith Bible Dictionary - Da'vid;   Watson's Biblical & Theological Dictionary - Armies;  
Encyclopedias:
International Standard Bible Encyclopedia - Army;   Merab;   Samuel, Books of;   The Jewish Encyclopedia - Captain;  

Adam Clarke Commentary

Made him his captain - This was under pretense of doing him honor, when it was in effect only to rid himself of the object of his envy.

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Bibliographical Information
Clarke, Adam. "Commentary on 1 Samuel 18:13". "The Adam Clarke Commentary". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/acc/1-samuel-18.html. 1832.

John Gill's Exposition of the Whole Bible

Therefore Saul removed him from him,.... From court, partly that he might be out of his sight, having such an hatred of his person that he could not bear to see him, and partly that he might be safer from any designs of his upon his life, which he might fear, because of his treatment of him:

and made him his captain over a thousand; not out of respect to him, and in honour of him, but partly to cover his malice, and please the people, and partly in hope that he might be slain by the enemy at the head of his troop:

and he went out and came in before the people; or at the head of them, as the Targum; he led them out to war, and returned with them in safety, with victory and in triumph, with great honour, and highly respected by them; quite contrary to the intention and hope of Saul.

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The New John Gill's Exposition of the Entire Bible Modernised and adapted for the computer by Larry Pierce of Online Bible. All Rights Reserved, Larry Pierce, Winterbourne, Ontario.
A printed copy of this work can be ordered from: The Baptist Standard Bearer, 1 Iron Oaks Dr, Paris, AR, 72855
Bibliographical Information
Gill, John. "Commentary on 1 Samuel 18:13". "The New John Gill Exposition of the Entire Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/geb/1-samuel-18.html. 1999.

Geneva Study Bible

Therefore Saul removed him from him, and made him his captain over a thousand; and he went f out and came in before the people.

(f) Meaning he was captain over the people.
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Bibliographical Information
Beza, Theodore. "Commentary on 1 Samuel 18:13". "The 1599 Geneva Study Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/gsb/1-samuel-18.html. 1599-1645.

Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible

1 Samuel 18:13-16. Fears him for his good success.

Therefore Saul removed him from him — sent him away from the court, where the principal persons, including his own son, were spellbound with admiration of the young and pious warrior.

made him captain over a thousand — gave him a military commission, which was intended to be an honorable exile. But this post of duty served only to draw out before the public the extraordinary and varied qualities of his character, and to give him a stronger hold of the people‘s affections.

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These files are a derivative of an electronic edition prepared from text scanned by Woodside Bible Fellowship.
This expanded edition of the Jameison-Faussett-Brown Commentary is in the public domain and may be freely used and distributed.
Bibliographical Information
Jamieson, Robert, D.D.; Fausset, A. R.; Brown, David. "Commentary on 1 Samuel 18:13". "Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/jfb/1-samuel-18.html. 1871-8.

Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Therefore Saul removed him from him, and made him his captain over a thousand; and he went out and came in before the people.

Removed him from him — From his presence and court; which he did, because he feared lest David should find an opportunity to kill him, as he had designed to kill David; because his presence now made him more sad than ever his musick made him chearful: and principally, that hereby he might expose him to the greatest hazards.

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These files are public domain and are a derivative of an electronic edition that is available on the Christian Classics Ethereal Library Website.
Bibliographical Information
Wesley, John. "Commentary on 1 Samuel 18:13". "John Wesley's Explanatory Notes on the Whole Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/wen/1-samuel-18.html. 1765.

John Trapp Complete Commentary

1 Samuel 18:13 Therefore Saul removed him from him, and made him his captain over a thousand; and he went out and came in before the people.

Ver. 13. Therefore Saul removed him from him.] As the great Turk doth always his eldest son, whom he sendeth away into some remote provinces, lest he should practise treason. And as unto the Aga, captain of the janizaries, nothing can portend a more certain destruction than to be of them beloved; for then is he of the great sultan straightway feared or mistrusted, and occasion sought for to take him out of the way; (a) so it befell good David.

And made him his captain over a thousand.] This seeming preferment was indeed a persecution; for hereby David, being valorous and venturous, was exposed to no small danger in fighting against the enemies. Uriah lost his life by such means.

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Bibliographical Information
Trapp, John. "Commentary on 1 Samuel 18:13". John Trapp Complete Commentary. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/jtc/1-samuel-18.html. 1865-1868.

Thomas Coke Commentary on the Holy Bible

1 Samuel 18:13. Therefore Saul removed him from him Jealous of David, Saul could no longer bear him at his court; and therefore he gave him a command which employed him abroad, and subjected him to dangers, some of which he hoped might deliver him from a person grown so offensive to him.

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Bibliographical Information
Coke, Thomas. "Commentary on 1 Samuel 18:13". Thomas Coke Commentary on the Holy Bible. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/tcc/1-samuel-18.html. 1801-1803.

Matthew Poole's English Annotations on the Holy Bible

From him; from his presence and court; which he did, partly, because he feared lest David should watch and find an opportunity to kill him, as he had designed to kill David; partly, because he was a great eyesore, and his presence now made him more sad than ever his music had made him cheerful; and principally, that hereby he might expose him to the greatest hazards, and in some sort betray him into the hands of the Philistines.

He went out and came in; he led his soldiers forth to battle, and brought them back again with safety. Compare 2 Samuel 5:2. Or else the phrase of coming in and going out may be understood (as elsewhere) for conversing; or (as we use to say) going to and fro about business, as 1 Samuel 29:6.

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These files are public domain.
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Bibliographical Information
Poole, Matthew, "Commentary on 1 Samuel 18:13". Matthew Poole's English Annotations on the Holy Bible. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/mpc/1-samuel-18.html. 1685.

Whedon's Commentary on the Bible

13.Made him his captain over a thousand — This is probably the same appointment as that referred to in 1 Samuel 18:5. David was not made the leading officer over all the host, for this position Abner held, (1 Samuel 17:55,) but he was made captain of a regiment.

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Bibliographical Information
Whedon, Daniel. "Commentary on 1 Samuel 18:13". "Whedon's Commentary on the Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/whe/1-samuel-18.html. 1874-1909.

George Haydock's Catholic Bible Commentary

People, as their leader. Saul gave him an honourable, but dangerous office, to procure his destruction. This is frequently the manner in which men of superior talents have been treated, (Calmet) as Corbulo, Germanicus, and Agricola were by three Roman emperors. (Tacitus, Ann. ii., &c.)

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These files are public domain.
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Bibliographical Information
Haydock, George Leo. "Commentary on 1 Samuel 18:13". "George Haydock's Catholic Bible Commentary". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/hcc/1-samuel-18.html. 1859.

Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible - Unabridged

Therefore Saul removed him from him, and made him his captain over a thousand; and he went out and came in before the people.

Therefore Saul removed him from him - sent him away from the court, where the principal persons, including his own son, were spell-bound with admiration of the young and pious warrior.

And made him his captain over a thousand - gave him a military commission, which was intended to be an honourable exile. But this post of duty served only to draw out before the public the extraordinary and varied qualities of his character, and to give him a stronger hold of the people's affections.

Copyright Statement
These files are public domain.
Text Courtesy of BibleSupport.com. Used by Permission.
Bibliographical Information
Jamieson, Robert, D.D.; Fausset, A. R.; Brown, David. "Commentary on 1 Samuel 18:13". "Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible - Unabridged". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/jfu/1-samuel-18.html. 1871-8.

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

Therefore Saul removed him from him, and made him his captain over a thousand; and he went out and came in before the people.
removed
17,25; 8:12; 22:7
he went out
16; Numbers 27:16,17; 2 Samuel 5:2; Psalms 121:8; Saul was sensible that the Lord was departed from him; while he perceived, with evident sorrow of heart, that the Lord had given David peculiar wisdom, and that he was with him to prosper all his undertakings. This increased the disquietude of his malevolent mind, and his dread of David as a prevailing rival: he therefore removed him from his presence. This impolitic step, however, served the more to ingratiate David with the people, by affording him the opportunity of leading them forth to victory over their enemies.
Reciprocal: 1 Samuel 18:27 - his men;  1 Samuel 19:7 - in times past;  1 Samuel 22:14 - goeth;  1 Chronicles 11:2 - that leddest

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Bibliographical Information
Torrey, R. A. "Commentary on 1 Samuel 18:13". "The Treasury of Scripture Knowledge". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/tsk/1-samuel-18.html.