Verse-by-Verse Bible Commentary

2 Kings 8:9

So Hazael went to meet him and took a gift in his hand, even every kind of good thing of Damascus, forty camels' loads; and he came and stood before him and said, "Your son Ben-hadad king of Aram has sent me to you, saying, ‘Will I recover from this sickness?'"
New American Standard Version

Bible Study Resources

Concordances:
Nave's Topical Bible - Ben-Hadad;   Camel;   Elisha;   Falsehood;   Hazael;   Prophets;   Thompson Chain Reference - Caravans;   Giving;   Liberality-Parsimony;   Munificence;   Presents;   Torrey's Topical Textbook - Camel, the;   Presents;  
Dictionaries:
American Tract Society Bible Dictionary - Ben-Hadad;   Camel;   Gifts;   Hazael;   Bridgeway Bible Dictionary - Ben-hadad;   Elisha;   Easton Bible Dictionary - Ben-Hadad;   Camel;   Elijah;   Elisha;   Gift;   Fausset Bible Dictionary - Ben-Hadad;   Holman Bible Dictionary - Damascus;   Elisha;   Hazael;   Kings, 1 and 2;   Transportation and Travel;   Hastings' Dictionary of the Bible - Gift, Giving;   Trade and Commerce;   Morrish Bible Dictionary - Benhadad ;   Hazael ;   The Hawker's Poor Man's Concordance And Dictionary - Ramothgilead;   People's Dictionary of the Bible - Benbadad;   Camel;   Elisha;   Hazael;   Smith Bible Dictionary - Ben-Ha'dad;   Haz'a-El;   Watson's Biblical & Theological Dictionary - Gifts;   Hazael;  
Encyclopedias:
Condensed Biblical Cyclopedia - Kingdom of Israel;   International Standard Bible Encyclopedia - Benhadad;   Burden;   Elijah;   Elisha;   Kitto Biblical Cyclopedia - Benhadad;   The Jewish Encyclopedia - Ben-Hadad;   Gifts;   Rezin;  

Albert Barnes' Notes on the Whole Bible

Every good thing of Damascus - Probably, besides rich robes and precious metals, the luscious wine of Helbon, which was the drink of the Persian kings, the soft white wool of the anti-Libanus Ezekiel 27:18, damask coverings of couches Amos 3:12, and numerous manufactured articles of luxury, which the Syrian capital imported from Tyre, Egypt, Nineveh, and Babylon. Forty camels were laden with it, and this goodly caravan paraded the streets of the town, conveying to the prophet the splendid gift designed for him. Eastern ostentation induces donors to make the greatest possible show of their gifts, and each camel would probably bear only one or two articles.

Thy son Ben-hadad - A phrase indicative of the greatest respect, no doubt used at the command of Benhadad in order to dispose the prophet favorably toward him. Compare 2 Kings 6:21.

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Bibliographical Information
Barnes, Albert. "Commentary on 2 Kings 8:9". "Barnes' Notes on the Whole Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/bnb/2-kings-8.html. 1870.

John Gill's Exposition of the Whole Bible

So Hazael went to meet him, and took a present with him,.... As was usual when a prophet or seer was consulted, see 1 Samuel 9:7.

even of every good thing of Damascus; which was a very fruitful place, and had abundance of gardens and orchards in it, which yielded excellent fruit, and of such it is probable the present consisted, and which was large:

even forty camels' burden: which, as they are strong creatures, will bear a great deal. Abarbinel thinks, bread, flesh, and wine, and fowls, were in the present, but not gold, silver, and raiment, which the prophet had refused to take of Naaman; the Jews have a fable, that there was a precious stone in it, worth all the good things of Damascus:

and came and stood before him, and said, thy son Benhadad, king of Syria, hath sent me to thee, saying, shall I recover of this disease? he calls him his son, in veneration of the prophet as a father, as such men were called.

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The New John Gill's Exposition of the Entire Bible Modernised and adapted for the computer by Larry Pierce of Online Bible. All Rights Reserved, Larry Pierce, Winterbourne, Ontario.
A printed copy of this work can be ordered from: The Baptist Standard Bearer, 1 Iron Oaks Dr, Paris, AR, 72855
Bibliographical Information
Gill, John. "Commentary on 2 Kings 8:9". "The New John Gill Exposition of the Entire Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/geb/2-kings-8.html. 1999.

Geneva Study Bible

So Hazael went to meet him, and took a present with him, even of every e good thing of Damascus, forty camels' burden, and came and stood before him, and said, Thy son Benhadad king of Syria hath sent me to thee, saying, Shall I recover of this disease?

(e) Of all the chiefest and precious things of the country.
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Bibliographical Information
Beza, Theodore. "Commentary on 2 Kings 8:9". "The 1599 Geneva Study Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/gsb/2-kings-8.html. 1599-1645.

Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible

forty camels‘ burden — The present, consisting of the rarest and most valuable produce of the land, would be liberal and magnificent. But it must not be supposed it was actually so large as to require forty camels to carry it. The Orientals are fond of display, and would, ostentatiously, lay upon forty beasts what might very easily have been borne by four.

Thy son Ben-hadad — so called from the established usage of designating the prophet “father.” This was the same Syrian monarch who had formerly persecuted him (see 2 Kings 6:13, 2 Kings 6:14).

Copyright Statement
These files are a derivative of an electronic edition prepared from text scanned by Woodside Bible Fellowship.
This expanded edition of the Jameison-Faussett-Brown Commentary is in the public domain and may be freely used and distributed.
Bibliographical Information
Jamieson, Robert, D.D.; Fausset, A. R.; Brown, David. "Commentary on 2 Kings 8:9". "Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/jfb/2-kings-8.html. 1871-8.

Wesley's Explanatory Notes

So Hazael went to meet him, and took a present with him, even of every good thing of Damascus, forty camels' burden, and came and stood before him, and said, Thy son Benhadad king of Syria hath sent me to thee, saying, Shall I recover of this disease?

Thy son — He who before persecuted him as an enemy, now in his extremity honours him like a father.

Copyright Statement
These files are public domain and are a derivative of an electronic edition that is available on the Christian Classics Ethereal Library Website.
Bibliographical Information
Wesley, John. "Commentary on 2 Kings 8:9". "John Wesley's Explanatory Notes on the Whole Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/wen/2-kings-8.html. 1765.

John Trapp Complete Commentary

2 Kings 8:9 So Hazael went to meet him, and took a present with him, even of every good thing of Damascus, forty camels’ burden, and came and stood before him, and said, Thy son Benhadad king of Syria hath sent me to thee, saying, Shall I recover of this disease?

Ver. 9. Forty camels’ burden] A very great present, and far beyond that of Naaman. [2 Kings 5:5] What will not princes part with for their life and health? Why should I die, being so rich? said Cardinal Beauford, Chancellor of England, in the reign of Henry VI if the whole realm would save my life, I am able either by policy to get it, or by riches to buy it. Fie! quoth he, will not death be hired? will money do nothing? (a)

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Bibliographical Information
Trapp, John. "Commentary on 2 Kings 8:9". John Trapp Complete Commentary. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/jtc/2-kings-8.html. 1865-1868.

Matthew Poole's English Annotations on the Holy Bible

Forty camels’ burden. Hazael carried the more noble present, hoping, as his master did, to get some interest in the prophet and advantage to himself by it. Whether the prophet received it or not, is not here mentioned; but it is most probable he did not, from his former practice, 2Ki 5 and because the reasons which then swayed him were still of the same force.

Son Ben-hadad: he who before persecuted him as an enemy, 2 Kings 6:13,14, now in his extremity honours him like a father.

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Bibliographical Information
Poole, Matthew, "Commentary on 2 Kings 8:9". Matthew Poole's English Annotations on the Holy Bible. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/mpc/2-kings-8.html. 1685.

Whedon's Commentary on the Bible

9.Forty camels’ burden — “There is often in these countries,” observes Harmer, “a great deal of pomp and parade in presenting gifts, and that not only when they are presented to princes, or governors of provinces, but where they are of a more private nature. ‘Through ostentation,’ says one writer, ‘they never fail to load upon four or five horses what might easily be carried by one.’ In like manner as to jewels, trinkets, and other things of value, they place in fifteen dishes what a single plate would very well hold.” Accordingly, we must not understand that this present for Elisha, though doubtless very large and valuable, and worthy of the king, was so great that it required forty camels to carry it, but must understand it in the light of this Oriental custom of making on such occasions as great a display as possible.

Shall I recover — Literally, Shall I live?

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Bibliographical Information
Whedon, Daniel. "Commentary on 2 Kings 8:9". "Whedon's Commentary on the Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/whe/2-kings-8.html. 1874-1909.

Joseph Benson's Commentary of the Old and New Testaments

2 Kings 8:9. And took a present with him, forty camels’ burden — By this noble present, consisting of every good thing of Damascus, the king testified his affection to the prophet, bid him welcome to Damascus, and provided for his sustenance while he was there, and the sustenance of those that were with him: for some have inferred, from the king’s sending him so very large a quantity of provisions, beyond measure too much for a single person, that Elisha, besides his servant, had several of the sons of the prophets with him. It is probable he accepted this present; for if he had refused it, it is likely his refusal would have been noticed.

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Bibliographical Information
Benson, Joseph. "Commentary on 2 Kings 8:9". Joseph Benson's Commentary. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/rbc/2-kings-8.html. 1857.

George Haydock's Catholic Bible Commentary

Camels. It does not appear that Eliseus rejected these presents. (Menochius) --- Thy son. The kings of Israel and Juda styled the prophet father, and this title was given by Christians of antiquity to bishops and priests.

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Bibliographical Information
Haydock, George Leo. "Commentary on 2 Kings 8:9". "George Haydock's Catholic Bible Commentary". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/hcc/2-kings-8.html. 1859.

E.W. Bullinger's Companion Bible Notes

every good = every kind of. Figure of speech Synecdoche (of Genus). App-6.

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Bullinger, Ethelbert William. "Commentary on 2 Kings 8:9". "E.W. Bullinger's Companion bible Notes". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/bul/2-kings-8.html. 1909-1922.

Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible - Unabridged

So Hazael went to meet him, and took a present with him, even of every good thing of Damascus, forty camels' burden, and came and stood before him, and said, Thy son Ben-ha'dad king of Syria hath sent me to thee, saying, Shall I recover of this disease?

Forty camels' burden. The present, consisting of the rarest and and most valuable produce of the land, would be liberal and magnificent. But it must not be supposed it was actually so large as to require 40 camels to carry it. The Orientals are fond of display, and would ostentatiously lay upon 40 beasts what might very easily have been borne by four.

Thy son Ben-hadad. So called from the established usage of designating the prophet 'father.' This was the same Syrian monarch who had formerly persecuted him (see the notes at 2 Kings 6:13-14).

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These files are public domain.
Text Courtesy of BibleSupport.com. Used by Permission.
Bibliographical Information
Jamieson, Robert, D.D.; Fausset, A. R.; Brown, David. "Commentary on 2 Kings 8:9". "Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible - Unabridged". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/jfu/2-kings-8.html. 1871-8.

Ellicott's Commentary for English Readers

(9) A present with him—i.e., in money. (Comp. 2 Kings 5:5, and see the margin here.)

Even of every good thing.—Rather, and every kind of good thing; in addition to the present of money. Damascus was a great centre of traffic between Eastern and Western Asia. (Comp. Ezekiel 27:18; Amos 3:12.) Damask silk was originally imported from Damascus, and the Damascene sword-blades were famous in mediæval Europe.

Forty camels’ burden.—To be understood of an actual train of forty camels, carrying the presents of Ben-hadad. The Orientals are fond of making the most of a gift in this way. Chardin remarks, that “fifty persons often carry what a single one could very well carry” (Voyage, ).

Came.—Or, went in, i.e., into the house where Elisha was.

Thy son Ben-hadad.—Comp. 2 Kings 13:14; 2 Kings 5:13; 2 Kings 4:12; 2 Kings 6:21. “Father” was a respectful mode of addressing the prophet.

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Bibliographical Information
Ellicott, Charles John. "Commentary on 2 Kings 8:9". "Ellicott's Commentary for English Readers". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/ebc/2-kings-8.html. 1905.

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

So Hazael went to meet him, and took a present with him, even of every good thing of Damascus, forty camels' burden, and came and stood before him, and said, Thy son Benhadad king of Syria hath sent me to thee, saying, Shall I recover of this disease?
Hazael
1 Kings 19:15
with him
Heb. in his hand.
5:5
Thy son Ben-hadad
6:21; 13:14; 16:7; 1 Samuel 25:8; Philemon 1:14
Reciprocal: Judges 17:10 - a father;  Judges 18:19 - a father;  Ecclesiastes 3:6 - time to get;  Isaiah 60:6 - multitude;  Acts 8:18 - he offered;  Acts 28:10 - laded;  Revelation 12:16 - General

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Bibliographical Information
Torrey, R. A. "Commentary on 2 Kings 8:9". "The Treasury of Scripture Knowledge". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/tsk/2-kings-8.html.