Verse-by-Verse Bible Commentary

2 Kings 13:23

But the Lord was gracious to them and had compassion on them and turned to them because of His covenant with Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob, and would not destroy them or cast them from His presence until now.
New American Standard Version

Bible Study Resources

Concordances:
Nave's Topical Bible - God;   God Continued...;   Jehoash;   Prophecy;   Thompson Chain Reference - Delays, Divine;   Divine;   Error;   Favour, Divine;   Favour-Disfavour;   God;   Penalty, Delayed;   Punishment;   Sin;   Sin's;   Sin-Saviour;   Transgression;   Torrey's Topical Textbook - God;   Kings;   Syria;  
Dictionaries:
American Tract Society Bible Dictionary - Ben-Hadad;   Joash or Jehoash;   Bridgeway Bible Dictionary - Hazael;   Baker Evangelical Dictionary of Biblical Theology - Compassion;   Family Life and Relations;   Forgiveness;   Genesis, Theology of;   Charles Buck Theological Dictionary - Zeal;   Easton Bible Dictionary - Hazael;   Fausset Bible Dictionary - Damascus;   Judah, Kingdom of;   Holman Bible Dictionary - Covenant;   Damascus;   Mercy, Merciful;   Hastings' Dictionary of the Bible - Pity;   Hastings' Dictionary of the New Testament - Jacob;   Morrish Bible Dictionary - Damascus;   Hazael ;   Jehoahaz ;   Joash ;   People's Dictionary of the Bible - Hazael;   Joash;   Smith Bible Dictionary - Jeho'ahaz;  
Encyclopedias:
International Standard Bible Encyclopedia - Captivity;   Gracious;   Jehoash;   The Jewish Encyclopedia - Memra;   Patriarchs, the;  

Adam Clarke Commentary

And the Lord was gracious unto them - ויחן vaiyachon, he had tender affection for them, as a husband has for his wife, or a father for his own children.

And had compassion on them - וירחמם vairachamem, his bowels yearned over them; he felt for them, he sympathized with them in all their distress: Therefore are my bowels troubled; I will surely have mercy upon him, saith the Lord, Jeremiah 31:20.

And had respect unto them - ויפן vaiyiphen, he turned face towards them, he received them again into favor; and this because of his covenant with their fathers: they must not be totally destroyed; the Messiah must come from them, and through them must come that light which is to enlighten the Gentiles, and therefore he would not make an entire end of them.

Neither cast he them from his presence as yet - But now they are cast out from his presence; they have sinned against the only remedy for their souls. They sit in darkness and the shadow of death; the veil is upon their face; but if they yet turn to the Lord, the veil shall be taken away.

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Bibliographical Information
Clarke, Adam. "Commentary on 2 Kings 13:23". "The Adam Clarke Commentary". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/acc/2-kings-13.html. 1832.

Albert Barnes' Notes on the Whole Bible

The writer regards the captivity of Israel as God‘s “casting them out of His sight” (see 2 Kings 17:18, 2 Kings 17:20); and notes that this extreme punishment, though deserved, was by God‘s mercy not allowed to fall on them as yet.

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Barnes, Albert. "Commentary on 2 Kings 13:23". "Barnes' Notes on the Whole Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/bnb/2-kings-13.html. 1870.

John Gill's Exposition of the Whole Bible

And the Lord was gracious to them,.... To Israel, notwithstanding their apostasy from him, and the idolatry of the calves they were guilty of:

and had compassion on them; being in oppression and distress:

and had respect unto them; looked upon them with an eye of pity and mercy:

because of his covenant with Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob; made so long ago he still remembered:

and would not destroy them, neither cast he them from his presence as yet; or suffered them to be carried captive into another land, as he afterwards did in the times of Hoshea.

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The New John Gill's Exposition of the Entire Bible Modernised and adapted for the computer by Larry Pierce of Online Bible. All Rights Reserved, Larry Pierce, Winterbourne, Ontario.
A printed copy of this work can be ordered from: The Baptist Standard Bearer, 1 Iron Oaks Dr, Paris, AR, 72855
Bibliographical Information
Gill, John. "Commentary on 2 Kings 13:23". "The New John Gill Exposition of the Entire Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/geb/2-kings-13.html. 1999.

Geneva Study Bible

And the LORD was gracious unto them, and had compassion on them, and had respect unto them, because of his covenant with Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob, and would not destroy them, neither cast he them from his presence as m yet.

(m) That is, until their sins were come to a full measure and there was no more hope of amendment.
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Bibliographical Information
Beza, Theodore. "Commentary on 2 Kings 13:23". "The 1599 Geneva Study Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/gsb/2-kings-13.html. 1599-1645.

Wesley's Explanatory Notes

And the LORD was gracious unto them, and had compassion on them, and had respect unto them, because of his covenant with Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob, and would not destroy them, neither cast he them from his presence as yet.

Had compassion — The slowness of God's process against sinners even when they remain impenitent must be construed to the advantage of his mercy, not the impeachment of his justice.

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These files are public domain and are a derivative of an electronic edition that is available on the Christian Classics Ethereal Library Website.
Bibliographical Information
Wesley, John. "Commentary on 2 Kings 13:23". "John Wesley's Explanatory Notes on the Whole Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/wen/2-kings-13.html. 1765.

John Trapp Complete Commentary

2 Kings 13:23 And the LORD was gracious unto them, and had compassion on them, and had respect unto them, because of his covenant with Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob, and would not destroy them, neither cast he them from his presence as yet.

Ver. 23. Because of his covenant.] Whereby God had made himself a voluntary debtor to his people. Who might now well say, Non sum dignus, Domine, sed sum indigus, I am no way worthy of thy help, but I am in extreme need of it. And again, Ego admisi unde tu damnare potes me, sed non amisisti unde tu salvare potes me, (a) My destruction is of myself, but of thee is my help.

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Bibliographical Information
Trapp, John. "Commentary on 2 Kings 13:23". John Trapp Complete Commentary. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/jtc/2-kings-13.html. 1865-1868.

Matthew Poole's English Annotations on the Holy Bible

From his presence, i.e. from the land of Canaan, to which the presence and public and solemn worship of God was confined.

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Poole, Matthew, "Commentary on 2 Kings 13:23". Matthew Poole's English Annotations on the Holy Bible. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/mpc/2-kings-13.html. 1685.

Whedon's Commentary on the Bible

23.As yet — There was a tender sympathy which bound Jehovah to the covenant people with whose backslidings he had borne so long, and yet he shows compassion.

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Whedon, Daniel. "Commentary on 2 Kings 13:23". "Whedon's Commentary on the Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/whe/2-kings-13.html. 1874-1909.

Joseph Benson's Commentary of the Old and New Testaments

2 Kings 13:23. The Lord had compassion, and would not destroy them as yet — The several expressions, of nearly the same import, used in this verse, call upon us to admire the triumphs of divine goodness in the deliverance of such a provoking people. He foresaw they would destroy themselves at last; but, as yet, he would reprieve them, and give them space to repent. The slowness of God’s processes against sinners must be construed to the advancement of his mercy, not the impeachment of his justice. Neither cast them from his presence as yet — From the land of Canaan, to which the peculiar presence of God, and his public and solemn worship, were now confined.

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Bibliographical Information
Benson, Joseph. "Commentary on 2 Kings 13:23". Joseph Benson's Commentary. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/rbc/2-kings-13.html. 1857.

George Haydock's Catholic Bible Commentary

Time. Long before the captivity of Babylon, the Israelites had been led captives, to return no more in a body. Some stragglers mixed with the Jews, and inhabited the country under that appellation. It would seem that this was written before the overturning of the kingdom of Israel. (Haydock)

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Haydock, George Leo. "Commentary on 2 Kings 13:23". "George Haydock's Catholic Bible Commentary". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/hcc/2-kings-13.html. 1859.

E.W. Bullinger's Companion Bible Notes

And = But.

and had. Note the Figure of speech Polysyndeton.

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Bullinger, Ethelbert William. "Commentary on 2 Kings 13:23". "E.W. Bullinger's Companion bible Notes". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/bul/2-kings-13.html. 1909-1922.

Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible - Unabridged

And the LORD was gracious unto them, and had compassion on them, and had respect unto them, because of his covenant with Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob, and would not destroy them, neither cast he them from his presence as yet.

The Lord was gracious unto them ... neither cast he them from his presence as yet - from the land of Canaan, where the symbols of His presence and worship were exclusively manifested.

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Bibliographical Information
Jamieson, Robert, D.D.; Fausset, A. R.; Brown, David. "Commentary on 2 Kings 13:23". "Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible - Unabridged". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/jfu/2-kings-13.html. 1871-8.

Ellicott's Commentary for English Readers

(23) And the Lord was gracious.—The verse is a remark of the compiler’s, as is evident from the style, the reference to the Covenant, and the expression “as yet,” or rather, until now—i.e., the day when he was writing, and when the northern kingdom had finally perished.

Had respect.—Turned.

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Bibliographical Information
Ellicott, Charles John. "Commentary on 2 Kings 13:23". "Ellicott's Commentary for English Readers". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/ebc/2-kings-13.html. 1905.

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

And the LORD was gracious unto them, and had compassion on them, and had respect unto them, because of his covenant with Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob, and would not destroy them, neither cast he them from his presence as yet.
the Lord
14:27; Exodus 33:19; 34:6,7; Judges 10:16; Nehemiah 9:31; Psalms 86:15; Isaiah 30:18,19; Jeremiah 12:15; Lamentations 3:32; Micah 7:18,19
had respect
Exodus 2:24,25; 1 Kings 8:28
because of his covenant
Genesis 13:16,17; 17:2-5,7,8; Exodus 3:6,7; 32:13,14; Leviticus 26:42; Deuteronomy 32:36; Nehemiah 9:32; Psalms 105:8; Micah 7:20; Luke 1:54,55,72,73
neither cast he
17:18; 24:20; Psalms 51:11; Matthew 25:41; 2 Thessalonians 1:9
presence
Heb. face.
Genesis 6:3
Reciprocal: Genesis 4:16 - went;  Genesis 21:17 - heard;  Leviticus 26:9 - for I;  Leviticus 26:44 - I will;  Judges 2:18 - their groanings;  1 Kings 11:13 - for David;  1 Kings 20:13 - Hast thou;  2 Chronicles 12:7 - some;  2 Chronicles 36:15 - because;  Psalm 102:20 - To hear;  Psalm 106:45 - And he;  Hosea 3:1 - according;  Hosea 7:15 - I have;  Hosea 11:8 - Mine

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Bibliographical Information
Torrey, R. A. "Commentary on 2 Kings 13:23". "The Treasury of Scripture Knowledge". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/tsk/2-kings-13.html.