Verse-by-Verse Bible Commentary

2 Kings 13:4

Then Jehoahaz entreated the favor of the Lord , and the Lord listened to him; for He saw the oppression of Israel, how the king of Aram oppressed them.
New American Standard Version

Bible Study Resources

Concordances:
Nave's Topical Bible - Jehoahaz;   Prayer;   Repentance;   Rulers;   Thompson Chain Reference - Prayer;   Torrey's Topical Textbook - Kings;   Prayer, Answers to;  
Dictionaries:
American Tract Society Bible Dictionary - Ben-Hadad;   Bridgeway Bible Dictionary - Israel;   Jehoahaz;   Baker Evangelical Dictionary of Biblical Theology - Favor;   Charles Buck Theological Dictionary - Zeal;   Easton Bible Dictionary - Ben-Hadad;   Fausset Bible Dictionary - Damascus;   Hazael;   Jehoahaz;   Jeroboam;   Jonah;   Holman Bible Dictionary - Damascus;   Hazael;   Kings, 1 and 2;   Hastings' Dictionary of the Bible - Jehoahaz;   Morrish Bible Dictionary - Damascus;   Jehoahaz ;   The Hawker's Poor Man's Concordance And Dictionary - Hazael;   People's Dictionary of the Bible - Jehoahaz;   Smith Bible Dictionary - Jeho'ahaz;  
Encyclopedias:
International Standard Bible Encyclopedia - Hazael;   Jehoahaz;   Oppression;   The Jewish Encyclopedia - Jonah;  

John Gill's Exposition of the Whole Bible

And Jehoahaz besought the Lord, and the Lord hearkened unto him,.... He did not apply in his distress to the calves he worshipped, but to the Lord; who had a regard to his prayer, not for his sake, or any righteousness of his, or even his repentance and humiliation, which were only external; but for the sake of Israel, and because they were oppressed, who were his people, and he their God, though they had sadly departed from him:

for he saw the oppression of Israel; not only with his eye of omniscience, but with an eye of mercy and compassion:

because the king of Syria oppressed them; by his incursions upon them, and wars with them.

Copyright Statement
The New John Gill's Exposition of the Entire Bible Modernised and adapted for the computer by Larry Pierce of Online Bible. All Rights Reserved, Larry Pierce, Winterbourne, Ontario.
A printed copy of this work can be ordered from: The Baptist Standard Bearer, 1 Iron Oaks Dr, Paris, AR, 72855
Bibliographical Information
Gill, John. "Commentary on 2 Kings 13:4". "The New John Gill Exposition of the Entire Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/geb/2-kings-13.html. 1999.

Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible

he saw the oppression of Israel — that is, commiserated the fallen condition of His chosen people. The divine honor and the interests of true religion required that deliverance should be granted them to check the triumph of the idolatrous enemy and put an end to their blasphemous taunts that God had forsaken Israel (Deuteronomy 32:27; Psalm 12:4).

Copyright Statement
These files are a derivative of an electronic edition prepared from text scanned by Woodside Bible Fellowship.
This expanded edition of the Jameison-Faussett-Brown Commentary is in the public domain and may be freely used and distributed.
Bibliographical Information
Jamieson, Robert, D.D.; Fausset, A. R.; Brown, David. "Commentary on 2 Kings 13:4". "Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/jfb/2-kings-13.html. 1871-8.

John Trapp Complete Commentary

2 Kings 13:4 And Jehoahaz besought the LORD, and the LORD hearkened unto him: for he saw the oppression of Israel, because the king of Syria oppressed them.

Ver. 4. And Jehoahaz besought the Lord.] Affliction exciteth devotion, as blowing doth the fire; whereas rarae fumant felicibus arae. Jehoahaz was now brought very low by the Syrians, [2 Kings 13:7] else God had not been thought on or sought unto.

Copyright Statement
These files are public domain.
Text Courtesy of BibleSupport.com. Used by Permission.
Bibliographical Information
Trapp, John. "Commentary on 2 Kings 13:4". John Trapp Complete Commentary. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/jtc/2-kings-13.html. 1865-1868.

Matthew Poole's English Annotations on the Holy Bible

The Lord hearkened unto him; not for his sake, for God regards not the prayers of the wicked and impenitent, Psalms 66:18 Proverbs 1:28 15:8; but for other reasons, expressed below, 2 Kings 13:23.

He saw, i.e. he observed it with care and compassion.

The oppression of Israel; his chosen and once beloved people. He now helps them, because of his former and ancient kindness to them.

The king of Syria oppressed them, to wit, very grievously, as it is expressed, 2 Kings 13:7. So that he helped them not for their own sakes, but because of the rage of their enemies, and their blasphemies, which doubtless accompanied it. See Deuteronomy 32:27 Psalms 12:4.

Copyright Statement
These files are public domain.
Text Courtesy of BibleSupport.com. Used by Permission.
Bibliographical Information
Poole, Matthew, "Commentary on 2 Kings 13:4". Matthew Poole's English Annotations on the Holy Bible. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/mpc/2-kings-13.html. 1685.

Whedon's Commentary on the Bible

4.Jehoahaz besought the Lord — The oppression of the Syrian kings humbled his spirit, and led Jehovah to give temporary deliverance; but there was no reformation deep enough to lead to any permanent or great results.

Copyright Statement
These files are public domain.
Text Courtesy of BibleSupport.com. Used by Permission.
Bibliographical Information
Whedon, Daniel. "Commentary on 2 Kings 13:4". "Whedon's Commentary on the Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/whe/2-kings-13.html. 1874-1909.

Joseph Benson's Commentary of the Old and New Testaments

2 Kings 13:4. The Lord hearkened unto him — Not for his sake, for God regards not the prayers of the wicked and impenitent, but for other reasons, expressed 2 Kings 13:23. For he saw the oppression of Israel — His chosen and once beloved people. He now helps them because of his former and ancient kindness to them. Because the king of Syria oppressed them — To wit, very grievously, as it is expressed 2 Kings 13:7. So that God helped them, not because they were worthy of his help, but because of the rage of their enemies, and the blasphemies which doubtless accompanied it. See Deuteronomy 32:27.

Copyright Statement
These files are public domain.
Text Courtesy of BibleSupport.com. Used by Permission.
Bibliographical Information
Benson, Joseph. "Commentary on 2 Kings 13:4". Joseph Benson's Commentary. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/rbc/2-kings-13.html. 1857.

Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible - Unabridged

And Jehoahaz besought the LORD, and the LORD hearkened unto him: for he saw the oppression of Israel, because the king of Syria oppressed them.

He saw the oppression of Israel - i:e., commiserated the fallen condition of His chosen people. The divine honour and the interests of true religion required that deliverance should be granted them to check the triumph of the idolatrous enemy, and put an end to their blasphemous taunts that God had forsaken Israel (Deuteronomy 32:27; Psalms 12:4).

Copyright Statement
These files are public domain.
Text Courtesy of BibleSupport.com. Used by Permission.
Bibliographical Information
Jamieson, Robert, D.D.; Fausset, A. R.; Brown, David. "Commentary on 2 Kings 13:4". "Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible - Unabridged". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/jfu/2-kings-13.html. 1871-8.

Ellicott's Commentary for English Readers

(4) Besought.—Literally, stroked the face of; a metaphor which occurs in Exodus 32:11; 1 Kings 13:6).

And the Lord hearkened unto him.—Not, however, immediately. (See 2 Kings 13:7.) The Syrian invasions, which began under Jehu, were renewed again and again throughout the reign of Jehoahaz (2 Kings 13:22), until the tide of conquest began to turn in the time of Joash (2 Kings 13:15), whose incomplete victories (2 Kings 13:17; 2 Kings 13:19; 2 Kings 13:25) were followed up by the permanent successes of his son Jeroboam II. (2 Kings 14:25-28).

The parenthesis marked in 2 Kings 13:5 really begins, therefore, with the words, “And the Lord hearkened.” The historian added it by way of pointing out that although the prayer of Jehoahaz did not meet with immediate response, it was not ultimately ineffectual.

For he saw the oppression.—Comp. Exodus 3:7; Deuteronomy 26:7.

The king of Syria.—Intentionally general, so as to include both Hazael and Ben-hadad III., his son (2 Kings 13:24).

Copyright Statement
These files are public domain.
Text Courtesy of BibleSupport.com. Used by Permission.
Bibliographical Information
Ellicott, Charles John. "Commentary on 2 Kings 13:4". "Ellicott's Commentary for English Readers". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/ebc/2-kings-13.html. 1905.

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

And Jehoahaz besought the LORD, and the LORD hearkened unto him: for he saw the oppression of Israel, because the king of Syria oppressed them.
Jehoahaz
Numbers 21:7; Judges 6:6,7; 10:10; Psalms 78:34; Isaiah 26:16; Jeremiah 2:27
the Lord
14:26; Genesis 21:17; Exodus 3:7; Judges 10:15,16; 2 Chronicles 33:12,13,19; Psalms 50:15; Psalms 106:43,44; Jeremiah 33:3
he saw
Genesis 31:42; Exodus 3:9; Isaiah 63:9
because the king
22; 14:26
Reciprocal: Judges 2:18 - their groanings;  2 Kings 13:5 - a saviour;  2 Chronicles 12:7 - some;  Psalm 102:20 - To hear;  Isaiah 19:20 - they shall

Copyright Statement
These files are public domain.
Text Courtesy of BibleSupport.com. Used by Permission.
Bibliographical Information
Torrey, R. A. "Commentary on 2 Kings 13:4". "The Treasury of Scripture Knowledge". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/tsk/2-kings-13.html.