Verse-by-Verse Bible Commentary

2 Kings 23:7

He also broke down the houses of the male cult prostitutes which were in the house of the Lord , where the women were weaving hangings for the Asherah.
New American Standard Version

Bible Study Resources

Concordances:
Nave's Topical Bible - Church;   Iconoclasm;   Idolatry;   Israel, Prophecies Concerning;   Josiah;   Prophecy;   Sodomites;   Sodomy;   Tapestry;   Weaving;   Women;   Thompson Chain Reference - Arts and Crafts;   Weaving;   Torrey's Topical Textbook - Temple, the First;   Zeal;  
Dictionaries:
American Tract Society Bible Dictionary - Ashtoreth, Plural Ash'taroth;   Weaving;   Bridgeway Bible Dictionary - Asherah, asherim;   Jeremiah;   Josiah;   Zephaniah;   Baker Evangelical Dictionary of Biblical Theology - Gods and Goddesses, Pagan;   Prostitution;   Sexuality, Human;   CARM Theological Dictionary - Gods, false;   Easton Bible Dictionary - Hanging;   Jeremiah;   Weaving, Weavers;   Fausset Bible Dictionary - Baal (1);   Harlot;   High Places;   Idol;   Jehoiachin;   Kedron;   Manasseh (2);   Phoenice;   Sodomites;   Veil of the Temple;   Vow;   Holman Bible Dictionary - Bethel;   Deuteronomy, the Book of;   Ezekiel;   High Place;   Host of Heaven;   Kings, 1 and 2;   Prostitution;   Hastings' Dictionary of the Bible - Asherah;   Canon of the Old Testament;   Deuteronomy;   Feasts;   Hanging, Hangings;   Hexateuch;   Hilkiah;   Idolatry;   Spinning and Weaving;   Temple;   Morrish Bible Dictionary - Grove;   Josiah ;   Sodomites ;   The Hawker's Poor Man's Concordance And Dictionary - Raca;   People's Dictionary of the Bible - Handicraft;   High places;   Smith Bible Dictionary - Handicraft;   Watson's Biblical & Theological Dictionary - Baal;  
Encyclopedias:
Condensed Biblical Cyclopedia - Kingdom of Judah;   International Standard Bible Encyclopedia - Crime;   Hangings;   Male;   Sodomite;   Temple;   Kitto Biblical Cyclopedia - Bastard;   The Jewish Encyclopedia - Holiness;  

Adam Clarke Commentary

The houses of the sodomites - We have already often met with these קדשים kedeshim or consecrated persons. The word implies all kinds of prostitutes, as well as abusers of themselves with mankind.

Wove hangings for the grove - For Asherah; curtains or tent coverings for the places where the rites of the impure goddess were performed. See at the end of 2 Kings 21:26; (note).

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Clarke, Adam. "Commentary on 2 Kings 23:7". "The Adam Clarke Commentary". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/acc/2-kings-23.html. 1832.

John Gill's Exposition of the Whole Bible

And he brake down the houses of the Sodomites that were by the house of the Lord,.... Near the temple were apartments, in which men, the worshippers of idols, prostituted their bodies to each other; committing that unnatural sin with one another, which has its name from Sodom, and from which those are so called, and which sin they committed in honour of the idols they worshipped; to such vile affections were they, in a judicial manner, delivered up, because of their idolatry; see Romans 1:27 the word signifies "Holy Ones", they being called so by an antiphrasis; though Abarbinel thinks these were the idolatrous priests, whom the worshippers of idols reckoned "holy", and so built houses for them near the temple to lodge in; the Targum is,"and broke down the houses of things consecrated to idols,'where they were put; and Theodoret on the place observes, that by an homonymy, they called the demons or idols themselves "Holy Ones"; and it is not likely, indeed, that the Sodomites should be

where the women wove hangings for the grove; that is, for Astarte, as the same writer observes: or "curtains", as the Jewish writers generally interpret it, in which either the idol was enclosed, or these made apartments for the idolaters to commit their abominable wickedness privately; though the Syriac and Arabic versions are,"they wove garments for the idols that were there;'and so the Septuagint version, of the Complutensian edition; that is, they wove garments for the goddess Astarte, which they dressed her with: the word signifies "houses", and may mean the shrines of the idol made of woven work.

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The New John Gill's Exposition of the Entire Bible Modernised and adapted for the computer by Larry Pierce of Online Bible. All Rights Reserved, Larry Pierce, Winterbourne, Ontario.
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Bibliographical Information
Gill, John. "Commentary on 2 Kings 23:7". "The New John Gill Exposition of the Entire Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/geb/2-kings-23.html. 1999.

Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible

brake down the houses of the sodomites — not solid houses, but tents, called elsewhere [2 Kings 17:30 ] {(Succoth-benoth}, “the booths of the young women,” who were devoted to the service of Asherah, for which they made embroidered hangings, and in which they gave themselves to unbridled revelry and lust. O)r the hangings might be for Asherah itself, as it is a popular superstition in the East to hang pieces of cloth on trees.

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These files are a derivative of an electronic edition prepared from text scanned by Woodside Bible Fellowship.
This expanded edition of the Jameison-Faussett-Brown Commentary is in the public domain and may be freely used and distributed.
Bibliographical Information
Jamieson, Robert, D.D.; Fausset, A. R.; Brown, David. "Commentary on 2 Kings 23:7". "Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/jfb/2-kings-23.html. 1871-8.

Wesley's Explanatory Notes

And he brake down the houses of the sodomites, that were by the house of the LORD, where the women wove hangings for the grove.

Sodomites — Sodomy was a part of idol-worship, being done to the honour of some of their idols, and by the appointment of those impure and diabolical spirits, which were worshipped in their idols.

Hangings — Or, curtains, either to draw before the idols which were worshipped in the grove, to preserve them from defilement, or to gain more reverence for them: Or, garments for the service of the grove, for the idols or the priests belonging to them. Heb. houses, that is, either little chappels made of woven work, like those which were made of silver, Acts 19:24, within which there were some representations of their grove-idols: or rather, tents made of those curtains for the use above-mentioned.

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These files are public domain and are a derivative of an electronic edition that is available on the Christian Classics Ethereal Library Website.
Bibliographical Information
Wesley, John. "Commentary on 2 Kings 23:7". "John Wesley's Explanatory Notes on the Whole Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/wen/2-kings-23.html. 1765.

Scofield's Reference Notes

grove

(See Scofield Deuteronomy 16:21).

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These files are considered public domain and are a derivative of an electronic edition that is available in the Online Bible Software Library.
Bibliographical Information
Scofield, C. I. "Scofield Reference Notes on 2 Kings 23:7". "Scofield Reference Notes (1917 Edition)". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/srn/2-kings-23.html. 1917.

John Trapp Complete Commentary

2 Kings 23:7 And he brake down the houses of the sodomites, that [were] by the house of the LORD, where the women wove hangings for the grove.

Ver. 7. The houses of the sodomites.] Abominable brothel houses.

Where the women wove hangings.] Heb., Houses, aedicula, sacella textilia, as Acts 19:24. There were at Ephesus that made templa portabilia, small portable temples, resembling that greater temple.

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Bibliographical Information
Trapp, John. "Commentary on 2 Kings 23:7". John Trapp Complete Commentary. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/jtc/2-kings-23.html. 1865-1868.

Matthew Poole's English Annotations on the Holy Bible

The houses of the sodomites; wherein some males prostituted their bodies to the lusts of others; which abominable practice was both a punishment of idolatry, Romans 1:23,24,27, and a part of idol worship, this being done to the honour of some of their idols, and by the appointment and instigation of those impure and diabolical spirits which were worshipped in their idols. See 1 Kings 14:24 15:12 22:46.

Hangings, or curtains, either to draw before the idol or idols which were worshipped in the grove, to preserve them from defilement, or to gain more reverence for them; or which were set up in the grove, that the abominable filthiness last mentioned might be committed within them. Or, garments for the service of the grove, for the idols or the priests belonging to them. Heb. houses, i.e. either little chapels made of woven work, like those which were made of silver, Acts 19:24; within which there were some representations of their grove idols; or rather, tents made of those curtains for the use above mentioned.

For the grove, or, for Asherah, an idol so called, as was noted before.

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Bibliographical Information
Poole, Matthew, "Commentary on 2 Kings 23:7". Matthew Poole's English Annotations on the Holy Bible. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/mpc/2-kings-23.html. 1685.

Whedon's Commentary on the Bible

7.Sodomites — See note on 1 Kings 14:24. These abominable prostitutes had grown so bold as to build their houses, or tents, by the house of the Lord, striking evidence of the fearful extent to which the nation had become corrupted.

The women — The female prostitutes, who were devoted to the lewd rites of Ashtoreth.

Wove hangings — Rather, wove little tents, or houses for Asherah. Keil calls them “tent-temples,” and quotes Movers, who conjectures “that the women of Jerusalem gave themselves up, in honour of the goddess, in the tents of the sodomites which were pitched in the temple circle, on which account the money received for prostitution went to the temple treasury.”

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Whedon, Daniel. "Commentary on 2 Kings 23:7". "Whedon's Commentary on the Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/whe/2-kings-23.html. 1874-1909.

Joseph Benson's Commentary of the Old and New Testaments

2 Kings 23:7. He brake down the houses of the sodomites — The name sometimes given to the most infamous of all prostitutes, who exposed their bodies to be abused contrary to nature, in honour of those filthy deities whom they worshipped. Their houses were near the temple, and the persons themselves were dedicated to impurity, and, that they might commit their abominations with the greater licentiousness, they had women appointed to make them tents, wherein they were wont to retire upon these detestable occasions. — Calmet. Thus corporal and spiritual whoredoms went together, and the vile affections to which they were given up were the punishment of their vain imaginations. They that dishonoured their God were justly left thus to dishonour themselves. Where the women wove hangings for the grove — For the idols worshipped in the grove, or rather for Asherah, or Ashtaroth, an idol so called, as observed before, and probably the same with the Grecian Venus. These hangings might possibly be curtains to draw before the idol, to preserve it from defilement, or to gain more reverence to it: or garments for it, or for the priests or priestesses belonging to it. But the Hebrew word בתים, bathim, here used, properly means houses; which, most likely, were either little chapels or shrines made of woven work, like those mentioned Acts 19:24, which were made of silver, within which were representations of the idol; or they were tents, encompassing the image, where the worshippers committed all manner of lewdness, and that in or near the house of the Lord, in an impudent defiance of the holiness of God and his temple. Well might the apostle call these kinds of worship abominable idolatries! Can any wonder that wrath, not to be quenched, was kindled against this city and people?

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Bibliographical Information
Benson, Joseph. "Commentary on 2 Kings 23:7". Joseph Benson's Commentary. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/rbc/2-kings-23.html. 1857.

George Haydock's Catholic Bible Commentary

Effeminate. Hebrew, "consecrated" (Calmet) or "initiated" (Montanus) in the obscene mysteries of idols. See Deuteronomy xxiii. 18., and 3 Kings xv. 12., and 2 Machabees vi. 4. These men prostituted themselves (Menochius) even in that sacred place. (Calmet) --- Protestants, "he broke down the houses of the Sodomites, that were by the house of the Lord, where the women wove hangings for the grove." These hangings, tents, or dwellings, (Haydock) were destined for the idol; (Syriac, &c.) or they were intended to hid the abominations which were committed. They were called "tents of the daughters," chap. xvii. 30. (Calmet) --- For. Literally, "of the grove:" luci. But the other translation is conformable to the Septuagint. (Vatable, &c.) (Haydock)

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Haydock, George Leo. "Commentary on 2 Kings 23:7". "George Haydock's Catholic Bible Commentary". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/hcc/2-kings-23.html. 1859.

E.W. Bullinger's Companion Bible Notes

sodomites = male prostitutes. Suppression directed in Deuteronomy 23:17, Deuteronomy 23:18. See note on 1 Kings 14:23, 1 Kings 14:24.

hangings. Hebrew houses. Probably veils to cover the "Asherah, as it is covered in Romish processions to-day.

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Bullinger, Ethelbert William. "Commentary on 2 Kings 23:7". "E.W. Bullinger's Companion bible Notes". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/bul/2-kings-23.html. 1909-1922.

Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible - Unabridged

And he brake down the houses of the sodomites, that were by the house of the LORD, where the women wove hangings for the grove.

Brake down the houses of the sodomites, [ haq

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Bibliographical Information
Jamieson, Robert, D.D.; Fausset, A. R.; Brown, David. "Commentary on 2 Kings 23:7". "Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible - Unabridged". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/jfu/2-kings-23.html. 1871-8.

Ellicott's Commentary for English Readers

(7) The houses . . . by the house.—The cabins of the Kedçshim . . . in the house. The Kedçshim were males, perhaps eunuchs, who prostituted themselves like women in honour of the Asherah. (See 1 Kings 14:24; 1 Kings 15:12; Hosea 4:14.) The passage shows that the last infamy of Canaanite nature-worship had been established in the very sanctuary of Jehovah. The revolt of Judah could go no farther.

Where the women wove hangings for the grove.Wherein the women used to weave tents for the Ashçrah. The word we have rendered cabins and tents is bâttîm, “houses.” What is meant in the latter case is not clear. Perhaps the female harlots attached to the Temple wove portable tabernacles or sanctuaries of the goddess for sale to the worshippers; or tents (screens) for their own foul rites may be meant.

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Ellicott, Charles John. "Commentary on 2 Kings 23:7". "Ellicott's Commentary for English Readers". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/ebc/2-kings-23.html. 1905.

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

And he brake down the houses of the sodomites, that were by the house of the LORD, where the women wove hangings for the grove.
the sodomites
Genesis 19:4,5; 1 Kings 14:24; 15:12; 22:46; 2 Chronicles 34:33; Romans 1:26,27
where
Exodus 35:25,26; Ezekiel 8:14; 16:16; Hosea 2:13
hangings
Heb. houses.
Reciprocal: Deuteronomy 23:17 - sodomite;  2 Kings 10:27 - brake down the image;  Ezekiel 16:50 - and committed;  Hosea 4:14 - and they

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Bibliographical Information
Torrey, R. A. "Commentary on 2 Kings 23:7". "The Treasury of Scripture Knowledge". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/tsk/2-kings-23.html.