Verse-by-Verse Bible Commentary

2 Kings 24:12

Jehoiachin the king of Judah went out to the king of Babylon, he and his mother and his servants and his captains and his officials. So the king of Babylon took him captive in the eighth year of his reign.
New American Standard Version

Bible Study Resources

Concordances:
Nave's Topical Bible - Babylon;   Captivity;   Israel, Prophecies Concerning;   Jehoiachin;   Jerusalem;   Prophecy;   Torrey's Topical Textbook - Babylon;   Kings;  
Dictionaries:
American Tract Society Bible Dictionary - Captivity;   Egypt;   Jehoiachin;   Nebuchadnezzar;   Bridgeway Bible Dictionary - Babylon;   Jehoiachin;   Jeremiah;   Judah, tribe and kingdom;   Zedekiah;   Easton Bible Dictionary - Exile;   Jehoiachin;   Fausset Bible Dictionary - Captivity;   Hoshama;   Jehoiachin;   Jeremiah;   Jerusalem;   King;   Nebuchadnezzar;   Queen;   Holman Bible Dictionary - Babylon, History and Religion of;   Exile;   Kings, 1 and 2;   Zerubbabel;   Hastings' Dictionary of the Bible - Dispersion;   Eunuch;   Israel;   Jeremiah;   Jerusalem;   Nehushta;   Prince;   Morrish Bible Dictionary - Babylon ;   Jehoiachin ;   People's Dictionary of the Bible - Captivity;   Jehoiachin;   Nebuchadnezzar;   Smith Bible Dictionary - Queen;  
Encyclopedias:
International Standard Bible Encyclopedia - Captivity;   Eunuch;   Jehoiachin;   Nehushta;   Reign;   Relationships, Family;   The Jewish Encyclopedia - Eunuch;  

Adam Clarke Commentary

Jehoiachin - went out - He saw that it was useless to attempt to defend himself any longer; and he therefore surrendered himself, hoping to obtain better terms.

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Bibliographical Information
Clarke, Adam. "Commentary on 2 Kings 24:12". "The Adam Clarke Commentary". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/acc/2-kings-24.html. 1832.

Albert Barnes' Notes on the Whole Bible

The eighth year - Jeremiah calls it the seventh year Jeremiah 52:28, a statement which implies only a different manner of counting regnal years.

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Barnes, Albert. "Commentary on 2 Kings 24:12". "Barnes' Notes on the Whole Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/bnb/2-kings-24.html. 1870.

John Gill's Exposition of the Whole Bible

And Jehoiachin king of Judah went out to the king of Babylon,.... Not to fight with him, but to submit to him, and to surrender the city to him, and be at his mercy:

he and his mother, and his servants, and his princes, and his officers; the royal family, courtiers, and nobles:

and the king of Babylon took him in the eighth year of his reign; Of Nebuchadnezzar's reign, and which was the eighth of the first captivity, and from whence the seventy years' captivity were reckoned.

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The New John Gill's Exposition of the Entire Bible Modernised and adapted for the computer by Larry Pierce of Online Bible. All Rights Reserved, Larry Pierce, Winterbourne, Ontario.
A printed copy of this work can be ordered from: The Baptist Standard Bearer, 1 Iron Oaks Dr, Paris, AR, 72855
Bibliographical Information
Gill, John. "Commentary on 2 Kings 24:12". "The New John Gill Exposition of the Entire Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/geb/2-kings-24.html. 1999.

Geneva Study Bible

And Jehoiachin the king of Judah d went out to the king of Babylon, he, and his mother, and his servants, and his princes, and his officers: and the king of Babylon took him in the eighth year e of his reign.

(d) That is, yielded himself to him by the counsel of Jeremiah.

(e) In the reign of the king of Babylon.

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Bibliographical Information
Beza, Theodore. "Commentary on 2 Kings 24:12". "The 1599 Geneva Study Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/gsb/2-kings-24.html. 1599-1645.

Keil & Delitzsch Old Testament Commentary

Then Jehoiachin went out to the king of Babylon to yield himself up to him, because he perceived the impossibility of holding the city any longer against the besiegers, and probably hoped to secure the favour of Nebuchadnezzar, and perhaps to retain the throne as his vassal by a voluntary submission. Nebuchadnezzar, however, did not show favour any more, as he had done to Jehoiakim at the first taking of Jerusalem, but treated Jehoiachin as a rebel, made him prisoner, and led him away to Babylon, along with his mother, his wives (2 Kings 24:15), his princes and his chamberlains, as Jeremiah had prophesied (Jeremiah 22:24.), in the eighth year of his (Nebuchadnezzar's) reign. The reference to the king's mother in 2 Kings 24:12 and 2 Kings 24:15 is not to be explained on the ground that she still acted as guardian over the king, who was not yet of age (J. D. Mich.), but from the influential position which she occupied in the kingdom as הגּבירה (Jeremiah 29:2 : see at 1 Kings 14:21). The eighth year of the reign of Nebuchadnezzar is reckoned from the time when his father had transferred to him the chief command over the army to make war upon Necho, according to which his first year coincides with the fourth year of Jehoiakim (Jeremiah 25:1). As Nebuchadnezzar acted as king, so far as the Jews were concerned, from that time forward, although he conducted the war by command of his father, this is always reckoned as the point of time at which his reign commenced, both in our books and also in Jeremiah (cf. 2 Kings 25:8; Jeremiah 32:1). According to this calculation, his reign lasted forty-four years, viz., the eight years of Jehoiakim and the thirty-six years of Jehoiachin's imprisonment, as is evident from 2 Kings 25:27.

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The Keil & Delitzsch Old Testament Commentary is a derivative of a public domain electronic edition.
Bibliographical Information
Keil, Carl Friedrich & Delitzsch, Franz. "Commentary on 2 Kings 24:12". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/kdo/2-kings-24.html. 1854-1889.

Wesley's Explanatory Notes

And Jehoiachin the king of Judah went out to the king of Babylon, he, and his mother, and his servants, and his princes, and his officers: and the king of Babylon took him in the eighth year of his reign.

Went out — Yielded up himself and the city into his hands; and this by the counsel of Jeremiah, and to his own good.

His reign — Of Nebuchadnezzar's reign; as appears by comparing this with chap25:8, and because Jehoiachin reigned not half a year. Had he made his peace with God, and taken the method that Hezekiah did in the like case, he needed not to have feared the king of Babylon, but might have held out with courage, honour and success. But wanting the faith and piety of an Israelite, he had not the resolution of a man.

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These files are public domain and are a derivative of an electronic edition that is available on the Christian Classics Ethereal Library Website.
Bibliographical Information
Wesley, John. "Commentary on 2 Kings 24:12". "John Wesley's Explanatory Notes on the Whole Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/wen/2-kings-24.html. 1765.

Scofield's Reference Notes

the king

Nebuchadnezzar's eighth year. Jeremiah 25:1.

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These files are considered public domain and are a derivative of an electronic edition that is available in the Online Bible Software Library.
Bibliographical Information
Scofield, C. I. "Scofield Reference Notes on 2 Kings 24:12". "Scofield Reference Notes (1917 Edition)". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/srn/2-kings-24.html. 1917.

John Trapp Complete Commentary

2 Kings 24:12 And Jehoiachin the king of Judah went out to the king of Babylon, he, and his mother, and his servants, and his princes, and his officers: and the king of Babylon took him in the eighth year of his reign.

Ver. 12. And the king of Babylon took him.] Suscepit eum; gratiose scilicet; he gave him quarter for his life, and in the end, for a reward of his obedience and piety towards his country, he was much advanced by Evilmerodaeh, Nebuchadnezsar’s successor. [2 Kings 25:27]

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Bibliographical Information
Trapp, John. "Commentary on 2 Kings 24:12". John Trapp Complete Commentary. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/jtc/2-kings-24.html. 1865-1868.

Matthew Poole's English Annotations on the Holy Bible

Went out to the king of Babylon, i.e. yielded up himself and the city into his hands; and this by the counsel of Jeremiah, and to his own good.

Of his reign, i.e. of Nebuchadnezzar’s reign; as appears by comparing this with Jeremiah 25:8, and because Jehoiachin reigned not half a year.

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Bibliographical Information
Poole, Matthew, "Commentary on 2 Kings 24:12". Matthew Poole's English Annotations on the Holy Bible. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/mpc/2-kings-24.html. 1685.

Whedon's Commentary on the Bible

12.Jehoiachin’ went out — To make a voluntary and complete surrender, probably hoping that such ready submission would secure for himself the favour of the Babylonian monarch, and the privilege granted by the same monarch to his father seven years before, (2 Kings 24:1,) of continuing at Jerusalem as a vassal king. His mother’ servants’ princes’

officers — It was a complete and unconditional surrender, involving all the chief persons of the kingdom of Judah in the fate of the king. The word rendered officers is סריסי, eunuchs, showing that the kings of Jerusalem had at this time introduced this class of servants and officials into the Jewish court. They doubtless borrowed the custom from the eastern monarchs.

Took him — As a captive.

Eighth year of his reign — That is, of Nebuchadnezzar’s reign. The first year of Nebuchadnezzar was the fourth of Jehoiakim, (Jeremiah 25:1,) and in that year he smote Carchemish (Jeremiah 46:2) and received Jehoiakim’s submission. 2 Kings 24:1, note. Jehoiakim reigned seven years after that event, (chap. xxiii, 36,) so that the surrender of Jehoiachin, who had ruled three months, must have fallen in the eighth year of Nebuchadnezzar.

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Bibliographical Information
Whedon, Daniel. "Commentary on 2 Kings 24:12". "Whedon's Commentary on the Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/whe/2-kings-24.html. 1874-1909.

Joseph Benson's Commentary of the Old and New Testaments

2 Kings 24:12. Jehoiachin went out to the king of Babylon — Yielded up himself and the city into his hands; and this by the counsel of Jeremiah, and to his own good. In the eighth year of his reign — Of Nebuchadnezzar’s reign, as appears by comparing this with 2 Kings 25:8; and because Jehoiachin reigned not half a year. Had he made his peace with God, and taken the method that Hezekiah did in the like case, he needed not to have feared the king of Babylon, but might have held out with courage, honour, and success. But, wanting the faith and piety of an Israelite, he had not the resolution of a man.

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Bibliographical Information
Benson, Joseph. "Commentary on 2 Kings 24:12". Joseph Benson's Commentary. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/rbc/2-kings-24.html. 1857.

George Haydock's Catholic Bible Commentary

Went out. Josephus (Jewish Wars vi. 8.) insinuates, to save the vessels of the temple. --- Jeremias had persuaded him to desist from making resistance. (Tirinus) --- Nabuchodonosor did not comply with his promise, (Menochius) but took the king and all the artificers (ver. 14.) to Babylon, that the former might not attempt to revenge the injuries done to his father, nor the latter contribute to fortify the towns. The Philistines had deprived the Israelites of blacksmiths, with the same design, 1 Kings vii., and xiii. (Angelomus.) (Tirinus) --- Eighth; commencing, or at the end of the seventh, Jeremias lii. (Du Hamel)

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Bibliographical Information
Haydock, George Leo. "Commentary on 2 Kings 24:12". "George Haydock's Catholic Bible Commentary". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/hcc/2-kings-24.html. 1859.

E.W. Bullinger's Companion Bible Notes

officers: i.e. eunuchs or chamberlains.

the eighth year. Computed from the time that his father entrusted him with regal authority. This was the 4th year of Jehoiakim (Jeremiah 25:1, Compare 2 Kings 32:1).

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Bibliographical Information
Bullinger, Ethelbert William. "Commentary on 2 Kings 24:12". "E.W. Bullinger's Companion bible Notes". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/bul/2-kings-24.html. 1909-1922.

Ellicott's Commentary for English Readers

(12) And Jehoiaehin the king of Judah went out . . .—Despairing of the defence, he threw himself upon the clemency of Nebuchadnezzar. The queen-mother (Jeremiah 22:2) and all his grandees and courtiers accompanied the king, who probably hoped to be allowed to keep his throne as a vassal of Babylon.

Took him—i.e., as a prisoner.

In the eighth year of his (i.e., Nebuchadnezzar’s) reign.—This exactly tallies with the data of Jeremiah 25:1; Jeremiah 46:2.

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Bibliographical Information
Ellicott, Charles John. "Commentary on 2 Kings 24:12". "Ellicott's Commentary for English Readers". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/ebc/2-kings-24.html. 1905.

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

And Jehoiachin the king of Judah went out to the king of Babylon, he, and his mother, and his servants, and his princes, and his officers: and the king of Babylon took him in the eighth year of his reign.
Jehoiachin
2 Chronicles 36:10; Jeremiah 24:1; 29:1,2; 38:17,18; Ezekiel 17:12
officers
or, eunuchs. took him.
25:27; Jeremiah 52:28,31
eigth year
"Nebuchadnezzar's eighth year."
Jeremiah 25:1; 52:28
Reciprocal: Deuteronomy 28:36 - bring thee;  2 Kings 20:18 - thy sons;  2 Kings 25:8 - the nineteenth;  2 Kings 25:29 - changed;  Ecclesiastes 4:14 - also;  Isaiah 29:3 - GeneralIsaiah 36:16 - come out;  Isaiah 39:7 - of thy sons;  Jeremiah 13:18 - unto;  Jeremiah 20:5 - I will deliver;  Jeremiah 34:19 - the eunuchs;  Jeremiah 36:30 - He shall;  Jeremiah 37:1 - Coniah;  Jeremiah 52:12 - the nineteenth;  Lamentations 2:9 - her king;  Ezekiel 1:2 - GeneralEzekiel 11:16 - Thus saith;  Ezekiel 19:1 - the princes;  Ezekiel 24:1 - the ninth year;  Habakkuk 1:10 - scoff;  Zephaniah 1:8 - the princes

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Bibliographical Information
Torrey, R. A. "Commentary on 2 Kings 24:12". "The Treasury of Scripture Knowledge". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/tsk/2-kings-24.html.