Verse-by-Verse Bible Commentary

2 Kings 24:2

The Lord sent against him bands of Chaldeans, bands of Arameans, bands of Moabites, and bands of Ammonites. So He sent them against Judah to destroy it, according to the word of the Lord which He had spoken through His servants the prophets.
New American Standard Version

Bible Study Resources

Concordances:
Nave's Topical Bible - Israel, Prophecies Concerning;   Jehoiakim;   Moabites;   Syria;   Thompson Chain Reference - Ammonites;   Torrey's Topical Textbook - Ammonites, the;   Armies;   Moabites;  
Dictionaries:
American Tract Society Bible Dictionary - Captivity;   Egypt;   Moabites;   Nebuchadnezzar;   Bridgeway Bible Dictionary - Ammon;   Babylon;   Jehoiakim;   Judah, tribe and kingdom;   Moab;   Baker Evangelical Dictionary of Biblical Theology - Amos, Theology of;   Easton Bible Dictionary - Jehoiakim;   Fausset Bible Dictionary - Jerusalem;   Kings, the Books of;   Moab;   Nebuchadnezzar;   Holman Bible Dictionary - Babylon, History and Religion of;   Crimes and Punishments;   Kings, 1 and 2;   Hastings' Dictionary of the Bible - Ammon, Ammonites;   Israel;   Jeremiah;   Moab, Moabites;   Morrish Bible Dictionary - Ammon, Ammonites, Children of Ammon;   Babylon ;   Chaldeans, Chaldees;   Jehoiakim ;   People's Dictionary of the Bible - Captivity;   Jehoiakim;   Moab;   Nebuchadnezzar;  
Encyclopedias:
International Standard Bible Encyclopedia - Ammon;   Band;   Captivity;   Judah, Kingdom of;   Tax;   The Jewish Encyclopedia - Ammon, Ammonites;  

Adam Clarke Commentary

According to the word of the Lord - See what Huldah predicted, 2 Kings 22:16, and see chap. 14, 15, and 16 of Jeremiah.

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Clarke, Adam. "Commentary on 2 Kings 24:2". "The Adam Clarke Commentary". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/acc/2-kings-24.html. 1832.

Albert Barnes' Notes on the Whole Bible

See the marginal references. Instead of coming up in person Nebuchadnezzar sent against Jehoiakim his own troops and those of the neighboring nations.

The ravages of the Moabites and the Ammonites are especially alluded to in the following passages: Jeremiah 48:26-27; Jeremiah 49:1; Ezekiel 25:3-6; Zephaniah 2:8.

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Barnes, Albert. "Commentary on 2 Kings 24:2". "Barnes' Notes on the Whole Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/bnb/2-kings-24.html. 1870.

John Gill's Exposition of the Whole Bible

And the Lord sent against him,.... By Nebuchadnezzar, against whom he rebelled:

bands of the Chaldees, and bands of the Syrians, and bands of the Moabites, and bands of the children of Ammon; who were all subject to the king of Babylon, or were voluntary troops in his service, and bore an hatred to the Jews: according to EupolemusF15Apud Euseb. Evangel. Praepar. l. 9. c. 39. p. 454. , this army consisted of Medes and Babylonians, and, besides 10,000 chariots, there were in it 180,000 foot, and 120,000 horse:

and sent them against Judah to destroy it; this was not until the eleventh of Jehoiakim, Nebuchadnezzar being diverted by the siege of Tyre, or other important business, from chastising the king of Judah until this time:

according to the word of the Lord, which he spake by his servants the prophets; Isaiah, Jeremiah, Zephaniah, and Huldah the prophetess.

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The New John Gill's Exposition of the Entire Bible Modernised and adapted for the computer by Larry Pierce of Online Bible. All Rights Reserved, Larry Pierce, Winterbourne, Ontario.
A printed copy of this work can be ordered from: The Baptist Standard Bearer, 1 Iron Oaks Dr, Paris, AR, 72855
Bibliographical Information
Gill, John. "Commentary on 2 Kings 24:2". "The New John Gill Exposition of the Entire Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/geb/2-kings-24.html. 1999.

Wesley's Explanatory Notes

And the LORD sent against him bands of the Chaldees, and bands of the Syrians, and bands of the Moabites, and bands of the children of Ammon, and sent them against Judah to destroy it, according to the word of the LORD, which he spake by his servants the prophets.

Bands — For Nebuchadnezzar's army was made up of several nations, who were willing to fight under the banner of such a puissant and victorious emperor.

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These files are public domain and are a derivative of an electronic edition that is available on the Christian Classics Ethereal Library Website.
Bibliographical Information
Wesley, John. "Commentary on 2 Kings 24:2". "John Wesley's Explanatory Notes on the Whole Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/wen/2-kings-24.html. 1765.

John Trapp Complete Commentary

2 Kings 24:2 And the LORD sent against him bands of the Chaldees, and bands of the Syrians, and bands of the Moabites, and bands of the children of Ammon, and sent them against Judah to destroy it, according to the word of the LORD, which he spake by his servants the prophets.

Ver. 2. And the Lord sent against him bands.] Latrunculos the Vulgate renders it. Soldiers that fight in an evil cause are no better than robbers and spoilers. Josephus saith that Nebuchadnezzar, bringing from that siege of Tyre [Ezekiel 26:7] some part of his army, entered therewith Jerusalem, slew Jehoiakim, and cast him out unburied, according to Jeremiah 22:18-19, carrying away three thousand and three and twenty Jews. [Jeremiah 52:28] And here began the seventy years’ captivity: now was Daniel and his companions brought to Babylon, [Daniel 1:3-7] according to Isaiah 39:7.

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Bibliographical Information
Trapp, John. "Commentary on 2 Kings 24:2". John Trapp Complete Commentary. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/jtc/2-kings-24.html. 1865-1868.

Matthew Poole's English Annotations on the Holy Bible

Nebuchadnezzar’s army was made up of several nations, who were willing to fight under the banner of such a puissant and victorious emperor.

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Poole, Matthew, "Commentary on 2 Kings 24:2". Matthew Poole's English Annotations on the Holy Bible. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/mpc/2-kings-24.html. 1685.

Whedon's Commentary on the Bible

2.The Lord sent — In this verse and the next, the writer emphasizes the thought that the afflictions of Judah were a direct judgment of Jehovah for the sins of the nation, especially those of Manasseh.

Bands — Predatory troops; not an organized army.

Chaldees — Natives of Babylonia, or Chaldea, whom, perhaps, Nebuchadnezzar had left to garrison certain frontier towns. They may have warred against Judah by command of Nebuchadnezzar, who, at the time, was unable to attend to the rebellious nation.

Syrians’ Moabites’ children of Ammon — Neighbouring tribes on the north and west of Judah, who were all, doubtless, subject to Nebuchadnezzar, and, as Thenius suggests, were pleased with an opportunity of gratifying their ancient hatred against the Jewish people.

To destroy it — They aimed to ruin Judah but it seems they were not able to take the city.

By’ the prophets — Chief among whom were Isaiah, Micah, Habakkuk, Huldah, and Jeremiah. Compare the marginal references.

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Whedon, Daniel. "Commentary on 2 Kings 24:2". "Whedon's Commentary on the Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/whe/2-kings-24.html. 1874-1909.

Joseph Benson's Commentary of the Old and New Testaments

2 Kings 24:2. The Lord sent against him bands of the Chaldees — Including, probably, Syrians, Moabites, and Ammonites, who were all now subject to the king of Babylon, and many of them engaged as soldiers in his service. Doubtless they were ordered by Nebuchadnezzar to attack and chastise Jehoiakim and the revolted Jews; yet no mention is here made of their commission from the king of Babylon, but only of that from the King of kings: the Lord sent them. And again, (2 Kings 24:3,) Surely upon the commandment of the Lord came this upon Judah; otherwise the order of Nebuchadnezzar could not have brought it. Many are serving God’s purposes, who are not aware of it.

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Benson, Joseph. "Commentary on 2 Kings 24:2". Joseph Benson's Commentary. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/rbc/2-kings-24.html. 1857.

George Haydock's Catholic Bible Commentary

The rovers. Latrunculos. Bands or parties of men, who pillaged and plundered wherever they came. (Challoner) See chap. v. 2., and Judges xi. 3. --- Nabuchodonosor could not come in person. --- Prophets. Holda, supra chap. xxii. 16., and Isaias xx. 17., and Jeremias xiv., xv., xvi., &c.

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Haydock, George Leo. "Commentary on 2 Kings 24:2". "George Haydock's Catholic Bible Commentary". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/hcc/2-kings-24.html. 1859.

E.W. Bullinger's Companion Bible Notes

the LORD. Hebrew. Jehovah. App-4.

bands = marauding bands.

children = sons.

by = through. Hebrew by the hand of "Hand" put by Figure of speech Metonymy (of Cause), for what is effected by it.

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Bullinger, Ethelbert William. "Commentary on 2 Kings 24:2". "E.W. Bullinger's Companion bible Notes". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/bul/2-kings-24.html. 1909-1922.

Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible - Unabridged

And the LORD sent against him bands of the Chaldees, and bands of the Syrians, and bands of the Moabites, and bands of the children of Ammon, and sent them against Judah to destroy it, according to the word of the LORD, which he spake by his servants the prophets.

The Lord sent against him bands of the Chaldees, [ Kasdiym (Hebrew #3778)]. This is either a new race or the same people under a different name who supplanted the Assyrians and Babylonians. They appear in Scripture in three different states-first, as nomad tribes (Job 1:17; Jeremiah 40:10); secondly, as a priestly caste, men of science so-called, such as astrology and divination (Daniel 2:1-49); and thirdly, they appear as a great and powerful nation, under Nebuchadnezzar, who is called "king of the Chaldees," 2 Chronicles 36:17 : cf. Daniel 9:1; Habakkuk 1:6 [Septuagint, chaldaioi]. From other notices in the sacred history (Genesis 11:28; Genesis 15:7), it would appear that they inhabited a district north of Babylon; while several classical writers assign their locality to the southwestern part of the Babylonian empire-a district now known as Irak al Araby. Afterward the name Chaldea was used as synonymous with Mesopotamia.

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Jamieson, Robert, D.D.; Fausset, A. R.; Brown, David. "Commentary on 2 Kings 24:2". "Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible - Unabridged". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/jfu/2-kings-24.html. 1871-8.

Ellicott's Commentary for English Readers

(2) And the Lord sent against him bands of the Chaldees.—Jehoiakim’s revolt was no doubt instigated by Egypt. Whilst Nebuchadnezzar himself was engaged elsewhere in his great empire, predatory bands of Chaldeans, and of the neighbouring peoples the hereditary enemies of Judah, who had submitted to Nebuchadnezzar, and were nothing loth to make reprisals for the power which Josiah had, perhaps, exercised over them, ravaged the Judæan territory (comp. Jeremiah 12:8-17, concerning Judah’s “evil neighbours”).

According to the word of the Lord.—Isaiah, Micah, Urijah (Jeremiah 26:20), Huldah, Jeremiah, Habakkuk, and doubtless others whose names and writings have not been transmitted, had foretold the fate that was now closing in upon Judah.

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Ellicott, Charles John. "Commentary on 2 Kings 24:2". "Ellicott's Commentary for English Readers". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/ebc/2-kings-24.html. 1905.

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

And the LORD sent against him bands of the Chaldees, and bands of the Syrians, and bands of the Moabites, and bands of the children of Ammon, and sent them against Judah to destroy it, according to the word of the LORD, which he spake by his servants the prophets.
the Lord
6:23; 13:20,21; Deuteronomy 28:49,50; 2 Chronicles 33:11; Job 1:17; Isaiah 7:17; 13:5; Jeremiah 35:11; Ezekiel 19:8
according
20:17; 21:12-14; 23:27; Isaiah 6:11,12; Jeremiah 25:9; 26:6,20; 32:28; Micah 3:12
his
Heb. the hand of his.
Reciprocal: 2 Kings 21:14 - the remnant;  2 Kings 23:26 - Notwithstanding;  2 Chronicles 36:6 - came up;  2 Chronicles 36:17 - he brought;  Ezra 5:12 - into the hand;  Nehemiah 4:7 - the Ammonites;  Job 20:22 - every hand;  Ecclesiastes 4:14 - also;  Jeremiah 5:10 - ye up;  Jeremiah 6:3 - they shall;  Jeremiah 12:9 - the birds;  Jeremiah 25:1 - in the;  Jeremiah 26:5 - my;  Jeremiah 34:22 - I will command;  Jeremiah 36:1 - GeneralJeremiah 49:1 - their king;  Jeremiah 52:28 - in the;  Lamentations 1:17 - commanded;  Ezekiel 16:27 - daughters;  Ezekiel 23:23 - the Chaldeans;  Daniel 1:1 - GeneralAmos 1:13 - and for;  Micah 5:1 - gather;  Habakkuk 1:6 - I raise;  Habakkuk 3:16 - he will;  Zechariah 2:8 - the nations

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Bibliographical Information
Torrey, R. A. "Commentary on 2 Kings 24:2". "The Treasury of Scripture Knowledge". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/tsk/2-kings-24.html.