Verse-by-Verse Bible Commentary

2 Kings 12:21

For Jozacar the son of Shimeath and Jehozabad the son of Shomer, his servants, struck him and he died; and they buried him with his fathers in the city of David, and Amaziah his son became king in his place.
New American Standard Version

Bible Study Resources

Concordances:
Nave's Topical Bible - Citizens;   Homicide;   Israel, Prophecies Concerning;   Jehozabad;   Joash;   Jozachar;   Regicide;   Servant;   Shimeath;   Shimrith;   Zabad;   Thompson Chain Reference - Assassination;   Crimes;   Nation, the;  
Dictionaries:
American Tract Society Bible Dictionary - Temple;   Bridgeway Bible Dictionary - Amaziah;   Jehoash;   Charles Buck Theological Dictionary - Zeal;   Easton Bible Dictionary - Jehoash;   Jehozabad;   Jozachar;   Shomer;   Zabad;   Fausset Bible Dictionary - Hazael;   Jehozabad;   Jozachar;   Shimeath;   Shimrith;   Zabad;   Holman Bible Dictionary - David, City of;   Jehozabad;   Jozabad;   Jozacar;   Jozachar;   Kings, 1 and 2;   Shimeath;   Shimrith;   Shomer;   Zabad;   Hastings' Dictionary of the Bible - Government;   Jehozabad;   Jerusalem;   Jozacar;   Shimeath;   Shomer;   Zabad;   Morrish Bible Dictionary - Jehozabad ;   Jozachar ;   Shimeath ;   Shomer ;   Zabad ;   People's Dictionary of the Bible - Joash;   Smith Bible Dictionary - Joz'achar;   Shim'eath;   Shim'rith;   Sho'mer;   Za'bad;  
Encyclopedias:
Condensed Biblical Cyclopedia - Kingdom of Judah;   International Standard Bible Encyclopedia - Jehozabad;   Jozacar;   Shimeath;   Shimrith;   Shomer;   Zabad;   The Jewish Encyclopedia - Amaziah, King of Judah;  

Adam Clarke Commentary

For Jozachar - This person is called Zabad in 2 Chronicles 24:26; and Shimeath his mother is said to be an Ammonitess, as Jehozabad is said to be the son, not of Shomer, but of Shimrith, a Moabitess.

They buried him with his fathers in the city of David - But they did not bury him in the sepulchres of the kings; this is supposed to express the popular disapprobation of his conduct. Thus ended a reign full of promise and hope in the beginning, but profligate, cruel, and ruinous in the end. Never was the hand of God's justice more signally stretched out against an apostate king and faithless people, than at this time. Now Hazael had a plenary commission; the king, the nobles, and the people, were food for his sword, and by a handful of Syrians the mighty armies of Israel were overthrown: For the army of the Syrians came with a small company of men, and the Lord delivered a very great host into their hand, because they had forsaken the Lord God, 2 Chronicles 24:24. Thus, as righteousness exalteth a nation, so sin is the disgrace and confusion of any people. Sin destroys both counsel and strength; and the wicked flee when none pursue.

Copyright Statement
These files are public domain.
Bibliographical Information
Clarke, Adam. "Commentary on 2 Kings 12:21". "The Adam Clarke Commentary". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/acc/2-kings-12.html. 1832.

John Gill's Exposition of the Whole Bible

For Jozachar the son of Shimeath,.... Said to be an Ammonitess, and this man's name Zabad, 2 Chronicles 24:26,

and Jehozabad the son of Shomer, his servants; who is said in the same place to be the son of Shimrith a Moabitess:

these smote him, and he died; justly did he fall by the hands of such persons for his idolatry:

and they buried him with his fathers in the city of David; but not in the sepulchres of the kings, because of his idolatry and murder of a priest of the Lord:

and Amaziah his son reigned in his stead; the conspirators not seeking the kingdom, but vengeance on him for his sins, which, whether right in them to do, was suffered by the Lord.

Copyright Statement
The New John Gill's Exposition of the Entire Bible Modernised and adapted for the computer by Larry Pierce of Online Bible. All Rights Reserved, Larry Pierce, Winterbourne, Ontario.
A printed copy of this work can be ordered from: The Baptist Standard Bearer, 1 Iron Oaks Dr, Paris, AR, 72855
Bibliographical Information
Gill, John. "Commentary on 2 Kings 12:21". "The New John Gill Exposition of the Entire Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/geb/2-kings-12.html. 1999.

Hawker's Poor Man's Commentary

REFLECTIONS

READER I would wish for myself, and, if the Lord pleases, may he graciously make it profitable to you also, in the review of this character of Joash, to consider what instructions we may gather from it considered with an eye to gospel times, and to the blessed redemption believers have in the Lord Jesus. When we see what a sad conclusion the life of Joash had, to so promising a beginning, it ought to induce inquiry into the circumstances of spiritual declensions, and the sad cause why it is that some who seemingly set out fair for the kingdom, flag and tire by the way. The apostle Paul, as the penman of the Holy Ghost, hath plainly assigned the reason in his third chapter to the Church of the Galatians; where he calls them foolish Galatians, because having begun in the Spirit, they afterwards thought to he made perfect by the flesh. When souls shift the foundation of their faith and hope, and leave their first love, leave Jesus, and seek a partial justification before God in their own works, they soon find leanness in their souls. Reader! I charge it upon you, if you know anything of Christ, desire to know nothing but Christ. Make him what he really is, the Alpha and Omega of your salvation; the Finisher as well as the Author of it; and you will do well. Did you not renounce everything of your own, and what was in yourself, when you first came to Jesus, and would you now take somewhat of your own to purchase Christ? Did Jesus give life to your soul at the first, when by his Spirit he quickened you; and must he not give life still? Having begun (saith the apostle) in the Spirit are you so foolish as to seek to be made perfect in the flesh? Oh! thou blessed, blessed Source of all our hopes and joys; thou precious Jesus, be thou all in all to the souls of thy people! Here, Lord, I beg once for all totally to renounce myself, and as I first came to thee guilty, poor, and wretched; so, Lord, I would come still. Blessed be thy name, for that thou hast taught me to know the plague of my own heart, and to see and he convinced that in myself, after all thou hast bestowed upon me, I am no more worthy now, than when thou didst pass by and beheld me in my blood, and bid me live. Yes! dearest Lord, I desire to lie low in the dust before thee in token of my nothingness and unworthiness, while hanging upon thee the full assurance of my salvation. And, Lord, let it be my daily desire to exercise every act of faith upon thee, to undertake nothing but in thy strength, and to seek acceptance only in thy blood and righteousness. And oh! may I know thee with increasing joy under that blessed character whereby thou art revealed to thy people, as the Lord our righteousness; being convinced that thou art made of God, to us wisdom, righteousness, sanctification, and redemption, that all my glorying may be in the Lord.

Copyright Statement
These files are public domain.
Text Courtesy of BibleSupport.com. Used by Permission.
Bibliographical Information
Hawker, Robert, D.D. "Commentary on 2 Kings 12:21". "Hawker's Poor Man's Commentary". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/pmc/2-kings-12.html. 1828.

John Trapp Complete Commentary

2 Kings 12:21 For Jozachar the son of Shimeath, and Jehozabad the son of Shomer, his servants, smote him, and he died; and they buried him with his fathers in the city of David: and Amaziah his son reigned in his stead.

Ver. 21. For Jozachar the son of Shimeath.] An Ammonitess.

And Jehozabad the son of Shomer.] A Moabitess. [2 Chronicles 24:26] These were his bondwomen likely, and their sons his slaves.

And they buried him with his fathers.] But not among the kings, [2 Chronicles 24:25] probably because his body was so putrefied with his wounds and other maladies.

Copyright Statement
These files are public domain.
Text Courtesy of BibleSupport.com. Used by Permission.
Bibliographical Information
Trapp, John. "Commentary on 2 Kings 12:21". John Trapp Complete Commentary. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/jtc/2-kings-12.html. 1865-1868.

Matthew Poole's English Annotations on the Holy Bible

Jozachar, called also Zabad, 2 Chronicles 24:26. Silomer, called Shimrith, 2 Chronicles 24:26; except Shomer be the father’s name, and Shimrith the mother’s.

With his fathers, i.e. in the same city, but not in the same royal sepulchre, 2 Chronicles 24:25.

Copyright Statement
These files are public domain.
Text Courtesy of BibleSupport.com. Used by Permission.
Bibliographical Information
Poole, Matthew, "Commentary on 2 Kings 12:21". Matthew Poole's English Annotations on the Holy Bible. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/mpc/2-kings-12.html. 1685.

Whedon's Commentary on the Bible

21.Buried him with his fathers — But not, says 2 Chronicles 24:25, “in the sepulchres of the kings.” For a fuller account of Joash’s history, see the parallel history in Chronicles.

Copyright Statement
These files are public domain.
Text Courtesy of BibleSupport.com. Used by Permission.
Bibliographical Information
Whedon, Daniel. "Commentary on 2 Kings 12:21". "Whedon's Commentary on the Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/whe/2-kings-12.html. 1874-1909.

George Haydock's Catholic Bible Commentary

Josachar, or Zabad, the son of Semmaath, an Ammonitess, and Jozabad, the son of Semarith, a Moabitess. (Paralipomenon) Both their mothers were of foreign extraction. (Calmet) --- People have frequently two names. --- Somer is the father of Jozabad. (Menochius) --- David. Achaz was treated in like manner. The fear of this infamy might tend to keep the kings in awe. After death, the kings of Egypt might be accused, and deprived of sepulture, if their crimes deserved it: as many of them were. (Diodorus i. p. 46.) (Calmet) --- Thus Joas was covered with eternal infamy, after he had begun so well. Finis coronat opus. (Haydock)

Copyright Statement
These files are public domain.
Text Courtesy of BibleSupport.com. Used by Permission.
Bibliographical Information
Haydock, George Leo. "Commentary on 2 Kings 12:21". "George Haydock's Catholic Bible Commentary". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/hcc/2-kings-12.html. 1859.

Ellicott's Commentary for English Readers

(21) For Jozachar . . . smote him.—Rather, And Jozachar . . . it was that smote him. The names are different in Chronicles. (See the Note on 2 Chronicles 24:26.) Thenius notices the curious coincidence of the names as given here with the last words of the murdered Zechariah, “Jehovah see, and avenge!” The prophet was avenged by Jozachar (“Jehovah remembers”), the son of shimeath (“hearing”), and Jehozabad (“Jehovah bestows”), the son of Shomer (“watcher”).

With his fathers—i.e., in the city of David; but “not in the sepulchres of the kings 2)” Chron. ).

Copyright Statement
These files are public domain.
Text Courtesy of BibleSupport.com. Used by Permission.
Bibliographical Information
Ellicott, Charles John. "Commentary on 2 Kings 12:21". "Ellicott's Commentary for English Readers". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/ebc/2-kings-12.html. 1905.

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

For Jozachar the son of Shimeath, and Jehozabad the son of Shomer, his servants, smote him, and he died; and they buried him with his fathers in the city of David: and Amaziah his son reigned in his stead.
Jozachar
This person is called Zabad in Chronicles, and Shimeath his mother is said to be an Ammonitess; and Jehozabad is said to be the son, not of Shomer, but of Shimrith, a Moabitess. Who the fathers of these two persons were we know not; they were probably foreigners and aliens. Some suppose that they belonged to the king's chamber, and therefore could have easy access to him.
2 Chronicles 24:26
Zabad
Shomer.
2 Chronicles 24:26
Shimrith
Amaziah his son.
2 Chronicles 24:27 Reciprocal: 2 Kings 9:28 - General2 Kings 14:5 - his servants;  2 Kings 14:19 - they made;  2 Kings 14:20 - he was buried

Copyright Statement
These files are public domain.
Text Courtesy of BibleSupport.com. Used by Permission.
Bibliographical Information
Torrey, R. A. "Commentary on 2 Kings 12:21". "The Treasury of Scripture Knowledge". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/tsk/2-kings-12.html.