the Week of Proper 4 / Ordinary 9
Smith's Bible Dictionary
Ben-ha'dad. (son of Hadad). The name of three kings of Damascus.
Benhadad I, King of Damascus, which, in his time, was supreme in Syria. He made an alliance with Asa, and conquered a great part of the north of Israel. 1 Kings 15:18. His date is B.C. 950.
Benhadad II, son of the preceding, and also king of Damascus. Long wars with Israel characterized his reign. Some time after the death of Ahab, Benhadad renewed the war with Israel, attacked Samaria a second time, and pressed the siege so closely that there was a terrible famine in the city. But the Syrians broke up in the night in consequence of a sudden panic. Soon after, Benhadad fell sick, and sent Hazael to consult Elisha as to the issue of his malady. On the day after Hazael's return, Benhadad was murdered, probably by some of his own servants. 2 Kings 8:7-15. Benhadad's death was about B.C. 890, and he must have reigned some 30 years.
Benhadad III, son of Hazael, and his successor on the throne of Syria. When he succeeded to the throne, Jehoash recovered the cities which Jehoahaz had lost to the Syrians, and beat him in Aphek. 2 Kings 13:17; 2 Kings 13:25. The date of Benhadad III is B.C. 840.
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Smith, William, Dr. Entry for 'Ben-hadad'. Smith's Bible Dictionary. https://www.studylight.org/​dictionaries/​eng/​sbd/​b/ben-hadad.html. 1901.