Verse-by-Verse Bible Commentary

2 Kings 16:7

So Ahaz sent messengers to Tiglath-pileser king of Assyria, saying, "I am your servant and your son; come up and deliver me from the hand of the king of Aram and from the hand of the king of Israel, who are rising up against me."
New American Standard Version

Bible Study Resources

Concordances:
Nave's Topical Bible - Ahaz;   Alliances;   Ambassadors;   Diplomacy;   Israel, Prophecies Concerning;   Rezin;   Syria;   Tiglath-Pileser;   Thompson Chain Reference - Ambassadors;   Nation, the;   Tiglath-Pileser;   Torrey's Topical Textbook - Assyria;   Kings;  
Dictionaries:
American Tract Society Bible Dictionary - Pekah;   Rezin;   Temple;   Tiglath-Pileser;   Bridgeway Bible Dictionary - Ahaz;   Assyria;   Isaiah;   Judah, tribe and kingdom;   Nahum;   Pekah;   Syria;   Treaty;   Baker Evangelical Dictionary of Biblical Theology - Gods and Goddesses, Pagan;   Easton Bible Dictionary - Damascus;   Pekah;   Rezin;   Tiglath-Pileser Iii.;   Fausset Bible Dictionary - Ahaz;   Damascus;   Dial;   Hezekiah;   Jareb;   Obadiah;   Rezin;   Tiglath Pileser;   Holman Bible Dictionary - Assyria, History and Religion of;   Damascus;   Hezekiah;   Tiglath-Pileser;   Tribute;   Hastings' Dictionary of the Bible - Ahaz;   Alliance;   Damascus;   Hastings' Dictionary of the New Testament - Immanuel ;   Morrish Bible Dictionary - Ahaz ;   Assyria ;   Damascus;   Rezin ;   Tiglathpileser, Tilgathpilneser ;   The Hawker's Poor Man's Concordance And Dictionary - Messenger;   People's Dictionary of the Bible - Pekah;   Rezin;   Smith Bible Dictionary - Alliances;   Ambassador,;   Damas'cus,;  
Encyclopedias:
International Standard Bible Encyclopedia - Ahaz;   Alliance;   Beerah;   Immanuel;   Isaiah;   Jareb;   Judah, Kingdom of;   Rezin;   Syrians;   Tiglath-Pileser;   Kitto Biblical Cyclopedia - Assyria;   The Jewish Encyclopedia - Rezin;  

Adam Clarke Commentary

I am thy servant and thy son - I will obey thee in all, and become tributary to thee; only help me against Syria and Israel.

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Clarke, Adam. "Commentary on 2 Kings 16:7". "The Adam Clarke Commentary". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/acc/2-kings-16.html. 1832.

Albert Barnes' Notes on the Whole Bible

Ahaz was threatened on all sides, on the north by Rezin and Pekah; on the southeast by Edom 2 Chronicles 28:17; and on the southwest by the Philistines 2 Chronicles 28:18. To these external dangers was added the still greater peril of disaffection at home. A large party in Judah was “weary” of the house of David Isaiah 7:13, ready to join the confederacy Isaiah 8:6, Isaiah 8:12, and to accept for king “the son of Tabeal.” Ahaz saw no hope of safety unless he could obtain a powerful protector; and, Egypt being particularly weak at this time, he turned to Assyria.

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Barnes, Albert. "Commentary on 2 Kings 16:7". "Barnes' Notes on the Whole Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/bnb/2-kings-16.html. 1870.

Coffman Commentaries on the Bible

AHAZ CALLS IN TIGLATH-PILESER; THE KING OF ASSYRIA

"So Ahaz sent messengers to Tiglath-pileser king of Assyria, saying I am thy servant and thy son; come up, and save me out of the hand of the king of Syria, and out of the hand of the king of Israel, who rise up against me. And Ahaz took the silver and gold that was found in the house of Jehovah, and in the treasures of the king's house, and sent it for a present to the king of Assyria. And the king of Assyria hearkened unto him; and the king of Assyria went up against Damascus, and took it, and carried the people of it captive to Kir, and slew Rezin."

Snaith has an excellent summary of what is revealed here. "Rezin of Syria-Damascus and Pekah of Israel tried to bully Ahaz into joining their coalition against their common Assyrian overlord. Ahaz called for help from Assyria, buying it with great treasure, and was saved from his immediate enemies. Damascus was captured, its people deported, and their king Rezin killed."[12] "This was the end of Syrian Damascus as a power.[13] This destruction of Damascus had been prophesied by Amos (Amos 1:3-5). "The word translated `present' in 2 Kings 16:8 is the same word also rendered `bribe'."[14]

This request of Ahaz for Assyrian help must have been celebrated gloriously in the pagan temples of Nineveh, because, Assyria which had designs against Egypt would naturally have to conquer Judah first; and now, with no cost whatever to Assyria, Judah became, to all intents and purposes, a vassal of Assyria.

The foolishness of Ahaz in what he did could have been prevented if he had heeded the warning of Isaiah (Isaiah 7:4ff), but that weak, wicked monarch followed his own secular advisers, and only the providential slaughter of Sennacherib's army prevented the destruction of Judah much sooner than it eventually happened.

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Coffman Commentaries reproduced by permission of Abilene Christian University Press, Abilene, Texas, USA. All other rights reserved.
Bibliographical Information
Coffman, James Burton. "Commentary on 2 Kings 16:7". "Coffman Commentaries on the Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/bcc/2-kings-16.html. Abilene Christian University Press, Abilene, Texas, USA. 1983-1999.

John Gill's Exposition of the Whole Bible

So Ahaz sent messengers to Tiglathpileser king of Assyria,.... Of whom see 2 Kings 15:29.

saying, I am thy servant, and thy son; signifying, that he would be his vassal, and become tributary to him, and serve him as a servant to his master, or a son his father, on condition he would come to his assistance, and so he became his servant; hence his son Hezekiah is said to rebel against the king of Assyria, 2 Kings 18:1.

come up and save me out of the hand of the king of Syria, and out of the hand of the king off Israel, which rise up against me; which assistance he had no reason to call in, since the Lord had promised him deliverance from both those kings, and gave him a sign of it, Isaiah 7:4.

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The New John Gill's Exposition of the Entire Bible Modernised and adapted for the computer by Larry Pierce of Online Bible. All Rights Reserved, Larry Pierce, Winterbourne, Ontario.
A printed copy of this work can be ordered from: The Baptist Standard Bearer, 1 Iron Oaks Dr, Paris, AR, 72855
Bibliographical Information
Gill, John. "Commentary on 2 Kings 16:7". "The New John Gill Exposition of the Entire Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/geb/2-kings-16.html. 1999.

Geneva Study Bible

So Ahaz sent e messengers to Tiglathpileser king of Assyria, saying, I [am] thy servant and thy son: come up, and save me out of the hand of the king of Syria, and out of the hand of the king of Israel, which rise up against me.

(e) Contrary to the admonition of the prophet Isaiah, (Isaiah 7:4).
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Beza, Theodore. "Commentary on 2 Kings 16:7". "The 1599 Geneva Study Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/gsb/2-kings-16.html. 1599-1645.

Wesley's Explanatory Notes

So Ahaz sent messengers to Tiglathpileser king of Assyria, saying, I am thy servant and thy son: come up, and save me out of the hand of the king of Syria, and out of the hand of the king of Israel, which rise up against me.

Sent messengers, … — But was it because there was no God in Israel, that he sent to the Assyrian for help? The sin itself was its own punishment; for tho' it served his present turn, yet he made but an ill bargain, seeing he not only impoverished himself, but enslaved both himself and his people.

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These files are public domain and are a derivative of an electronic edition that is available on the Christian Classics Ethereal Library Website.
Bibliographical Information
Wesley, John. "Commentary on 2 Kings 16:7". "John Wesley's Explanatory Notes on the Whole Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/wen/2-kings-16.html. 1765.

John Trapp Complete Commentary

2 Kings 16:7 So Ahaz sent messengers to Tiglathpileser king of Assyria, saying, I [am] thy servant and thy son: come up, and save me out of the hand of the king of Syria, and out of the hand of the king of Israel, which rise up against me.

Ver. 7. So Ahaz sent messengers to Tiglathpileser.] God had offered him a sign for his better assurance, saying, Ask it either in the depth or height above. [Isaiah 7:11-12] Here was a fair offer to a foul sinner; that where sin abounded, grace might superabound. But Ahaz said, I will not ask, neither will I try the Lord, q.d., I will ask no asks, I will try no signs; I know a trick worth two of that; let God keep his signs to himself: I crave no such courtesy at his hands, I can otherwise relieve myself by sending to the Assyrian.

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Trapp, John. "Commentary on 2 Kings 16:7". John Trapp Complete Commentary. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/jtc/2-kings-16.html. 1865-1868.

Matthew Poole's English Annotations on the Holy Bible

I am thy servant and thy son; I yield myself to thee, as thy vassal, to serve and obey thee, and pay thee tribute, upon condition thou dost assist me against my enemies.

Out of the hand of the king of Syria, and out of the hand of the king of Israel; for though they were now gone from Jerusalem, yet he justly concluded they would return again, and from time to time molest and vex him.

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Poole, Matthew, "Commentary on 2 Kings 16:7". Matthew Poole's English Annotations on the Holy Bible. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/mpc/2-kings-16.html. 1685.

Whedon's Commentary on the Bible

7.Ahaz sent’ to Tiglath-pileser — He placed no strong reliance on the word of the Lord by Isaiah that Rezin and Pekah were only like two smoking firebrands that would soon burn out and be harmless. He was probably led to apply to the Assyrian monarch because he had already greatly injured Israel. See note on 2 Kings 15:29.

Thy servant and thy son — An acknowledgment of Judah’s dependency on Assyria. Compare note on 2 Kings 14:5.

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Whedon, Daniel. "Commentary on 2 Kings 16:7". "Whedon's Commentary on the Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/whe/2-kings-16.html. 1874-1909.

Joseph Benson's Commentary of the Old and New Testaments

2 Kings 16:7. So Ahaz sent messengers to Tiglath-pileser — Having forsaken God, he had neither courage nor strength to make head against his enemies, and therefore made his court to the king of Assyria, and endeavoured to prevail on him to come to his relief. But was it because there was not a God in Israel that he sent to the Assyrian for help? The truth is, he could not with any confidence ask help of God, being conscious he had abandoned his worship, and in the grossest manner violated his laws. Observe, reader, they whose hearts condemn them will go any whither for help, in a day of distress, rather than to God. Saying, I am thy servant and thy son: come up, and save me — I yield myself to thee as thy vassal, to serve and obey thee, and pay thee tribute, upon condition that thou wilt assist me against my enemies. Had he thus humbled himself to God, and implored his favour, he might have been delivered upon easier terms, might have saved his money, and needed only to have parted with his sins. Out of the hand of the king of Syria, &c. — For though they were now gone from Jerusalem, yet he justly concluded they would return again, and, from time to time, molest and vex him.

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Benson, Joseph. "Commentary on 2 Kings 16:7". Joseph Benson's Commentary. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/rbc/2-kings-16.html. 1857.

George Haydock's Catholic Bible Commentary

Son, vassal, or under thy protection. (Calmet) --- Save me. Achaz sinned by this placing his confidence in man, after the prophet had given him such assurance from the Lord. (Menochius) --- He has soon reason to repent of having brought this proud ally into his dominions, as he proved a great scourge; (2 Paralipomenon xxviii. 20.) no less than the Saxons did to the ancient Britons.

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Haydock, George Leo. "Commentary on 2 Kings 16:7". "George Haydock's Catholic Bible Commentary". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/hcc/2-kings-16.html. 1859.

E.W. Bullinger's Companion Bible Notes

sent messengers. This was opposed by Isaiah (2 Kings 7:17). Compare Hosea 5:13; Hosea 7:11, Hosea 7:12; Hosea 8:9; Hosea 11:5. Tiglath-pileser is the "razor" of Isaiah 7:20.

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Bullinger, Ethelbert William. "Commentary on 2 Kings 16:7". "E.W. Bullinger's Companion bible Notes". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/bul/2-kings-16.html. 1909-1922.

Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible - Unabridged

So Ahaz sent messengers to Tiglath-pileser king of Assyria, saying, I am thy servant and thy son: come up, and save me out of the hand of the king of Syria, and out of the hand of the king of Israel, which rise up against me.

So Ahaz sent messengers to Tiglath-pileser. In spite of the assurance given him by Isaiah by two signs-the one immediate, the other remote (Isaiah 7:14; Isaiah 8:4) - that the confederate kings would not prevail against him, Abaz sought aid from the Assyrian monarch.

Saying, I am thy servant, and thy son. This was a plain acknowledgement of his dependent position upon the Assyrian king (cf. 2 Kings 17:4). The same fact may be inferred from various passages, both in Kings and Chronicles; and it can now be proved from the Assyrian monuments, which record the payment of tribute by the tribes of Israel at a much earlier period than any passage of Scripture intimates (see 'Nineveh and Babylon'). To procure an adequate sum for purchasing the succour of the protector's power, Ahaz ransacked the treasures both of the palace and the temple.

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Jamieson, Robert, D.D.; Fausset, A. R.; Brown, David. "Commentary on 2 Kings 16:7". "Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible - Unabridged". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/jfu/2-kings-16.html. 1871-8.

Ellicott's Commentary for English Readers

(7) So Ahaz sent messengers.—See Notes on 2 Chronicles 28:16; 2 Chronicles 28:20.

Which rise up against me.—Or, which are assailing me. “The vain confidence of the rulers of Judah, described by Isaiah in his first prophetic book, was rudely shaken by the progress of the war with Pekah and Rezin. Unreasoning confidence had given way to equally unreasoning panic. They saw only one way of escape—namely, to throw themselves upon the protection of Assyria.” (Robertson Smith.)

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Ellicott, Charles John. "Commentary on 2 Kings 16:7". "Ellicott's Commentary for English Readers". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/ebc/2-kings-16.html. 1905.

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

So Ahaz sent messengers to Tiglathpileser king of Assyria, saying, I am thy servant and thy son: come up, and save me out of the hand of the king of Syria, and out of the hand of the king of Israel, which rise up against me.
Tiglath-pileser
Heb. Tilgath-pileser.
15:29; 1 Chronicles 5:26; 2 Chronicles 28:20
Tilgath-pilneser
I am thy servant.
1 Kings 20:4,32,33
and save
Psalms 146:3-5; Jeremiah 17:5; Lamentations 4:17; Hosea 14:3
Reciprocal: 2 Kings 8:9 - Thy son Benhadad;  2 Kings 17:3 - king of Assyria;  2 Kings 18:7 - rebelled;  1 Chronicles 5:6 - Tilgathpilneser;  Isaiah 7:20 - shave;  Isaiah 10:20 - no more;  Isaiah 57:9 - thou wentest to the king;  Jeremiah 2:18 - or what hast;  Jeremiah 13:21 - for;  Ezekiel 16:28 - GeneralEzekiel 23:5 - on the;  Ezekiel 23:12 - upon;  Hosea 5:10 - remove;  Hosea 5:13 - went

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Torrey, R. A. "Commentary on 2 Kings 16:7". "The Treasury of Scripture Knowledge". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/tsk/2-kings-16.html.