Verse-by-Verse Bible Commentary

2 Timothy 3:14

You, however, continue in the things you have learned and become convinced of, knowing from whom you have learned them,
New American Standard Version

Bible Study Resources

Concordances:
Nave's Topical Bible - Decision;   Minister, Christian;   Perseverance;   Thompson Chain Reference - Steadfastness;   Steadfastness-Instability;   The Topic Concordance - Scripture;   Teaching;   Wisdom;  
Dictionaries:
Bridgeway Bible Dictionary - Education;   Family;   Perseverance;   Teacher;   Timothy;   Baker Evangelical Dictionary of Biblical Theology - Education in Bible Times;   Elder;   Charles Buck Theological Dictionary - Jesus Christ;   Fausset Bible Dictionary - Timothy;   Holman Bible Dictionary - Marriage;   Titus, Epistle to;   Hastings' Dictionary of the Bible - Assurance;   Hastings' Dictionary of the New Testament - Boyhood ;   Timothy;   Timothy and Titus Epistles to;   Morrish Bible Dictionary - 48 To Know, Perceive, Understand;  
Encyclopedias:
International Standard Bible Encyclopedia - Child;   Woman;  
Devotionals:
Every Day Light - Devotion for November 4;  

Adam Clarke Commentary

But continue thou - No man, however well instructed in the things of God, or grounded in Divine grace, is out of the reach of temptation, apostasy, and final ruin; hence the necessity of watching unto prayer, depending upon God, continuing in the faith, and persevering unto the end.

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Clarke, Adam. "Commentary on 2 Timothy 3:14". "The Adam Clarke Commentary". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/acc/2-timothy-3.html. 1832.

Albert Barnes' Notes on the Whole Bible

But continue thou in the things which thou hast learned and hast been assured of - To wit, the truths of religion. Timothy had been taught those truths when a child, and he had been confirmed in them by the instructions of Paul. Amidst the errors and seductions of false teachers, Paul now exhorts him to hold fast those doctrines, whoever might oppose them, or whatever might be the consequence; compare the notes at 2 Timothy 1:13.

Knowing of whom thou hast learned them - To wit, of his mother 2 Timothy 1:5, and of Paul; 2 Timothy 1:13. The reference seems to be particularly to the fact that he had learned these truths first from the lips of a mother (see 2 Timothy 3:15); and the doctrine taught here is, “that the fact that we have received the views of truth from a parent‘s lips, is a strong motive for adhering to them.” It is not to be supposed, indeed, that this is the highest motive, or that we are always to adhere to the doctrines which have been taught us, if, on maturer examination, we are convinced they are erroneous; but that this is a strong reason for adhering to what we have been taught in early life. It is so, because:

(1)aparent has no motive for deceiving a child, and it cannot be supposed that he would teach him what he knew to be false;

(2)aparent usually has had much more experience, and much better opportunities of examining what is true, than his child has;

(3)there is a degree of respect which nature teaches us to be due to the sentiments of a parent.

A child should depart very slowly from the opinions held by a father or mother; and, when it is done, it should be only as the result of prolonged examination and prayer. These considerations should have the greater weight, if a parent has been eminent for piety, and especially if that parent has been removed to heaven. A child, standing by the grave of a pious father or mother, should reflect and pray much, before he deliberately adopts opinions which he knows that father or mother would regard as wrong.

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Barnes, Albert. "Commentary on 2 Timothy 3:14". "Barnes' Notes on the Whole Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/bnb/2-timothy-3.html. 1870.

Coffman Commentaries on the Bible

But abide thou in the things which thou hast learned and hast been assured of, knowing of whom thou hast learned them;

"The Latin translations blunder here,"[22] making the meaning to be that tradition and Scripture (which really means tradition superimposed upon Scripture) are both basically authoritative; but as Hendriksen declared:

It is clear that those who nurtured Timothy are not viewed as independent authorities apart from the word, but as secondary and intermediate sources of knowledge, and even this only because they had accepted Scripture![23]

It is true of all men who have the good fortune to come from godly homes, that the teaching and example of Christian parents is a priceless advantage; but such parents always teach their children that the authority is not in themselves but in the word of the Lord.

Still, there was powerful motivation for Timothy in that three generations of his family had accepted Scriptural authority, consenting to walk in the light of it; and in this probably lies the reason for Paul's appeal here.

[22] Ibid., p. 174.

[23] William Hendriksen, New Testament Commentary, 2Timothy (Grand Rapids, Michigan: Baker Book House, 1957), p. 296.

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Coffman Commentaries reproduced by permission of Abilene Christian University Press, Abilene, Texas, USA. All other rights reserved.
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Coffman, James Burton. "Commentary on 2 Timothy 3:14". "Coffman Commentaries on the Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/bcc/2-timothy-3.html. Abilene Christian University Press, Abilene, Texas, USA. 1983-1999.

John Gill's Exposition of the Whole Bible

But continue thou in the things,.... That is, in the doctrines of the Gospel, and not be moved away from them, either through the malice or persecutions, or the cunning sleight of men that lie in wait to deceive; and which is an exhortation suitable to the godly in all ages: and what follow are so many reasons enforcing it:

which thou hast learned: not merely in a theoretical way, as arts and sciences are learned, but in a spiritual and experimental manner; a comfortable knowledge and experience of which he had attained unto; and were not like those in 2 Timothy 3:7, who had been ever learning, and yet could not come to the knowledge of the truth: and since therefore he had learned the truths of the Gospel, and had attained to a good understanding of them, it was his duty, as it is the duty of all such, to abide by them:

and hast been assured of: the doctrines of the Gospel are certain things; they are truths without controversy; there is a full assurance of understanding of them, which men may arrive unto, and which ministers should, since they are to affirm them with certainty. Scepticism is very unbecoming one that calls himself a minister of the Gospel; and when a man is assured of the truth and reality of Gospel doctrines, it would be shameful in him to drop them, or depart from them:

knowing of whom thou hast learned them. The apostle means himself, though he modestly forbears the mention of himself: and it is another argument why Timothy should continue steadfastly in the doctrines of the Gospel, seeing he had learned them of so great an apostle of Christ; whose mission, as such, was abundantly confirmed by miracles and success, and who had received these doctrines by immediate revelation from Christ; so that it was all one as if Timothy had learned them from Christ himself. The Alexandrian copy reads the word "whom", in the plural number, as if the apostle referred to more teachers of Timothy than himself; however, he doubtless was the principal one.

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The New John Gill's Exposition of the Entire Bible Modernised and adapted for the computer by Larry Pierce of Online Bible. All Rights Reserved, Larry Pierce, Winterbourne, Ontario.
A printed copy of this work can be ordered from: The Baptist Standard Bearer, 1 Iron Oaks Dr, Paris, AR, 72855
Bibliographical Information
Gill, John. "Commentary on 2 Timothy 3:14". "The New John Gill Exposition of the Entire Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/geb/2-timothy-3.html. 1999.

Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible

thou — Whatever they may do. Resuming the thread begun at 2 Timothy 3:10.

learned — from me and thy mother and grandmother (2 Timothy 1:5; 2 Timothy 2:2).

assured of — from Scripture (2 Timothy 3:15).

of whom — plural, not singular, in the oldest manuscripts, “from what teachers.” Not only from me, but from Lois and Eunice.

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This expanded edition of the Jameison-Faussett-Brown Commentary is in the public domain and may be freely used and distributed.
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Jamieson, Robert, D.D.; Fausset, A. R.; Brown, David. "Commentary on 2 Timothy 3:14". "Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/jfb/2-timothy-3.html. 1871-8.

Robertson's Word Pictures in the New Testament

But abide thou (συ δε μενεsu de mene). Emphatic contrast (συ δεsu de), “But thou.” Present active imperative of μενωmenō common verb, to remain.

In the things which (εν οιςen hois). The antecedent to οιςhois is not expressed (“in which things”) and the relative is attracted from αha accusative with εματεςemathes (didst learn, second aorist active indicative of μαντανωmanthanō) to the case of the unexpressed antecedent (locative with ενen).

Hast been assured of (επιστωτηςepistōthēs). First aorist passive indicative of πιστοωpistoō old verb (from πιστοςpistos faithful), to make reliable, only here in N.T.

Knowing from whom (ειδως παρα τινωνeidōs para tinōn). Second perfect active participle of οιδαoida Note τινωνtinōn (ablative case after παραpara in an indirect question). The list included the O.T. prophets, Paul, Eunice, Lois. There ought to be moral authority in such personages.

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The Robertson's Word Pictures of the New Testament. Copyright Broadman Press 1932,33, Renewal 1960. All rights reserved. Used by permission of Broadman Press (Southern Baptist Sunday School Board)
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Robertson, A.T. "Commentary on 2 Timothy 3:14". "Robertson's Word Pictures of the New Testament". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/rwp/2-timothy-3.html. Broadman Press 1932,33. Renewal 1960.

Vincent's Word Studies

Hast been assured of ( ἐπιστώθης )

N.T.oQuite often in lxx. So 2 Samuel 7:16, shall be established (of the house of David): Psalm 78:37, steadfast in his covenant.

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Vincent, Marvin R. DD. "Commentary on 2 Timothy 3:14". "Vincent's Word Studies in the New Testament". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/vnt/2-timothy-3.html. Charles Schribner's Sons. New York, USA. 1887.

Wesley's Explanatory Notes

But continue thou in the things which thou hast learned and hast been assured of, knowing of whom thou hast learned them;

From whom — Even from me a teacher approved of God.

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Wesley, John. "Commentary on 2 Timothy 3:14". "John Wesley's Explanatory Notes on the Whole Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/wen/2-timothy-3.html. 1765.

Calvin's Commentary on the Bible

А ты пребывай. Как бы ни усиливалось нечестие, какие бы пространства ни завоевывало, апостол велит Тимофею стоять, несмотря ни на что. Действительно, подлинная проверка веры происходит тогда, когда мы с несгибаемым упорством противимся всем козням дьявола, не отклоняемся от правильного пути из-за любого дуновения ветра, но пребываем твердыми в истине Божией, держась за нее, как за священный якорь. Фразой «зная, кем ты научен» апостол провозглашает несомненную истинность своего учения. Ведь, если кто-то бывает научен плохому, он не должен постоянно в этом пребывать. Нам надлежит разучиться всему, чему мы научились вне Христа, подобно тому, как начало благочестивого наставления в вере состоит в том, чтобы отбросить все папистские установления. Поэтому апостол предписывает Тимофею хранить не какое угодно переданное ему учение, а только такое, истинность которого для него ясна, то есть, проявлять в этом деле разборчивость.

Далее, говоря, что Тимофей должен считать небесным речением все, чему от него научился, апостол не приписывает себе эту привилегию как частному лицу, но с упованием провозглашает перед Тимофеем свой авторитет, зная, что последнему известны и его вера, и подлинность его призвания. И если Тимофей был твердо убежден, что научился от самого апостола Христова, он выводил отсюда, что учение это было не человеческим, а Христовым. Этот отрывок учит нас, что упорства в неясных и туманных вопросах (каковы все человеческие учения) надо избегать столь же усердно, сколь упрямо и настойчиво следует держаться за истину Божию. Кроме того, отсюда мы узнаем, что с верою должно соединяться благоразумие, отличающее Слово Божие от слов человеческих, дабы мы не хватались тут же за все нам предлагаемое. Ведь вере больше всего чуждо легковерие, без различия принимающее что угодно и от кого угодно. Так что главный фундамент веры – знание, что автором ее является Бог.

Фраза же о том, что учение было вверено Тимофею, поставлена для αύξησιν смысла. Ведь вверять что-либо в качестве залога – нечто большее, чем просто что-то передавать. Кроме того, Тимофея обучали не как какого-то рядового человека, а с той целью, чтобы он добросовестно передавал другим принятое им самим ранее.

 

 

 

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Calvin, John. "Commentary on 2 Timothy 3:14". "Calvin's Commentary on the Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/cal/2-timothy-3.html. 1840-57.

John Trapp Complete Commentary

14 But continue thou in the things which thou hast learned and hast been assured of, knowing of whom thou hast learned them;

Ver. 14. But continue thou, &c.] Gr. μενε. Abide, keep thy station. Thou shalt surely be put to it, as that prophetic man in the ecclesiastical history went to the pillars a little before an earthquake, and bade them stand fast, for they should shortly be shaken.

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Trapp, John. "Commentary on 2 Timothy 3:14". John Trapp Complete Commentary. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/jtc/2-timothy-3.html. 1865-1868.

Thomas Coke Commentary on the Holy Bible

2 Timothy 3:14. Knowing of whom thou hast learned, Meaning himself, but modestly declining to say so. Timothy was to continue in these things, because he knew of whom he had learned them,—namely, of a true apostle; and that they were agreeable to the scripture of the Old Testament, with which he had been acquainted from his infancy, through the instructions of his grandmother and mother, who were both Jewesses. See ch. 2 Timothy 1:5.

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Coke, Thomas. "Commentary on 2 Timothy 3:14". Thomas Coke Commentary on the Holy Bible. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/tcc/2-timothy-3.html. 1801-1803.

Expository Notes with Practical Observations on the New Testament

Several arguments are here made use of, by St. Paul, to press Timothy to the duty of perseverance in the doctrine of Christ, contained in the holy scriptures; the first is drawn from the authority of the person from whom he had received that doctrine, to wit, St. Paul himself, an inspired apostle of Jesus Christ.

Continue in the things which thou hast learned; that is, from me, and by me as an authorized apostle. All the servants of God, but especially the ministers of God, must continue constant in the faith, and steadfast in the truth received.

The second argument of Timothy's adhering to the doctrine of the scriptures, is drawn from his long acquaintance with the scriptures, even from his childhood, yea, from his infancy: From a child thou hast known the holy scriptures, &c. And the argument lies thus, "Thou, O Timothy, hast learnt the scriptures from thy infancy; now what a shame would it be for thee, who hast been taught so early the true religion, to turn from it and forsake it; from a child thou hast known the holy scriptures, from a suckling, as the word signifies."

From whence learn, That it is the duty of parents to instruct their children betimes in the holy and good word of God; we read before of the care that Timothy's mother and grandmother took in that matter,

Observe, 2. The title given to the word of God, - the holy scriptures; they are holy in their author, holy in their matter, holy in their penman, holy in their end and design, which is to make us holy, John 16:17. The word of God is not only pure but purifying, not only clean but cleansing.

Observe, 3. the high commendation given of the word, It is able to make thee wise unto salvation; no knowledge can bring us to salvation without the knowledge of the holy scriptures; the philosophers will teach you moral wisdom, but not a word of salvation by a Redeemer, without whom our salvation is impossible; it is here added, -wise unto salvation through faith which is in Christ Jesus.

Learn, thence, that the holy scriptures, though they instruct us in the way of salvation, yet cannot save us without faith in Christ Jesus.

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Burkitt, William. "Commentary on 2 Timothy 3:14". Expository Notes with Practical Observations on the New Testament. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/wbc/2-timothy-3.html. 1700-1703.

Greek Testament Critical Exegetical Commentary

14.] But do thou continue in the things which (the object to ἔμαθες, and the remoter object to ἐπιστώθης, must, in the construction, be supplied out of the ἐν οἷς) thou learnedst (= ἤκουσας παρʼ ἐμοῦ, ch. 2 Timothy 2:2) and wert convinced of (so Homer, Od. φ. 217 f., where Odysseus shews his scar,— εἰ δʼ ἄγε δὴ καὶ σῆμα ἀριφραδὲς ἄλλο τι δείξω, | ὄφρα μὲ εὖ γνῶτον, πιστωθῆτόν τʼ ἐνὶ θυμῷ, and Soph. Œd. Col. 1040, σὺ δʼ ἡμῖν, οἰδίπους, | ἕκηλος αὐτοῦ μίμνε, πιστωθεὶς ὅτι | ἢν μὴ θάνω ʼ γὼ πρόσθεν, οὐχὶ παύσομαι. The Vulg. ‘credita sunt tibi,’ followed by Luth., Beza, Calv., besides the Roman-Catholic expositors, would require ἐπιστεύθης, cf. 1 Corinthians 9:17 al.), knowing (as thou dost) from what teachers (viz. thy mother Lois and grandmother Eunice, ch. 2 Timothy 1:5; cf. ἀπὸ βρέφους below: not Paul and Barnabas, as Grot., nor the πολλοὶ μάρτυρες of ch. 2 Timothy 2:2. If the singular τίνος, then the Apostle must be meant) thou learnedst them, and (knowing) that (the Vulg. renders ὅτι quia, and thus breaks off the connexion with εἰδώς: and so also Luth., ‘und weil’ … Bengel (adding, ‘ætiologia duplex. Similis constr. διὰκαὶ ὅτι, John 2:24,— ἐπιγνοὺςκαὶ ὅτι, Acts 22:29’). But the other construction is much more natural) from a child ( ἀπὸ πρώτης ἡλικίας, Chrys. The expression carries the learning back to his extreme infancy: see Ellic. here) thou hast known the (with or without the art., this will be the rendering) holy scriptures (of the O. T. This expression for the Scriptures, not elsewhere found in the N. T. (hardly, as Huther, John 7:15), is common in Josephus: see Wetst.: cf. also reff. 2 Macc.) which are able (not as Bengel, “ ‘quæ poterant:’ vis præteriti ex nosti redundat in participium:” for οἶδας is necessarily present in signification: ‘thou hast known … which were’ would be a solœcism) to make thee wise (reff. So Hes. Op. 647,— οὔτε τι ναυτιλίης σεσοφισμένος, οὔτε τι νηῶν: Diog. Laert. v. 90, in an epigram, ἀλλὰ διεψεύσθης, σεσοφισμένε) unto (towards the attainment of) salvation, by means of (the instrument whereby the σοφίσαι is to take place: not to be joined to σωτηρίαν, as Thl., Bengel, al.; not so much for lack of the art. τήν prefixed, as because the τῆς ἐν χ. ἰησ. would thus become an unnatural expansion of the merely subordinate πίστεως) faith, namely that which ( σωτηρία διὰ πίστεως being almost a technical phrase, it is best to keep πίστις here abstract, and then to particularize) is in (which rests upon, is reposed in) Christ Jesus.

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Alford, Henry. "Commentary on 2 Timothy 3:14". Greek Testament Critical Exegetical Commentary. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/hac/2-timothy-3.html. 1863-1878.

Heinrich Meyer's Critical and Exegetical Commentary on the New Testament

2 Timothy 3:14. To the good testimony given to] Timothy by Paul in 2 Timothy 3:10, there is added the exhortation to stand stedfast in the truth.

σὺ δέ] said in opposition to the heretics.

μένε ἐν οἷς ἔμαθες] μένε, see 1 Timothy 2:15; John 8:31.

ἐν οἷς is equivalent to ἐν τούτοις, .

ἔμαθες] comp. 2 Timothy 2:2.

καί] (sc. not ἐν οἶς, as Heydenreich suggests) ἐπιστώθης] not = quae tibi concredita sunt (Beza, Luther: “and is entrusted to thee”); for πιστόω does not mean “entrust to,” but confirmare. It is rightly interpreted by the Greek expositors, with whom also de Wette and Wiesinger agree; Theophylact: μετὰ πληροφορίας ἔμαθες; properly, “of which thou hast been assured,” i.e. of which thou hast been convinced for certain;(53) it serves to give “more force to ἔμαθες” (Wiesinger), by declaring that Timothy was also convinced of the truth of what he learnt (so, too, van Oosterzee, Plitt, Hofmann).

To strengthen the exhortation, Paul reminds Timothy of those from whom he learnt the truths of the gospel: εἰδὼς παρὰ τίνων ἔ΄αθες] εἰδὼς, see 2 Timothy 2:23.

παρὰ τίνων] With the usual reading παρὰ τίνος, which Hofmann prefers, τίνος is not, as some think, Christ, but the apostle as teacher; but still it would be strange for Paul not to name himself directly and without periphrasis, as he usually does when speaking of himself; comp. 2 Timothy 2:2. If τίνων be the correct reading, then these teachers cannot be the πολλοὶ ΄άρτυρες mentioned in 2 Timothy 2:2 (Matthies), nor Paul and Barnabas (according to Acts 16:1 comp. with Acts 14:6 ff., Grotius); but only, as is shown by ἀπὸ βρέφους following, the grandmother and mother of Timothy, whose faith the apostle expressly mentions, 2 Timothy 1:5 (so, too, van Oosterzee and Plitt).

Timothy had already been instructed in the truth of the gospel before Paul met with him, nay, even before this instruction he had been carefully made acquainted with the holy Scriptures. This very fact, that from childhood he had been under the influence of divine truth and been nourished by the bread of life, was to be an incentive to him to adhere faithfully to this word of truth.

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Meyer, Heinrich. "Commentary on 2 Timothy 3:14". Heinrich Meyer's Critical and Exegetical Commentary on the New Testament. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/hmc/2-timothy-3.html. 1832.

Johann Albrecht Bengel's Gnomon of the New Testament

2 Timothy 3:14. σὺ δὲ, but thou) Whatever they may do. He takes up again what he began to say at 2 Timothy 3:10.— ἐπιστώθης) πίστοω, I make sure a thing on the mind: ἐν οἷς ἐπιστώθης, in which thou hast been rendered πιστὸς, faithful and firm (thou hast been assured) [out of the Scripture, 2 Timothy 3:15.—V. g.] Comp. LXX., Psalms 78:8; Psalms 78:37, where πιστοῦσθαι corresponds to נאמן.— εἰδὼςκαὶ ὄτι οἶδας, knowing—and because thou hast known) A double Ætiology [assigning of a reason; see Append.], of which the first part is to be referred to in those things which thou hast learned, the second to thou hast been rendered faithful (assured). A similar construction, διὰκαὶ ὅτι, occurs, John 2:24-25 : also ἐπιγνοὺςκαὶ ὅτι, Acts 22:29.— παρὰ τίνος, from whom) from Paul, an approved teacher, 2 Timothy 3:10-11.

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Bengel, Johann Albrecht. "Commentary on 2 Timothy 3:14". Johann Albrecht Bengel's Gnomon of the New Testament. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/jab/2-timothy-3.html. 1897.

Matthew Poole's English Annotations on the Holy Bible

But continue thou in the things which thou hast learned; in the doctrines relating to faith, and the precepts relating to thy life as a minister, or as a Christian.

And hast been assured of; and hast assented to steadily, hitherto believing them.

Knowing of whom thou hast learned them; remembering that thou hast learned them of me the apostle of our Lord Jesus Christ, which is the same as from Christ himself.

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Poole, Matthew, "Commentary on 2 Timothy 3:14". Matthew Poole's English Annotations on the Holy Bible. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/mpc/2-timothy-3.html. 1685.

Alexander MacLaren's Expositions of Holy Scripture

кем ты научен См. пояснение к 1:13. Стараясь воодушевить Тимофея держаться твердо, Павел напоминает ему о благочестивом наследстве. Форма местоимения «кто» предполагает, что Тимофей находился в долгу не только у Павла, но также и у других (1:5).

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MacLaren, Alexander. "Commentary on 2 Timothy 3:14". Alexander MacLaren's Expositions of Holy Scripture. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/mac/2-timothy-3.html.

Justin Edwards' Family Bible New Testament

Continue thou; to believe, preach, and practise the truths learned from the Scriptures and from the preaching of Paul.

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Edwards, Justin. "Commentary on 2 Timothy 3:14". "Family Bible New Testament". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/fam/2-timothy-3.html. American Tract Society. 1851.

Peter Pett's Commentary on the Bible

‘But you, abide in the things which you have learned and have been assured of, knowing of whom you have learned them.’

In 2 Timothy 2:15 Paul had told Timothy to put great effort into presenting himself to God as a workman who did not need to be ashamed because he rightly handled the word of truth, including that which said ‘the Lord knows those who are His’ and ‘let every one who names the Name of the Lord depart from unrighteousness’. Now he turns him back to the Scriptures once again. He must continue going on in the things which he has learned and been assured of, remembering from whom he has learned them. This may refer to Paul himself, having in mind 2 Timothy 3:10-12, or it may refer to his godly mother and grandmother who had instilled in him his unfeigned faith (2 Timothy 1:5). Or indeed it may be both. he has been well taught. Let him therefore be sure that he abides in what he had learned.

‘Assured of.’ Because he is established on the firm foundation as one of those whom the Lord knows as His (2 Timothy 2:19).

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Pett, Peter. "Commentary on 2 Timothy 3:14". "Peter Pett's Commentary on the Bible ". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/pet/2-timothy-3.html. 2013.

Schaff's Popular Commentary on the New Testament

2 Timothy 3:14. Thou hast learned, and hast been assured of. As in other cases, the English perfect hides the force of the Greek. Better, ‘Thou didst learn and wast persuaded of.’

From whom. The received text gives the singular, the better MSS. the plural, The former would point to St. Paul, the latter to Lois and Eunice as well, perhaps (looking to the ‘from a child’ of the next verse) to them chiefly.

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Schaff, Philip. "Commentary on 2 Timothy 3:14". "Schaff's Popular Commentary on the New Testament". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/scn/2-timothy-3.html. 1879-90.

George Haydock's Catholic Bible Commentary

But continue thou in the things which thou hast learned, &c. St. Paul here gives particular advice to his disciple, St. Timothy, who had been long since instructed in all the truths and mysteries of the Christian faith, who had received the gifts of the Holy Ghost, of prophecy, of interpreting the Scriptures, who was a priest, a bishop of Ephesus, the metropolis of Asia, whose office it was to instruct, direct, and convert others. He tells this great bishop, that the holy Scriptures are able, and may conduce or can instruct him unto salvation, (ver. 15.) unto his own salvation and that of others. (Witham) --- The apostle here entreats his disciple, an din him all future Christians, to adhere to the true deposit of doctrine. He teaches with Catholics, that all Scripture is profitable; but not with Protestants, that Scripture alone is necessary and sufficient.

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Haydock, George Leo. "Commentary on 2 Timothy 3:14". "George Haydock's Catholic Bible Commentary". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/hcc/2-timothy-3.html. 1859.

E.W. Bullinger's Companion Bible Notes

continue = abide. Greek meno. See p. 1511.

bast learned = didst learn.

hast been, &c. = west assured of. Greek. pistoemai. Only here.

knowing. App-182. Li,

of = from. App-101.

whom. App-124.

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Bullinger, Ethelbert William. "Commentary on 2 Timothy 3:14". "E.W. Bullinger's Companion bible Notes". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/bul/2-timothy-3.html. 1909-1922.

Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible - Unabridged

But continue thou in the things which thou hast learned and hast been assured of, knowing of whom thou hast learned them;

But continue thou - whatever they do. Resuming the thread (2 Timothy 3:10).

Learned - from me and thy mother and grandmother (2 Timothy 1:5; 2 Timothy 2:2).

Assured of - from Scripture (2 Timothy 3:15).

Of whom, [plural, tinoon (Greek #5100)]. In 'Aleph (') C G f g, 'from what teachers.' Not only from me, but from Lois and Eunice. Delta, Vulgate, singular [ tinos (Greek #5100)], 'from what person.'

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Jamieson, Robert, D.D.; Fausset, A. R.; Brown, David. "Commentary on 2 Timothy 3:14". "Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible - Unabridged". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/jfu/2-timothy-3.html. 1871-8.

Ellicott's Commentary for English Readers

(14) But continue thou in the things which thou hast learned.—But Timothy, on the other hand, was to continue in the things he had learned. Evil teaching would become worse; the opposition to truth would, as the ages rolled on, become more intense; but Timothy and his successors must remember that there was to be no development in the fundamental doctrines of his most holy faith. He had (2 Timothy 3:10) fully known St. Paul’s doctrine—that doctrine which St. Paul had received directly from the Holy Spirit of God.

Knowing of whom thou hast learned them.—There is some doubt whether the Greek word rendered “whom” is in the singular or plural, the older authorities being nearly equally balanced. The reading here of the singular has been adopted with the Syriac versions, Chrysostom, Augustine, and the Vulgate. The reference then is to St. Paul. If the plural, were adopted, then the reference would probably be to St. Paul and Barnabas, or to some other distinguished teacher. Some commentators believe that Lois and Eunice are here alluded to, the pious mother and grandmother of Timothy. This, however, seems unlikely: for such a reminiscence, although a touching memory and one likely to appeal to his affection, would hardly be of that weighty and important character as to warrant its introduction into this solemn exhortation; besides, any reference to home and family reminiscences would be included in the next verse: “From a child thou hast known,” &c.

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Ellicott, Charles John. "Commentary on 2 Timothy 3:14". "Ellicott's Commentary for English Readers". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/ebc/2-timothy-3.html. 1905.

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

But continue thou in the things which thou hast learned and hast been assured of, knowing of whom thou hast learned them;
continue
1:13; 2:2; 1 Timothy 4:16
assured
Acts 17:31; Romans 14:5; *marg:; Colossians 2:2; 1 Thessalonians 1:5; Hebrews 6:11; 10:22
knowing
15; 1 Thessalonians 2:13
Reciprocal: John 5:39 - Search;  John 8:31 - If;  Acts 2:42 - they;  1 Timothy 4:6 - nourished;  1 Timothy 6:20 - keep

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Torrey, R. A. "Commentary on 2 Timothy 3:14". "The Treasury of Scripture Knowledge". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/tsk/2-timothy-3.html.

Commentary by J.C.Philpot on select texts of the Bible

2 Timothy 3:14

"Continue in the things which you have learned and have been assured of." 2 Timothy 3:14

Various hindrances meet the child of God in his path heavenwards. And their tendency is such, that but for the grace of God, they would effectually succeed in driving him from the faith. When, then, he has to meet a head wind blowing right in his teeth, when the storm and hail beat roughly upon him, when the waves rise high and the stream runs strong, there seems no getting on; and he fears that he shall be like "the children of Ephraim, who, being armed, and carrying bows, turned back in the day of battle." And yet there is that grace implanted in his heart, there is that faith which God the Spirit first created and still keeps alive in his soul, that though he may for a moment be driven aside, he yet never turns his back upon the truth; though retarded for a moment, his face is still Zionwards.

I can say for myself, that all the trials I have passed through, all the temptations I have been in, and all the persecutions I have had to endure, from sinner and from saint, have only served to rivet the truth of God more firmly in my heart. I find the trials, sufferings, exercises from without and from within, instead of driving faith out of the soul, having that effect which Satan would produce by them, and driving the heart from truth into error, from the Church of God into the world—I can say, from feeling experience, that these inward and outward trials only rivet the truth, and the love of the truth, more deeply in my heart; and instead of driving out faith, they have only tended to strengthen, encourage, and confirm it.

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Philpot, Joseph Charles. "Commentary on 2 Timothy 3:14". Commentary by J.C.Philpot on select texts of the Bible. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/jcp/2-timothy-3.html.

Stanley Derickson - Notes on Selected Books

Week 10

2 Timothy 3:14-17; 2 Timothy 4:1-2

A FAITHFUL SERVANT IS WORKED

"14 But continue thou in the things which thou hast learned and hast been assured of, knowing of whom thou hast learned [them]; 15 And that from a child thou hast known the holy scriptures, which are able to make thee wise unto salvation through faith which is in Christ Jesus. 16 All scripture [is] given by inspiration of God, and [is] profitable for doctrine, for reproof, for correction, for instruction in righteousness: 17 That the man of God may be perfect, throughly furnished unto all good works. 4:1 I charge [thee] therefore before God, and the Lord Jesus Christ, who shall judge the quick and the dead at his appearing and his kingdom; 2 Preach the word; be instant in season, out of season; reprove, rebuke, exhort with all longsuffering and doctrine."

"But continue thou in the things which thou hast learned and hast been assured of, knowing of whom thou hast learned [them]";

No matter this stuff I've been relating to you, YOU continue in what you know to be right and proper.

I suspect Paul may have had a play on words in mind here - in the previous verse he mentions as the evil continue deeper into their evil and deception, so you continue ever deeper into what you know to be right and true.

There are three items on which Paul builds - "what thou has learned", those things "thou hast been assured of", and "whom thou hast learned." You know truth, you have been assured that it is truth, and you learned it from me! Hold fast to that which you know to be truth!

We all know what we know individually, but are we totally convinced that it is all truth? We all know who has been teaching us but are we totally convinced that they are firmly grounded in the Word.

When I am on some of the internet boards I read long diatribes from people that think they know it all, but have obviously taken in "truth" from men they ought not to have been listening to. Often times these people when confronted with the truth of Scripture will melt into the background to be heard from no more - their "truth" has been found lacking - I trust they are considering what they believe and who it was that taught them.

As a practical application of this verse take some time this week and consider those people that you have listened to in your life. Are they really as well grounded in the Word as you thought they were? Are all those "truths" you soaked up really true? Have you been too accepting of the teaching of others?

Just because those messages/lessons sound good, there may be a lot of falsehood lurking within. In my college days we had a great preacher for our president. We really thought he was the cream of the crop. His chapel messages were always tops! However, years later when going over my notes from his messages, I found little that he said was in a particular passage was actually there. I had always been glad that I had such good notes from this man, but as I went through the notes, I found that there was little worth saving for future use. Not that he was all that unbiblical, but he was seldom preaching from the right passage.

No, I don't think he was teaching falsehood, but he was certainly less than a prepared preacher. For him to dig out the correct passages for his points would have taken longer than it was worth, it would seem.

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Derickson, Stanley. "Commentary on 2 Timothy 3:14". "Stanley Derickson - Notes on Selected Books". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/sdn/2-timothy-3.html.

Whedon's Commentary on the Bible

3. So he should also be true, according to the Scriptures, inspired to furnish and qualify the minister of God, 2 Timothy 3:14-17.

14.But—Resuming Timothy’s contrast of character over against the errorists.

Knowing of whom—The whom is plural, referring not (as Alford) to Timothy’s parents, but to Paul and the original apostolic eye and ear witnesses of the doings and teachings of Christ. This perfect preservation of the original type was the bulwark of the Church of St. Paul and Timothy against the Gnostics and all other heretics. And when that doctrine was recorded in the apostolic writings and became the rule of faith, it is the bulwark alike to the present day, against all innovations and variations, whether of Romanism or Rationalism.

 

 

 

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Whedon, Daniel. "Commentary on 2 Timothy 3:14". "Whedon's Commentary on the Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/whe/2-timothy-3.html. 1874-1909.

The Expositor's Greek Testament

2 Timothy 3:14. : Both and are in strong contrast to the and of 2 Timothy 3:13. The exhortation is illustrated by 2 John 1:9, , . The conservatism here enjoined concerns more especially the fundamental ethical teaching common to the Old Covenant and the New. For the idiom, see note on 1 Timothy 2:15.

: , supplied out of , is the direct object of , and remoter object of .

: The Latin versions blunder here, quae ’ credita sunt tibi. This would be the translation of . means to have received confirmation of the truth of a thing. Bengel, rendering “fidelis et firmus es redditus,” compares Psalms 77 (78):8, , and 37, .

: It has to be remembered that St. Paul is speaking of moral, not intellectual, authority. The truths for which St. Paul is contending were commended to Timothy by the sanction of the best and noblest personalities whom he had ever known or heard of. The characters of Timothy’s revered parent and teachers—of Eunice, Lois, the prophets, and Paul, to enumerate them in the order in which they had touched his life—had been moulded in a certain school of morals. Their characters had admittedly stood the test of life. What more cogent argument could Timothy have for the truth and reasonableness of their moral teaching?

 

 

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Nicol, W. Robertson, M.A., L.L.D. "Commentary on 2 Timothy 3:14". The Expositor's Greek Testament. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/egt/2-timothy-3.html. 1897-1910.

The Bible Study New Testament

14. But as for you. “Don’t act like these evil men and impostors!” Who your teachers were. “Such as me, an inspired apostle of Christ!”

 

 

 

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Ice, Rhoderick D. "Commentary on 2 Timothy 3:14". "The Bible Study New Testament". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/ice/2-timothy-3.html. College Press, Joplin, MO. 1974.

Calvin's Commentary on the Bible

14But as for thee, continue in those things which thou hast learned Although wickedness prevail, and push its way forward, he advises Timothy nevertheless to stand firm. And undoubtedly this is the actual trial of faith, when we offer unwearied resistance to all the contrivances of Satan, and do not alter our course for every wind that blows, but remain steadfast on the truth of God, as on a sure anchor.

Knowing from whom thou hast learned them This is said for the purpose of commending the certainty of the doctrine; for, if any one has been wrong instructed, he ought not to persevere in it. On the contrary, we ought to unlearn all that we have learned apart from Christ, if we wish to be his disciples; as, for example, it is the commencement of our pure instruction in the faith to reject and forget all the instruction of Popery. The Apostle therefore does not enjoin Timothy to defend indiscriminately the doctrine which has been delivered to him, but only that which he knows to be truth; by which he means, that he must make a selection. (190) Besides, he does not claim this as a private individual, that what he has taught shall be reckoned to be a divine revelation; but he boldly asserts his own authority to Timothy, who, he was aware, knew that his fidelity and his calling had been proved. And if he was fully convinced that he had been taught by an Apostle of Christ, he concluded that therefore it was not a doctrine of man, but of Christ.

This passage teaches us, that we ought to be as careful to guard against obstinacy in matters that are uncertain, (such as all the doctrines of men are,) as to hold within unshaken firmness the truth of God. Besides, we learn from it, that faith ought to be accompanied by prudence, that it may distinguish between the word of God and the word of men, so that we may not adopt at random everything that is brought forward. Nothing is more inconsistent with the nature of faith than light credulity, which allows us to embrace everything indiscriminately, whatever it may be, and from whomsoever it proceeds; because it is the chief foundation of faith, to know that it has God for its author.

And which have been intrusted to thee (191) When he adds, that the doctrine had been intrusted to Timothy, this gives ( αὔξησιν) additional force to the exhortation; for to “commit a thing in trust” is something more than merely to deliver it. Now Timothy had not been taught as one of the common people, but in order that he might faithfully deliver into the hands of others what he had received.

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Calvin, John. "Commentary on 2 Timothy 3:14". "Calvin's Commentary on the Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/cal/2-timothy-3.html. 1840-57.