Verse-by-Verse Bible Commentary

2 Samuel 17:15

Then Hushai said to Zadok and to Abiathar the priests, "This is what Ahithophel counseled Absalom and the elders of Israel, and this is what I have counseled.
New American Standard Version

Bible Study Resources

Concordances:
Nave's Topical Bible - Abiathar;   Ahithophel;   Citizens;   Council;   Falsehood;   Friendship;   Loyalty;   Spies;   War;   Zadok;   Torrey's Topical Textbook - Providence of God, the;  
Dictionaries:
American Tract Society Bible Dictionary - Ahimaaz;   Ahithophel;   Amasa;   Hushai;   Baker Evangelical Dictionary of Biblical Theology - Friend, Friendship;   Easton Bible Dictionary - Ahithophel;   Prayer;   Holman Bible Dictionary - Elder;   Hastings' Dictionary of the Bible - Samuel, Books of;   Morrish Bible Dictionary - Ahithophel ;   Zadok ;   People's Dictionary of the Bible - Abiathar;   Absalom;   Ahimaaz;   Smith Bible Dictionary - Abi'athar;   Ahim'a-Az;   Ahith'ophel;   Jon'athan,;  
Encyclopedias:
Condensed Biblical Cyclopedia - Hebrew Monarchy, the;   International Standard Bible Encyclopedia - Absalom (1);   Elder in the Old Testament;   Samuel, Books of;   Zadok;   Kitto Biblical Cyclopedia - Ahimaaz;  

Coffman Commentaries on the Bible

DAVID'S LINE OF COMMUNICATIONS WITH JERUSALEM

"Then Hushai said to Zadok and Abiathar the priests, "Thus and so did Ahithophel counsel Absalom and the elders of Israel; and thus and so have I counseled. Now therefore send quickly and tell David, `Do not lodge tonight at the fords of the wilderness, but by all means pass over; lest the king and all the people who are with him be swallowed up.'" Now Jonathan and Ahimaaz were. waiting at En-rogel; a maidservant used to go and tell them, and they would go and tell David; for they must not be seen entering the city. But a lad saw them, and told Absalom; so both of them went away quickly, and came to the house of a man at Bahurim, who had a well in his courtyard; and they went down into it. And the woman took and spread a covering over the well's mouth and, scattered grain upon it; and nothing was known of it. When Absalom's servants came to the woman at the house, they said, "Where are Ahimaaz and Jonathan"? And the woman said to them, "They have gone over the brook of water." And when they had sought and could not find them, they returned to Jerusalem."

"Do not lodge tonight at the fords" (2 Samuel 17:15). This stern warning to David from Hushai indicates that, "Although Hushai had been invited to give his advice to Absalom, he was not a part of the final session in which the decision was made. He did not know which plan would be followed, so he warned David on the assumption that Ahithophel's counsel might actually be followed."[16]

"These verses reveal how the underground worked to keep David informed of events in Jerusalem."[17]

"A maidservant used to go and tell them ... they would go and tell King David" (2 Samuel 17:17). "The verbs here are frequentative, indicating that this system of communication was used continually. It must have taken Absalom a long time to have mustered the large force Hushai had recommended (and also to exhaust his pleasure with the ten concubines); and all the while David was kept well informed of what was happening in Jerusalem."[18]

"En-Rogel" (2 Samuel 17:17). "This place was called the fuller's well in the neighborhood of Jerusalem below the junction of the valley of Hinnom with that of Jehoshaphat."[19] "The woman mentioned in this same verse was either a servant of one of the priests, or possibly one employed in the tabernacle service."[20] Her going to that well would have aroused no suspicion, because the carrying of water from wells was normally done by the women in those times.

From this it is clear that the event described in 2 Samuel 17:18-20 occurred on the first day that David's communications system was put in use, as indicated in 2 Samuel 17:21. However, the messengers lost little time; because David got the message in plenty of time to move his whole party across the Jordan before daylight. Apparently, the system worked perfectly after that.

"The woman ... scattered grain upon it" (2 Samuel 17:19). Keil tells us that the Vulgate explains this, "As if drying peeled barley."[21]

"They have gone over the water brook" (2 Samuel 17:20). This is not a reference to the Jordan River, which would never have been referred to as a mere brook, but to a small stream of water near Bahurim.

Copyright Statement
Coffman Commentaries reproduced by permission of Abilene Christian University Press, Abilene, Texas, USA. All other rights reserved.
Bibliographical Information
Coffman, James Burton. "Commentary on 2 Samuel 17:15". "Coffman Commentaries on the Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/bcc/2-samuel-17.html. Abilene Christian University Press, Abilene, Texas, USA. 1983-1999.

John Gill's Exposition of the Whole Bible

Then said Hushai unto Zadok and to Abiathar the priests,.... After he was returned from the council board, he immediately went to these priests, who he knew were in the interest of David, and to whom he was to communicate, and by them transmit, what passed at Jerusalem, 2 Samuel 15:35,

thus and thus did Ahithophel counsel Absalom and the elders of Israel; relating to them in express words what he advised to:

and thus and thus have I counselled; telling them in what manner he had given his counsel.

Copyright Statement
The New John Gill's Exposition of the Entire Bible Modernised and adapted for the computer by Larry Pierce of Online Bible. All Rights Reserved, Larry Pierce, Winterbourne, Ontario.
A printed copy of this work can be ordered from: The Baptist Standard Bearer, 1 Iron Oaks Dr, Paris, AR, 72855
Bibliographical Information
Gill, John. "Commentary on 2 Samuel 17:15". "The New John Gill Exposition of the Entire Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/geb/2-samuel-17.html. 1999.

Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible

2 Samuel 17:15-22. Secret intelligence sent to David.

Copyright Statement
These files are a derivative of an electronic edition prepared from text scanned by Woodside Bible Fellowship.
This expanded edition of the Jameison-Faussett-Brown Commentary is in the public domain and may be freely used and distributed.
Bibliographical Information
Jamieson, Robert, D.D.; Fausset, A. R.; Brown, David. "Commentary on 2 Samuel 17:15". "Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/jfb/2-samuel-17.html. 1871-8.

John Trapp Complete Commentary

2 Samuel 17:15 Then said Hushai unto Zadok and to Abiathar the priests, Thus and thus did Ahithophel counsel Absalom and the elders of Israel; and thus and thus have I counselled.

Ver. 15. Thus and thus did Ahithophel counsel Absalom.] Hushai might in this case safely discover Absalom’s counsels, for the glory of God and the safety of his sovereign: though by the civil law, it was death to betray the secrets of the state, in military matters especially; and at Venice, consilia et decreta Patrum revelasse quempiam raro auditum est, semper graviter punitum: to reveal the counsels and decrees of the senators, is a fault seldom committed, and ever grievously punished, saith a good author. (a)

Copyright Statement
These files are public domain.
Text Courtesy of BibleSupport.com. Used by Permission.
Bibliographical Information
Trapp, John. "Commentary on 2 Samuel 17:15". John Trapp Complete Commentary. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/jtc/2-samuel-17.html. 1865-1868.

George Haydock's Catholic Bible Commentary

Thus. He discloses the secrets of the person who had consulted him, (Calmet) as his engagements to David and to his country were prior, and more to be observed, to prevent the effects of civil war. (Haydock)

Copyright Statement
These files are public domain.
Text Courtesy of BibleSupport.com. Used by Permission.
Bibliographical Information
Haydock, George Leo. "Commentary on 2 Samuel 17:15". "George Haydock's Catholic Bible Commentary". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/hcc/2-samuel-17.html. 1859.

Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible - Unabridged

Then said Hushai unto Zadok and to Abiathar the priests, Thus and thus did Ahithophel counsel Absalom and the elders of Israel; and thus and thus have I counselled.

No JFB commentary on this verse.

Copyright Statement
These files are public domain.
Text Courtesy of BibleSupport.com. Used by Permission.
Bibliographical Information
Jamieson, Robert, D.D.; Fausset, A. R.; Brown, David. "Commentary on 2 Samuel 17:15". "Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible - Unabridged". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/jfu/2-samuel-17.html. 1871-8.

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

Then said Hushai unto Zadok and to Abiathar the priests, Thus and thus did Ahithophel counsel Absalom and the elders of Israel; and thus and thus have I counselled.
Zadok
15:35
Reciprocal: 2 Samuel 17:21 - Arise;  1 Chronicles 6:8 - Zadok;  1 Chronicles 6:53 - Zadok

Copyright Statement
These files are public domain.
Text Courtesy of BibleSupport.com. Used by Permission.
Bibliographical Information
Torrey, R. A. "Commentary on 2 Samuel 17:15". "The Treasury of Scripture Knowledge". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/tsk/2-samuel-17.html.