Verse-by-Verse Bible Commentary

2 Kings 13:5

The Lord gave Israel a deliverer, so that they escaped from under the hand of the Arameans; and the sons of Israel lived in their tents as formerly.
New American Standard Version

Bible Study Resources

Concordances:
Nave's Topical Bible - Jehoahaz;   Rulers;   Thompson Chain Reference - Tents;   Torrey's Topical Textbook - Hands, the;   Kings;   Syria;  
Dictionaries:
American Tract Society Bible Dictionary - Ben-Hadad;   Bridgeway Bible Dictionary - Israel;   Jehoahaz;   Salvation;   Charles Buck Theological Dictionary - Zeal;   Fausset Bible Dictionary - Damascus;   Hazael;   Jehoahaz;   Jeroboam;   Jonah;   Saviour;   Holman Bible Dictionary - Assyria, History and Religion of;   Damascus;   Gift, Giving;   Hazael;   Kings, 1 and 2;   Hastings' Dictionary of the Bible - Jehoahaz;   Samaria;   Morrish Bible Dictionary - Damascus;   Jehoahaz ;   The Hawker's Poor Man's Concordance And Dictionary - Hazael;   People's Dictionary of the Bible - Jehoahaz;   Jeroboam;   Smith Bible Dictionary - Jeho'ahaz;   Jerobo'am;  
Encyclopedias:
International Standard Bible Encyclopedia - Benhadad;   Captivity;   Hazael;   Israel, Kingdom of;   Jehoahaz;   Jehoash;   Jeroboam;  

Adam Clarke Commentary

And the Lord gave Israel a savior - This was undoubtedly Joash, whose successful wars against the Syrians are mentioned at the conclusion of the chapter. Houbigant recommends to read the seventh verse after the fourth, then the fifth and sixth, and next the eighth, etc.

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Bibliographical Information
Clarke, Adam. "Commentary on 2 Kings 13:5". "The Adam Clarke Commentary". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/acc/2-kings-13.html. 1832.

Albert Barnes' Notes on the Whole Bible

The Lord gave Israel a saviour - Not immediately on the repentance of Jehoahaz but after his death (see 2 Kings 13:25).

They went out from under the hand of the Syrians - i. e. they ceased to be oppressed by the Syrians; they shook off their yoke, and became once more perfectly independent.

Tents - See 1 Kings 8:66 note.

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Bibliographical Information
Barnes, Albert. "Commentary on 2 Kings 13:5". "Barnes' Notes on the Whole Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/bnb/2-kings-13.html. 1870.

John Gill's Exposition of the Whole Bible

And the Lord gave Israel a saviour,.... Not an angel sent by him, nor a captain raised up among them, nor the prophet Elisha, who predicted their deliverance, nor Jehoahaz himself, but his son Joash, 2 Kings 13:25.

so that they went out from under the hand of the Syrians; were not in subjection to them, nor harassed by them, nor in fear of them:

and the children of Israel dwelt in their tents, as before time; in peace and safety.

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The New John Gill's Exposition of the Entire Bible Modernised and adapted for the computer by Larry Pierce of Online Bible. All Rights Reserved, Larry Pierce, Winterbourne, Ontario.
A printed copy of this work can be ordered from: The Baptist Standard Bearer, 1 Iron Oaks Dr, Paris, AR, 72855
Bibliographical Information
Gill, John. "Commentary on 2 Kings 13:5". "The New John Gill Exposition of the Entire Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/geb/2-kings-13.html. 1999.

Geneva Study Bible

(And the LORD gave Israel a c saviour, so that they went out from under the hand of the Syrians: and the children of Israel d dwelt in their tents, as beforetime.

(c) That is, Joash the son of Jehoahaz.

(d) Safely and without danger.

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Bibliographical Information
Beza, Theodore. "Commentary on 2 Kings 13:5". "The 1599 Geneva Study Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/gsb/2-kings-13.html. 1599-1645.

Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible

a saviour — This refers neither to some patriotic defender nor some signal victory, but to the deliverance obtained for Israel by the two successors of Jehoahaz, namely, Joash, who regained all the cities which the Syrians had taken from his father (2 Kings 13:25); and Jeroboam, who restored the former boundaries of Israel (2 Kings 14:25).

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These files are a derivative of an electronic edition prepared from text scanned by Woodside Bible Fellowship.
This expanded edition of the Jameison-Faussett-Brown Commentary is in the public domain and may be freely used and distributed.
Bibliographical Information
Jamieson, Robert, D.D.; Fausset, A. R.; Brown, David. "Commentary on 2 Kings 13:5". "Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/jfb/2-kings-13.html. 1871-8.

John Trapp Complete Commentary

2 Kings 13:5 (And the LORD gave Israel a saviour, so that they went out from under the hand of the Syrians: and the children of Israel dwelt in their tents, as beforetime.

Ver. 5. And the Lord gave Israel a saviour.] An angel, say some; the prophet Elisha, say others; or rather king Jehoash, [2 Kings 13:25] encouraged by Elisha, with promise of a threefold victory over the Syrians.

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Trapp, John. "Commentary on 2 Kings 13:5". John Trapp Complete Commentary. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/jtc/2-kings-13.html. 1865-1868.

Thomas Coke Commentary on the Holy Bible

2 Kings 13:5. The Lord gave Israel a saviour The LXX and Arabic render this a deliverance; which, as no particular person is specified, seems a preferable version: see 2 Kings 13:17.

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Coke, Thomas. "Commentary on 2 Kings 13:5". Thomas Coke Commentary on the Holy Bible. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/tcc/2-kings-13.html. 1801-1803.

Matthew Poole's English Annotations on the Holy Bible

A saviour; either Elisha, below, 2 Kings 13:14; or rather, Jehoash, the son of this Jehoahaz, below, 2 Kings 13:25, and Jeroboam his son, 2 Kings 14:25.

In their tents, as beforetime; in peace and security, not only in their strong cities, but even in their tents in the fields.

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Bibliographical Information
Poole, Matthew, "Commentary on 2 Kings 13:5". Matthew Poole's English Annotations on the Holy Bible. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/mpc/2-kings-13.html. 1685.

Whedon's Commentary on the Bible

5.A saviour — According to 2 Kings 13:22, this saviour could not have saved Israel in the days of Jehoahaz; so it is hardly satisfactory to refer it to some unknown temporary deliverer during the reign of this king. This saviour came not in Jehoahaz’s days, but, after his death in the person of his son Jehoash, who, according to 2 Kings 13:25, recovered from the then Syrian king the cities which his father had lost by war. The deliverance was still further secured under Jeroboam, the son of Joash. Compare 2 Kings 14:27. Others have supposed, but with little reason, that this saviour was an angel, or perhaps Elisha.

Dwelt in their tents — That is, at peace in their homes, not disturbed by constant rumours of war, and invasion by foreign armies.

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Whedon, Daniel. "Commentary on 2 Kings 13:5". "Whedon's Commentary on the Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/whe/2-kings-13.html. 1874-1909.

Joseph Benson's Commentary of the Old and New Testaments

2 Kings 13:5. The Lord gave Israel a saviour — Either Elisha, below, (2 Kings 13:14,) or rather, Jehoash the son of this Jehoahaz, (2 Kings 13:25,) and Jeroboam his son, 2 Kings 14:25. Both of these were instrumental in working out great deliverances for Israel, although they were wicked men, who still kept up the idolatry of the calves. Israel dwelt in their tents as before time In peace and security: not only in their strong cities, but even in their tents in the fields.

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Bibliographical Information
Benson, Joseph. "Commentary on 2 Kings 13:5". Joseph Benson's Commentary. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/rbc/2-kings-13.html. 1857.

George Haydock's Catholic Bible Commentary

Saviour, in the person of Joas, (ver. 23.; Tostat) after the death of Joachaz, whose repentance preserved him, at least, in this world. (Haydock)

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Haydock, George Leo. "Commentary on 2 Kings 13:5". "George Haydock's Catholic Bible Commentary". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/hcc/2-kings-13.html. 1859.

E.W. Bullinger's Companion Bible Notes

And the LORD = And Jehovah. Note the parenthesis of verses: 2 Kings 13:5 and 2 Kings 13:6.

a saviour. Some think an angel; some. Elisha; some, a general of Jehoahaz. Compare 2 Kings 13:25; 2 Kings 14:27.

children = sons.

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Bullinger, Ethelbert William. "Commentary on 2 Kings 13:5". "E.W. Bullinger's Companion bible Notes". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/bul/2-kings-13.html. 1909-1922.

Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible - Unabridged

(And the LORD gave Israel a saviour, so that they went out from under the hand of the Syrians: and the children of Israel dwelt in their tents, as beforetime.

A saviour. This refers neither to some patriotic defender nor some signal victory, but to the deliverance obtained for Israel by the two successors of Jehoahaz-namely, Joash, who regained all the cities which the Syrians had taken from big father (2 Kings 13:25); and Jereboam II., who restored the former boundaries of Israel (2 Kings 14:25). [The Septuagint has: edooke kurios sooteerian too Israeel, the Lord gave deliverance to Israel.] This is probably the correct reading (see 2 Kings 13:17, "the Lord's deliverance"). Several critics are of opinion that 2 Kings 13:7 is out of its proper place, and suggest that it should come immediately after 2 Kings 13:4.

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Bibliographical Information
Jamieson, Robert, D.D.; Fausset, A. R.; Brown, David. "Commentary on 2 Kings 13:5". "Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible - Unabridged". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/jfu/2-kings-13.html. 1871-8.

Ellicott's Commentary for English Readers

(5) A saviour.—Jeroboam II., the grandson of Jehoahaz, a vigorous and successful sovereign, of whom it is said that Jehovah “saved” Israel by his hand (2 Kings 14:27).

They went out from under the hand.—Referring to the oppressive supremacy of Syria. From these words, and from those of 2 Kings 13:22, it would appear that Israel was tributary to Syria during some part of this period.

Dwelt in their tents—i.e., in the open country. In time of war they were obliged to take refuge in strongholds and fortified cities.

As before time.—See Note on 1 Chronicles 11:2; Genesis 31:2.

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Ellicott, Charles John. "Commentary on 2 Kings 13:5". "Ellicott's Commentary for English Readers". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/ebc/2-kings-13.html. 1905.

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

(And the LORD gave Israel a saviour, so that they went out from under the hand of the Syrians: and the children of Israel dwelt in their tents, as beforetime.
a saviour
This saviour was undoubtedly Joash, whose successful wars are subsequently detailed. Houbigant recommends to read the seventh verse after the fourth.
25; 14:25,27; Nehemiah 9:27; Isaiah 19:20; Obadiah 1:21; Luke 2:11
before-time
Heb. yesterday and third day.
Exodus 4:10; Deuteronomy 19:4; 1 Samuel 19:7; 1 Chronicles 11:2
Reciprocal: Jeremiah 49:27 - Benhadad;  Hosea 7:15 - I have

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Bibliographical Information
Torrey, R. A. "Commentary on 2 Kings 13:5". "The Treasury of Scripture Knowledge". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/tsk/2-kings-13.html.