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Bible Encyclopedias

International Standard Bible Encyclopedia

Benaiah

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bē̇ -nā´ya , bē̇ -nı̄´a ( בּניה , benāyāh , בּניהוּ , benāyāhū , "Yahweh has built." Compare HPN , 182, 265, 268):

(1) Benaiah, the son of Jehoiada of Kabzeel (compare Joshua 15:21 ), was a man of "mighty deeds" and was more honorable than any of the mighty men of David except the three chiefs. Therefore David made him his chief counselor (2 Samuel 23:23 m; compare 1 Chronicles 27:34 where the order of names seems to be reversed) and set him over the Cherethites (compare Carites, 2 Kings 11:4 and margin) and Pelethites and he was made the 3rd captain of the host and chief over the course of the 3rd month ( 1 Chronicles 27:5 f; 2 Samuel 8:18; 2 Samuel 20:23; 1 Chronicles 18:17; 2 Samuel 23:20; 2 Samuel 11:22 ). Being a true friend of David (compare 2 Samuel 15:18 ) he did not take part in the usurpation of Adonijah (1 Kings 1:8 , 1 Kings 1:10 , 1 Kings 1:26 ), and was therefore with others chosen by the king to proclaim Solomon king over Israel (1 Kings 1:32 ) and later by Solomon to execute Adonijah (1 Kings 2:25 ), Joab (1 Kings 2:29 ), and Shimei (1 Kings 2:46 ). In recognition of his services Solomon appointed him over the host in Joab's place (1 Kings 2:35; 1 Kings 4:4 ).

(2) Benaiah, a Pirathonite (compare Judges 12:13 , Judges 12:15 ), was one of David's 30 mighty men (2 Samuel 23:30; 1 Chronicles 11:31 ). He was captain over the course of the 11th month numbering 24,000 (1 Chronicles 27:14 ).

(3) A ruler of the house of Simeon (1 Chronicles 4:36 ).

(4) A L evite of second degree appointed as singer (1 Chronicles 15:18 ) with "psalteries Set to Alamoth" (1 Chronicles 15:20; 1 Chronicles 16:5 ).

(5) A priest appointed "to blow the trumpet before the ark of God" (1 Chronicles 15:24; 1 Chronicles 16:6 ).

(6) The father of Jehoiada (1 Chronicles 27:34 ), but see (1) above.

(7) An ancestor of Jahaziel of the house of Asaph (2 Chronicles 20:14 ).

(8) An overseer in the service of Hezekiah (2 Chronicles 31:13 ).

(9, 10, 11, 12) Four different men of Israel who had taken "strange wives" (Ezra 10:25 , Ezra 10:30 , Ezra 10:35 , Ezra 10:43 ).

(13) The father of Pelatiah who was seen by Ezekiel in his vision (Ezekiel 11:1 , Ezekiel 11:13 ).

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Bibliography Information
Orr, James, M.A., D.D. General Editor. Entry for 'Benaiah'. International Standard Bible Encyclopedia. https://www.studylight.org/encyclopedias/eng/isb/b/benaiah.html. 1915.

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