Verse-by-Verse Bible Commentary

2 Samuel 17:19

And the woman took a covering and spread it over the well's mouth and scattered grain on it, so that nothing was known.
New American Standard Version

Bible Study Resources

Concordances:
Nave's Topical Bible - Abiathar;   Ahimaaz;   Ahithophel;   Corn;   Falsehood;   Friendship;   Jonathan;   Zadok;  
Dictionaries:
American Tract Society Bible Dictionary - Ahimaaz;   Ahithophel;   Hushai;   Baker Evangelical Dictionary of Biblical Theology - Mouth;   Easton Bible Dictionary - Ahithophel;   Prayer;   Fausset Bible Dictionary - Well;   Holman Bible Dictionary - Ahimaaz;   Hastings' Dictionary of the Bible - Bahurim;   Jonathan;   Samuel, Books of;   Morrish Bible Dictionary - Ahimaaz ;   Ahithophel ;   People's Dictionary of the Bible - Absalom;   Ahimaaz;   Smith Bible Dictionary - Ahim'a-Az;   Ahith'ophel;   Jon'athan,;   Well;  
Encyclopedias:
Condensed Biblical Cyclopedia - Hebrew Monarchy, the;   International Standard Bible Encyclopedia - Adonijah;   Ground;   Samuel, Books of;   Zadok;   Kitto Biblical Cyclopedia - Ahimaaz;  

Albert Barnes' Notes on the Whole Bible

A covering - Hebrew “the covering,” perhaps “the hanging” or “awning” at the door of the house, as the word seems to mean when spoken of the tabernacle.

Ground corn - Or “peeled barley,” which she spread out as if for the purpose of drying it in the sun.

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Bibliographical Information
Barnes, Albert. "Commentary on 2 Samuel 17:19". "Barnes' Notes on the Whole Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/bnb/2-samuel-17.html. 1870.

John Gill's Exposition of the Whole Bible

And the woman took and spread a covering over the well's mouth,.... This woman, very probably, was the man's wife of the house, as Abarbinel notes; who took a cloth, and spread it over the well's mouth, that it could not be seen or known that there was a well there:

and spread ground corn thereon: just taken out of the mill, before it was sifted, while in the bran; or corn unhusked, or just threshed out, in order to be dried in the sun, and then parched; or wheat bruised for that purpose: Josephus saysF17Antiqu. l. 7. c. 9. sect. 7. they were locks of wool she spread:

and the thing was not known; that the young men were in the well.

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The New John Gill's Exposition of the Entire Bible Modernised and adapted for the computer by Larry Pierce of Online Bible. All Rights Reserved, Larry Pierce, Winterbourne, Ontario.
A printed copy of this work can be ordered from: The Baptist Standard Bearer, 1 Iron Oaks Dr, Paris, AR, 72855
Bibliographical Information
Gill, John. "Commentary on 2 Samuel 17:19". "The New John Gill Exposition of the Entire Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/geb/2-samuel-17.html. 1999.

Geneva Study Bible

And h the woman took and spread a covering over the well's mouth, and spread ground corn thereon; and the thing was not known.

(h) Thus God sends help to his, in their greatest dangers.
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Text Courtesy of BibleSupport.com. Used by Permission.
Bibliographical Information
Beza, Theodore. "Commentary on 2 Samuel 17:19". "The 1599 Geneva Study Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/gsb/2-samuel-17.html. 1599-1645.

Keil & Delitzsch Old Testament Commentary

And the man's wife spread a covering ( המּסך, the covering which she had close at hand) over the well (over the opening into the cistern), and scattered groats ( ריפות, peeled barley: Proverbs 27:22) upon it, so that nothing was noticed. The Vulgate explanation is a very good one: “ quasi siccans ptisanas ” (as if drying peeled barley).

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The Keil & Delitzsch Old Testament Commentary is a derivative of a public domain electronic edition.
Bibliographical Information
Keil, Carl Friedrich & Delitzsch, Franz. "Commentary on 2 Samuel 17:19". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/kdo/2-samuel-17.html. 1854-1889.

Wesley's Explanatory Notes

And the woman took and spread a covering over the well's mouth, and spread ground corn thereon; and the thing was not known.

Spread corn — Under pretence of drying it by the sun: which shews it was summer-time.

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These files are public domain and are a derivative of an electronic edition that is available on the Christian Classics Ethereal Library Website.
Bibliographical Information
Wesley, John. "Commentary on 2 Samuel 17:19". "John Wesley's Explanatory Notes on the Whole Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/wen/2-samuel-17.html. 1765.

John Trapp Complete Commentary

2 Samuel 17:19 And the woman took and spread a covering over the well’s mouth, and spread ground corn thereon; and the thing was not known.

Ver. 19. And spread ground corn thereon.] Grana tusa et commolita; meal grist, under pretence it needed drying, being moist; or airing, being musty.

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Bibliographical Information
Trapp, John. "Commentary on 2 Samuel 17:19". John Trapp Complete Commentary. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/jtc/2-samuel-17.html. 1865-1868.

Thomas Coke Commentary on the Holy Bible

2 Samuel 17:19. And spread ground corn thereon See the note on 2 Samuel 17:28.

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Bibliographical Information
Coke, Thomas. "Commentary on 2 Samuel 17:19". Thomas Coke Commentary on the Holy Bible. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/tcc/2-samuel-17.html. 1801-1803.

Matthew Poole's English Annotations on the Holy Bible

Spread ground corn thereon, under pretence of drying it by the sun; which shows it was summer time.

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Bibliographical Information
Poole, Matthew, "Commentary on 2 Samuel 17:19". Matthew Poole's English Annotations on the Holy Bible. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/mpc/2-samuel-17.html. 1685.

George Haydock's Catholic Bible Commentary

Barley, which was afterwards fried with oil, and eaten. Ptisanas may also denote wheat, &c. Grana cantusa. (Theodotion) --- "Figs." (Calmet) --- Septuagint have the original (hariphoth) untranslated. (Haydock)

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Bibliographical Information
Haydock, George Leo. "Commentary on 2 Samuel 17:19". "George Haydock's Catholic Bible Commentary". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/hcc/2-samuel-17.html. 1859.

Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible - Unabridged

And the woman took and spread a covering over the well's mouth, and spread ground corn thereon; and the thing was not known.

The woman ... spread a covering over the well's mouth [ hamaacaak (Hebrew #4539)] - the covering. It is used specially for the veil or curtain before the entrance of the tabernacle and of the court (Exodus 26:36, etc.; 35:17; 39:40) - generally for a door hanging curtain. The meaning of the clause therefore is, 'the woman took the mesek, the door hanging, which, as the most convenient at the moment, she had taken down, and spread it upon the mouth of the well; and to give a greater air of naturalness to the appearance of the place, she threw upon the covering a heap of bruised grain.' Josephus says, 'she laid fleeces of wool over them' ('Antiquities, b.

vii., ch. 9:, sec. 7). Thus the kind providence of God, who watched so wondrously over the interests of David, protected the imperilled lives of the two messengers until they carried Hushai's important message to the fugitive king. Following the counsel given him, not to stop all night in the wilderness, he went down the steep mountain pass by which the Israelites first penetrated into the interior of Palestine (Joshua 7:1-26) to Jericho and Gilgal, then hastened to cross the river (the mode of transit is not described), and by dawn of the following day the whole party had gotten safely over. The circumstances of that distressing flight, aggravated by the lone hour of midnight, and the roar of the numerous cataracts of the Jordan, are graphically depicted in Psalms 42:1-11; Psalms 43:1-5, which, although bearing the name of the sons of Korah, represent vividly and fully the feelings of the disconsolate but pious monarch. The spreading of a covering over the well's mouth for the drying of grain is a common practice.

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Bibliographical Information
Jamieson, Robert, D.D.; Fausset, A. R.; Brown, David. "Commentary on 2 Samuel 17:19". "Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible - Unabridged". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/jfu/2-samuel-17.html. 1871-8.

Ellicott's Commentary for English Readers

(19) Ground Corn.—This word occurs elsewhere only in Proverbs 27:22, and means wheat or barley beaten or ground so as to remove the hull; in this condition it was spread out to dry.

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These files are public domain.
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Bibliographical Information
Ellicott, Charles John. "Commentary on 2 Samuel 17:19". "Ellicott's Commentary for English Readers". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/ebc/2-samuel-17.html. 1905.

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

And the woman took and spread a covering over the well's mouth, and spread ground corn thereon; and the thing was not known.
spread a covering
Joshua 2:4-6,5-24
the thing
Exodus 1:19
Reciprocal: Joshua 2:6 - hid them

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These files are public domain.
Text Courtesy of BibleSupport.com. Used by Permission.
Bibliographical Information
Torrey, R. A. "Commentary on 2 Samuel 17:19". "The Treasury of Scripture Knowledge". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/tsk/2-samuel-17.html.