Verse-by-Verse Bible Commentary

2 Kings 24:13

He carried out from there all the treasures of the house of the Lord , and the treasures of the king's house, and cut in pieces all the vessels of gold which Solomon king of Israel had made in the temple of the Lord , just as the Lord had said.
New American Standard Version

Bible Study Resources

Concordances:
Nave's Topical Bible - Babylon;   Captivity;   Israel, Prophecies Concerning;   Jehoiachin;   Jerusalem;   Prophecy;   Temple;   Thompson Chain Reference - Fulfilment of Prophecy;   Prophecy;   Solomon's Temple;   Temple;   Worship;   Torrey's Topical Textbook - Babylon;   Kings;  
Dictionaries:
American Tract Society Bible Dictionary - Egypt;   Jehoiachin;   Nebuchadnezzar;   Bridgeway Bible Dictionary - Ark;   Babylon;   Jehoiachin;   Jeremiah;   Judah, tribe and kingdom;   Zedekiah;   Baker Evangelical Dictionary of Biblical Theology - Kings, First and Second, Theology of;   Easton Bible Dictionary - Captivity;   Gibeon;   Jehoiachin;   Temple, Solomon's;   Fausset Bible Dictionary - Captivity;   Jehoiachin;   Jerusalem;   Kings, the Books of;   Nebuchadnezzar;   Holman Bible Dictionary - Exile;   Kings, 1 and 2;   Zerubbabel;   Hastings' Dictionary of the Bible - Dispersion;   Israel;   Jeremiah;   Morrish Bible Dictionary - Babylon ;   Jehoiachin ;   People's Dictionary of the Bible - Jehoiachin;   Nebuchadnezzar;  
Encyclopedias:
International Standard Bible Encyclopedia - Captivity;   Eunuch;   Gold;   Jehoiachin;   Treasure;   Treasury (of Temple);  

Adam Clarke Commentary

He carried out thence all the treasures - It has been remarked that Nebuchadnezzar spoiled the temple three times. -

  1. He took away the greater part of those treasures when he took Jerusalem under Jehoiakim: and the vessels that he took then he placed in the temple of his god, Daniel 1:2. And these were the vessels which Belshazzar profaned, Daniel 5:2; and which Cyrus restored to Ezra, when he went up to Jerusalem, Ezra 1:2. It was at this time that he took Daniel and his companions.
  • He took the remaining part of those vessels, and broke them or cut them in pieces, when he came the second tine against Jerusalem under Jeconiah; as is mentioned here, 2 Kings 24:13.
  • 3. He pillaged the temple, took away all the brass, the brazen pillars, brazen vessels, and vessels of gold and silver, which he found there when he besieged Jerusalem under Zedekiah, 2 Kings 25:13-17.

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    Clarke, Adam. "Commentary on 2 Kings 24:13". "The Adam Clarke Commentary". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/acc/2-kings-24.html. 1832.

    Albert Barnes' Notes on the Whole Bible

    On the first capture of the city in the fourth (third) year of Jehoiakim Daniel 1:2; 2 Chronicles 36:7, the vessels carried off consisted of smaller and lighter articles; while now the heavier articles, as the table of showbread, the altar of incense, the ark of the covenant were stripped of their gold, which was carried away by the conquerors. Little remained more precious than brass at the time of the final capture in the reign of Zedekiah 2 Kings 25:13-17.

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    Barnes, Albert. "Commentary on 2 Kings 24:13". "Barnes' Notes on the Whole Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/bnb/2-kings-24.html. 1870.

    John Gill's Exposition of the Whole Bible

    And he carried out thence all the treasures of the house of the Lord, and the treasures of the king's house,.... The gates of the city being thrown open to him, he entered and plundered the temple, and the royal palace, and took from thence all the riches thereof:

    and cut in pieces all the vessels of gold which Solomon king of Israel had made in the temple of the Lord, as the Lord had said; 2 Kings 20:17 and so the prophecy of Isaiah was fulfilled. No more is said of these vessels in 2 Chronicles 36:10 than that they were brought to Babylon; and so Piscator renders the word here, "took", or "carried them away"; and certain it is that they were carried whole to Babylon, Daniel 5:2 but as Hezekiah is said to cut off the doors of the temple, that is, strip or scrape off the gold of them, 2 Kings 18:16 so Nebuchadnezzar cut off from the temple, or stripped it of the golden vessels in it; of great part of them, the greater part thereof; for that there were some left is plain from Jeremiah 27:18.

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    The New John Gill's Exposition of the Entire Bible Modernised and adapted for the computer by Larry Pierce of Online Bible. All Rights Reserved, Larry Pierce, Winterbourne, Ontario.
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    Bibliographical Information
    Gill, John. "Commentary on 2 Kings 24:13". "The New John Gill Exposition of the Entire Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/geb/2-kings-24.html. 1999.

    Keil & Delitzsch Old Testament Commentary

    Nebuchadnezzar thereupon, that is to say, when he had forced his way into the city, plundered the treasures of the temple and palace, and broke the gold off the vessels which Solomon had made in the temple of Jehovah. קצּץ, to cut off, break off, as in 2 Kings 16:17, i.e., to bear off the gold plates. Nebuchadnezzar had already taken a portion of the golden vessels of the temple away with him at the first taking of Jerusalem in the fourth year of Jehoiakim, and had placed them in the temple of his god at Babylon (2 Chronicles 36:7; Daniel 1:2). They were no doubt the smaller vessels of solid gold-basins, scoops, goblets, knives, tongs, etc., - which Cyrus delivered up again to the Jews on their return to their native land ( Ezra 1:7.). This time he took the gold off the larger vessels, which were simply plated with that metal, such as the altar of burnt-offering, the table of shew-bread and ark of the covenant, and carried it away as booty, so that on the third conquest of Jerusalem, in the time of Zedekiah, beside a few gold and silver basins and scoops (2 Kings 25:15) there were only the large brazen vessels of the court remaining (2 Kings 25:13-17; Jeremiah 27:18.). The words, “as Jehovah had spoken,” refer to 2 Kings 20:17 and Isaiah 39:6, and to the sayings of other prophets, such as Jeremiah 15:13; Jeremiah 17:3, etc.

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    The Keil & Delitzsch Old Testament Commentary is a derivative of a public domain electronic edition.
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    Keil, Carl Friedrich & Delitzsch, Franz. "Commentary on 2 Kings 24:13". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/kdo/2-kings-24.html. 1854-1889.

    Wesley's Explanatory Notes

    And he carried out thence all the treasures of the house of the LORD, and the treasures of the king's house, and cut in pieces all the vessels of gold which Solomon king of Israel had made in the temple of the LORD, as the LORD had said.

    Vessels — The most and choicest of them, by comparing this with chap25:14,15.

    Solomon made — Though the city and temple had been rifled more than once both by the kings of Egypt and Israel, and by the wicked kings of Judah; yet these golden vessels were preserved from them, either by the case of the priests, who hid them; or by the clemency of the conquerors, or by the special providence of God, disposing their hearts to leave them. Or, if they had been taken away by any of these kings, they might afterwards be recovered good, at the cost of the kings of Judah.

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    Wesley, John. "Commentary on 2 Kings 24:13". "John Wesley's Explanatory Notes on the Whole Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/wen/2-kings-24.html. 1765.

    John Trapp Complete Commentary

    2 Kings 24:13 And he carried out thence all the treasures of the house of the LORD, and the treasures of the king’s house, and cut in pieces all the vessels of gold which Solomon king of Israel had made in the temple of the LORD, as the LORD had said.

    Ver. 13. All the treasures.] That is, All that he met with, or thought meet. See 2 Kings 25:13-15.

    And cut in pieces all.] Yet not all neither. See Ezra 1:7.

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    Trapp, John. "Commentary on 2 Kings 24:13". John Trapp Complete Commentary. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/jtc/2-kings-24.html. 1865-1868.

    Thomas Coke Commentary on the Holy Bible

    2 Kings 24:13. And he carried out thence all the treasures of the house of the Lord, &c.— Nebuchadnezzar carried away the treasures and rich furniture of the temple at three different times: First, In the third year of the reign of Jehoiakim when he first took Jerusalem, he carried half of the vessels of the house of God away into the land of Shinar, and put them into the house of his god, Daniel 1:2. These were the vessels which his son Belshazzar profaned, Daniel 5:2 and which Cyrus restored to the Jews, Ezra 1:7 to be set up in the temple again when rebuilt. Secondly, In the reign of Jehoiachin he took the city again, and cut in pieces a great part of the vessels of gold which Solomon had made, and which by some means or other had escaped his former plunder. Thirdly, In the eleventh year of Zedekiah he pillaged the temple once more, when he broke in pieces the pillars of brass, &c. and took along with them all the vessels of silver and gold which he could find, and carried them to Babylon. See the next chapter, 2 Kings 24:13, &c. It is something strange, that, among all this inventory, no mention is made of the ark of the covenant, which, of all other things, was held most sacred. But it is very probable, that it was burned together with the temple in the last desolation; for, what some say, of its being hidden by the prophet Jeremiah in a certain cave in mount Nebo, is a mere fable. See Calmet.

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    Coke, Thomas. "Commentary on 2 Kings 24:13". Thomas Coke Commentary on the Holy Bible. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/tcc/2-kings-24.html. 1801-1803.

    Matthew Poole's English Annotations on the Holy Bible

    Cut in pieces; or rather, took away, as this word elsewhere signifies; or cut off, to wit, from the temple. For why should they cut in pieces those vessels which might conveniently be carried away? And that they were not cut in pieces, but reserved whole, is manifest front Ezra 1:7 Daniel 5:2,3.

    All the vessels of gold, i.e. the most and choicest of them, by comparing this with 2 Kings 25:14,15.

    Which Solomon king of Israel had made; so he expresseth it, either, first, Because these vessels were made by the godly kings of Judah, instead of those which Solomon made, and so they go by his name; as the ship of the Argonauts was still reputed the same ship, though it was from time to time recruited with new materials, until nothing of the old was left. Or, secondly, Because though the city and temple had been rifled more than once, both by the kings of Egypt and Israel, and by the wicked kings of Judah, yet these golden vessels were preserved from them, either by the care of the priests, who hid them out of the way; or by the clemency of the conquerors, and the reverence which they bore to such sacred instruments; or by the special providence of God disposing their hearts to leave them. Or if they had been taken away by any of these kings, they might afterwards be recovered by the entreaty or at the cost of the godly kings of Judah.

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    Poole, Matthew, "Commentary on 2 Kings 24:13". Matthew Poole's English Annotations on the Holy Bible. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/mpc/2-kings-24.html. 1685.

    Whedon's Commentary on the Bible

    13.Carried out thence — From Jerusalem, which he had triumphantly entered after Jehoiachin’s surrender.

    Cut in pieces יקצצ, he cut off, or cut loose. The same word is used of Ahaz’s removal of the borders of the bases, (2 Kings 16:17,) and Hezekiah’s taking off the plating of the temple doors. 2 Kings 18:16.

    Vessels of gold — All that remained after the previous deportation, for in the time of Jehoiakim Nebuchadnezzar had taken a portion of the sacred vessels and deposited them in his temple at Babylon. 2 Chronicles 36:7; Daniel 1:2. These were probably the smaller vessels, such as bowls and basins, and were used by Belshazzar in his impious feast, (Daniel 5:3,) and restored by Cyrus when the Jews returned from exile; (Ezra 1:7-11;) but the vessels taken on this occasion seem to have been the heavier and more costly ones, since the word rendered cut in pieces implies that they were violently removed. The less costly and valuable vessels, together with the brazen ornaments of the temple, were not at this time disturbed, (Jeremiah 27:19.) but were seized and carried off eleven years afterwards, when the temple was destroyed. 2 Kings 25:13-17.

    As the Lord had said — By Jeremiah. Jeremiah 20:5.

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    Whedon, Daniel. "Commentary on 2 Kings 24:13". "Whedon's Commentary on the Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/whe/2-kings-24.html. 1874-1909.

    Joseph Benson's Commentary of the Old and New Testaments

    2 Kings 24:13. He carried out thence all the treasures of the house of the Lord Nebuchadnezzar carried away the treasures and rich furniture of the temple at three different times: First, In the third year of the reign of Jehoiakim, when he first took Jerusalem, he carried a part of the vessels of the house of God into the land of Shinar, and put them in the house of his god, Daniel 1:2. These were the vessels which his son Belshazzar profaned, (Daniel 5:2,) and which Cyrus restored to the Jews, (Ezra 1:7,) to be set up in the temple again, when rebuilt: Secondly, In the reign of this Jehoiachin he took the city again, and cut in pieces a great part of the vessels of gold which Solomon had made, and which, through some means, had escaped his former plunder, and the plunder of the kings of Egypt and Israel, who had rifled the city and temple more than once; perhaps being preserved from them by the care of the priests, who hid them, or by the special providence of God, disposing their hearts to leave them. Or if these vessels had been taken away by any of these kings, they might afterward be recovered at the cost of the pious kings of Judah: Thirdly, In the eleventh year of Zedekiah he pillaged the temple once more, when he broke in pieces the pillars of brass, &c., and took away all the vessels of silver and gold that he could find, and carried them to Babylon, 2 Kings 25:13. It is something strange, that among all this inventory, no mention is made of the ark of the covenant, which, of all other things, was held most sacred. But it is very probable that it was burned, together with the temple, in the last desolation; for what some say of its being hidden by the Prophet Jeremiah in a certain cave in mount Nebo, is a mere fable. See Calmet’s Comment. and Dissert. on the Ark.

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    Benson, Joseph. "Commentary on 2 Kings 24:13". Joseph Benson's Commentary. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/rbc/2-kings-24.html. 1857.

    George Haydock's Catholic Bible Commentary

    All, or a great part; for some were still left, 1 Esdras i. --- Which: or like unto those which Solomon had made. The identical vessels had been perhaps (Du Hamel) plundered. (Menochius) --- Nabuchodonosor took away the sacred vessels at three different times: 1. under Joakim. These he placed in the temple of his god; and they were afterwards profaned by Baltassar, and restored by Cyrus, Daniel i. 2., and v. 5., and 1 Esdras i. 7. 2. Many he now broke in pieces. 3. Under Sedecias, he took probably what that prince had made, chap. xxv. 13., and Baruch i. 7 --- Lord, by Isaias (xxxix. 6.; supra chap. xx. 17.) and Jeremias, xv. 13.

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    Haydock, George Leo. "Commentary on 2 Kings 24:13". "George Haydock's Catholic Bible Commentary". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/hcc/2-kings-24.html. 1859.

    E.W. Bullinger's Companion Bible Notes

    as = according as.

    had said. Compare 2 Kings 20:17.

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    Bullinger, Ethelbert William. "Commentary on 2 Kings 24:13". "E.W. Bullinger's Companion bible Notes". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/bul/2-kings-24.html. 1909-1922.

    Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible - Unabridged

    And he carried out thence all the treasures of the house of the LORD, and the treasures of the king's house, and cut in pieces all the vessels of gold which Solomon king of Israel had made in the temple of the LORD, as the LORD had said.

    As the Lord had said - (cf. 2 Kings 20:17; Isaiah 39:6; Jeremiah 15:13; Jeremiah 17:3.) The elite of the nation for rank, usefulness, and moral worth, all who might be useful in Babylon or dangerous in Palestine, were carried off to Babylon, to the number of 10,000 (2 Kings 24:14). These are specified, 2 Kings 24:15-16 - Warriors, 7,000; craftsmen and smiths, 1,000; kings wives, officers, and princes, also priests and prophets (Jeremiah 29:1; Ezekiel 1:13), 2,000-equal to 10,000 captives in all. This was the second deportation from Jerusalem by Nebuchadnezzar.

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    Jamieson, Robert, D.D.; Fausset, A. R.; Brown, David. "Commentary on 2 Kings 24:13". "Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible - Unabridged". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/jfu/2-kings-24.html. 1871-8.

    Ellicott's Commentary for English Readers

    (13) And he carried out thence . . .—It is apt said, but implied, that Nebuchadnezzar entered the city. He may have done so at the time of his invasion under Jehoiakim (2 Kings 24:1). On that occasion he had carried off some of the sacred vessels (2 Chronicles 36:7; Daniel 1:2; Daniel 5:2-3; comp. Ezra 1:7 seq.) It is certainly surprising to find that anything was left in the Temple treasury after the repeated spoliations which it had undergone. The fact not only indicates the probable existence of secret (subterranean) store-chambers, but also lends some support to the chronicler’s representations of the great wealth stored up in the sanctuary.

    Cut in pieces.—2 Kings 16:17; 2 Chronicles 28:24. The meaning seems to be that the gold-plating was now stripped off from such “vessels” as the altar of incense, the table of shewbread, and the Ark. (Comp. 2 Kings 18:16.)

    As the Lord had said—e.g., to Hezekiah (2 Kings 20:17; comp. Jeremiah 15:13; Jeremiah 17:3).

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    Ellicott, Charles John. "Commentary on 2 Kings 24:13". "Ellicott's Commentary for English Readers". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/ebc/2-kings-24.html. 1905.

    Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

    And he carried out thence all the treasures of the house of the LORD, and the treasures of the king's house, and cut in pieces all the vessels of gold which Solomon king of Israel had made in the temple of the LORD, as the LORD had said.
    he carried
    20:17; Isaiah 39:6; Jeremiah 20:5
    and cut
    25:13-15; Ezra 1:7-11; Jeremiah 27:16-21; 28:3,4,6; Daniel 5:2,3
    which Solomon
    1 Kings 7:48-50; 2 Chronicles 4:7-22
    Reciprocal: Joshua 6:19 - the treasury;  1 Kings 14:26 - he took away;  2 Kings 14:14 - all the gold;  2 Chronicles 4:19 - all the vessels;  2 Chronicles 36:6 - came up;  2 Chronicles 36:7 - the vessels;  Ezra 6:5 - which Nebuchadnezzar;  Psalm 79:1 - holy;  Jeremiah 17:3 - I will;  Jeremiah 27:22 - carried;  Ezekiel 7:21 - GeneralDaniel 1:1 - GeneralJoel 3:5 - ye;  Zephaniah 1:8 - the princes;  Luke 21:1 - the treasury

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    Bibliographical Information
    Torrey, R. A. "Commentary on 2 Kings 24:13". "The Treasury of Scripture Knowledge". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/tsk/2-kings-24.html.