Verse-by-Verse Bible Commentary

2 Timothy 3:13

But evil men and impostors will proceed from bad to worse, deceiving and being deceived.
New American Standard Version

Bible Study Resources

Concordances:
Nave's Topical Bible - Deceit;   Doctrines;   Hypocrisy;   Minister, Christian;   Seduction;   Sin;   Temptation;   Wicked (People);   Thompson Chain Reference - Deceivers;   Deterioration;   Deterioration-Development;   Error;   Seducers;   Sin;   Sin's;   Sin-Saviour;   Temptation;   Transgression;   Truth-Falsehood;   The Topic Concordance - Deception;   Evil;   Torrey's Topical Textbook - Deceit;   Titles and Names of the Wicked;  
Dictionaries:
Baker Evangelical Dictionary of Biblical Theology - Demon;   Evil;   Magic;   Timothy, First and Second, Theology of;   Charles Buck Theological Dictionary - Jesus Christ;   Easton Bible Dictionary - Divination;   Fausset Bible Dictionary - Ephesus;   Holman Bible Dictionary - Titus, Epistle to;   Hastings' Dictionary of the Bible - Jude, Epistle of;   Magic, Divination, and Sorcery;   Hastings' Dictionary of the New Testament - Timothy and Titus Epistles to;   Wicked;   Morrish Bible Dictionary - Perilous Times;   Smith Bible Dictionary - Divination;   Watson's Biblical & Theological Dictionary - Heresy;  
Encyclopedias:
International Standard Bible Encyclopedia - Crime;   Enchantment;   Parousia;   Pastoral Epistles, the;   Seduce;  
Devotionals:
Every Day Light - Devotion for November 4;  

Adam Clarke Commentary

Evil men and seducers shall wax worse - They will yet get on for a season, deceiving themselves and deceiving others; but, by and by, their folly will become manifest to all, 2 Timothy 3:9. The word γοητες, which we render seducers, signifies jugglers, pretenders to magical arts; probably persons dealing in false miracles, with whom the Church in all ages has been not a little disgraced.

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Clarke, Adam. "Commentary on 2 Timothy 3:13". "The Adam Clarke Commentary". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/acc/2-timothy-3.html. 1832.

Albert Barnes' Notes on the Whole Bible

But evil men and seducers shall wax worse and worse - That is, it is the character of such men to do this; they may be expected to do it. This is the general law of depravity - that if men are not converted, they are always growing worse, and sinking deeper into iniquity. Their progress will be certain, though it may be gradual, since “nemo repente turpissimus.” The connection here is this: that Timothy was not to expect that he would be exempt from persecution 2 Timothy 3:12, by any change for the better in the wicked men referred to. He was to anticipate in them the operation of the general law in regard to bad men and seducers - that they would grow worse and worse. From this fact, he was to regard it as certain that he, as well as others, would be liable to be persecuted. The word rendered “seducers” - γόης goēs- occurs nowhere else in the New Testament. It means, properly, a “juggler, or diviner;” and then, a “deceiver, or impostor.” Here it refers to those who by seductive arts, lead persons into error.

Deceiving - Making others believe that to be true and right, which is false and wrong. This was, of course, done by seductive arts.

And being deceived - Under delusion themselves. The advocates of error are often themselves as really under deception, as those whom they impose upon. They are often sincere in the belief of error, and then they are under a delusion; or, if they are insincere, they are equally deluded in supposing that they can make error pass for truth before God, or can deceive the Searcher of hearts. The worst victims of delusion are those who attempt to delude others.

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Barnes, Albert. "Commentary on 2 Timothy 3:13". "Barnes' Notes on the Whole Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/bnb/2-timothy-3.html. 1870.

The Biblical Illustrator

2 Timothy 3:13

But evil men and seducers shall wax worse.

Graduating in ungodliness

1. If we consider wicked men as they are in themselves, they are all strongly bent to apostasy; every day they grow worse and worse. As godly men are graduates in God’s school, growing from strength to strength, and from one degree of grace unto another, till they become perfect men in Christ, every sermon makes them better, and every ordinance improves them. So wicked men are graduates also, and take degrees in the devil’s school; they stand not at a stay, but they grow from evil to Worse. As he that is righteous will go on and be more righteous, so he that is filthy will go on in his filthiness (Revelation 22:11). It is the proper character of wicked men that they fall away more and more (Isaiah 1:5; Proverbs 1:22).

2. But secondly, let us consider them specifically and divisively for such evil men as are deceivers and impostors, and these we see experimentally grow worse and worse. They have no foundation to rest on; they know no stay when once they have passed the bounds of the word, no more than a violent stream doth when it hath broke over those bounds and bonds which before kept it in. Error knows no end; when once men forsake the way of truth they wander in infinitum. As it is in logic, grant one absurdity and I will infer a thousand, and as sin begets sin, blood toucheth blood, and one murder begets another (Hosea 4:2). So error is very fertile and prolific; it speedily brings forth a great increase. One error is a bridge to another; ill weeds spring apace and spread far, when good herbs grow thin and low. A little of this leaven will quickly sour the whole lump (Matthew 16:6). When once men begin to tumble down the hill of error they seldom rest till they come to the bottom. (T. Hall, B. D.)

Deceiving others and being deceived in turn

They cozen others, and the devil cozens them, leading them into far greater errors; and so they shall be punished on a double account.

1. Because they err themselves and resist the truth.

2. Because they have drawn others into error. The participle of the present tense notes their assiduity and constancy; they make it their trade to deceive others: they are still deceiving one or other with their smooth, flattering language. As God loves to employ good men for the conversion of others (not that He needs the help of man, but), for the exercising of the graces of His servants, and for the greater manifestation of His own glory, so the devil, who is God’s ape, loves to deceive men by men. He hath his agents and emissaries everywhere. As good men delight in converting others, so wicked men delight in perverting others: as those would not go to heaven alone, so these would not go to hell alone: and therefore they labour to make others twofold more the children of the devil than themselves. (T. Hall, B. D.)

Satan the great deceiver

As thieves when they would rob a man draw him aside out of the highway into some wood, and then cut his throat, so this grand deceiver and his agents draw men aside from the right way of God’s worship into some bypaths of error to their ruin. The devil he is the cheater of cheaters, and deluder of deluders; it is his constant trade, as the participle implies. And this is the reason why many false teachers may die with boldness and courage for their opinions, viz., because they are blinded and deluded by the devil; they think themselves martyrs, when they are grand deceivers and grossly deceived. We had need, therefore, to pray for the Spirit of grace and illumination that we may see the methods, depths, and devices of Satan and avoid them. (T. Hall, B. D.)

Worse and worse

Things alter for the worse spontaneously, if they be not altered for the better designedly. (Bacon.)

Being deceived

A man may tell a lie till he believes it to be the truth. (J. C. Gray.)

Self-deception

Mr. Robert Sutcliffe, a member of the Society of Friends, travelling in America early in the present century, had a tough argument with a man engaged in the slave trade, of whom he says: “At length, being hard pressed, he gave up the point in a good deal of warmth, with this remarkable declaration: “Why, sir, you can’t suppose that the Almighty looks so narrowly into our actions as you do.” (Leisure Hour.)

Changed by sin

Allowed sin always masters a man in time. The man may loathe his master, yet he obeys him; he may fear his master, yet still he does his hateful bidding. But there is here an awful warning as to the sure change of the very being of a man under the once invited presence and the permitted occupation of the forces of evil. The man himself changes--imperceptibly at first to himself--others see it. He is often unaware of it himself, till the last stages are reached. It must be so--there must be a change. If you think there is no such thing as standing still in life--in spiritual, in natural life. As the solid tower reels and sways beneath the crashing of the ringing bells, so there is movement even in the most solid, calm-seeming life. (Canon Wilberforce.)

Development of evil

Secular history tells us that when Tiberius (Luke 3:1) became emperor of Rome, he was remarkable for his kindness, amiability, and moderation. But he became one of the most wicked and cruel of tyrants. Nero, too, was so affable and kind in early life, that he was quite popular at the beginning of his reign; but he afterwards caused his mother, his wife, his old tutor Seneca, with multitudes of Christians and others, to be put to death, many of them in excessively cruel ways; and he was guilty of such other enormities, that his people at length conspired against him, when, to escape their malice, he killed himself in the thirty-first year of his age. Robespierre, “the tyrant,” and the leading spirit during “the reign of terror” in Paris, through whom thousands of both his friends and foes were slaughtered or subjected to the greatest cruelties, was, in private and early life, amiable and kind. He once, when young, resigned his situation as a member of a criminal court, because he had such an objection to the barbarity of capital punishment, which he characterised as “base assassination.” The devil and his angels, Cain, Henry Wainwright, etc., show to what evil an immortal spirit may fall. Wherefore avoid bad company, give up evil or doubtful habits, get God’s restraining, converting, and preserving grace. (H. R. Burton.)

Productivity of sin

Referring to the terrible productivity of sin, Mr. Varley once mentioned that when in Tasmania, he had heard of a snake recently killed there which had given birth to thirty-seven young ones. “But,” said he, quoting Joseph Cook, “sin is an eternal mother.”

Progressiveness of sin

A gentleman was walking with a friend one day through his beautiful grounds, when they came to a fine large tree which was decayed to the very core. “That tree,” said the proprietor, “was destroyed by a single worm. A short time since it was as vigorous as any of its companions, when one day a woodworm was discovered forcing its way under the outer bark. A naturalist who was at that time my guest remarked on seeing it that if left alone it would ultimately kill the tree. It seemed so improbable, that the worm was suffered to remain. Gradually it bored its way into the fibre of the tree, slowly but surely doing its work. The following summer the tree shed its leaves much earlier than usual, and in the second season it was a dead, worthless thing. The worm which seemed so very insignificant had found its way to the heart of the once noble tree and destroyed its life.” How forcibly do we see this same thing illustrated in the common walks of every-day life. A young man is persuaded by his companions to take his first glass of wine. It seems like a little thing, but it is the beginning of a course of degradation and eternal shame. The clerk in the bank appropriates a few shillings of the funds entrusted to his care. One step leads to another, until at last he is arrested and cast into prison as a defaulter. A boy begins to practise little deceits at school or at home which, unless discovered and checked, will make him a base and unprincipled man. Such is the destructive power of little sins when the continued indulgence in them is practised.

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Exell, Joseph S. "Commentary on "2 Timothy 3:13". The Biblical Illustrator. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/tbi/2-timothy-3.html. 1905-1909. New York.

Coffman Commentaries on the Bible

But evil men and impostors shall wax worse and worse, deceiving and being deceived.

Sin, like cancer and certain other diseases, is progressive, becoming worse and worse in each succeeding stage. As Christ is received and honored, here and there, upon the earth, rampant wickedness appears to subside and diminish; but with every relaxation of the Christian ethic, a new wave of terror follows.

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Coffman, James Burton. "Commentary on 2 Timothy 3:13". "Coffman Commentaries on the Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/bcc/2-timothy-3.html. Abilene Christian University Press, Abilene, Texas, USA. 1983-1999.

John Gill's Exposition of the Whole Bible

But evil men and seducers shall wax worse and worse,.... By "evil men" are meant, not sinful men in common, as all are by nature and practice; nor only open profane sinners but rather wicked men under a form of godliness, as before; and who are full of wickedness and malice against truly godly persons, even as the devil himself, of whom the same word is used, when he is called the wicked one; and this is a reason why true professors of religion must expect persecution, seeing as there ever were, so there ever will be such sort of men, who will not grow better, but worse and worse. The word for "seducers", signifies sorcerers, enchanters, a sort of jugglers; and as the other, it well suits with the ecclesiastics of the church of Rome, who pretend to miracles, and do lying wonders, and by their sorceries deceive all nations, Revelation 18:23 and these "shall wax worse and worse"; in principle and in practice, in ungodliness, and in error, in wickedness and malice against the saints, and in the arts of deceiving; so the church of Rome is never to be expected to be better, but worse; at the time of the fall of Babylon she will be an habitation of devils, the hold of every foul spirit, and the cage of every unclean and hateful bird, Revelation 18:2

deceiving: not God, but themselves and others even all nations, excepting the elect of God; which they do by their good words and fair speeches, and by their show of devotion and religion, and by their pretended miracles and lying wonders:

and deceived by the old serpent, the devil, under whose power and influence they are, in whose snare they are taken, and by whom they are led captive, and will at last share the same fate with himself, and be cast into the same lake of fire and brimstone.

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The New John Gill's Exposition of the Entire Bible Modernised and adapted for the computer by Larry Pierce of Online Bible. All Rights Reserved, Larry Pierce, Winterbourne, Ontario.
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Gill, John. "Commentary on 2 Timothy 3:13". "The New John Gill Exposition of the Entire Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/geb/2-timothy-3.html. 1999.

Geneva Study Bible

But evil men and seducers shall wax d worse and worse, deceiving, and being deceived.

(d) Their wickedness will daily increase.
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Beza, Theodore. "Commentary on 2 Timothy 3:13". "The 1599 Geneva Study Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/gsb/2-timothy-3.html. 1599-1645.

Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible

Reason why persecutions must be expected, and these becoming worse and worse as the end approaches. The breach between light and darkness, so far from being healed, shall be widened [Alford].

evil men — in contrast to the “godly” (2 Timothy 3:12).

seducers — literally, “conjurers.” Magical arts prevailed at Ephesus (Acts 19:19), and had been renounced by many Ephesians on embracing Christianity: but now when Paul was writing to Ephesus, symptoms of a return to conjuring tricks appeared: an undesigned coincidence [Burton]. Probably sorcery will characterize the final apostasy (Revelation 13:15; Revelation 18:23; Revelation 22:15).

wax worse — literally, “advance in the direction of worse” (see on 2 Timothy 3:9). Not contradictory to that verse: there the diffusion of the evil was spoken of; here its intensity [Alford].

deceiving, and being deceived — He who has once begun to deceive others, is the less easily able to recover himself from error, and the more easily embraces in turn the errors of others [Bengel].

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This expanded edition of the Jameison-Faussett-Brown Commentary is in the public domain and may be freely used and distributed.
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Jamieson, Robert, D.D.; Fausset, A. R.; Brown, David. "Commentary on 2 Timothy 3:13". "Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/jfb/2-timothy-3.html. 1871-8.

Robertson's Word Pictures in the New Testament

Impostors (γοητεςgoētes). Old word from wailers (γοαωgoaō to bewail), professional mourners, deceivers, jugglers. Here only in the N.T. Modern impostors know all the tricks of the trade.

Shall wax worse and worse (προκοπσουσιν επι το χειρονprokopsousin epi to cheiron). “Shall cut forward to the worse stage.” See note on 2 Timothy 2:16 for προκοπτωprokoptō ΧειρονCheiron is comparative of κακοςkakos “to the worse than now.”

Deceiving and being deceived (πλανωντες και πλανωμενοιplanōntes kai planōmenoi). Present active and present passive participles of πλαναωplanaō The tragedy of it all is that these seducers are able to deceive others as well as themselves.

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The Robertson's Word Pictures of the New Testament. Copyright Broadman Press 1932,33, Renewal 1960. All rights reserved. Used by permission of Broadman Press (Southern Baptist Sunday School Board)
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Robertson, A.T. "Commentary on 2 Timothy 3:13". "Robertson's Word Pictures of the New Testament". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/rwp/2-timothy-3.html. Broadman Press 1932,33. Renewal 1960.

Vincent's Word Studies

Seducers ( γόντες )

N.T.oBetter, impostors or deceivers. From γοᾶν tohowl. Originally, one who chants spells; a wizard, sorcerer. Hence, a cheat.

Shall wax worse and worse ( προκόψουσιν ἐπὶ τὸ χεῖρον )

Lit. shall proceed to the worse. The formula, PastoComp. 2 Timothy 3:9and 2 Timothy 2:16.

Deceiving ( πλανῶντες )

Properly, leading astray. See on πλάνοις seducing 1 Timothy 4:1.

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Vincent, Marvin R. DD. "Commentary on 2 Timothy 3:13". "Vincent's Word Studies in the New Testament". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/vnt/2-timothy-3.html. Charles Schribner's Sons. New York, USA. 1887.

Wesley's Explanatory Notes

But evil men and seducers shall wax worse and worse, deceiving, and being deceived.

Deceiving and being deceived — He who has once begun to deceive others is both the less likely to recover from his own error, and the more ready to embrace the errors of other men.

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Wesley, John. "Commentary on 2 Timothy 3:13". "John Wesley's Explanatory Notes on the Whole Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/wen/2-timothy-3.html. 1765.

Calvin's Commentary on the Bible

Злые же люди. Самое тяжкое гонение происходит тогда, когда мы видим, как нечестивые со своей святотатственной дерзостью, с богохульствами и заблуждениями набирают силы. И Павел в другом месте говорит (Гал.4:29), что Измаил мучил Исаака не мечом, а своими насмешками. Отсюда вывод: в предыдущем предложении шла речь не о каком-либо отдельном виде гонений, а в целом обо всех тяготах, которые вынуждены переносить дети Божии, сражаясь за славу Своего Отца. Апостол говорит, что нечестивые будут не только упорно сопротивляться, но и успешно наносить вред, портя при этом других. Ибо один проходимец всегда будет сильнее в деле разрушения, чем десять верных учителей в деле назидания, несмотря на их мужественный труд. Никогда не искоренятся плевелы сатаны, портящие чистоту урожая. Больше того, когда лжепророки уже кажутся поверженными, они постоянно производят все новых и новых последователей.

Впрочем, легкость, с которой они наносят вред, происходит не от того, что ложь по природе своей сильнее истины, не от того, что искусство сатаны побеждает действенность духа Божия, а от того, что люди, по собственной воле склонные к суете и заблуждениям, легче принимают то, что соответствует их нраву, и, кроме того, от того, что ослепленные по праведному мщению Божиему, они, подобно плененным рабам, служат прихоти дьявола. И главная причина, по которой зараза нечестивых учений столь вездесуща, состоит в том, что именно этого и заслуживает людская неблагодарность. Полезно отметить, что апостол говорит про это благочестивым учителям, дабы они, готовясь к постоянному ратоборству, не падали духом от длительности сражения и не пасовали перед наглостью и разнузданностью врагов.

 

 

 

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Calvin, John. "Commentary on 2 Timothy 3:13". "Calvin's Commentary on the Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/cal/2-timothy-3.html. 1840-57.

John Trapp Complete Commentary

13 But evil men and seducers shall wax worse and worse, deceiving, and being deceived.

Ver. 13. Shall wax worse and worse] In deterius proficient, a sorry kind of profiting, quando Andabatarum more res procedat. Thus the Illuminates (as they called themselves), a pestilent sect in Arragon, professing and affecting in themselves a kind of angelic purity, fell suddenly to the very counterpoint of justifying bestiality. (Spec. Europ.) And though these men and their light are quenched some while since, yet under pretence of new lights have not our church forsakers wheeled and wheeled about so long to the right hand, that they are perfectly come round to the left? {See Trapp on "2 Timothy 2:16"} {See Trapp on "2 Timothy 2:17"}

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Trapp, John. "Commentary on 2 Timothy 3:13". John Trapp Complete Commentary. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/jtc/2-timothy-3.html. 1865-1868.

Thomas Coke Commentary on the Holy Bible

2 Timothy 3:13. Seducers. The word Γοητες properly signifies sorcerers, magicians, jugglers, witches, or enchanters. Jannes and Jambres were evidently such; impostors, who endeavoured to vend a false religion for a true one, and to support it by their incantations.

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Coke, Thomas. "Commentary on 2 Timothy 3:13". Thomas Coke Commentary on the Holy Bible. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/tcc/2-timothy-3.html. 1801-1803.

Expository Notes with Practical Observations on the New Testament

Our apostle having acquainted us, in the former verse, with the condition of the godly, that they must expect and prepare for persecution; he lets us in this verse understand the miserable condition of the wicked, that they wax worse and worse; their proficiency is mere apostasy, they actively deceive others, and are passively deceived themselves, by the devil, that lying spirit, that grand imposter.

Learn hence, That the prosperous estate of wicked men is much more dangerous and miserable than the afflicted, persecuted conditon of the godly; the good by persecution grow better, but the wicked by living easy wax worse and worse.

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Burkitt, William. "Commentary on 2 Timothy 3:13". Expository Notes with Practical Observations on the New Testament. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/wbc/2-timothy-3.html. 1700-1703.

Greek Testament Critical Exegetical Commentary

13.] But (on the other hand: a reason why persecutions must be expected, and even worse and more bitter as time goes on. The opposition certainly, as seems to me (see also Wiesinger and Ellicott), is to the clause immediately preceding, not, as De W. and Huther maintain, to 2 Timothy 3:10 f. There would thus be no real contrast: whereas on our view, it is forcibly represented that the breach between light and darkness, between εὐσέβεια and πονηρία, would not be healed, but rather widened, as time went on) evil men (in general,—over the world: particularized, as applying to the matter in hand, by the next words) and seducers (lit. magicians, in allusion probably to the Egyptian magicians mentioned above. Jos. contra Apion. ii. 16, has the word in this sense,— τοιοῦτός τις ἡμῶν ὁ νομοθέτης, οὐ γόης, οὐδʼ ἀπατεών. Demosth. p. 374. 20, puts into the mouth of Æschines, respecting Philip, ἄπιστος, γόης, πονηρός. See Wetst., and Suicer in voc., and consult Ellic.’s note here) shall grow worse and worse (‘advance in the direction of worse:’ see above, 2 Timothy 3:9. There the diffusion of evil was spoken of: here its intensity), deceiving and being deceived ( πλανώμενοι is not middle (as Bengel, ‘qui se seducendos permittunt’) but passive: rather for contrast’s sake, as the middle would be vapid, than for the reason given by Huther, that if so, it would stand first, because he that deceives others is first himself deceived: for we might say exactly the same of the passive. Nor is the active participle to be assigned to the γόητες and the passive to the πονηροί, as Bengel also: both equally designate both. But his remark is striking and just, ‘Qui semel alios decipere cœpit, eo minus ipse ab errore se recipit, et eo facilius alienos errores mutuo amplectitur’).

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Alford, Henry. "Commentary on 2 Timothy 3:13". Greek Testament Critical Exegetical Commentary. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/hac/2-timothy-3.html. 1863-1878.

Heinrich Meyer's Critical and Exegetical Commentary on the New Testament

2 Timothy 3:13. Matthies (with whom Wiesinger agrees) thus states the connection between this and the preceding verses: “Quite different is it with evil men, who, instead of suffering for the truth, proceed always farther in their wickedness;” but there is no real opposition in the two thoughts thus opposed.(52) The apostle here continues the description of the heretics which was interrupted at 2 Timothy 3:10; in contrast with οἱ θέλοντες εὐσεβῶς ζῆν, he calls them πονηροὶ ἄνθρωποι καὶ γόητες, and says of them, προκόπτειν ἐπὶ τὸ χεῖρον, which is all the more suitable that it was the very reason why persecution was threatening the honest disciples of Christ, and with them Timothy.

πονηροὶ δὲ ἄνθρωποι] As the article is wanting, the thought is quite general, but καὶ γόητες clearly shows that the heretics mentioned above are specially meant (in opposition to Hofmann). Paul gives this name to the heretics, with reference to 2 Timothy 3:8, where he compared them to the Egyptian sorcerers. The word γόης is ἅπ. λεγ. ( γοητεία, 2 Maccabees 12:24); it is equivalent to μάγος, Acts 13:6; Acts 13:8 (comp., too, Acts 8:9; Acts 8:11). Hofmann generalizes the idea to that of a traitor; but this is all the more arbitrary, that the expression is undoubtedly an allusion to 2 Timothy 3:8.

προκόψουσιν ἐπὶ τὸ χεῖρον] denotes a greater degree of wickedness, while 2 Timothy 3:9 refers to the increase in the extent of its influence.

How this increase of wickedness comes to pass, is told by the words πλανῶντες καὶ πλανώμενοι. Bengel and Heydenreich make πλανῶντες and γόητες, πλανώμενοι and πονηροί parallel to each other; for this, however, there is no ground. Even the meaning of πλανώμενοι is against the parallel, for it is neither transitive: “leading astray” (Matthies), nor middle: qui se seducendos permittunt (Bengel), nor even intransitive: “going astray” (Hofmann); it is purely passive: “being led astray” (Luther), or otherwise it would have been put first. He who leads others astray is himself led astray.

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Meyer, Heinrich. "Commentary on 2 Timothy 3:13". Heinrich Meyer's Critical and Exegetical Commentary on the New Testament. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/hmc/2-timothy-3.html. 1832.

Johann Albrecht Bengel's Gnomon of the New Testament

2 Timothy 3:13. πονηροὶ, evil men) The antithesis is godly, 2 Timothy 3:12. These are πλανώμενοι, with a middle signification, who permit themselves to be seduced.— γόητες) seducers, enchanters, like those of Egypt, 2 Timothy 3:8. These are πλανῶντες, seducers.— προκόψουσιν, shall proceed to) so that no one will persecute them, but they will persecute the godly.— πλανῶντες καὶ πλανώμενοι, deceiving and being deceived) He who has once begun to deceive others, is the less easily able to recover himself from error, and the more easily embraces in turn the errors of others.

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Bengel, Johann Albrecht. "Commentary on 2 Timothy 3:13". Johann Albrecht Bengel's Gnomon of the New Testament. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/jab/2-timothy-3.html. 1897.

Matthew Poole's English Annotations on the Holy Bible

Neither do thou expect that the times should mend, for men that are given up to their lusts and gohtev, such as go about to deceive others, will grow worse and worse, as the world groweth older, both in their endeavours to deceive, and in their malice and hatred to those that oppose them.

Deceiving, and being deceived; deceiving others, and being left by the just judgment of God to deceive and ruin their own souls.

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Poole, Matthew, "Commentary on 2 Timothy 3:13". Matthew Poole's English Annotations on the Holy Bible. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/mpc/2-timothy-3.html. 1685.

Alexander MacLaren's Expositions of Holy Scripture

Все опасные действия лжеучителей (ср. ст. 1-9) будут учащаться и достигать большого успеха до Пришествия Христа. Ср. 2Фес. 2:11.

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MacLaren, Alexander. "Commentary on 2 Timothy 3:13". Alexander MacLaren's Expositions of Holy Scripture. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/mac/2-timothy-3.html.

Justin Edwards' Family Bible New Testament

Men who knowingly seduce others into sin become more and more wicked, and in deceiving others they often deceive themselves, to their own destruction.

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Edwards, Justin. "Commentary on 2 Timothy 3:13". "Family Bible New Testament". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/fam/2-timothy-3.html. American Tract Society. 1851.

Peter Pett's Commentary on the Bible

‘But evil men and impostors will wax worse and worse, deceiving and being deceived.’

In contrast with the ‘persecuted godly’ are evil men and ‘religious impostors’, that is those who make out that they are what they are not (like the Egyptian magicians) They will get worse and worse, and will continue both deceiving others, and being deceived about themselves. But they will not affect the growth of the Kingly Rule of God, for the Lord knows those who are His, and the foundation is solid (2 Timothy 2:19).

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Pett, Peter. "Commentary on 2 Timothy 3:13". "Peter Pett's Commentary on the Bible ". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/pet/2-timothy-3.html. 2013.

Schaff's Popular Commentary on the New Testament

2 Timothy 3:13. Again we have an oscillation of thought, and the immediate advance of evil becomes prominent. The chasm would grow wider till the final issue.

Seducers. Better, ‘magicians,’ ‘sorcerers,’ with reference to Jannes and Jambres.

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Schaff, Philip. "Commentary on 2 Timothy 3:13". "Schaff's Popular Commentary on the New Testament". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/scn/2-timothy-3.html. 1879-90.

E.W. Bullinger's Companion Bible Notes

evil. App-128.

seducers. Greek. goes. Only here.

wax. Same as "proceed", 2 Timothy 3:9.

worse, &c. -to (App-104.) the worse.

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Bullinger, Ethelbert William. "Commentary on 2 Timothy 3:13". "E.W. Bullinger's Companion bible Notes". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/bul/2-timothy-3.html. 1909-1922.

Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible - Unabridged

But evil men and seducers shall wax worse and worse, deceiving, and being deceived.

Reason why persecutions must be expected, and these worse and worse as the end approaches. The breach between light and darkness, so far from being healed, shall be widened (Alford). Seducers, [ goeetes (Greek #1114)] - 'conjurers.' Magic prevailed at Ephesus (Acts 19:19), and had been renounced by many on embracing Christianity; but now, when Paul was writing to Ephesus, symptoms of a return to conjuring appeared: an undesigned coincidence. Probably sorcery will characterize the final apostasy (Revelation 13:15; Revelation 18:23; Revelation 22:15).

Wax worse, [ prokopsousin (Greek #4298) epi (Greek #1909)] - 'advance in the direction of the worse.' Not contradictory to 2 Timothy 3:9 (cf. note): there the diffusion of the evil was spoken of, here its intensity (Alford).

Deceiving, and being deceived. Beginning with deceiving others, they end with being deceived themselves.

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Jamieson, Robert, D.D.; Fausset, A. R.; Brown, David. "Commentary on 2 Timothy 3:13". "Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible - Unabridged". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/jfu/2-timothy-3.html. 1871-8.

Ellicott's Commentary for English Readers

(13) But evil men and seducers shall wax worse and worse.—This verse is closely connected with the following (2 Timothy 3:14), to which, indeed, it serves as an introduction. 2 Timothy 3:14 takes up again the exhortation to Timothy begun in 2 Timothy 3:10 : “But thou hast fully known my doctrine,” &c. 2 Timothy 3:14 takes up the thought: “Continue thou in the things which thou hast learned and been assured of, knowing of whom thou hast learned them.” Here, in 2 Timothy 3:13, these evil men and seducers (or better, perhaps, deceivers) are spoken of as advancing towards the worse. History has borne witness to the accuracy of these prophetic words. The false teachers known to St. Paul and Timothy developed into the leaders of the various wild and speculative Gnostic sects, whose connection with Christianity consisted alone in the name; and each succeeding age has witnessed a development in opposition to the truth as it is in Jesus. In this allusion to the gradual development of hostility to the truth it will hardly be out of place to instance the eighteenth Christian century, when opposition to the teaching of Jesus had reached such a pitch that, with the approval or even the applause of thousands, the most brilliant writer in Europe wrote of Christ and His religion in the well-known words, “Ecrasez l’infame!” while it was reserved for our own century—the nineteenth—to witness the rare, though we believe ephemeral popularity, among so-called Christian peoples of a work which, with honeyed phrases, and in romantic, graceful language, paints the Redeemer of man in the strange and apparently contradictory characters of a loving enthusiast and of a conscious impostor!

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Ellicott, Charles John. "Commentary on 2 Timothy 3:13". "Ellicott's Commentary for English Readers". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/ebc/2-timothy-3.html. 1905.

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

But evil men and seducers shall wax worse and worse, deceiving, and being deceived.
evil
8; 2:16,17; 2 Thessalonians 2:6-10; 1 Timothy 4:1; 2 Peter 2:20; 3:3; Revelation 12:9; 13:14; 18:23
being
Job 12:16; Isaiah 44:20; Ezekiel 14:9,10; 2 Thessalonians 2:11
Reciprocal: Genesis 19:5 - GeneralLeviticus 13:3 - deeper;  Leviticus 13:35 - General1 Samuel 19:1 - And Saul;  1 Kings 13:33 - made again;  2 Chronicles 33:23 - trespassed more and more;  Psalm 119:118 - their deceit;  Proverbs 10:16 - the fruit;  Proverbs 14:8 - folly;  Isaiah 30:1 - add;  Jeremiah 9:3 - for they;  Jeremiah 16:12 - worse;  Jeremiah 29:8 - Let;  Ezekiel 8:13 - greater;  Ezekiel 8:15 - Hast;  Ezekiel 13:10 - seduced;  Hosea 13:2 - now;  Malachi 2:12 - the master and the scholar;  Matthew 7:15 - which;  Luke 6:39 - Can;  Luke 21:8 - Take;  1 Corinthians 3:12 - wood;  1 Corinthians 3:18 - deceive;  2 Corinthians 11:3 - so;  Galatians 6:3 - he deceiveth;  Ephesians 4:14 - tossed;  Colossians 2:4 - lest;  Colossians 2:8 - philosophy;  Titus 1:10 - there;  James 1:22 - deceiving;  1 John 1:8 - we deceive;  1 John 2:26 - concerning;  1 John 4:1 - many;  Revelation 16:11 - and repented not;  Revelation 22:11 - that is unjust

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Torrey, R. A. "Commentary on 2 Timothy 3:13". "The Treasury of Scripture Knowledge". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/tsk/2-timothy-3.html.

Stanley Derickson - Notes on Selected Books

"But evil men and seducers shall wax worse and worse, deceiving, and being deceived."

This truth is seen in many of the cults. The leader starts out relatively benign, but as power comes their way and they like it, they usually increase their power and their evil bent leads them even deeper and deeper into evil. Several have gone as far as calling for the death of their followers.

Not only does their evil increase, but their followers become further entrenched in the falsehood and evil.

Just how many can you think of that are in this mode of operation today? People that are waxing worse and deceiving others as they go.

There are those that "minister" to homosexuals — they run their churches in an effort to bring them together and to raise them spiritually. They are continuing to go deeper

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Derickson, Stanley. "Commentary on 2 Timothy 3:13". "Stanley Derickson - Notes on Selected Books". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/sdn/2-timothy-3.html.

Whedon's Commentary on the Bible

13.But—In contrast to 10-12, St. Paul makes again a brief reference to the corrupt sorcerers of 2 Timothy 3:8.

Seducers—Literally, sorcerers or jugglers; like the opponents of Moses in Exodus, or Elymas, and the followers of Diana in Acts.

Deceiving, and being deceived—By a perpetual community of error mutually deluding each other, and so wax worse and worse by going deeper and deeper into a series of delusions. Such, in fact, was the history of Gnosticism.

 

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Whedon, Daniel. "Commentary on 2 Timothy 3:13". "Whedon's Commentary on the Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/whe/2-timothy-3.html. 1874-1909.

The Expositor's Greek Testament

2 Timothy 3:13. : The antithesis seems to be between the apparent discomfiture of those who wish to live in Christ (their persecution being after all almost a means conditional to their attaining their desire), and the paradoxical success of evil men; they advance indeed; but only in degradation; proficient in peius (Vulg.). See notes on 2 Timothy 3:9 and 2 Timothy 2:16.

, impostors (R.V.), seductores, exactly expresses the term. occurs 2 Maccabees 12:24, where it means trickery.

: cf.Titus 3:3. Those who deceive others impair, in so doing, their sense of the distinction between truth and falsehood, and thus weaken their power of resistance to self-deceit, and to imposition by others.

: See on 2 Timothy 3:9.

 

 

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Nicol, W. Robertson, M.A., L.L.D. "Commentary on 2 Timothy 3:13". The Expositor's Greek Testament. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/egt/2-timothy-3.html. 1897-1910.

The Bible Study New Testament

13. But evil men and Impostors. This will be true all during the Christian Age, until Christ returns!!! Impostor can mean sorcerer (see 2 Timothy 3:8), and the Devil will COUNTERFEIT the power of God (2 Thessalonians 2:9-12). This is another reason why the WRITTEN WORD is so very important. God speaks to us through the written word! It is a yardstick by which we measure spiritual things. It should never be locked away in archaic language, but must be in a form easily understood (and very difficult to misunderstand) in the living language of ordinary people.

 

 

 

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Ice, Rhoderick D. "Commentary on 2 Timothy 3:13". "The Bible Study New Testament". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/ice/2-timothy-3.html. College Press, Joplin, MO. 1974.

Calvin's Commentary on the Bible

13But wicked men and impostors This is the most bitter of all persecutions, when we see wicked men, with their sacrilegious hardihood, with their blasphemies and errors, gathering strength. Thus Paul says elsewhere, that Ishmael persecuted Isaac, not by the sword, but by mockery (Galatians 4:29.) Hence also we may conclude, that in the preceding verse, it was not merely one kind of persecution that was described, but that the Apostle spoke, in general terms, of those distresses which the children of God are compelled to endure, when they contend for the glory of their Father.

I stated, a little before, in what respect they shall grow worse and worse; for he foretells not only that they will make obstinate resistance, but that they will succeed in injuring and corrupting others. One worthless person will always be more effectual in destroying, than ten faithful teachers in building, though they labor with all their might. Nor are there ever wanting the tares which Satan sows for injuring the pure corn; and even when we think that false prophets are driven away, others continually spring up in other directions.

Again, as to the power of doing injury, (188) it is not because falsehood, in its own nature, is stronger than truth, or that the tricks of Satan exceed the energy of the Spirit of God; but because men, being naturally inclined to vanity and errors, embrace far more readily what agrees with their natural disposition, and also because, being blinded by a righteous vengeance of God, they are led, as captive slaves, at the will of Satan. (189) And the chief reason, why the plague of wicked doctrines is so efficacious, is, that the ingratitude of men deserves that it should be so. It is highly necessary for godly teachers to be reminded of this, that they may be prepared for uninterrupted warfare, and may not be discouraged by delay, or yield to the haughtiness and insolence of adversaries.

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Calvin, John. "Commentary on 2 Timothy 3:13". "Calvin's Commentary on the Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/cal/2-timothy-3.html. 1840-57.