Verse-by-Verse Bible Commentary

2 Kings 12:17

Then Hazael king of Aram went up and fought against Gath and captured it, and Hazael set his face to go up to Jerusalem.
New American Standard Version

Bible Study Resources

Concordances:
Nave's Topical Bible - Church and State;   Gath;   Hazael;   Israel, Prophecies Concerning;   Joash;   Rulers;   Thompson Chain Reference - Gath;   Hazael;   Torrey's Topical Textbook - Dedication;   Temple, the First;  
Dictionaries:
American Tract Society Bible Dictionary - Hazael;   Temple;   Bridgeway Bible Dictionary - Hazael;   Jehoash;   Philistia, philistines;   Syria;   Charles Buck Theological Dictionary - Zeal;   Fausset Bible Dictionary - Damascus;   Gath;   Hazael;   Joash;   Joel;   Holman Bible Dictionary - Gath;   Hazael;   Jerusalem;   Kings, 1 and 2;   Hastings' Dictionary of the Bible - Gath;   Gospels;   Government;   Hazael;   Jerusalem;   Morrish Bible Dictionary - Damascus;   Hazael ;   Joash ;   People's Dictionary of the Bible - Gath;   Hazael;   Joash;   Smith Bible Dictionary - Gath;   Haz'a-El;   Watson's Biblical & Theological Dictionary - Hazael;  
Encyclopedias:
Condensed Biblical Cyclopedia - Kingdom of Judah;   International Standard Bible Encyclopedia - Gath;   Hazael;   Jehoash;   Joel (2);   Judah, Kingdom of;   The Jewish Encyclopedia - Parashiyyot, the Four;  

Adam Clarke Commentary

Hazael - fought against Gath, and took it - This city, with its satrapy or lordship, had been taken from the Philistines by David, (see 2 Samuel 8:1, and 1 Chronicles 18:1;); and it had continued in the possession of the kings of Judah till this time. On what pretense Hazael seized it, we cannot tell; he had the ultima ratio regum, power to do it, and he wanted more territory.

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Bibliographical Information
Clarke, Adam. "Commentary on 2 Kings 12:17". "The Adam Clarke Commentary". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/acc/2-kings-12.html. 1832.

Coffman Commentaries on the Bible

JOASH WAS COMPELLED TO BUY OFF A THREATENED SIEGE BY HAZAEL; KING OF SYRIA

"Then Hazael king of Syria went up and fought against Gath and took it; and Hazael set his face to go up to Jerusalem. And Jehoash king of Judah took all the hallowed things that Jehoshaphat and Jehoram and Ahaziah, his fathers, kings of Judah, had dedicated, and his own hallowed things, and all the gold that was found in the treasures of the house of Jehovah, and of the king's house, and sent it to Hazael king of Syria: and he went away from Jerusalem."

It is surprising that an idolater like Ahaziah the son of Athaliah had placed dedicated things in the house of Jehovah, but again we have evidence that the idolatry of those days was not monotheistic in any manner. Practically all of the peoples of that era accepted the conception that there were many gods, each one limited to the land where he was worshipped. That entire error, however, was vigorously opposed by believers in the one true and Almighty God, the God of Abraham and of Isaac and of Jacob, called Jehovah in our version.

Speaking of the name Jehovah, our long studies in the Holy Bible have convinced us that this is a corrupt name for God, having no validity whatever, and that the common name Lord, or God is far preferable. It is one of the glories of the Revised Standard Version that the word "Jehovah" does not appear anywhere in it. The use of it in our version (ASV) is just one of the serious mistakes in this version.

David Francis Roberts writing in the International Standard Bible Encyclopedia speaks knowingly of "Contradictions in 2Chronicles (24) of the account in 2Kings,"[7] but he cited nothing of any importance. The variations are merely those that should be expected from different reports of the same events. As we have stressed frequently, if we knew all of the facts, most of the alleged contradictions would disappear.

The penetration of Hazael as far as Gath showed that neither Israel nor Judah was able to stand against the inroads of the king of Syria. It is likely that God would have spared Judah this humiliation had it not been for the sins of Jehoash. After the death of Jehoiada, he turned to paganism and even ordered the execution of Jehoiada's son, the prophet Zechariah. 2 Chronicles 24:24 makes it perfectly clear that God sent this disaster upon Joash and his kingdom in answer to the dying prayer of Zechariah. Furthermore, the subsequent assassination of Joash was said to have been done, "for the blood of the son of Jehoiada" (2 Chronicles 24:25, margin).

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Coffman Commentaries reproduced by permission of Abilene Christian University Press, Abilene, Texas, USA. All other rights reserved.
Bibliographical Information
Coffman, James Burton. "Commentary on 2 Kings 12:17". "Coffman Commentaries on the Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/bcc/2-kings-12.html. Abilene Christian University Press, Abilene, Texas, USA. 1983-1999.

John Gill's Exposition of the Whole Bible

Then Hazael king of Syria went up and fought against Gath, and took it,.... When Jehoiada was dead, and Jehoash was become an apostate, the Lord suffered the king of Syria to be a scourge to him; who first attacked Gath, and took it, which was formerly one of the principalities of the Philistines, but was subdued by David, and had been in the hands of the Israelites ever since; the king of Syria began with this, as nearest to him, to open the way for what he had further in view:

and Hazael set his face to go up to Jerusalem; he made such preparations, and took such measures, as plainly indicated what his design was.

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The New John Gill's Exposition of the Entire Bible Modernised and adapted for the computer by Larry Pierce of Online Bible. All Rights Reserved, Larry Pierce, Winterbourne, Ontario.
A printed copy of this work can be ordered from: The Baptist Standard Bearer, 1 Iron Oaks Dr, Paris, AR, 72855
Bibliographical Information
Gill, John. "Commentary on 2 Kings 12:17". "The New John Gill Exposition of the Entire Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/geb/2-kings-12.html. 1999.

John Trapp Complete Commentary

2 Kings 12:17 Then Hazael king of Syria went up, and fought against Gath, and took it: and Hazael set his face to go up to Jerusalem.

Ver. 17. Then Hazael king of Syria went up.] "Then," when Jehoiada was dead, and Jehoash revolted. [2 Chronicles 24:23]

And Hazael set his face.] He resolved that he would take Jerusalem likewise, and doubted not but he should. So when the Turks had taken Adrianople, they soon after took Constantinople, the seat of the eastern emperor.

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Bibliographical Information
Trapp, John. "Commentary on 2 Kings 12:17". John Trapp Complete Commentary. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/jtc/2-kings-12.html. 1865-1868.

Matthew Poole's English Annotations on the Holy Bible

Then, i.e. in this king’s days, when Jehoiada was dead, and Joash revolted from God; of which see 2 Chronicles 24:17 &c. Gath; once a city of the Philistines, but taken by David, 1 Chronicles 18:1, and now a part of the kingdom of Judah.

Set his face, i.e. directed his march, and led his forces. Or, undertook in good earnest. So the same phrase is used 2 Chronicles 20:3 Jeremiah 21:10 Ezekiel 35:2.

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Bibliographical Information
Poole, Matthew, "Commentary on 2 Kings 12:17". Matthew Poole's English Annotations on the Holy Bible. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/mpc/2-kings-12.html. 1685.

Whedon's Commentary on the Bible

17.Hazael — On this man’s elevation to the throne of Syria, see 2 Kings 8:7-15. On his victories over Israel and the eastern tribes, see 2 Kings 10:32-33.

Fought against Gath — Having the northern kingdom in subjection, he could easily march his army through its territory and down the western border of Judah to Gath. On the position of Gath, see 1 Samuel 5:8, note.

Set his face to go up to Jerusalem — Chronicles adds to this, that he did send a company to Jerusalem, and defeated a great host of Israelites, destroyed their princes, and carried off great spoil. The two accounts are brief, and not designed to record all the facts in the case, but they are by no means necessarily contradictory. See 2 Chronicles 24:23.

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Bibliographical Information
Whedon, Daniel. "Commentary on 2 Kings 12:17". "Whedon's Commentary on the Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/whe/2-kings-12.html. 1874-1909.

George Haydock's Catholic Bible Commentary

Then. After the death of Joiada, the king gave way to the greatest excesses of idolatry, and even murdered the son of his greatest benefactor. Hereupon the justice of God fell heavy upon him; Geth was taken, Jerusalem only saved by giving up all the sacred treasures, &c.: yea, the very next year, Hazael returned, routed the forces of Juda, and wounded the king, who on his return to the palace was murdered by conspirators, (Calmet) to revenge the death of Zacharias, 2 Paralipomenon xxiv. 25. (Josephus, [Antiquities?] ix. 8.)

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Bibliographical Information
Haydock, George Leo. "Commentary on 2 Kings 12:17". "George Haydock's Catholic Bible Commentary". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/hcc/2-kings-12.html. 1859.

E.W. Bullinger's Companion Bible Notes

Oath. One of the five Philistine cities, to reach which Hazael must have passed through Israel. Probably connected, with his attacks on Jehu and Jehoahaz (2 Kings 10:32; 2 Kings 13:3, 2 Kings 13:4).

to = against.

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Bibliographical Information
Bullinger, Ethelbert William. "Commentary on 2 Kings 12:17". "E.W. Bullinger's Companion bible Notes". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/bul/2-kings-12.html. 1909-1922.

Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible - Unabridged

Then Hazael king of Syria went up, and fought against Gath, and took it: and Hazael set his face to go up to Jerusalem.

Then Hassel ... fought against Gath - (see the notes at 2 Chronicles 24:23-24)

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Bibliographical Information
Jamieson, Robert, D.D.; Fausset, A. R.; Brown, David. "Commentary on 2 Kings 12:17". "Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible - Unabridged". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/jfu/2-kings-12.html. 1871-8.

Ellicott's Commentary for English Readers

(17) Then.—At that time, viz., after the events just related. Hazaeľs invasion of the south followed upon his successes against Jehoahaz, who became king of the northern kingdom in the very year when Jehoash took in hand the restoration of the Temple. (Comp. 2 Kings 12:6 with 2 Kings 13:1; 2 Kings 13:3.) It appears from 2 Chronicles 24:23 that the high priest Jehoiada was dead, and Jehoash had already swerved from his counsels.

Fought against Gath.—Which, therefore, at the time either belonged to, or was in league with, Judah. Rehoboam had included this town in his system of national defences (2 Chronicles 11:8); and it was perhaps at this time the only important outpost of the capital on the western side. Ewald assumes that the petty Philistine states had invited the intervention of Hazael between themselves and their suzerain, the king of Judah. Gaza, Ashdod, Ascalon, and Ekron, but not Gath, appear as Philistine kingdoms in the annals of Sennacherib and Esarhaddon, a century later. This agrees with what is stated in 2 Chronicles 26:6 as to Uzziah having destroyed the walls of Gath. (Comp. Amos 6:2.)

Set his face.—Comp. Luke 9:51.

To go up to.—Or, against.

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Bibliographical Information
Ellicott, Charles John. "Commentary on 2 Kings 12:17". "Ellicott's Commentary for English Readers". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/ebc/2-kings-12.html. 1905.

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

Then Hazael king of Syria went up, and fought against Gath, and took it: and Hazael set his face to go up to Jerusalem.
A. M. 3164. B.C. 840. Hazael
8:12-15
against Gath
1 Samuel 27:2; 1 Kings 2:39,40; 1 Chronicles 8:13; 18:1
set his face
Jeremiah 42:15; Luke 9:51,53
to Jerusalem
2 Chronicles 24:23,24
Reciprocal: Genesis 31:21 - set his;  2 Kings 13:3 - Hazael;  2 Kings 16:8 - the silver;  2 Chronicles 32:2 - he was purposed to fight;  Daniel 11:17 - set

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Bibliographical Information
Torrey, R. A. "Commentary on 2 Kings 12:17". "The Treasury of Scripture Knowledge". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/tsk/2-kings-12.html.