Verse-by-Verse Bible Commentary

2 Timothy 3:4

treacherous, reckless, conceited, lovers of pleasure rather than lovers of God,
New American Standard Version

Bible Study Resources

Concordances:
Nave's Topical Bible - Amusements and Worldly Pleasures;   Apostasy;   Character;   Citizens;   Commandments;   Company;   Fellowship;   Formalism;   Minister, Christian;   Pleasure;   Pride;   Selfishness;   Wicked (People);   Worldliness;   Scofield Reference Index - Apostasy;   Thompson Chain Reference - Pleasure, Worldly;   Pleasure-Seekers;   Self-Indulgence-Self-Denial;   Worldly;   The Topic Concordance - Knowledge;   Last Days;   Turning;   Torrey's Topical Textbook - Amusements and Pleasures, Worldly;   Character of the Wicked;  
Dictionaries:
Baker Evangelical Dictionary of Biblical Theology - Timothy, First and Second, Theology of;   Charles Buck Theological Dictionary - Jesus Christ;   Fausset Bible Dictionary - Age, Old;   Antichrist;   Divination;   Idol;   Miracles;   Timothy, the Second Epistle to;   Tyre;   Holman Bible Dictionary - Joy;   Pride;   Titus, Epistle to;   2 Thessalonians;   2 Timothy;   Hastings' Dictionary of the Bible - Love, Lover, Lovely, Beloved;   Hastings' Dictionary of the New Testament - Betrayal;   Brotherly Love;   Commandment;   Love;   Mind;   Paul;   Pride;   Timothy and Titus Epistles to;   Truth;   Morrish Bible Dictionary - Heady;   Perilous Times;   Prophets, the;   Traitor,;   The Hawker's Poor Man's Concordance And Dictionary - Rebels;   Watson's Biblical & Theological Dictionary - Paul;  
Encyclopedias:
International Standard Bible Encyclopedia - Betrayers;   Gnosticism;   Heady;   Highminded;   Jude, the Epistle of;   Lover;   Peter, Simon;  
Devotionals:
Every Day Light - Devotion for April 9;  

Adam Clarke Commentary

Traitors - Προδοται· From προ, before, and διδωμι, to deliver up. Those who deliver up to an enemy the person who has put his life in their hands; such as the Scots of 1648, who delivered up into the hands of his enemies their unfortunate countryman and king, Charles the First; a stain which no lapse of ages can wipe out.

Heady - Προπετεις· From προ, forwards, and πιπτω, to fall; headstrong, precipitate, rash, inconsiderate.

High-minded - Τετυφωμενοι· From τυφος, smoke; the frivolously aspiring; those who are full of themselves, and empty of all good.

Lovers of pleasures more than lovers of God - This is nervously and beautifully expressed in the Greek, φιληδονοι μαλλον η φιλοθεοι lovers of pleasure rather than lovers of God; i.e. pleasure, sensual gratification, is their god; and this they love and serve; God they do not.

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Clarke, Adam. "Commentary on 2 Timothy 3:4". "The Adam Clarke Commentary". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/acc/2-timothy-3.html. 1832.

Albert Barnes' Notes on the Whole Bible

Traitors - This word is used in the New Testament only here and in Luke 6:16; Acts 7:52. It means any one who betrays - whether it be a friend or his country. Treason has been in all ages regarded as one of the worst crimes that man can commit.

Heady - The same word in Acts 19:36, is rendered rashly. It occurs only there and in this place in the New Testament. It properly means “falling forwards; prone, inclined, ready to do anything; then precipitate, headlong, rash.” It is opposed to that which is deliberate and calm, and here means that men would be ready to do anything without deliberation, or concern for the consequences. They would engage in enterprises which would only disturb society, or prove their own ruin.

High-minded - Literally, “puffed up;” compare the notes at 1 Timothy 3:6, where the same word is rendered “lifted up with pride.” The meaning is, that they would be inflated with pride or self-conceit.

Lovers of pleasures more than lovers of God - That is, of sensual pleasures, or vain amusements. This has been, and is, the characteristic of a great part of the world, and has often distinguished even many who profess religion. Of a large portion of mankind it may be said that this is their characteristic, that they live for pleasure; they have no serious pursuits; they brook no restraints which interfere with their amusements, and they greatly prefer the pleasures to be found in the gay assembly, in the ball-room, or in the place of low dissipation, to the friendship of their Creator.

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Barnes, Albert. "Commentary on 2 Timothy 3:4". "Barnes' Notes on the Whole Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/bnb/2-timothy-3.html. 1870.

Coffman Commentaries on the Bible

traitors, headstrong, puffed up, lovers of pleasure rather than lovers of God;

Traitors ... Every selfish, undisciplined person exhibiting the qualities Paul was describing is at heart a traitor to all that is good and holy, every one of them a potential Judas instantly ready to betray the holiest for self-gratification.

Headstrong, puffed up ... How Paul piled word upon word in this graphic composite of the wicked person.

Lovers of pleasure rather than lovers of God ... Is this two qualities, or one? It makes no difference; because lovers of pleasure, unless such love is renounced, will inevitably find themselves drifting away from the Lord. Whether or not SINFUL pleasures is meant here is not stated, because the words apply to all pleasures, even those which in themselves may be said to be innocent and harmless. The love of pleasures has the potential of robbing the soul of its love of the Lord. In the parable of the sower, it will be remembered that the cares and riches and pleasures were the thorns that choked out the word. Ward noted that this expression is a well-known figure of speech, meiosis, or understatement for the sake of emphasis. "In literal fact, they always please themselves and do not love God at all!"[8]

ENDNOTE:

[8] Ronald A. Ward, Commentary on 1,2Timothy and Titus (Waco: Word Books, Publisher, 1974), p. 188.

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Coffman Commentaries reproduced by permission of Abilene Christian University Press, Abilene, Texas, USA. All other rights reserved.
Bibliographical Information
Coffman, James Burton. "Commentary on 2 Timothy 3:4". "Coffman Commentaries on the Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/bcc/2-timothy-3.html. Abilene Christian University Press, Abilene, Texas, USA. 1983-1999.

John Gill's Exposition of the Whole Bible

Traitors,.... To their princes and sovereigns, whose deaths they have contrived and compassed, and whom they have assassinated and murdered; and have been betrayers of the secrets of persons, which they have come at by auricular confession to them; and of their best and nearest friends, to preserve and secure themselves.

Heady; rash, daring, bold, and impudent, fit to say and do any thing, though ever so vile and wicked.

High, minded; puffed and swelled up with a vain conceit of themselves, and speaking great swelling words of vanity;

lovers of pleasure more than lovers of God; lovers of sinful pleasures, or the pleasures of sin, which are but for a season, and not God; serving divers lusts and pleasures, and not God; making a god of their belly; sensual idolaters, delighting themselves in their carnal lusts, and not in the service of God.

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The New John Gill's Exposition of the Entire Bible Modernised and adapted for the computer by Larry Pierce of Online Bible. All Rights Reserved, Larry Pierce, Winterbourne, Ontario.
A printed copy of this work can be ordered from: The Baptist Standard Bearer, 1 Iron Oaks Dr, Paris, AR, 72855
Bibliographical Information
Gill, John. "Commentary on 2 Timothy 3:4". "The New John Gill Exposition of the Entire Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/geb/2-timothy-3.html. 1999.

Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible

heady — precipitate in action and in passion.

high-minded — literally, “puffed up” with pride, as with smoke blinding them.

lovers of pleasure … God — Love of pleasure destroys the love and sense of God.

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These files are a derivative of an electronic edition prepared from text scanned by Woodside Bible Fellowship.
This expanded edition of the Jameison-Faussett-Brown Commentary is in the public domain and may be freely used and distributed.
Bibliographical Information
Jamieson, Robert, D.D.; Fausset, A. R.; Brown, David. "Commentary on 2 Timothy 3:4". "Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/jfb/2-timothy-3.html. 1871-8.

Robertson's Word Pictures in the New Testament

Traitors (προδοταιprodotai). Old word (from προδιδωμιprodidōmi), in N.T. only here, Luke 6:16; Acts 7:52.

Headstrong (προπετειςpropeteis). Old word (from προpro and πιπτωpiptō), falling forward, in N.T. only here and Acts 19:36.

Puffed up (τετυπωμενοιtetuphōmenoi). Perfect passive participle of τυποωtuphoō See note on 1 Timothy 3:6.

Lovers of pleasure (πιληδονοιphilēdonoi). Literary Koiné{[28928]}š word (πιλοσ ηδονηphilosπιλοτεοιhēdonē), only here in N.T.

Lovers of God (πιλοσ τεοςphilotheoi). Old word (philostheos), only here in N.T.

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The Robertson's Word Pictures of the New Testament. Copyright © Broadman Press 1932,33, Renewal 1960. All rights reserved. Used by permission of Broadman Press (Southern Baptist Sunday School Board)
Bibliographical Information
Robertson, A.T. "Commentary on 2 Timothy 3:4". "Robertson's Word Pictures of the New Testament". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/rwp/2-timothy-3.html. Broadman Press 1932,33. Renewal 1960.

Vincent's Word Studies

Traitors ( προδόται )

Or betrayers. Only here, Luke 6:16; Acts 7:52.

Heady ( προπετεῖς )

Precipitate, reckless, headstrong in the pursuit of a bad end under the influence of passion. Only here and Acts 19:36. In lxx, slack, loose, hence foolish, Proverbs 10:14, and dividing or parting asunder, as the lips; of one who opens his lips and speaks hastily or thoughtlessly, Proverbs 13:3. Comp. 1Timothy href="/desk/?q=1ti+3:6&sr=1">1 Timothy 3:6, and comp. 1 Timothy 6:4.

Lovers of pleasure more than lovers of God ( φιλήδονοι μᾶλλον ἢφιλόθεοι )

Pleasure-lovers rather than God-lovers. Both words N.T.oolxx.

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Vincent, Marvin R. DD. "Commentary on 2 Timothy 3:4". "Vincent's Word Studies in the New Testament". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/vnt/2-timothy-3.html. Charles Schribner's Sons. New York, USA. 1887.

Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Traitors, heady, highminded, lovers of pleasures more than lovers of God;

Lovers of sensual pleasure — Which naturally extinguishes all love and sense of God.

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Wesley, John. "Commentary on 2 Timothy 3:4". "John Wesley's Explanatory Notes on the Whole Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/wen/2-timothy-3.html. 1765.

John Trapp Complete Commentary

4 Traitors, heady, highminded, lovers of pleasures more than lovers of God;

Ver. 4. Heady] Head long and head strong, rash and inconsiderate, Qui non vident προσσω και οπισσω, that look not well about them, but make desperate adventures. The Greek word προπετεις signifieth such as fly before they are fledged.

Lovers of pleasure] Not considering that the pleasure passeth, but the pain that attends it is perpetual, φιληδονοι. (Chrysost.) Momentaneum est quod delectat, aeternum quod cruciat. Let not men take pleasure in pleasure. It was not simply a sin in Esau to go a hunting; but yet the more he used it, the more profane he waxed, and came at length to contemn his birthright. Who are void of the Spirit but sensual ones? 1:18-19. Who say to God, Depart from us, but those that dance? Job 21:10-11. Better be preserved in brine than rot in honey. These pleasure mongers are at last as the worst of all. Such a one was Catullus, who wished all his body were nose, that he might spend all his time in sweet smells. Such was Philoxenus, who likewise wished that his neck were as long as a crane’s, that he might take more delight in meats and drinks. Such was Boccas the poet, who said that he was born por l’amore delle donne, for the love of women. But in the kingdom of pleasure virtue cannot consist. These voluptuaries (as one saith of them) are, Magis solliciti de mero quam de vero: Magisque amantes mundi delicias quam Christi divitias: as those recusant guests; the worst of all whom, and least excusable, was that epicure, who had married a wife, and therefore could not come.

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Trapp, John. "Commentary on 2 Timothy 3:4". John Trapp Complete Commentary. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/jtc/2-timothy-3.html. 1865-1868.

Thomas Coke Commentary on the Holy Bible

2 Timothy 3:4. Traitors Betrayers of civil and sacred trusts, and delivering up even their nearer relations to miseries and death.

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Coke, Thomas. "Commentary on 2 Timothy 3:4". Thomas Coke Commentary on the Holy Bible. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/tcc/2-timothy-3.html. 1801-1803.

Johann Albrecht Bengel's Gnomon of the New Testament

2 Timothy 3:4. προπετεῖς) rash, those who are headstrong [Engl. Vers. heady] in acting, etc.— τετυφωμένοι, [high-minded] puffed up) 1 Timothy 6:4, note; as if a person should be so suffocated with smoke ( τύφω), that he has no longer power over his mind. Such is the condition to which pride brings men.— φιλήδονοι, lovers of pleasure) An epithet of the Epicureans. Pleasure destroys the love and sense of God. Such are our Epicureans.

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Bengel, Johann Albrecht. "Commentary on 2 Timothy 3:4". Johann Albrecht Bengel's Gnomon of the New Testament. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/jab/2-timothy-3.html. 1897.

Matthew Poole's English Annotations on the Holy Bible

Traitors; prodotai signifies the betraying of any trust, or a falsehood to any person to whom we are obliged. It is in Scripture applied to Judas, Luke 6:16, and to the Jews that crucified Christ, Acts 7:52. The verb whence it derives is by authors applied to persons, places, and causes: it signifies that in the latter times there should be a general falsehood amongst men; see Matthew 10:21; falsehood towards their superiors, their relation, profession, &c.

Heady; rash, inconsiderate.

High-minded; blown up as bladders with an opinion of their own deserts.

Lovers of pleasures more than lovers of God; voluptuous men, not using what God hath given them with a moderate satisfaction and delight in them, but contrary to God’s commandments, and thereby showing that they have more love for the gratification of their sensitive appetite than the pleasing of God.

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Poole, Matthew, "Commentary on 2 Timothy 3:4". Matthew Poole's English Annotations on the Holy Bible. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/mpc/2-timothy-3.html. 1685.

Justin Edwards' Family Bible New Testament

Heady; rash, reckless.

High-minded; puffed up with a high opinion of themselves.

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Edwards, Justin. "Commentary on 2 Timothy 3:4". "Family Bible New Testament". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/fam/2-timothy-3.html. American Tract Society. 1851.

Expository Notes of Dr. Thomas Constable

They would also be (15) disposed toward betrayal, treacherous (prodotai), and (16) headstrong, reckless (propeteis). They would be (17) conceited (tetyphomenoi), puffed up with pride, wrapped in a mist of self-delusion, and (18) devoted to personal pleasure (philedonoi) rather than to God (philotheoi).

This "vice list" is quite similar to the one in Romans 1:29-31. [Note: A. T. Hanson, The Pastoral Epistles, p144. See Ren A. Lpez, "A Study of Pauline Passages with Vice Lists," Bibliotheca Sacra168:671 (July-September2011):301-16.] Vice lists were commonly used in Greco-Roman rhetoric to caricature an opponent. They often employed the repetition of sound and other rhythmic devices to increase the impact. [Note: See Towner, The Letters . . ., pp552-53.]

Paul wrote this list of18 characteristics in a somewhat chiastic arrangement. His list begins and ends with two groups of two words expressing a misdirection of love. Then come two groups with three terms each that focus on pride and hostility toward others. Then come two groups, five words followed by three words, all of which begin with a in the Greek text that negate some good quality that God"s common grace affords. These eight words-the first one is in a two-word phrase-depict people who are devoid of the most basic characteristics of human life. The center of the chiasm is the word diaboloi, meaning slanderers, devilish people (cf. 2 Timothy 2:26; 1 Timothy 3:11; Titus 2:3). [Note: Knight, pp429-32.]

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Constable, Thomas. DD. "Commentary on 2 Timothy 3:4". "Expository Notes of Dr. Thomas Constable". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/dcc/2-timothy-3.html. 2012.

Schaff's Popular Commentary on the New Testament

2 Timothy 3:4. Heady. Better, ‘headlong.’

High-minded. The same word as 1 Timothy 3:6, 1 Timothy 6:4, ‘fevered or ‘delirious with pride.’

Lovers of pleasures. Better, as contrasting more pointedly the two objects of love, Movers of pleasure’ in the singular.

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Schaff, Philip. "Commentary on 2 Timothy 3:4". "Schaff's Popular Commentary on the New Testament". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/scn/2-timothy-3.html. 1879-90.

E.W. Bullinger's Companion Bible Notes

Traitors. Greek. prodotes. Only here; Luke 6:16. Acts 7:52.

heady = headstrong. See Acts 19:36,

highminded = puffedup. See 1 Timothy 3:6,

lovers, &c. Greek. philedonos. Only here,

lovers of God. Greek. philotheos. Only here.

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Bullinger, Ethelbert William. "Commentary on 2 Timothy 3:4". "E.W. Bullinger's Companion bible Notes". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/bul/2-timothy-3.html. 1909-1922.

Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible - Unabridged

Traitors, heady, highminded, lovers of pleasures more than lovers of God;

Traitors (Luke 6:16; Luke 21:16) - like Judas.

Heady, [ propeteis (Greek #4312)] - precipitate in action and passion.

High-minded, [ tetufoomenoi (Greek #5187)] - 'puffed up' with pride, as with smoke blinding them.

Lovers of pleasures ... God. Love of pleasure destroys the love and sense of God.

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Bibliographical Information
Jamieson, Robert, D.D.; Fausset, A. R.; Brown, David. "Commentary on 2 Timothy 3:4". "Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible - Unabridged". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/jfu/2-timothy-3.html. 1871-8.

Ellicott's Commentary for English Readers

(4) Traitors.—Or, betrayers, probably, as it has been suggested, of their Christian brethren. (Comp. Luke 6:16, where this epithet is used of Judas Iscariot, “which also was the traitor;” and also Acts 7:52, where Stephen, in his Sanhedrin speech, uses this term “betrayers” of the Jews, “of whom—the Just One—ye have been now the betrayers.” In these days of Timothy, and for many a long year, to inform against the believers in Jesus of Nazareth, to give information of their places of meeting in times of persecution, was often a profitable’ though a despicable work.

Heady.—Better rendered, headstrong in words, or thoughts, or actions.

Highminded.—Better translated, blinded by pride. (See 1 Timothy 3:6.)

Lovers of pleasures more than lovers of God.—Men who would make any sacrifice to procure a fleeting pleasure, and who would give nothing up in order to do honour to the eternal but invisible God. Need the ministers of the Lord tarry for the last period preceding the return of Messiah for judgment—when a still more awful iniquity shall reign—for examples of these short-sighted mortals? The sorrowful catalogue began with “love of self,” that unhappy vice which excludes all love for others; it closes with that “love of pleasure” which shuts out all love of God.

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Ellicott, Charles John. "Commentary on 2 Timothy 3:4". "Ellicott's Commentary for English Readers". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/ebc/2-timothy-3.html. 1905.

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

Traitors, heady, highminded, lovers of pleasures more than lovers of God;
Traitors
2 Peter 2:10-22; Jude 1:8,9
high-minded
Romans 11:20; 1 Timothy 6:17
lovers of God
Romans 16:18; Philippians 3:18,19; 1 Timothy 5:6; 2 Peter 2:13,15; Jude 1:4,19
Reciprocal: Deuteronomy 32:41 - them that hate;  Psalm 52:3 - lovest;  Proverbs 21:17 - loveth;  Matthew 22:5 - one;  Luke 12:19 - take;  John 15:24 - hated;  Romans 1:25 - the creature;  Romans 8:7 - the carnal mind;  1 Timothy 6:4 - He;  2 Timothy 3:2 - lovers;  James 5:5 - have lived

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Torrey, R. A. "Commentary on 2 Timothy 3:4". "The Treasury of Scripture Knowledge". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/tsk/2-timothy-3.html.

Whedon's Commentary on the Bible

4.Traitors—Ready to sacrifice a friend for self-interest.

Heady— Headstrong, impetuous, rushing heedless in their own course.

Highminded—Puffed up and swelling with self-conceit.

Lovers of pleasures’ God—A clear and striking antithesis, but too descriptive of most of the world.

 

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Whedon, Daniel. "Commentary on 2 Timothy 3:4". "Whedon's Commentary on the Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/whe/2-timothy-3.html. 1874-1909.

The Expositor's Greek Testament

2 Timothy 3:4. : has no special reference to persecution of Christians.

: See note on 1 Timothy 3:6.

 

 

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Nicol, W. Robertson, M.A., L.L.D. "Commentary on 2 Timothy 3:4". The Expositor's Greek Testament. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/egt/2-timothy-3.html. 1897-1910.

The Bible Study New Testament

4. Treacherous, even to their own relatives (Matthew 10:34-36). Reckless. Headstrong, irrational behavior caused by prejudice and hatred. Swollen with pride, so that no one can give them any advice. Lovepleasure. See 2 Peter 2:13.

 

 

 

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Ice, Rhoderick D. "Commentary on 2 Timothy 3:4". "The Bible Study New Testament". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/ice/2-timothy-3.html. College Press, Joplin, MO. 1974.