Click here to learn more!
Fausset's Bible Dictionary
Hosea 5:13; Hosea 10:6. "Ephraim went to the Assyrian and (Judah) sent to king Jareb," "the calf shall be carried into Assyria ... a present to king Jareb" Hebrew "avenger." The Assyrian king, seeking his own aggrandizement, proposed to undertake Israel's and Judah's cause. As in Judges 6:32, Jerub in Jerubbaal means "let Baal plead." Judah under Ahaz applied to Tiglath Pileser for aid against Syria and Israel (2 Kings 16:7-8; 2 Chronicles 28:16-21). The Assyrian "distressed, but strengthened him not," as Hosea foretells, "he could not ... cure you of your wound." The Israelite Menahem subsidized Pul (2 Kings 15:19). Instead of "avenger" to ward off foes, the expected protector proved to be God's "avenger" for Israel's and Judah's sins. Pusey explains James "the strifeful king," Assyrian history being, as their own inscriptions prove, one perpetual warfare. The Assyrian word jarbam is "to fight"; Gesenius explains James "the hostile king."
These files are public domain.
Fausset, Andrew R. Entry for 'Jareb'. Fausset's Bible Dictionary. https://www.studylight.org/dictionaries/eng/fbd/j/jareb.html. 1949.