Verse-by-Verse Bible Commentary

2 Kings 13:22

Now Hazael king of Aram had oppressed Israel all the days of Jehoahaz.
New American Standard Version

Bible Study Resources

Concordances:
Nave's Topical Bible - Hazael;   Jehoash;   Prophecy;   Thompson Chain Reference - Hazael;   Torrey's Topical Textbook - Kings;   Syria;  
Dictionaries:
American Tract Society Bible Dictionary - Ben-Hadad;   Joash or Jehoash;   Bridgeway Bible Dictionary - Hazael;   Syria;   Charles Buck Theological Dictionary - Zeal;   Easton Bible Dictionary - Hazael;   Fausset Bible Dictionary - Damascus;   Hazael;   Judah, Kingdom of;   Holman Bible Dictionary - Damascus;   Hazael;   Hastings' Dictionary of the New Testament - Galilee (2);   Morrish Bible Dictionary - Damascus;   Hazael ;   Jehoahaz ;   Joash ;   People's Dictionary of the Bible - Hazael;   Joash;   Smith Bible Dictionary - Jeho'ahaz;   Watson's Biblical & Theological Dictionary - Hazael;  
Encyclopedias:
International Standard Bible Encyclopedia - Galilee;   Jehoahaz;   Jehoash;   Naphtali;  

Coffman Commentaries on the Bible

THE FULFILLMENT OF ELISHA'S PROMISE OF VICTORIES OVER SYRIA BY JOASH

"And Hazael king of Syria oppressed Israel all the days of Jehoahaz. But Jehovah was gracious unto them, and had compassion on them, and had respect unto them, because of his covenant with Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob, and would not destroy them, neither did he cast them from his presence, as yet. And Hazael king of Syria died; and Benhadad his son reigned in his stead. And Jehoash the son of Jehoahaz took again out of the hand of Benhadad the son of Hazael the cities which he had taken out of the hand of Jehoahaz his father by war. Three times did Joash smite him, and recovered the cities of Israel."

The last sentence here records the exact fulfillment of Elisha's prophecy of a triple victory of Joash over Syria.

We also have here a recapitulation. 2 Kings 13:22 refers back to 2 Kings 13:3, and 2 Kings 13:23 refers back to 2 Kings 13:4-5.

"As yet" (`until now' in margin) (2 Kings 13:23). These are among the most significant words in the passage. "The author here had in mind that the Northern Israel would ultimately be cast away, rejected, and removed out of God's sight (2 Kings 17:18-23), but, as yet, there still remained an interval of about a century before the blow would fall and the northern kingdom would end."[23]

2 Kings 13:25 may be read to mean that Benhadad had captured those cities which Joash recovered. However, strictly speaking, Hazael is the antecedent of the pronoun "he." But, if Benhadad was Hazael's general in the conquering campaign, then, Hazael, as king, had taken those cities from Jehoahaz, or Benhadad his son and commanding general had done so.

Copyright Statement
Coffman Commentaries reproduced by permission of Abilene Christian University Press, Abilene, Texas, USA. All other rights reserved.
Bibliographical Information
Coffman, James Burton. "Commentary on 2 Kings 13:22". "Coffman Commentaries on the Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/bcc/2-kings-13.html. Abilene Christian University Press, Abilene, Texas, USA. 1983-1999.

John Gill's Exposition of the Whole Bible

But Hazael king of Syria oppressed Israel all the days of Jehoahaz. That he reigned alone, at least, before he took his son Joash to reign with him.

Copyright Statement
The New John Gill's Exposition of the Entire Bible Modernised and adapted for the computer by Larry Pierce of Online Bible. All Rights Reserved, Larry Pierce, Winterbourne, Ontario.
A printed copy of this work can be ordered from: The Baptist Standard Bearer, 1 Iron Oaks Dr, Paris, AR, 72855
Bibliographical Information
Gill, John. "Commentary on 2 Kings 13:22". "The New John Gill Exposition of the Entire Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/geb/2-kings-13.html. 1999.

John Trapp Complete Commentary

2 Kings 13:22 But Hazael king of Syria oppressed Israel all the days of Jehoahaz.

Ver. 22. All the days of Jehoahaz.] For about fifty years in all had this tyrant oppressed them. But God had promised them a saviour, viz., Joash, [2 Kings 13:5] and this much about the time that Jehoahaz had besought the Lord, who was easily entreated to pity the low condition of his people. [2 Kings 13:4]

Copyright Statement
These files are public domain.
Text Courtesy of BibleSupport.com. Used by Permission.
Bibliographical Information
Trapp, John. "Commentary on 2 Kings 13:22". John Trapp Complete Commentary. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/jtc/2-kings-13.html. 1865-1868.

Whedon's Commentary on the Bible

DELIVERANCE FROM THE SYRIAN OPPRESSION, 2 Kings 13:22-25.

22.All the days of Jehoahaz — So, though the Lord heard the prayer of this king of Israel, he did not answer it by sending a saviour until after his death. See 2 Kings 13:4-5, notes.

Copyright Statement
These files are public domain.
Text Courtesy of BibleSupport.com. Used by Permission.
Bibliographical Information
Whedon, Daniel. "Commentary on 2 Kings 13:22". "Whedon's Commentary on the Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/whe/2-kings-13.html. 1874-1909.

Ellicott's Commentary for English Readers

(22) But Hazael . . . oppressed.—Rather, Now Hazael . . . had oppressed. The narrative returns to 2 Kings 13:3.

Copyright Statement
These files are public domain.
Text Courtesy of BibleSupport.com. Used by Permission.
Bibliographical Information
Ellicott, Charles John. "Commentary on 2 Kings 13:22". "Ellicott's Commentary for English Readers". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/ebc/2-kings-13.html. 1905.

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

But Hazael king of Syria oppressed Israel all the days of Jehoahaz.
A. M. 3148-3165. B.C. 856-839. Hazael
3-7; 8:12; Psalms 106:40-42
Reciprocal: Judges 2:18 - their groanings;  1 Kings 19:17 - the sword of Hazael;  2 Kings 10:32 - Hazael;  2 Kings 13:4 - because the king;  Psalm 102:20 - To hear;  Psalm 107:39 - oppression;  Hosea 7:9 - devoured

Copyright Statement
These files are public domain.
Text Courtesy of BibleSupport.com. Used by Permission.
Bibliographical Information
Torrey, R. A. "Commentary on 2 Kings 13:22". "The Treasury of Scripture Knowledge". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/tsk/2-kings-13.html.