Verse-by-Verse Bible Commentary

2 Kings 23:6

He brought out the Asherah from the house of the Lord outside Jerusalem to the brook Kidron, and burned it at the brook Kidron, and ground it to dust, and threw its dust on the graves of the common people.
New American Standard Version

Bible Study Resources

Concordances:
Nave's Topical Bible - Cedron;   Iconoclasm;   Israel, Prophecies Concerning;   Josiah;   Kidron;   Prophecy;   Thompson Chain Reference - Cedron;   Kidron;   Torrey's Topical Textbook - Temple, the First;   Zeal;  
Dictionaries:
American Tract Society Bible Dictionary - Kidron or Cedron;   Sepulchre;   Bridgeway Bible Dictionary - Baal;   Funeral;   Jeremiah;   Josiah;   Zephaniah;   Baker Evangelical Dictionary of Biblical Theology - Gods and Goddesses, Pagan;   Easton Bible Dictionary - Asherah;   Grave;   Jeremiah;   Kidron;   Fausset Bible Dictionary - Ashtoreth;   Baal (1);   Burial;   Grove;   Jerusalem;   Josiah;   Kedron;   Lazarus;   Tombs;   Holman Bible Dictionary - Bethel;   Common;   Deuteronomy, the Book of;   Ezekiel;   Gods, Pagan;   High Place;   Kings, 1 and 2;   Hastings' Dictionary of the Bible - Asherah;   Canon of the Old Testament;   Deuteronomy;   Gehenna;   Hexateuch;   Hilkiah;   Idolatry;   Jehoshaphat, Valley of;   Temple;   Hastings' Dictionary of the New Testament - Brook ;   Morrish Bible Dictionary - Grove;   Josiah ;   Kidron, Kedron, Brook;   The Hawker's Poor Man's Concordance And Dictionary - Cedron;   Raca;   People's Dictionary of the Bible - Kidron;   Smith Bible Dictionary - Kid'ron,;   Wilson's Dictionary of Bible Types - Rove;   Watson's Biblical & Theological Dictionary - Grove;  
Encyclopedias:
Condensed Biblical Cyclopedia - Kingdom of Judah;   International Standard Bible Encyclopedia - Asherah;   Images;   Jehoshaphat, Valley of;   Kidron, the Brook;  

Adam Clarke Commentary

He brought out the grove - He brought out the idol Asherah. See at the end of 2 Kings 21:26; (note).

Upon the graves of the children of the people - I believe this; means the burial-place of the common people.

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Bibliographical Information
Clarke, Adam. "Commentary on 2 Kings 23:6". "The Adam Clarke Commentary". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/acc/2-kings-23.html. 1832.

John Gill's Exposition of the Whole Bible

And he brought out the grove from the house of the Lord,.... Not a real grove of trees, but a carved one, as some think; or rather the image of the grove, 2 Kings 21:7 that is, the idol Ashtoreth, or Astarte, which was set up there; so Theodoret says; some interpreters call it Astoreth, the name of Venus, whom they call Astarte: this Josiah ordered to be brought

without Jerusalem, unto the brook Kidron, and burnt it at the brook Kidron; the black brook, where the filth of the sacrifices was carried:

and stamped it small to powder; as Moses did the golden calf:

and cast the powder thereof upon the graves of the children of the people; the common people, see Jeremiah 26:23 or rather on the graves of the worshippers of idols, as it seems from 2 Chronicles 34:4 the Targum is,"on the graves of the children of Galia,'which, Kimchi says, is the name of an idol; this was done partly in contempt of the idol, groves being, according to law, impure; and partly to the reproach of the deceased, and the memory of them, for their idolatry, and to deter from it those that survived them.

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The New John Gill's Exposition of the Entire Bible Modernised and adapted for the computer by Larry Pierce of Online Bible. All Rights Reserved, Larry Pierce, Winterbourne, Ontario.
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Bibliographical Information
Gill, John. "Commentary on 2 Kings 23:6". "The New John Gill Exposition of the Entire Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/geb/2-kings-23.html. 1999.

Geneva Study Bible

And he brought out the g grove from the house of the LORD, without Jerusalem, unto the brook Kidron, and burned it at the brook Kidron, and stamped [it] small to powder, and cast the powder thereof upon the h graves of the children of the people.

(g) He removed the grove which idolaters for devotion had planted near the temple, contrary to the commandment of the Lord, (Deuteronomy 16:21), or as some read, the similitude of a grove which was hung in the temple.

(h) Both in contempt of the idols and reproach of them who had worshipped them in their lives.

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Bibliographical Information
Beza, Theodore. "Commentary on 2 Kings 23:6". "The 1599 Geneva Study Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/gsb/2-kings-23.html. 1599-1645.

Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible

brought out the grove — that is, Asherah, the mystic tree, placed by Manasseh in the temple [2 Kings 21:5; 2 Chronicles 33:5 ], removed by him after his conversion [2 Chronicles 33:15 ], but replaced in the sanctuary by his wicked son Amon [2 Kings 21:20, 2 Kings 21:21 ]. Josiah had it taken to Kidron, burnt the wood, ground the metal about it to powder, and strewed the ashes “on the graves of the children of the people.” The poor were buried in a common on part of the valley of Kidron. But reference is here made to the graves “of those that had sacrificed” (2 Chronicles 34:4).

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These files are a derivative of an electronic edition prepared from text scanned by Woodside Bible Fellowship.
This expanded edition of the Jameison-Faussett-Brown Commentary is in the public domain and may be freely used and distributed.
Bibliographical Information
Jamieson, Robert, D.D.; Fausset, A. R.; Brown, David. "Commentary on 2 Kings 23:6". "Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/jfb/2-kings-23.html. 1871-8.

Wesley's Explanatory Notes

And he brought out the grove from the house of the LORD, without Jerusalem, unto the brook Kidron, and burned it at the brook Kidron, and stamped it small to powder, and cast the powder thereof upon the graves of the children of the people.

The people — Of that people, those idolatrous people, as it is explained, 2 Chronicles 34:4.

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These files are public domain and are a derivative of an electronic edition that is available on the Christian Classics Ethereal Library Website.
Bibliographical Information
Wesley, John. "Commentary on 2 Kings 23:6". "John Wesley's Explanatory Notes on the Whole Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/wen/2-kings-23.html. 1765.

Scofield's Reference Notes

grove

(See Scofield "Deuteronomy 16:21").

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These files are considered public domain and are a derivative of an electronic edition that is available in the Online Bible Software Library.
Bibliographical Information
Scofield, C. I. "Scofield Reference Notes on 2 Kings 23:6". "Scofield Reference Notes (1917 Edition)". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/srn/2-kings-23.html. 1917.

John Trapp Complete Commentary

2 Kings 23:6 And he brought out the grove from the house of the LORD, without Jerusalem, unto the brook Kidron, and burned it at the brook Kidron, and stamped [it] small to powder, and cast the powder thereof upon the graves of the children of the people.

Ver. 6. And he brought out the grove.] See on 2 Kings 21:7.

Upon the graves of the children of the people.] The vulgar sort, the rascality, who are usually most irrational, and so most idolatrous. "Thou knowest the people, that they are set on mischief," said Aaron of those that said unto him, "Make us gods," &c. [Exodus 32:22-23]

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Bibliographical Information
Trapp, John. "Commentary on 2 Kings 23:6". John Trapp Complete Commentary. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/jtc/2-kings-23.html. 1865-1868.

Thomas Coke Commentary on the Holy Bible

2 Kings 23:6. And he brought out the grove And he brought out Aschera. Houbigant.

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Bibliographical Information
Coke, Thomas. "Commentary on 2 Kings 23:6". Thomas Coke Commentary on the Holy Bible. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/tcc/2-kings-23.html. 1801-1803.

Matthew Poole's English Annotations on the Holy Bible

The grove: See Poole "2 Kings 23:4". Of the children of the people, i.e. of the common people, whose graves were made together in some common place, which was generally accounted very impure and contemptible, and therefore a fit place for this filth to be thrown into. Or, of bastards, who are oft called

the children of the people; who as they had this brand of infamy laid upon them, that they might not enter into the congregation of the Lord, Deuteronomy 23:2; so possibly they were exposed to this further ignominy, to be buried in a peculiar, and in the most infamous place. Or rather, as it is in the Hebrew, of that people, i.e. those idolatrous people, as it is explained, 2 Chronicles 34:4, and here sufficiently implied in this and the foregoing verse.

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Poole, Matthew, "Commentary on 2 Kings 23:6". Matthew Poole's English Annotations on the Holy Bible. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/mpc/2-kings-23.html. 1685.

Whedon's Commentary on the Bible

6.Brought out the grove — Rather, the Asherah image, mentioned in 2 Kings 21:7.

Kidron — See on 2 Kings 23:4.

Graves of the children of the people — That is, of the common people. See Jeremiah 26:23. 2 Chronicles 34:4, says, “Upon the graves of them that had sacrificed unto them;” but that passage seems to refer to other images of Asherah, to which, however, many of the common people may have often sacrificed. The object of casting the powder, or dust, of these images on the graves may have been either to defile them as the graves of idolaters, or, what is more probable, to dishonour the dust of the idols.

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Bibliographical Information
Whedon, Daniel. "Commentary on 2 Kings 23:6". "Whedon's Commentary on the Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/whe/2-kings-23.html. 1874-1909.

Joseph Benson's Commentary of the Old and New Testaments

2 Kings 23:6. And cast the powder thereof upon the graves — By the law, a ceremonial uncleanness was contracted by the touch of a grave, so that by casting these ashes here, he declared them most impure, and that none could touch them without making themselves unclean thereby. The Chaldee renders it, He cast it into the graves, to signify that he would have all idolatry buried out of his sight, as a loathsome thing. Of the children of the people — The common people, whose graves were made together in some common place, which was generally accounted very impure and contemptible, and therefore a fit place for this filth to be thrown into. But the Hebrew here is more properly rendered, Of that people; that is, those idolatrous people, as it is expressed 2 Chronicles 34:4.

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Benson, Joseph. "Commentary on 2 Kings 23:6". Joseph Benson's Commentary. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/rbc/2-kings-23.html. 1857.

George Haydock's Catholic Bible Commentary

Grove. The idol of Astarte, or the representation of a grove in sculpture. (Haydock) --- People, who were not rich enough to have a sepulchre. Jeremias (xix. 11.) threatens the people of Jerusalem with such a burial. (Calmet) --- The common people here means the idolaters, 2 Paralipomenon xxxiv. 4. (Haydock)

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Haydock, George Leo. "Commentary on 2 Kings 23:6". "George Haydock's Catholic Bible Commentary". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/hcc/2-kings-23.html. 1859.

E.W. Bullinger's Companion Bible Notes

graves. Hebrew. keber. See note on 2 Kings 21:26.

of the children of the people = of the common people in Jeremiah 26:23. In 2 Chronicles 35:5 it = the laity as distinguished from Levites.

children = sons.

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Bullinger, Ethelbert William. "Commentary on 2 Kings 23:6". "E.W. Bullinger's Companion bible Notes". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/bul/2-kings-23.html. 1909-1922.

Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible - Unabridged

And he brought out the grove from the house of the LORD, without Jerusalem, unto the brook Kidron, and burned it at the brook Kidron, and stamped it small to powder, and cast the powder thereof upon the graves of the children of the people.

Brought out the grove - i:e., Asherah the mystic tree, placed by Mannaseh in the temple, removed by him after his conversion, and replaced in the sanctuary by his wicked son Amon. Josiah had it taken to Kidron, burnt the wood ground the metal about it to powder, and strewed the ashes on "the graves of the children of the people." It appears, from this verse recording the action of Josiah, and that of Moses under similar circumstances (Exodus 32:20), that, ordinarily speaking, the Kidron was not a running stream of water; for, lacking water, Josiah cast the powder upon the graves, then, as now, plentiful in that valley. The poor were buried in a common on part of the valley of Kidron. But reference is here made to the graves 'of those that had sacrificed' (2 Chronicles 34:4).

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Bibliographical Information
Jamieson, Robert, D.D.; Fausset, A. R.; Brown, David. "Commentary on 2 Kings 23:6". "Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible - Unabridged". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/jfu/2-kings-23.html. 1871-8.

Ellicott's Commentary for English Readers

(6) And he brought out the grove . . .—The Asherah set up by Manasseh (2 Kings 21:3; 2 Kings 21:7), and removed by him on his repentance (2 Chronicles 33:15), but restored (probably) by Amon (2 Kings 21:21).

Unto the brook . . . at the brook.—Unto the ravine . . . in the ravine, or wady.

The graves of the children (sons) of the people—i.e., the common graves (Jeremiah 26:23); a mark of utter contempt: 2 Chronicles 34:4 paraphrases, “the graves of them that sacrificed unto them.”

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Ellicott, Charles John. "Commentary on 2 Kings 23:6". "Ellicott's Commentary for English Readers". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/ebc/2-kings-23.html. 1905.

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

And he brought out the grove from the house of the LORD, without Jerusalem, unto the brook Kidron, and burned it at the brook Kidron, and stamped it small to powder, and cast the powder thereof upon the graves of the children of the people.
the grove
Or rather, Asherah, or Astarte.
21:7; Judges 3:7; 1 Kings 14:23; 16:33; Jeremiah 17:2
and burned
Exodus 32:20; Deuteronomy 7:25; 9:21
the graves
10:27; 2 Chronicles 34:4
the children
Probably the common people.
Reciprocal: Deuteronomy 7:5 - destroy;  1 Kings 2:37 - over the;  1 Kings 15:13 - the brook;  2 Kings 21:5 - in the two courts;  2 Kings 23:12 - cast;  2 Kings 23:15 - stamped;  2 Chronicles 14:3 - cut down;  2 Chronicles 15:16 - cut down;  2 Chronicles 33:3 - the host;  2 Chronicles 33:7 - in the house;  Jeremiah 31:40 - the brook;  Jeremiah 32:34 - GeneralJohn 18:1 - the brook

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Bibliographical Information
Torrey, R. A. "Commentary on 2 Kings 23:6". "The Treasury of Scripture Knowledge". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/tsk/2-kings-23.html.