Verse-by-Verse Bible Commentary

2 Samuel 23:33

Shammah the Hararite, Ahiam the son of Sharar the Ararite,
New American Standard Version

Bible Study Resources

Concordances:
Nave's Topical Bible - Ahiam;   Armies;   Sacar;   Shammah;   Sharar;  
Dictionaries:
American Tract Society Bible Dictionary - Shammah;   Easton Bible Dictionary - Ahiam;   Giants;   Sachar;   Fausset Bible Dictionary - Ahiam;   Gizonite, Hashem the;   Hararite;   Jonathan;   Sacar;   Shage;   Shammah;   Sharar;   Holman Bible Dictionary - Ahiam;   Harar;   Jonathan;   Mighty Men;   Sacar;   Samuel, Books of;   Shage(e);   Shamma;   Shammah;   Zabad;   Hastings' Dictionary of the Bible - Ararite;   Giant;   Hararite;   Ithrite, the;   Sacar;   Samuel, Books of;   Morrish Bible Dictionary - Ahiam ;   Army;   Hararite ;   Sacar ;   Shammah ;   Smith Bible Dictionary - Ahi'am,;   Ha'rarite;   Sham'mah;   Sha'rar;  
Encyclopedias:
Condensed Biblical Cyclopedia - Hebrew Monarchy, the;   International Standard Bible Encyclopedia - Agee;   Ahiam;   Hararite;   Sacar;   Shammah;   Kitto Biblical Cyclopedia - Ahiam;   The Jewish Encyclopedia - Hararite;   Jonathan, Jehonathan;  

John Gill's Exposition of the Whole Bible

Shammah the Hararite,.... From the mountainous country, as the Targum; the Arabic and Syriac versions say, from the mount of Olives:

Ahiam the son of Sharar the Hararite: from the high mountain, as the Targum; in 1 Chronicles 11:35, he is called the son of Sacar.

Copyright Statement
The New John Gill's Exposition of the Entire Bible Modernised and adapted for the computer by Larry Pierce of Online Bible. All Rights Reserved, Larry Pierce, Winterbourne, Ontario.
A printed copy of this work can be ordered from: The Baptist Standard Bearer, 1 Iron Oaks Dr, Paris, AR, 72855
Bibliographical Information
Gill, John. "Commentary on 2 Samuel 23:33". "The New John Gill Exposition of the Entire Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/geb/2-samuel-23.html. 1999.

George Haydock's Catholic Bible Commentary

Aliam, &c. Paralipomenon, Ahiam, the son of Sachar. The change is easy.

Copyright Statement
These files are public domain.
Text Courtesy of BibleSupport.com. Used by Permission.
Bibliographical Information
Haydock, George Leo. "Commentary on 2 Samuel 23:33". "George Haydock's Catholic Bible Commentary". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/hcc/2-samuel-23.html. 1859.

Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible - Unabridged

Shammah the Hararite, Ahiam the son of Sharar the Hararite, Shammah the Hararite. Kennicott ('Dissertation,' p. 181) conjoins this with Jonathan in the preceding verse; and, from a comparison of 1 Chronicles 11:34, proposes to correct the text by reading both in this and the parallel passage, 'Jonathan, the son of Shamha the Hararite.'

Ahiam the son of Sharar the Hararite, [ 'Achiy'aam (Hebrew #279), father's brother]. "Sharar" should be "Sacar" (1 Chronicles 11:35), according to Kennicott's suggestion.

Copyright Statement
These files are public domain.
Text Courtesy of BibleSupport.com. Used by Permission.
Bibliographical Information
Jamieson, Robert, D.D.; Fausset, A. R.; Brown, David. "Commentary on 2 Samuel 23:33". "Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible - Unabridged". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/jfu/2-samuel-23.html. 1871-8.

Ellicott's Commentary for English Readers

(33) Shammah the Hararite.—“Shammah the son of Agee the Hararite” has already been mentioned in 2 Samuel 23:11, and here Chronicles reads “Jonathan the son of Shage the Hararite.” As Shage is identical with Agee with a letter prefixed, we should probably read “Jonathan the son of Shammah the Hararite.” Jonathan, one of “the thirty,” was thus the son of one of “the first three.”

Sharar is in Chronicles Sacar, and Hararite is spelt in the Hebrew here differently from the previous clause and from Chronicles.

Copyright Statement
These files are public domain.
Text Courtesy of BibleSupport.com. Used by Permission.
Bibliographical Information
Ellicott, Charles John. "Commentary on 2 Samuel 23:33". "Ellicott's Commentary for English Readers". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/ebc/2-samuel-23.html. 1905.

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

Shammah the Hararite, Ahiam the son of Sharar the Hararite,
Shammah
1 Chronicles 11:27
Sharar
1 Chronicles 11:35
Sacar
Reciprocal: 1 Chronicles 11:34 - Hashem

Copyright Statement
These files are public domain.
Text Courtesy of BibleSupport.com. Used by Permission.
Bibliographical Information
Torrey, R. A. "Commentary on 2 Samuel 23:33". "The Treasury of Scripture Knowledge". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/tsk/2-samuel-23.html.