Verse-by-Verse Bible Commentary

2 Samuel 17:25

Absalom set Amasa over the army in place of Joab. Now Amasa was the son of a man whose name was Ithra the Israelite, who went in to Abigail the daughter of Nahash, sister of Zeruiah, Joab's mother.
New American Standard Version

Bible Study Resources

Concordances:
Nave's Topical Bible - Abigail;   Amasa;   Amnesty;   Armies;   Captain;   Clemency;   David;   Ithra;   Jether;   Joab;   Nahash;   Zeruiah;   Thompson Chain Reference - Amasa;   Zeruiah;   Torrey's Topical Textbook - Armies of Israel, the;  
Dictionaries:
American Tract Society Bible Dictionary - Ahithophel;   Hushai;   Nahash;   Bridgeway Bible Dictionary - Abigail;   Easton Bible Dictionary - Amasa;   David;   Jether;   Mahanaim;   Murder;   Nahash;   Fausset Bible Dictionary - Amasa;   David;   Ithra;   Joab;   Nahash;   Tehinnah;   Zeruiah;   Holman Bible Dictionary - Abigail;   Amasa;   Ithra;   Jether;   Mahanaim;   Nahash;   Zeruiah;   Hastings' Dictionary of the Bible - Abigail,;   Abishai;   Amasa;   Ithra;   Mahanaim;   Nahash;   Samuel, Books of;   Zeruiah;   Morrish Bible Dictionary - Abigail ;   Amasa ;   Jether ;   Nahash ;   Zeruiah ;   The Hawker's Poor Man's Concordance And Dictionary - Nahash;   People's Dictionary of the Bible - Abigail;   Absalom;   Amasa;   David;   Nahash;   Smith Bible Dictionary - Ab'igail;   Am'asa;   Is'raelite;   Ith'ra;   Je'ther;   Na'hash;   Watson's Biblical & Theological Dictionary - Amasa;  
Encyclopedias:
Condensed Biblical Cyclopedia - Hebrew Monarchy, the;   International Standard Bible Encyclopedia - Abigail;   Absalom (1);   Amasa;   David;   Ithra;   Jether;   Nahash;   Samuel, Books of;   Serpent;   Zeruiah;   Kitto Biblical Cyclopedia - Amasa;   The Jewish Encyclopedia - Abigail;   Amasa;   Ammon, Ammonites;   Nahash;  

Adam Clarke Commentary

Amasa captain of the host - From the account in this verse, it appears that Joab and Amasa were sisters' children, and both nephews to David.

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Bibliographical Information
Clarke, Adam. "Commentary on 2 Samuel 17:25". "The Adam Clarke Commentary". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/acc/2-samuel-17.html. 1832.

Albert Barnes' Notes on the Whole Bible

Ithra an Israelite - Or “Jether the Ishmeelite” 1 Chronicles 2:17. “Ithra” and “Jether” are practically the same names. “Israelite” in the text is wrong. It should be either “Ishmaelite” or “Jezreelite” 2 Samuel 3:2.

Abigail the daughter of Nahash - If Zeruiah and Abigail were Jesse‘s daughters, the only probable way of reconciling our text with 1 Chronicles 2:16-17, is to suppose that Nahash was Jesse‘s wife. If Zeruiah and Abigail were only sisters of David by the mother, then Nahash might be the name of her first husband.

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Barnes, Albert. "Commentary on 2 Samuel 17:25". "Barnes' Notes on the Whole Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/bnb/2-samuel-17.html. 1870.

John Gill's Exposition of the Whole Bible

And Absalom made Amasa captain of the host instead of Joab,.... Who was along with David:

which Amasa was a man's son whose name was Ithra, an Israelite; he is called Jether the Ishmaelite, 1 Chronicles 2:17; either because he was an Ishmaelite by birth, and being proselyted to the Jewish religion, was called an Israelite; or rather he was an Israelite by birth, and having sojourned in the land of Ishmael some time, was called an Ishmaelite, as Uriah the Hittite, and others; and when Amasa is called a "man's son", it means a great man, as Kimchi observes:

that went in to Abigail, the daughter of Nahash, sister to Zeruiah,

Joab's mother: so that Joab and Amasa, the generals of David and Absalom, were own cousins, sisters' children, and David uncle to them both; for Abigail and Zeruiah were David's sisters, 1 Chronicles 2:16; children of Jesse, whose name is here called Nahash, having two names, or this was his surname; though others think Nahash is the name of a woman, the wife of Jesse, and that these two sisters had two mothers, but one father; it seems by this expression, "went in to", as if Amasa was not begotten in the conjugal state, but was illegitimate.

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The New John Gill's Exposition of the Entire Bible Modernised and adapted for the computer by Larry Pierce of Online Bible. All Rights Reserved, Larry Pierce, Winterbourne, Ontario.
A printed copy of this work can be ordered from: The Baptist Standard Bearer, 1 Iron Oaks Dr, Paris, AR, 72855
Bibliographical Information
Gill, John. "Commentary on 2 Samuel 17:25". "The New John Gill Exposition of the Entire Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/geb/2-samuel-17.html. 1999.

Geneva Study Bible

And Absalom made Amasa captain of the host instead of Joab: which Amasa [was] a man's son, whose name [was] Ithra an Israelite, that went in to Abigail the daughter of n Nahash, sister to Zeruiah Joab's mother.

(n) Who was also called Jesse, David's father.
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Beza, Theodore. "Commentary on 2 Samuel 17:25". "The 1599 Geneva Study Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/gsb/2-samuel-17.html. 1599-1645.

Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible

Amasa — By the genealogy it appears that this captain stood in the same relation to David as Joab, both being his nephews. Of course, Amasa was Absalom‘s cousin, and though himself an Israelite, his father was an Ishmaelite (1 Chronicles 2:17).

Nahash — is thought by some to be another name of Jesse, or according to others, the name of Jesse‘s wife.

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These files are a derivative of an electronic edition prepared from text scanned by Woodside Bible Fellowship.
This expanded edition of the Jameison-Faussett-Brown Commentary is in the public domain and may be freely used and distributed.
Bibliographical Information
Jamieson, Robert, D.D.; Fausset, A. R.; Brown, David. "Commentary on 2 Samuel 17:25". "Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/jfb/2-samuel-17.html. 1871-8.

Wesley's Explanatory Notes

And Absalom made Amasa captain of the host instead of Joab: which Amasa was a man's son, whose name was Ithra an Israelite, that went in to Abigail the daughter of Nahash, sister to Zeruiah Joab's mother.

Nahash — Nahash is the name of Jesse's wife, by whom he had this Abigail, as he had Zeruiah by another wife; so they were sisters by the father, but not by the mother.

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These files are public domain and are a derivative of an electronic edition that is available on the Christian Classics Ethereal Library Website.
Bibliographical Information
Wesley, John. "Commentary on 2 Samuel 17:25". "John Wesley's Explanatory Notes on the Whole Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/wen/2-samuel-17.html. 1765.

John Trapp Complete Commentary

2 Samuel 17:25 And Absalom made Amasa captain of the host instead of Joab: which Amasa [was] a man’s son, whose name [was] Ithra an Israelite, that went in to Abigail the daughter of Nahash, sister to Zeruiah Joab’s mother.

Ver. 25. Ithra an Israelite,] sc, For his faith and religion, as by nature he was an Ishmaelite. [1 Chronicles 7:17]

That went in to Abigail,] i.e., Married her; went in to the wedding chamber to her, as 15:1.

The daughter of Nahash.] Otherwise called Ishai, the father of David; wherefore many Greek copies for Naas have Jesse, and both Josephus and Jerome affirm him to be the same. Kimchi thinketh he was called Nahash, or Serpent, per antiphrasin, as being void of venom or bitterness.

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Bibliographical Information
Trapp, John. "Commentary on 2 Samuel 17:25". John Trapp Complete Commentary. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/jtc/2-samuel-17.html. 1865-1868.

Matthew Poole's English Annotations on the Holy Bible

Ithra an Israelite.

Object. He was an Ishmaelite, 1 Chronicles 2:17.

Answ. Not Amasa; but Ithra, or Jether, Amasa’s father, is there so called, because he was such, either by his birth from such parents, or by his long habitation among them, or for some other reason now unknown. Compare 2 Samuel 15:18. And Amasa is here called an Israelite, either because he was a proselyte; or in opposition to Joab, who was of the tribe of Judah, as Amasa was of one of the ten tribes; or rather, to intimate, that although he or his parents were called Ishmaelites for some reason, yet as to their extraction they were indeed Israelites; which if Amasa had not been, it is not probable that he could have had so powerful an influence upon the tribe of Judah as he had, 2 Samuel 19:14.

That went in to Abigail, i.e. lay with her, whether being first married to her, or not, is uncertain.

The daughter of Nahash. Nahash is either another name of Jesse; or rather, the name of Jesse’s wife; by whom he had this Abigail, as he had Zeruiah by another wife; so they were sisters by the father, but not by the mother; and Nahash is here named to signify so much.

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Bibliographical Information
Poole, Matthew, "Commentary on 2 Samuel 17:25". Matthew Poole's English Annotations on the Holy Bible. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/mpc/2-samuel-17.html. 1685.

Joseph Benson's Commentary of the Old and New Testaments

2 Samuel 17:25. Absalom made Amasa captain of the host — Amasa was another of David’s nephews, the son of his sister Abigail. The daughter of Nahash — Nahash was one of Jesse’s wives, by whom he had this Abigail, the mother of Amasa, as he had Zeruiah, the mother of Joab, by another wife; so that they were sisters by the father, but not by the mother, and Joab and Amasa were cousins.

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Benson, Joseph. "Commentary on 2 Samuel 17:25". Joseph Benson's Commentary. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/rbc/2-samuel-17.html. 1857.

George Haydock's Catholic Bible Commentary

Jazrael, or Israel. (Du Hamel) --- Gortius would read Ismael, as 1 Paralipomenon ii. 17, Jether, the Ismaelite. (Haydock) --- Went in. This expressing makes Sanchez believe that Amasa was illegitimate. (Menochius) --- Naas is either the name of Isai's wife, or rather the latter had both names, 1 Paralipomenon ii. 13, 16. Septuagint read Jesse, in the edition of Complutensian; in others, Naas. (Calmet) --- Joab; so that these two were own cousins, and both nephews of David.

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Haydock, George Leo. "Commentary on 2 Samuel 17:25". "George Haydock's Catholic Bible Commentary". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/hcc/2-samuel-17.html. 1859.

E.W. Bullinger's Companion Bible Notes

made = set, or appointed.

captain of = captain over.

Ithra an Israelite = Jether an Ishmeelite. See 1 Chronicles 2:17.

went in to. Probably meaning seduced. If so, it would be during David"s stay in Moab (1 Samuel 22:3, 1 Samuel 22:4 Abigail. David was probably half-brother to Abigail, and Zeruiah, having the same mother; he having Jess for his father, they having Nahash.

sister to Zeruiah. Implying that she was not sister to David.

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Bullinger, Ethelbert William. "Commentary on 2 Samuel 17:25". "E.W. Bullinger's Companion bible Notes". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/bul/2-samuel-17.html. 1909-1922.

Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible - Unabridged

And Absalom made Amasa captain of the host instead of Joab: which Amasa was a man's son, whose name was Ithra an Israelite, that went in to Abigail the daughter of Nahash, sister to Zeruiah Joab's mother.

Amasa. By the genealogy it appears that this captain stood in the same relation to David as Joab, both being his nephews. He seems to have been an illegitimate son, his father, Ithra, being an Israelite, and his mother an Ammonitess (see the notes at 1 Chronicles 2:16-17), and of course Amasa was Absalom's cousin.

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Bibliographical Information
Jamieson, Robert, D.D.; Fausset, A. R.; Brown, David. "Commentary on 2 Samuel 17:25". "Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible - Unabridged". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/jfu/2-samuel-17.html. 1871-8.

Ellicott's Commentary for English Readers

(25) Amasa.—Joab having adhered to David and gone away with him, Absalom chose his cousin to succeed him as commander-in-chief.

Ithra an Israelite.—Called in 1 Chronicles 2:17. Jether the Ishmeelite. Jether and Ithra are merely different forms of the same name; but Israelite is probably an error for Ishmeelite. The LXX. has, in the Alexandrian copy, Ishmaelite, and in the Vatican, Jezreelite.

Abigail the daughter of Nahash.—Since this Abigail is said to be “sister to Zeruiah,” and in 1 Chronicles 2:16 both Abigail and Zeruiah are said to be the sisters of Jesse’s sons, it follows, either that sister is used in the sense of half-sister, or else that Nahash, usually a man’s name, was the name of Jesse’s wife. It is impossible to decide certainly. The Jewish tradition that Nahash is another name for Jesse has no support.

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Ellicott, Charles John. "Commentary on 2 Samuel 17:25". "Ellicott's Commentary for English Readers". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/ebc/2-samuel-17.html. 1905.

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

And Absalom made Amasa captain of the host instead of Joab: which Amasa was a man's son, whose name was Ithra an Israelite, that went in to Abigail the daughter of Nahash, sister to Zeruiah Joab's mother.
Amasa
19:13; 20:4,9-12
Ithra
1 Chronicles 2:16,17
Jether the Ishmaelite
Abigail. Heb. Abigal. Nahash. or, Jesse.
1 Chronicles 2:13,16
Reciprocal: 2 Samuel 20:12 - General1 Kings 2:5 - Jether;  1 Kings 2:32 - Jether;  1 Chronicles 12:18 - came upon Amasai

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Bibliographical Information
Torrey, R. A. "Commentary on 2 Samuel 17:25". "The Treasury of Scripture Knowledge". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/tsk/2-samuel-17.html.