Verse-by-Verse Bible Commentary

2 Samuel 23:23

He was honored among the thirty, but he did not attain to the three. And David appointed him over his guard.
New American Standard Version

Bible Study Resources

Concordances:
Nave's Topical Bible - Armies;   Benaiah;  
Dictionaries:
American Tract Society Bible Dictionary - Benaiah;   Easton Bible Dictionary - Cherethim;   Giants;   Fausset Bible Dictionary - Benaiah;   Cherethims;   Holman Bible Dictionary - Ararite;   Benaiah;   Bodyguard;   Mighty Men;   Samuel, Books of;   Hastings' Dictionary of the Bible - Giant;   Guard Body-Guard;   Ithrite, the;   Samuel, Books of;   Morrish Bible Dictionary - Army;   Guard;   People's Dictionary of the Bible - Benaiah;   Smith Bible Dictionary - Bena'iah;  
Encyclopedias:
Condensed Biblical Cyclopedia - Hebrew Monarchy, the;   International Standard Bible Encyclopedia - Army;   Attain;   Benaiah;   Guard;   The Jewish Encyclopedia - Benaiah;  

Adam Clarke Commentary

David set him over his guard - The Vulgate renders this, Fecitque eun sibi David auricularium a secreto, "David made him his privy counsellor;" or, according to the Hebrew, He put him to his ears, i.e., confided his secrets to him. Some think he made him a spy over the rest. It is supposed that the meaning of the fable which attributes to Midas very long ears, is, that this king carried the system of espionage to a great length; that he had a multitude of spies in different places.

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Bibliographical Information
Clarke, Adam. "Commentary on 2 Samuel 23:23". "The Adam Clarke Commentary". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/acc/2-samuel-23.html. 1832.

Albert Barnes' Notes on the Whole Bible

David set him over his guard - “Made him of his privy council,” would be a better rendering. See 1 Samuel 22:14 note. This position, distinct from his office as captain of the Cherethites and Pelethites, is clearly indicated 1 Chronicles 27:34.

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Bibliographical Information
Barnes, Albert. "Commentary on 2 Samuel 23:23". "Barnes' Notes on the Whole Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/bnb/2-samuel-23.html. 1870.

John Gill's Exposition of the Whole Bible

He was more honourable than the thirty,.... Whose names are after recorded:

but he attained not to the first three; the first triumvirate, Jashobeam, Eleazar, and Shammah; he was not equal to them for fortitude, courage, and military exploits:

and David set him over his guard; his bodyguard, the Cherethites and Pelethites, 2 Samuel 8:18; who are called in the Hebrew text "his hearing"F13אל משמעתו "ad auditum suum", Pagninus, Montanus. , because they hearkened to his orders and commands, and obeyed them.

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The New John Gill's Exposition of the Entire Bible Modernised and adapted for the computer by Larry Pierce of Online Bible. All Rights Reserved, Larry Pierce, Winterbourne, Ontario.
A printed copy of this work can be ordered from: The Baptist Standard Bearer, 1 Iron Oaks Dr, Paris, AR, 72855
Bibliographical Information
Gill, John. "Commentary on 2 Samuel 23:23". "The New John Gill Exposition of the Entire Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/geb/2-samuel-23.html. 1999.

Geneva Study Bible

He was more honourable than the m thirty, but he attained not to the [first] three. And David set him over his guard.

(m) He was more valiant than the thirty that follow and not so valiant as the six before.
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Bibliographical Information
Beza, Theodore. "Commentary on 2 Samuel 23:23". "The 1599 Geneva Study Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/gsb/2-samuel-23.html. 1599-1645.

John Trapp Complete Commentary

2 Samuel 23:23 He was more honourable than the thirty, but he attained not to the [first] three. And David set him over his guard.

Ver. 23. But he attained not.] See on 2 Samuel 23:19.

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Bibliographical Information
Trapp, John. "Commentary on 2 Samuel 23:23". John Trapp Complete Commentary. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/jtc/2-samuel-23.html. 1865-1868.

Matthew Poole's English Annotations on the Holy Bible

Heb. over (for el is sometimes put for al) the men (which is oft understood, as hath been noted before) of his command. So his guard is called, because they were always at the king’s hand, ready to hear and receive the king’s commands, and to put them in execution. Over the Cherethites and Pelethites, as appears by comparing 2 Samuel 8:18 20:23, who were faithful and obedient to him, when others revolted from him, 2 Samuel 15:18.

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Bibliographical Information
Poole, Matthew, "Commentary on 2 Samuel 23:23". Matthew Poole's English Annotations on the Holy Bible. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/mpc/2-samuel-23.html. 1685.

Whedon's Commentary on the Bible

23.Set him over his guard — Rather, appointed him to his privy council.

Such office David once held under Saul. See note on 1 Samuel 22:14.

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Bibliographical Information
Whedon, Daniel. "Commentary on 2 Samuel 23:23". "Whedon's Commentary on the Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/whe/2-samuel-23.html. 1874-1909.

George Haydock's Catholic Bible Commentary

Who were. Hebrew, "he was honourable above the thirty." Septuagint erroneously read three; as he was only the second in this series, though superior to the body of thirty. See ver. 13. The versions seem here perplexed, for want of observing this distinction of ranks. --- Council. Hebrew, "over his obedience," or "guard." (Josephus) (Chap. xx. 23.) --- Septuagint, "over his own country," mosspethu, instead of the present el mishmahto, super auscultationem suam: or rather mossmorthu, custodiam suam. (Grotius; Kennicott) --- Banaias held a very distinguished rank among the officers at court. He was like the king's eye and ear. (Haydock) --- These titles were given to some by the eastern kings. (Apuleius, Mundo.; Brisson. Pers. i.) --- Midas was said to have such great ears, only on account of his spies. (Conon. narrat, i.) (Calmet)

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Bibliographical Information
Haydock, George Leo. "Commentary on 2 Samuel 23:23". "George Haydock's Catholic Bible Commentary". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/hcc/2-samuel-23.html. 1859.

Ellicott's Commentary for English Readers

(23) Set him over his guard.—The word translated guard means rather private audience. David either made him a member of, or set him over his council. If in 1 Chronicles 27:34 “Jehoiada son of Benaiah” is an error for “Benaiah son of Jehoiada,” his holding of this office is also mentioned there.

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Bibliographical Information
Ellicott, Charles John. "Commentary on 2 Samuel 23:23". "Ellicott's Commentary for English Readers". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/ebc/2-samuel-23.html. 1905.

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

He was more honourable than the thirty, but he attained not to the first three. And David set him over his guard.
more honourable
or, honourable among the thirty.
1 Chronicles 27:6
over his guard
or, over his council. Heb. at his command.
8:8; 20:23; 1 Samuel 22:14
Reciprocal: 2 Samuel 20:7 - General1 Chronicles 11:12 - the three;  2 Chronicles 12:10 - the chief;  Ecclesiastes 4:12 - and a

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Bibliographical Information
Torrey, R. A. "Commentary on 2 Samuel 23:23". "The Treasury of Scripture Knowledge". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/tsk/2-samuel-23.html.