Verse-by-Verse Bible Commentary

2 Kings 10:32

In those days the Lord began to cut off portions from Israel; and Hazael defeated them throughout the territory of Israel:
New American Standard Version

Bible Study Resources

Concordances:
Nave's Topical Bible - Bashan;   Gad;   Gilead;   Hazael;   Jehu;   Rulers;   Thompson Chain Reference - Hazael;   Torrey's Topical Textbook - Reuben, the Tribe of;  
Dictionaries:
American Tract Society Bible Dictionary - Hazael;   Bridgeway Bible Dictionary - Gad;   Hazael;   Israel;   Jehu;   Syria;   Easton Bible Dictionary - Jehu;   Fausset Bible Dictionary - Captivity;   Damascus;   Hazael;   Hezekiah;   Manasseh (1);   Old Testament;   Reuben;   Holman Bible Dictionary - Damascus;   Dan;   Hazael;   Hastings' Dictionary of the Bible - Amos;   Hazael;   Jehu;   Reuben;   Hastings' Dictionary of the New Testament - Roads;   Morrish Bible Dictionary - Damascus;   Gilead ;   Hazael ;   Jehu ;   Reuben ;   People's Dictionary of the Bible - Hazael;   Jehu;   Smith Bible Dictionary - Haz'a-El;   Je'hu;   Watson's Biblical & Theological Dictionary - Hazael;   Jehu;  
Encyclopedias:
Condensed Biblical Cyclopedia - Kingdom of Israel;   International Standard Bible Encyclopedia - Bashan;   Galilee;   Gilead (1);   Israel, Kingdom of;   Jehoahaz;   Jehu;   Joel (2);   Reuben;   Kitto Biblical Cyclopedia - Amos;  

Adam Clarke Commentary

The Lord began to cut Israel short - The marginal reading is best: The Lord cut off the ends; and this he did by permitting Hazael to seize on the coasts, to conquer and occupy the frontier towns. This was the commencement of those miserable ravages which Elisha predicted; see 2 Kings 8:12. And we find from the next verse that he seized on all the land of Gilead, and that of Reuben and Gad, and the half tribe of Manasseh; in a word, whatever Israel possessed on the east side of Jordan.

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Clarke, Adam. "Commentary on 2 Kings 10:32". "The Adam Clarke Commentary". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/acc/2-kings-10.html. 1832.

Albert Barnes' Notes on the Whole Bible

To cut Israel short - literally, “to cut off in Israel,” i. e., to take away from Israel portions of its territory (see the marginal reference).

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Barnes, Albert. "Commentary on 2 Kings 10:32". "Barnes' Notes on the Whole Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/bnb/2-kings-10.html. 1870.

Coffman Commentaries on the Bible

GOD'S DISAPPROVAL OF NORTHERN ISRAEL

"In those days, Jehovah began to cut off from Israel; and Hazael smote them in all the borders of Israel; from the Jordan eastward, and all the land of Gilead, the Gadites, and the Reubenites, and the Manassites, from the Aroer, which is by the valley of the Arnon, even Gilead and Bashan. Now the rest of the acts of Jehu, and all that he did, and all his might, are they not written in the book of the chronicles of the kings of Israel? And Jehu slept with his fathers; and they buried him in Samaria. And Jehoahaz his son reigned in his stead. And the time that Jehu reigned over Israel in Samaria was twenty and eight years."

"Jehu's dynasty was military rather than religious, but in him Israel had her last chance. Bold as had been Jehu's repudiation of Baal worship, the great lack was that his reforms ended in the revival of the sins of Jeroboam."[22]

"Jehovah began to cut off from Israel" (2 Kings 10:32). This is a reference to God's cutting down the size of their kingdom. 2 Kings 10:33 explains what that "cutting off" was. It was the loss of all the Trans-jordanic kingdom of Israel, and also the cutting off of their dominion over Bashan in the land of Edom. The territory lost included that originally settled by the half tribe of Manasseh and by the tribes of Gad and Reuben (Joshua 22:1-9). With the continued worship of their idols at Dan and Bethel (and also Samaria), the total ruin of the Northern Israel became inevitable. Their doom, destruction and captivity, from which they would never return, loomed upon the horizon of the future; and in 722 B.C., the fall of Samaria signaled the end of the "the sinful kingdom."

It was the ambition of evil men, more than anything else, that perpetuated the calf worship at Dan and at Bethel. As Jeroboam I had wisely foreseen, the return of Northern Israel to the true sanctuary in Jerusalem would inevitably have restored the unity of all Israel; and that, of course, was absolutely incompatible with the ambition and greed of the kings of Northern Israel. Therefore, they maintained a wicked and sinful tradition that they certainly should have known to be totally contrary to God's will.

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Coffman Commentaries reproduced by permission of Abilene Christian University Press, Abilene, Texas, USA. All other rights reserved.
Bibliographical Information
Coffman, James Burton. "Commentary on 2 Kings 10:32". "Coffman Commentaries on the Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/bcc/2-kings-10.html. Abilene Christian University Press, Abilene, Texas, USA. 1983-1999.

John Gill's Exposition of the Whole Bible

In those days the Lord began to cut Israel short,.... To bring their dominions into a narrower compass; this was done in the days of Jehu, though he was so active and courageous, wherefore the hand of God was the more seen in it:

and Hazael smote them in all the coasts of Israel; which bordered on his country, when he did what Elisha foretold he would, 2 Kings 8:12.

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The New John Gill's Exposition of the Entire Bible Modernised and adapted for the computer by Larry Pierce of Online Bible. All Rights Reserved, Larry Pierce, Winterbourne, Ontario.
A printed copy of this work can be ordered from: The Baptist Standard Bearer, 1 Iron Oaks Dr, Paris, AR, 72855
Bibliographical Information
Gill, John. "Commentary on 2 Kings 10:32". "The New John Gill Exposition of the Entire Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/geb/2-kings-10.html. 1999.

John Trapp Complete Commentary

2 Kings 10:32 In those days the LORD began to cut Israel short: and Hazael smote them in all the coasts of Israel;

Ver. 32. The Lord began to cut Israel short.] By turning in the Syrians upon them, to waste their country.

And Hazael smote them.] Exercising those inhuman cruelties upon them foretold by Elisha, [2 Kings 8:12] and that in Jehu’s lifetime, res Israelis fuerunt accisae, notwithstanding all his might. [2 Kings 10:34] For his calf worship, his puissance was turned into pusillanimity, and his glory into shame. The like befell Henry IV of France, after that he turned Papist.

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Trapp, John. "Commentary on 2 Kings 10:32". John Trapp Complete Commentary. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/jtc/2-kings-10.html. 1865-1868.

Matthew Poole's English Annotations on the Holy Bible

In those days; in the time of Jehu’s life and reign, as may be gathered by comparing 2 Kings 10:31.

To cut Israel short; either to diminish the number of the people, by cutting them off; or to straiten their borders.

In all the coasts of Israel, i.e. in their borders, or the uttermost part of their land beyond Jordan, as it is explained, 2 Kings 10:33. And at this time possibly he executed those cruelties mentioned 2 Kings 8:12.

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Poole, Matthew, "Commentary on 2 Kings 10:32". Matthew Poole's English Annotations on the Holy Bible. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/mpc/2-kings-10.html. 1685.

Whedon's Commentary on the Bible

32.Began to cut Israel short — That is, in the latter part of Jehu’s reign Israel began to suffer those fearful punishments of invasion and conquest from the north and northeast, which finally ended in the total captivity of the land. Jehu’s name occurs on the Assyrian monuments among others who paid tribute to the king of Assyria, and Rawlinson (Historical Evidences, page 113) inclines to the opinion “that from this date both the Jewish and the Israelitish kings held their crowns as fiefs, dependent on the will of the Assyrian monarch, with whom it formally lay to ‘confirm’ each new prince ‘in his kingdom.’” See 2 Kings 14:5, note.

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Whedon, Daniel. "Commentary on 2 Kings 10:32". "Whedon's Commentary on the Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/whe/2-kings-10.html. 1874-1909.

Joseph Benson's Commentary of the Old and New Testaments

2 Kings 10:32. In those days — In the time of Jehu’s life and reign, 2 Kings 10:34. The Lord began to cut Israel short — Either to diminish the number of the people by cutting them off, or to straiten their borders. Hazael smote them in all the coasts of Israel — In their borders, or the outermost part of their land, beyond Jordan, as it is explained 2 Kings 10:33; and at this time, probably, he executed the cruelties predicted by Elisha, 2 Kings 8:12.

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Benson, Joseph. "Commentary on 2 Kings 10:32". Joseph Benson's Commentary. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/rbc/2-kings-10.html. 1857.

George Haydock's Catholic Bible Commentary

Weary. Hebrew, "to retrench or destroy." Hazael took occasion, from the absence of Jehu (Calmet) from Galaad, and the disturbances on the west of the Jordan, to dismember the provinces on the east, and to commit the horrid ravages foretold by Eliseus, chap. viii. 12. (Haydock)

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Haydock, George Leo. "Commentary on 2 Kings 10:32". "George Haydock's Catholic Bible Commentary". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/hcc/2-kings-10.html. 1859.

E.W. Bullinger's Companion Bible Notes

to cut Israel short: or, to cut off the outskirts, or make inroads into.

coasts = borders.

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Bullinger, Ethelbert William. "Commentary on 2 Kings 10:32". "E.W. Bullinger's Companion bible Notes". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/bul/2-kings-10.html. 1909-1922.

Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible - Unabridged

In those days the LORD began to cut Israel short: and Hazael smote them in all the coasts of Israel;

In those days the Lord began to cut Israel short. The national calamities to which allusion is made were occasioned, it is supposed, by cause about to be mentioned. Jehu, shortly after his obtaining possession of the Israelite throne, thought to strengthen his interests by alliance with Assyria; and accordingly he sent presents to Divanubara, who, according to Sir H. Rawlinson, was at that time the reigning monarch. This movement of Jehu gave deep umbrage to his northern neighbour, Hazel, the king of Syria, who, jealous of the interference of the Assyrian rulers in his vicinity, declared war against Jehu; and by many successful attacks on the outlying provinces of Israel, made serious inroads on the territory of that kingdom (see the notes at 2 Kings 14:25). That the king of Assyria received tribute from Jehu is well known from the black obelisk where he is called 'son of Khumri' (Omri). Jehu might have been descended from Omri on the mother's side. But the subsequent discovery of a short inscription of Shalmaneser II, king of Assyria, proves that Jehu sent tribute to Assyria in the eighteenth year of his reign. But whether this was the first time or not is not said. The inscription on the Nimroud obelisk, which contains a representation of Israelites bringing tribute to Shalmaneser II, bears to be from Jehu, 'son of Omri' - i:e., descended from the founder of Samaria; and the tribute consisted of gold and silver specie, together with vases, rings, seals, and other articles of manufacture in the precious metals.

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Jamieson, Robert, D.D.; Fausset, A. R.; Brown, David. "Commentary on 2 Kings 10:32". "Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible - Unabridged". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/jfu/2-kings-10.html. 1871-8.

Ellicott's Commentary for English Readers

(32) In those days.—As a vassal and ally of Assyria (see Notes on 2 Kings 9:2), Jehu drew upon himself the active hostility of Hazael. (See Note on 2 Kings 8:15.) Schröder remarks that it was quite natural for the Israelite sovereign to “throw himself into the arms of distant Assyria, in order to get protection against his immediate neighbour Syria, Israel’s hereditary foe.” Comp. the similar conduct of Ahaz as against Pekah and Rezin (2 Kings 16:7). From the point of view of the sacred writer, this verse states the consequence of Jehu’s neglect of “walking in Jehovah’s instruction with all his heart” (2 Kings 10:31).

The Lord began.—Through Hazael and the Syrians. (Comp. Isaiah 7:17; Isaiah 7:20; Isaiah 10:5-6.)

To cut Israel short.—Literally, to cut off in Israel—i.e., to cut off part after part of Israelite territory. (The verb means to cut off the extremities, Proverbs 26:6.) This refers to the conquests of Hazael. The Targum explains, “The wrath of the Lord began to be strong against Israel;” and the Vulg. has, “tædere super Israel.” Thenius conjectures from this that we should read, “to be wrathful with Israel;” but the construction would not then be usual.

In all the coasts.—Rather, on the whole border—scil., conterminous with Syria.

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Bibliographical Information
Ellicott, Charles John. "Commentary on 2 Kings 10:32". "Ellicott's Commentary for English Readers". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/ebc/2-kings-10.html. 1905.

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

In those days the LORD began to cut Israel short: and Hazael smote them in all the coasts of Israel;
cut
Heb. cut off the ends of. Hazael.
8:12; 13:22; 1 Kings 19:17
Reciprocal: Numbers 32:19 - we will;  2 Kings 13:7 - the king;  2 Kings 15:37 - began;  Psalm 107:39 - oppression;  Proverbs 14:28 - GeneralAmos 1:3 - because;  Amos 4:10 - your young;  Mark 14:71 - General

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Torrey, R. A. "Commentary on 2 Kings 10:32". "The Treasury of Scripture Knowledge". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/tsk/2-kings-10.html.