Verse-by-Verse Bible Commentary

2 Kings 12:20

His servants arose and made a conspiracy and struck down Joash at the house of Millo as he was going down to Silla.
New American Standard Version

Bible Study Resources

Concordances:
Nave's Topical Bible - Assassination;   Citizens;   Conspiracy;   Homicide;   Israel, Prophecies Concerning;   Joash;   Millo;   Regicide;   Servant;   Silla;   Thompson Chain Reference - Conspiracy;   Millo;   Plotting;  
Dictionaries:
American Tract Society Bible Dictionary - Millo;   Temple;   Bridgeway Bible Dictionary - Amaziah;   Jehoash;   Charles Buck Theological Dictionary - Zeal;   Easton Bible Dictionary - Joash;   Silla;   Fausset Bible Dictionary - Hazael;   Millo;   Silla;   Zabad;   Holman Bible Dictionary - Kings, 1 and 2;   Silla;   Hastings' Dictionary of the Bible - Beth-Millo;   Government;   Jerusalem;   Millo;   Silla;   Morrish Bible Dictionary - Joash ;   Millo;   Silla ;   People's Dictionary of the Bible - Joash;   Millo;   Smith Bible Dictionary - Mil'lo;   Mil'lo, the House of;   Sil'la;  
Encyclopedias:
Condensed Biblical Cyclopedia - Kingdom of Judah;   International Standard Bible Encyclopedia - Confederate;   Crime;   Jehoash;   Judah, Kingdom of;   Make;   Millo;   Silla;   Treason;   The Jewish Encyclopedia - Amaziah, King of Judah;  

Adam Clarke Commentary

The house of Millo - Was a royal palace, built by David; (see 2 Samuel 5:9;); and Silla is supposed to be the name of the road or causeway that led to it. Millo was situated between the old city of Jerusalem, and the city of David.

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Clarke, Adam. "Commentary on 2 Kings 12:20". "The Adam Clarke Commentary". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/acc/2-kings-12.html. 1832.

Albert Barnes' Notes on the Whole Bible

A conspiracy - Compare the marginal reference Joash, either from a suspicion of intended treason, or from some other unknown cause, took up his abode in the fortress of Millo 1 Kings 9:24. This conspiracy was connected with religion. Soon after the death of Jehoiada, Joash had apostatised; had renewed the worship of Baal; and, despite of many prophetic warnings, had persisted in his evil courses, even commanding Zechariah to be slain when he rebuked them 2 Chronicles 24:18-27. The conspirators, who wished to avenge Zechariah, no doubt wished also to put down the Baal worship. In this it appears that they succeeded. For, though Amaziah punished the actual murderers after a while 2 Kings 14:5, yet he appears not to have been a Baal-worshipper. The only idolatries laid to his charge are the maintenance of the high places 2 Kings 14:4, and a worship of the gods of Edom 2 Chronicles 25:14-20.

Silla - This place is quite unknown.

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Barnes, Albert. "Commentary on 2 Kings 12:20". "Barnes' Notes on the Whole Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/bnb/2-kings-12.html. 1870.

John Gill's Exposition of the Whole Bible

And his servants arose,.... This was after he had slain Zechariah the son of Jehoiada, who reproved him for his idolatry; and after a second expedition of the king of Syria, who came to Jerusalem, and spoiled it, and left Jehoash diseased, as is recorded in 2 Chronicles 24:23,

and made a conspiracy; not to get the kingdom into their hands, for his son succeeded him, but to avenge the death of Zechariah:

and slew Jehoash in the house of Millo, which goeth down to Silla; these are both names of places; perhaps the latter is mentioned, to distinguish this Bethmillo from Millo in Zion; or rather that itself is meant, and described by the descent from it to a causeway, as Silla may signify, which led to the royal palace.

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The New John Gill's Exposition of the Entire Bible Modernised and adapted for the computer by Larry Pierce of Online Bible. All Rights Reserved, Larry Pierce, Winterbourne, Ontario.
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Bibliographical Information
Gill, John. "Commentary on 2 Kings 12:20". "The New John Gill Exposition of the Entire Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/geb/2-kings-12.html. 1999.

Geneva Study Bible

And his servants arose, and made a conspiracy, and k slew Joash in the house of l Millo, which goeth down to Silla.

(k) Because he had put Zachariah the son of Jehoiada to death, (2 Chronicles 24:25).

(l) Read (2 Samuel 5:9).

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Bibliographical Information
Beza, Theodore. "Commentary on 2 Kings 12:20". "The 1599 Geneva Study Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/gsb/2-kings-12.html. 1599-1645.

Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible

and slew Joash in the house of Millo — (See on 2 Chronicles 24:25).

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These files are a derivative of an electronic edition prepared from text scanned by Woodside Bible Fellowship.
This expanded edition of the Jameison-Faussett-Brown Commentary is in the public domain and may be freely used and distributed.
Bibliographical Information
Jamieson, Robert, D.D.; Fausset, A. R.; Brown, David. "Commentary on 2 Kings 12:20". "Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/jfb/2-kings-12.html. 1871-8.

Wesley's Explanatory Notes

And his servants arose, and made a conspiracy, and slew Joash in the house of Millo, which goeth down to Silla.

And slew Joash — We are told, in the Chronicles, that his murdering the prophet, Jehoiada's son, was the provocation. In this, how unrighteous so ever they were, yet the Lord was righteous. And this was not the only time, that he let even kings know, it was at their peril, if they touched his anointed, or did his prophets any harm. Thus fell Joash, who began in the spirit, and ended in the flesh. And indeed God usually sets marks of his displeasure upon apostates, even in this life.

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These files are public domain and are a derivative of an electronic edition that is available on the Christian Classics Ethereal Library Website.
Bibliographical Information
Wesley, John. "Commentary on 2 Kings 12:20". "John Wesley's Explanatory Notes on the Whole Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/wen/2-kings-12.html. 1765.

John Trapp Complete Commentary

2 Kings 12:20 And his servants arose, and made a conspiracy, and slew Joash in the house of Millo, which goeth down to Silla.

Ver. 20. And slew Joash.] After that the Syrian rovers had first wounded him, and, perhaps by torturing him, left him under sore diseases, [2 Chronicles 24:23-25] according to what holy Zechariah at his death had prayed and prophesied, The Lord look upon it (i.e., my death), and require it.

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Trapp, John. "Commentary on 2 Kings 12:20". John Trapp Complete Commentary. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/jtc/2-kings-12.html. 1865-1868.

Matthew Poole's English Annotations on the Holy Bible

Made a conspiracy; of which see 2 Chronicles 24:25.

In the house of Millo; either in that strong and famous place in Jerusalem called Millo; of which see 2 Samuel 5:9 1 Kings 9:15,24 11:27; into which he possibly retired for his security, being afraid even of his own subjects and servants; or in some other place called by the same name, for some resemblance it had with it.

Which goeth down to Silla, i.e. which standeth upon the descent to Silla, or upon that descending causeway which leadeth from Millo to the king’s house. Some refer this to Joash, and render the place thus, they slew him at or near the house of Millo, descending, or as he was going down to Silla, to escape their hands.

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Poole, Matthew, "Commentary on 2 Kings 12:20". Matthew Poole's English Annotations on the Holy Bible. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/mpc/2-kings-12.html. 1685.

Whedon's Commentary on the Bible

20.House of Millo — The castle or citadel on Zion which David had fortified. 2 Samuel 5:9, note.

Which goeth down to Silla — “What or where Silla was is entirely matter of conjecture. It must have been in the valley below, overlooked by that part of the citadel which was used as a residence. The situation of the present so-called Pool of Siloam would be appropriate, and the agreement between the two names is tempting; but the likeness exists in the Greek and English versions only. Gesenius, with less than his usual caution, affirms Silla to be a town in the neighbourhood of Jerusalem. Others refer it to a place on or connected with the causeway, or flight of steps, which led from the central valley of the city up to the court of the temple.” — GROVE, in Smith’s Dictionary.

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Whedon, Daniel. "Commentary on 2 Kings 12:20". "Whedon's Commentary on the Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/whe/2-kings-12.html. 1874-1909.

Joseph Benson's Commentary of the Old and New Testaments

2 Kings 12:20. His servants made a conspiracy, and slew Jehoash — Of which, see 2 Chronicles 24:25, where we are told that his murdering the prophet, Jehoiada’s son, was the provocation. In this, how unrighteous soever they were, yet the Lord was righteous: and this was not the only time that he let even kings know, it was at their peril if they touched his anointed, or did his prophets any harm; and that, when he comes to make inquisition for blood, the blood of prophets will run the account very high. Thus fell Joash, who began in the spirit, and ended in the flesh. God usually sets marks of his displeasure upon apostates, even in this life; for they, of all sinners, do most reproach the Lord.

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Benson, Joseph. "Commentary on 2 Kings 12:20". Joseph Benson's Commentary. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/rbc/2-kings-12.html. 1857.

George Haydock's Catholic Bible Commentary

Sella. A flight of steps leading to the temple. (Haydock) --- The palace was at the bottom of it, and had been built by Solomon. Here Joas was slain in his bed. (Paralipomenon)

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Haydock, George Leo. "Commentary on 2 Kings 12:20". "George Haydock's Catholic Bible Commentary". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/hcc/2-kings-12.html. 1859.

E.W. Bullinger's Companion Bible Notes

slew Joash. See note on 2 Kings 8:26.

Millo. See note on 1 Kings 9:15. "The house" would be in connection with it.

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Bullinger, Ethelbert William. "Commentary on 2 Kings 12:20". "E.W. Bullinger's Companion bible Notes". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/bul/2-kings-12.html. 1909-1922.

Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible - Unabridged

And his servants arose, and made a conspiracy, and slew Joash in the house of Millo, which goeth down to Silla.

His servants arose ... and slew Joash in the house of Millo - (see the notes at 1 Kings 9:24; 2 Chronicles 24:25.)

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Bibliographical Information
Jamieson, Robert, D.D.; Fausset, A. R.; Brown, David. "Commentary on 2 Kings 12:20". "Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible - Unabridged". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/jfu/2-kings-12.html. 1871-8.

Ellicott's Commentary for English Readers

(20) His servants.—His immediate attendants. (Comp. 2 Kings 8:15.)

Arose—i.e., against him.

In the house of Millo.—Or, at Beth-Millo. The precise locality cannot be determined. Thenius supposes that the sorely wounded (?) king had retired for greater safety into “the castle palace.” Ewald says the king was murdered while engaged in the fortress. For “the Millo,” see 2 Samuel 5:9; 1 Kings 9:15. The chronicler relates that Jehoash was murdered in his bed.

Which goeth down to Silla.—These words convey no meaning to us, the name Silla being otherwise unknown. The text is probably corrupt, for Silla is almost exactly like Millo in Hebrew writing. (The Vatican LXX. omits “which goeth down.”)

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Ellicott, Charles John. "Commentary on 2 Kings 12:20". "Ellicott's Commentary for English Readers". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/ebc/2-kings-12.html. 1905.

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

And his servants arose, and made a conspiracy, and slew Joash in the house of Millo, which goeth down to Silla.
his servants
14:5; 2 Chronicles 24:24,25; 25:27; 33:24
the house of Millo
or, Beth-millo.
Judges 9:6; 2 Samuel 5:9; 1 Kings 11:27
Reciprocal: 1 Kings 9:15 - Millo;  1 Kings 15:27 - conspired;  1 Kings 16:9 - conspired;  2 Kings 14:19 - they made;  2 Kings 21:23 - General1 Chronicles 11:8 - Millo;  2 Chronicles 32:5 - Millo;  Esther 2:21 - and sought

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Bibliographical Information
Torrey, R. A. "Commentary on 2 Kings 12:20". "The Treasury of Scripture Knowledge". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/tsk/2-kings-12.html.