Verse-by-Verse Bible Commentary

2 Samuel 17:2

I will come upon him while he is weary and exhausted and terrify him, so that all the people who are with him will flee. Then I will strike down the king alone,
New American Standard Version

Bible Study Resources

Concordances:
Nave's Topical Bible - Ahithophel;   Citizens;   Council;   Diplomacy;   Friendship;   Malice;   Spies;   War;  
Dictionaries:
American Tract Society Bible Dictionary - Ahithophel;   Amasa;   Hushai;   Bridgeway Bible Dictionary - Absalom;   Baker Evangelical Dictionary of Biblical Theology - Elder;   Family Life and Relations;   Easton Bible Dictionary - Ahithophel;   Fausset Bible Dictionary - Judas Iscariot;   Olives, Mount of;   Hastings' Dictionary of the Bible - Ahithophel;   Samuel, Books of;   Morrish Bible Dictionary - Ahithophel ;   People's Dictionary of the Bible - Absalom;   Smith Bible Dictionary - Ahith'ophel;  
Encyclopedias:
Condensed Biblical Cyclopedia - Hebrew Monarchy, the;  

John Gill's Exposition of the Whole Bible

And I will come upon him while he is weary,.... With travelling, and with grief, and when endeavouring to get some rest by sleep, and so surprise him unawares, when not on his guard, and in no posture of defence:

and weak handed; while the number of men with him is small, and before the people from different parts can come to his assistance:

and will make him afraid; strike terror into him and his then, by surprising them suddenly in the night with such a number of men:

and all the people that are with him shall flee; one one way, and another another, for their own security, and leave David alone:

and I will smite the king only; dispatch him, and let the people flee without pursuing them.

Copyright Statement
The New John Gill's Exposition of the Entire Bible Modernised and adapted for the computer by Larry Pierce of Online Bible. All Rights Reserved, Larry Pierce, Winterbourne, Ontario.
A printed copy of this work can be ordered from: The Baptist Standard Bearer, 1 Iron Oaks Dr, Paris, AR, 72855
Bibliographical Information
Gill, John. "Commentary on 2 Samuel 17:2". "The New John Gill Exposition of the Entire Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/geb/2-samuel-17.html. 1999.

Wesley's Explanatory Notes

And I will come upon him while he is weary and weak handed, and will make him afraid: and all the people that are with him shall flee; and I will smite the king only:

And I will, … — That such a wretch as Absalom should aim at his father's throat is not strange. But that the body of the people, to whom David had been so great a blessing, should join with him in it, is amazing. But the finger of God was in it. Let not the best of parents, or the best of princes think it strange, if they are injured by those who should be their support and joy, when they (like David) have provoked God to turn against them.

Copyright Statement
These files are public domain and are a derivative of an electronic edition that is available on the Christian Classics Ethereal Library Website.
Bibliographical Information
Wesley, John. "Commentary on 2 Samuel 17:2". "John Wesley's Explanatory Notes on the Whole Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/wen/2-samuel-17.html. 1765.

John Trapp Complete Commentary

2 Samuel 17:2 And I will come upon him while he [is] weary and weak handed, and will make him afraid: and all the people that [are] with him shall flee; and I will smite the king only:

Ver. 2. And I will come upon him while he is weary and weak-handed.] That indeed had been the ready way to win. Hannibal when he could have taken Rome, would not; when he would, could not. (a) The Protestant princes of Germany lost a fair opportunity at Ingolstadt, August 13, 1546, which they never afterwards could recover. They were far stronger in horse than the emperor, whose forces were but slenderly fortified at that time, and might easily have been worsted; but the next night they so entrenched themselves, that they took better heart, and soon after got the day. This error of the Protestant princes - the elector of Saxony, the landgrave of Hesse, and the rest - was, saith mine author, (b) the rise and cause of their calamity, but of Caesar’s victory, to the grief of all good people.

Copyright Statement
These files are public domain.
Text Courtesy of BibleSupport.com. Used by Permission.
Bibliographical Information
Trapp, John. "Commentary on 2 Samuel 17:2". John Trapp Complete Commentary. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/jtc/2-samuel-17.html. 1865-1868.

Matthew Poole's English Annotations on the Holy Bible

Weary and weak-handed; tired with a tedious march on foot, and destitute of men and military provisions; and disheartened by his own small numbers, and by the general defection of his subjects.

Copyright Statement
These files are public domain.
Text Courtesy of BibleSupport.com. Used by Permission.
Bibliographical Information
Poole, Matthew, "Commentary on 2 Samuel 17:2". Matthew Poole's English Annotations on the Holy Bible. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/mpc/2-samuel-17.html. 1685.

George Haydock's Catholic Bible Commentary

Handed. He has not had time to collect forces. --- Alone. Hebrew also, "the king also;" so that the people will be saved by flight. (Haydock)

Copyright Statement
These files are public domain.
Text Courtesy of BibleSupport.com. Used by Permission.
Bibliographical Information
Haydock, George Leo. "Commentary on 2 Samuel 17:2". "George Haydock's Catholic Bible Commentary". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/hcc/2-samuel-17.html. 1859.

Ellicott's Commentary for English Readers

(2) Will make him afraid.—This translation is hardly strong enough. The thought is that Ahithophel will throw his band into a panic by a sudden night attack, and in the confusion will easily secure the person of the king.

Copyright Statement
These files are public domain.
Text Courtesy of BibleSupport.com. Used by Permission.
Bibliographical Information
Ellicott, Charles John. "Commentary on 2 Samuel 17:2". "Ellicott's Commentary for English Readers". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/ebc/2-samuel-17.html. 1905.

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

And I will come upon him while he is weary and weak handed, and will make him afraid: and all the people that are with him shall flee; and I will smite the king only:
weary
16:14; Deuteronomy 25:18
I will smite
1 Kings 22:31; Zechariah 13:7; Matthew 21:38; 26:31; John 11:50; 18:4-8
Reciprocal: 2 Samuel 4:1 - his hands;  2 Samuel 17:29 - to eat;  2 Samuel 18:3 - if we flee;  2 Samuel 20:21 - his head;  Nehemiah 4:11 - They shall not;  Psalm 25:19 - Consider;  Psalm 35:8 - into;  Psalm 55:10 - Day;  Psalm 64:2 - secret;  Psalm 71:4 - out of the;  Psalm 109:16 - he remembered;  Psalm 124:7 - Our soul;  James 3:6 - a world

Copyright Statement
These files are public domain.
Text Courtesy of BibleSupport.com. Used by Permission.
Bibliographical Information
Torrey, R. A. "Commentary on 2 Samuel 17:2". "The Treasury of Scripture Knowledge". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/tsk/2-samuel-17.html.

The People's Bible by Joseph Parker

"Handfuls of Purpose"

For All Gleaners

"I will come upon him while he is weary and weak handed"2 Samuel 17:2.

Such was the policy of Ahitophel.—Bad men always reveal themselves at some point of their tortuous and ignoble policy.—It may be only a stray sentence, but the revelation is not the less vivid and complete.—See how nobly this bad man reasoned!—He said he would come upon David when David was weary and weak handed.—Knavery can never be noble-minded.—Bad men can never rise beyond their own level; find them where we may, they are always conceiving cowardly and ungenerous and self-defeating plots.—The incident is useful to us as showing the policy which is pursued by our spiritual enemy; "Your adversary the devil goeth about as a roaring lion, seeking whom he may devour."—The tempter came upon Eve when she was alone.—He has always come upon men in their hours of depression,—when health has been feeble, when business has been unprosperous, when family affairs have gathered overhead like a frowning cloud, when there has been unusual care and anxiety in the heart.—The devil is not a brave tempter; he is "that old serpent the devil;" he lurks in secret places, he watches for moments of weakness, he never invites to fair, open encounter; he plots, and conspires, and works in the dark, and strikes from behind, and in very deed and in every way shows himself to be a devil.—What is true of the master is true of the servant.—All who follow the devil are selfish, wily, knavish, wanting in every attribute of chivalry and generosity.—They cannot be otherwise, and this is the fact that must be borne in mind by all Christian teachers and reformers.—The devil can only assume the garb of an angel of light: an angel of light he can never be in reality.—Even when the devil quotes Scripture we must disbelieve him, for he quotes the Scripture only partially, and perversely applies it, and seeks to make it a medium of spiritual ruin.—Men should have their attention more and more called to the meanness of wickedness,—not only is it hateful as wickedness, but it is hateful because of its meanness, cunning, calculation, and willingness to strike a man when he is weary and weak handed.—On the other side we must remember the promises of God.—Whilst we are fainting we may yet be pursuing.—At the throne of grace the fainthearted may renew their courage.—Christ"s sweetest invitations and promises are addressed to those who are weary and heavy laden.—What time we are afraid we should trust in God.—When our father and our mother forsake us, our look should be upward, not downward.—We should remember, too, that enemies are always on the alert.—They may not be noisy, ostentatious, self-proclaiming; they may be silent, concealed, watchful: let us be sure, however, that they are always on our track, always waiting for our halting, and always gratified when we are in fear and weakness.—Through all this let us listen to the voice which says, "My grace is sufficient for thee."

Copyright Statement
These files are public domain.
Text Courtesy of BibleSupport.com. Used by Permission.
Bibliographical Information
Parker, Joseph. "Commentary on 2 Samuel 17:2". The People's Bible by Joseph Parker. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/jpb/2-samuel-17.html. 1885-95.