Verse-by-Verse Bible Commentary

2 Kings 3:25

Thus they destroyed the cities; and each one threw a stone on every piece of good land and filled it. So they stopped all the springs of water and felled all the good trees, until in Kir-hareseth only they left its stones; however, the slingers went about it and struck it.
New American Standard Version

Bible Study Resources

Concordances:
Nave's Topical Bible - Kir-Haraseth;   Moabites;   Sling;   Stones;   Thompson Chain Reference - Jehoshaphat;   Torrey's Topical Textbook - Arms, Military;   Moabites;   Wells;  
Dictionaries:
American Tract Society Bible Dictionary - Kir;   Mesha;   Wells and Springs;   Bridgeway Bible Dictionary - Moab;   Easton Bible Dictionary - Jehoshaphat;   Kir-Haraseth;   Mesha;   Moabite Stone;   Sling;   Fausset Bible Dictionary - Dibon;   Kir;   Sling;   Holman Bible Dictionary - Kings, 1 and 2;   Kir-Hareseth;   Mesha;   Stone;   Hastings' Dictionary of the Bible - Armour, Arms;   Edom, Edomites;   Jehoshaphat;   Kir (1);   Kir-Hareseth;   Medeba;   Mesha;   Water;   Hastings' Dictionary of the New Testament - Boyhood ;   Morrish Bible Dictionary - Fountain;   Joram, Jehoram;   Kir of Moab, Kirharaseth, , Kirharesh, Kirheres ;   Mesha ;   Moab, Moabites ;   Sling;   Stones;   The Hawker's Poor Man's Concordance And Dictionary - Kirharaseth;   People's Dictionary of the Bible - Armor;   Arms;   Jehoshaphat;   Kir-haraseth;   Mesha;   Moab;   Samaria;   Smith Bible Dictionary - Arms, Armor;   Eli'sha;   Kir-Har'aseth;  
Encyclopedias:
Condensed Biblical Cyclopedia - Kingdom of Israel;   International Standard Bible Encyclopedia - Armor;   Astronomy;   Fortification;   Good;   Kir-Hareseth;   Siege;  

Adam Clarke Commentary

On every good piece of land - On all cultivated ground, and especially fields that were sown.

Only in Kir-haraseth - This was the royal city of the Moabites, and, as we learn from Scripture, exceedingly strong; (see Isaiah 16:7, Isaiah 16:11;); so that it is probable the confederate armies could not easily reduce it. The slingers, we are informed, went about the wall, and smote all the men that appeared on it, while no doubt the besieging army was employed in sapping the foundations.

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Bibliographical Information
Clarke, Adam. "Commentary on 2 Kings 3:25". "The Adam Clarke Commentary". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/acc/2-kings-3.html. 1832.

Albert Barnes' Notes on the Whole Bible

Kir-Haraseth, also Kir-Hareseth, is identified almost certainly with the modern Kerak, a strong city on the highland immediately east of the southern part of the Dead Sea. It was the great fortress of Moab, though not the capital, which was Rabbath or Rabbah. It was an important strong-hold at the time of the Crusades, and is still a place of great strength. Kir seems to have meant “fortress.” It is found in Cir-cesium, Car-chemish, etc.

Kir-Haraseth resisted all the attempts to dismantle it; but the slingers found places on the hills which surrounded it, from where they could throw their stones into it and harass the garrison, though they could not take the town.

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Barnes, Albert. "Commentary on 2 Kings 3:25". "Barnes' Notes on the Whole Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/bnb/2-kings-3.html. 1870.

John Gill's Exposition of the Whole Bible

And they beat down the cities,.... Demolished the walls of them, and houses in them, wherever they came:

and on every good piece of land cast every man his stone, and filled it; which they had taken out of the walls and houses they pulled down; or which they picked up in the highway, as they passed along, being a stony country; or which being laid in heaps, gathered out of the fields, they took and scattered them all over them:

and they stopped all the wells of water; with stones and dirt:

and felled all the good trees; fruit bearing ones; See Gill on 2 Kings 3:19,

only in Kirharaseth left they the stones thereof; not able to demolish it, it being a strong fortified city, the principal of the kingdom, and into which the king of Moab had thrown himself, and the remains of his forces; of which see Isaiah 16:7,

howbeit, the slingers went about it, and smote it; smote the soldiers that appeared upon the walls of it; though Kimchi, and other Jewish writers, understand it of engineers, who cast out large stones from a sort of machines then in use, to batter down and break through the walls of cities.

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The New John Gill's Exposition of the Entire Bible Modernised and adapted for the computer by Larry Pierce of Online Bible. All Rights Reserved, Larry Pierce, Winterbourne, Ontario.
A printed copy of this work can be ordered from: The Baptist Standard Bearer, 1 Iron Oaks Dr, Paris, AR, 72855
Bibliographical Information
Gill, John. "Commentary on 2 Kings 3:25". "The New John Gill Exposition of the Entire Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/geb/2-kings-3.html. 1999.

Geneva Study Bible

And they beat down the cities, and on every good piece of land cast every man his stone, and filled it; and they stopped all the wells of water, and felled all the good trees: only in q Kirharaseth left they the stones thereof; howbeit the slingers went about [it], and smote it.

(q) Which was one of the principle cities of the Moabites, in which they left nothing but the walls.
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Bibliographical Information
Beza, Theodore. "Commentary on 2 Kings 3:25". "The 1599 Geneva Study Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/gsb/2-kings-3.html. 1599-1645.

Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible

Kir-haraseth — (now Kerak) - Castle of Moab - then, probably, the only fortress in the land.

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These files are a derivative of an electronic edition prepared from text scanned by Woodside Bible Fellowship.
This expanded edition of the Jameison-Faussett-Brown Commentary is in the public domain and may be freely used and distributed.
Bibliographical Information
Jamieson, Robert, D.D.; Fausset, A. R.; Brown, David. "Commentary on 2 Kings 3:25". "Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/jfb/2-kings-3.html. 1871-8.

Wesley's Explanatory Notes

And they beat down the cities, and on every good piece of land cast every man his stone, and filled it; and they stopped all the wells of water, and felled all the good trees: only in Kirharaseth left they the stones thereof; howbeit the slingers went about it, and smote it.

Kir-haraseth — This was the royal city of the Moabites, into which the remnant of the Moabites were gathered, where also their king was with them.

The stones — The walls and buildings of this city only were left; their whole country being destroyed.

The slingers — Such as slung great stones against the walls to break them down, according to the manner of those times. Made breaches in the walls, by which they might enter the city, and take it.

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These files are public domain and are a derivative of an electronic edition that is available on the Christian Classics Ethereal Library Website.
Bibliographical Information
Wesley, John. "Commentary on 2 Kings 3:25". "John Wesley's Explanatory Notes on the Whole Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/wen/2-kings-3.html. 1765.

John Trapp Complete Commentary

2 Kings 3:25 And they beat down the cities, and on every good piece of land cast every man his stone, and filled it; and they stopped all the wells of water, and felled all the good trees: only in Kirharaseth left they the stones thereof; howbeit the slingers went about [it], and smote it.

Ver. 25. Only in Kirhareseth.] The strongest city in Moab. See Isaiah 16:11.

Left they the stones thereof,] i.e., The stone walls, which, being very strong, and, in addition, well manned and defended by the king of Moab, who was fled there with his forces, were not rased and harassed as the rest.

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Bibliographical Information
Trapp, John. "Commentary on 2 Kings 3:25". John Trapp Complete Commentary. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/jtc/2-kings-3.html. 1865-1868.

Matthew Poole's English Annotations on the Holy Bible

Cast every man his stone: the stones which haply had been with great care and pains picked out of the land, and laid in heaps after the manner, they dispersed again, and slew the people, who should have cleansed them again.

Kir-haraseth was the royal and strongest city of the Moabites, Isaiah 16:7,11, into which the remnant of the Moabites were gathered, where also their king was with them.

The stones thereof: the walls and buildings of this city only were left; other cities, and in a manner their whole country, being utterly destroyed.

The slingers; either, first, such as slung small stones against those that stood upon the wall to defend it; or rather, secondly, Such as slung great stones against the walls to break them down, according to the manner of those times.

Smote it, i.e. made breaches in the walls, by which they might enter into the city, and take it.

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Bibliographical Information
Poole, Matthew, "Commentary on 2 Kings 3:25". Matthew Poole's English Annotations on the Holy Bible. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/mpc/2-kings-3.html. 1685.

Whedon's Commentary on the Bible

25.Cast every man his stone — A vast host could in this way quickly even bury a field with stones. Compare note on 2 Kings 3:19.

Stopped all the wells — “Wells, dug at great expense, were regarded as very valuable possessions. Isaac was a great well-digger, prompted thereto by the necessity of his vast flocks. To stop up wells was the most pernicious and destructive species of vengeance, the surest way to convert a flourishing country into a frightful wilderness.” — Thomson.

Kir-haraseth — Called also Kir-haresh, (Isaiah 16:11,) Kir-heres, (Jeremiah 48:31,) and Kir of Moab, (Isaiah 15:1.) Its modern name is Kerak. The spot has been visited and described by several travellers. It was the chief city of the Moabites, and is situated on a plateau of high land ten miles east of the southern end of the Dead Sea, and some three thousand feet above the level of its waters. It occupies the top of a steep hill, and is surrounded on all sides by deep and narrow valleys, beyond which tower up lofty hills, cutting off all prospect in the distance except towards the northwest, where the deep Wady Kerak opens a prospect to the Dead Sea, and, in a clear day, even to Bethlehem and Jerusalem. The city is still enclosed by a partially ruined wall, flanked by seven massive towers.

Slingers went about it, and smote it — From the surrounding hills, which overlook the city, they could hurl stones so as to smite many of the inhabitants.

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Bibliographical Information
Whedon, Daniel. "Commentary on 2 Kings 3:25". "Whedon's Commentary on the Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/whe/2-kings-3.html. 1874-1909.

Joseph Benson's Commentary of the Old and New Testaments

2 Kings 3:25. They stopped all the wells of water, &c. — These, in all probability, are hyperbolical expressions, signifying the great devastation which they made. Only in Kir-haraseth left they the stones thereof — This was the royal city of Moab, into which the remnant of the Moabites were gathered, and where also their king was with them. The wall and buildings of this city only were left; their whole country being destroyed. Howbeit the slingers went about it, and smote it — By slinging stones, they drove those from the wall who defended it, and by raising batteries against it, made great breaches therein, by which they might enter the city and take it.

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Bibliographical Information
Benson, Joseph. "Commentary on 2 Kings 3:25". Joseph Benson's Commentary. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/rbc/2-kings-3.html. 1857.

George Haydock's Catholic Bible Commentary

CHAPTER III.

Brick walls. It was the proper name of the city of the Moabites. In Hebrew, Kir-Charaseth. (Challoner) --- Isaias xv., and xvi. 7. It was also called Ar, or Arcopolis. --- Remained. Hebrew adds, "with the stones unmolested." They laid siege to it. (Haydock) --- Slingers. Grotius would understand those who attended the machines designed to throw stones, &c. But the slingers kept off the enemy, while others undermined the walls. (Calmet)

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Haydock, George Leo. "Commentary on 2 Kings 3:25". "George Haydock's Catholic Bible Commentary". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/hcc/2-kings-3.html. 1859.

E.W. Bullinger's Companion Bible Notes

Kir-haraseth = The city of the hill. The capital of Moab.

stones [in the wall] thereof. Supply Figure of speech Ellipsis. App-6.

howbeit, &c. = and [till] the slingers should surround and smite it.

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Bullinger, Ethelbert William. "Commentary on 2 Kings 3:25". "E.W. Bullinger's Companion bible Notes". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/bul/2-kings-3.html. 1909-1922.

Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible - Unabridged

And they beat down the cities, and on every good piece of land cast every man his stone, and filled it; and they stopped all the wells of water, and felled all the good trees: only in Kirharaseth left they the stones thereof; howbeit the slingers went about it, and smote it.

In Kir-haraseth, [ ba-Qiyr-Charaaset (Hebrew #7025), in the fortress of Haraseth, or Kirheres-fortress of brick (Isaiah 16:7; Isaiah 16:11; Jeremiah 48:31; or Kir Moab, Isaiah 15:1)] - (now Kerak), castle of Moab, then probably the only fortress in the land (Porter's 'Handbook,' p. 59; Robinson, 'Biblical Researches,' 2:, p. 296). Since the Hebrews, in reducing this place, 'left the stones thereof,' the name, from being kareseth, a potsherd or earthen vessel, was changed into hares, brick, from the baked bricks of which its wall was built (cf. Josephus, 'Antiquities,' b. 9:, ch. 3:, sec. 2).

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Bibliographical Information
Jamieson, Robert, D.D.; Fausset, A. R.; Brown, David. "Commentary on 2 Kings 3:25". "Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible - Unabridged". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/jfu/2-kings-3.html. 1871-8.

Ellicott's Commentary for English Readers

(25) And they beat down the cities.—Rather, And the cities they would overthrow, describing what happened again and again.

On every . . . filled it.—Literally, And every good plot, they would cast each man his stone, and fill it; and every fountain of water they would stop, and every good tree they would fell. All this as Elisha foretold, 2 Kings 3:19.

Only in Kir-haraseth left they the stones thereof.—Literally, as margin, until one left her stones in Kir-harèseth. This clause connects itself with the opening statement, “And the cities they would overthrow (or, kept overthrowing) until her stones were left in Kir-harèseth,” i.e., the work of destruction stopped before the walls of this, the principal strong-hold of the country. In the other cities the invaders had not left one stone upon another.

Kir-haraseth.—Called “Kir-moab,” Isaiah 15:1, and “Kir-hères,” Isaiah 16:11. The Targum on Isaiah 15 calls it “Kerak (castle) of Moab,” and it still bears that name. It stands upon a steep cliff of chalk.

Howbeit the slingers went about it.—And the slingers went round, surrounded it.

And smote it—i.e., shot at the men on the walls with deadly effect.

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Ellicott, Charles John. "Commentary on 2 Kings 3:25". "Ellicott's Commentary for English Readers". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/ebc/2-kings-3.html. 1905.

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

And they beat down the cities, and on every good piece of land cast every man his stone, and filled it; and they stopped all the wells of water, and felled all the good trees: only in Kirharaseth left they the stones thereof; howbeit the slingers went about it, and smote it.
beat down
19; Judges 9:45; 2 Samuel 8:2; Isaiah 37:26,27
stopped
Genesis 26:15,18; 2 Chronicles 32:4
and felled
Deuteronomy 20:19,20
only in, etc
Heb. until he left the stones thereof in Kir-haraseth. Kir-haraseth. Supposed to be the same as Ar, or Areopolis, the capital of Moab.
Deuteronomy 2:9; Isaiah 16:7,11; Jeremiah 48:31,36
Kir-heres
Reciprocal: Ecclesiastes 3:5 - to cast;  Isaiah 15:1 - Kir

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Bibliographical Information
Torrey, R. A. "Commentary on 2 Kings 3:25". "The Treasury of Scripture Knowledge". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/tsk/2-kings-3.html.