Verse-by-Verse Bible Commentary

2 Timothy 3:3

unloving, irreconcilable, malicious gossips, without self-control, brutal, haters of good,
New American Standard Version

Bible Study Resources

Concordances:
Nave's Topical Bible - Accusation, False;   Affections;   Apostasy;   Character;   Citizens;   Commandments;   Fellowship;   Formalism;   Minister, Christian;   Persecution;   Selfishness;   Wicked (People);   Worldliness;   Scofield Reference Index - Apostasy;   Thompson Chain Reference - Despisers;   Righteous-Wicked;   Wicked, the;   Wickedness;   The Topic Concordance - Knowledge;   Last Days;   Turning;   Torrey's Topical Textbook - Affections, the;   Character of the Wicked;   Contempt;   Covenants;  
Dictionaries:
Baker Evangelical Dictionary of Biblical Theology - Timothy, First and Second, Theology of;   Charles Buck Theological Dictionary - Jesus Christ;   Fausset Bible Dictionary - Age, Old;   Antichrist;   Devil;   Divination;   Idol;   Miracles;   Timothy, the Second Epistle to;   Tyre;   Holman Bible Dictionary - Incontinency, Incontinent;   Natural;   Self-Control;   Titus, Epistle to;   2 Thessalonians;   2 Timothy;   Hastings' Dictionary of the Bible - Love, Lover, Lovely, Beloved;   Temperance;   Hastings' Dictionary of the New Testament - Brotherly Love;   Commandment;   Devil ;   Evil-Speaking;   Natural;   Paul;   Self-Control;   Temperance ;   Timothy and Titus Epistles to;   Truth;   Morrish Bible Dictionary - Perilous Times;   Prophets, the;   People's Dictionary of the Bible - Devil;   Watson's Biblical & Theological Dictionary - Paul;  
Encyclopedias:
International Standard Bible Encyclopedia - Accuser;   Affect;   Gnosticism;   Jude, the Epistle of;   Lover;   Makebates;   Peter, Simon;   Slander;   Trucebreaker;  
Devotionals:
Every Day Light - Devotion for April 9;  

Adam Clarke Commentary

Without natural affection - Αστοργοι· Without that affection which parents bear to their young, and which the young bear to their parents. An affection which is common to every class of animals; consequently, men without it are worse than brutes.

Truce-breakers - Ασπονδοι· From α, negative, and σπονδη, a libation, because in making treaties libations both of blood and wine were poured out. The word means those who are bound by no promise, held by no engagement, obliged by no oath; persons who readily promise any thing, because they never intend to perform.

False accusers - Διαβολοι· Devils; but properly enough rendered false accusers, for this is a principal work of the devil. Slanderers; striving ever to ruin the characters of others.

Incontinent - Ακρατεις· From α, negative, and κρατος, power. Those who, having sinned away their power of self-government, want strength to govern their appetites; especially those who are slaves to uncleanness.

Fierce - Ανημεροι· From α, negative, and ἡμερος, mild or gentle. Wild, impetuous, whatever is contrary to pliability and gentleness.

Despisers of those that are good - Αφιλαγαθοι· Not lovers of good men. Here is a remarkable advantage of the Greek over the English tongue, one word of the former expressing five or six of the latter. Those who do not love the good must be radically bad themselves.

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Bibliographical Information
Clarke, Adam. "Commentary on 2 Timothy 3:3". "The Adam Clarke Commentary". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/acc/2-timothy-3.html. 1832.

Albert Barnes' Notes on the Whole Bible

Without natural affection - see the notes at Romans 1:31.

Trucebreakers - The same word in Romans 1:31, is rendered “implacable;” see the notes at that verse. It properly means “without treaty;” that is, those who are averse to any treaty or compact. It may thus refer to those who are unwilling to enter into any agreement; that is, either those who are unwilling to be reconciled to others when there is a variance - implacable; or those who disregard treaties or agreements. In either case, this marks a very corrupt condition of society. Nothing would be more indicative of the lowest state of degradation, than that in which all compacts and agreements were utterly disregarded.

False accusers - Margin, “makebates.” The word “makebate” means one who excites contentions and quarrels. Webster. The Greek here is διάβολοι diaboloi- “devils” - the primitive meaning of which is, “calumniator, slanderer, accuser;” compare the notes at 1 Timothy 3:11, where the word is rendered “slanderers.”

Incontinent - 1 Corinthians 7:5. Literally, “without strength;” that is, without strength to resist the solicitations of passion, or who readily yield to it.

Fierce - The Greek word used here - ἀνήμερος anēmeros- does not elsewhere occur in the New Testament. It means “ungentle, harsh, severe,” and is the opposite of gentleness and mildness. Religion produces gentleness; the want of it makes men rough, harsh, cruel; compare the notes at 2 Timothy 2:24.

Despisers of those that are good - In Titus 1:8, it is said of a bishop that he must be “a lover of good men.” This, in every condition of life, is a virtue, and hence, the opposite of it is here set down as one of the characteristics of that evil age of which the apostle speaks.

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Bibliographical Information
Barnes, Albert. "Commentary on 2 Timothy 3:3". "Barnes' Notes on the Whole Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/bnb/2-timothy-3.html. 1870.

Coffman Commentaries on the Bible

without natural affection, implacable, slanderers, without self-control, fierce, no lovers of good,

Without natural affection ... This refers to the unnatural child which does not love the parents, or to mothers who do not love their children, or to any person without the basic affections which are the glue which holds the social order together. As Lipscomb said, "The affection here is common to every class of brutes; consequently, men and women without it are worse than brutes."[6]

Implacable ... is the attitude of a person unwilling to make a truce or to agree to peace under any circumstance, a vicious fighter who fights for the sheer enjoyment of it.

Slanderers ... The Greek word here is [@diabolos], one of the names of Satan, and has the literal meaning of "false-accusers."[7]

Without self-control ... Some of the older translations render this "incontinent," thus restricting the meaning to sexual laxity; but much more is meant. The persons noted here have no restraint or self-control in anything, none of their ambitions, passions, lusts, appetites or desires being under any discipline whatever.

Fierce ... is also rendered "savage."

No lovers of good ... The natural animosity of darkness against the light, of wickedness against righteousness, of error against truth, etc., is the mark of these. "The wolves always hate the sheep."

[6] David Lipscomb, New Testament Commentaries, 2Timothy (Nashville: The Gospel Advocate Company, 1976), p. 228.

[7] E. M. Zerr, Bible Commentary (Marion, Indiana: Cogdill Foundation, 1954), p. 194.

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Coffman Commentaries reproduced by permission of Abilene Christian University Press, Abilene, Texas, USA. All other rights reserved.
Bibliographical Information
Coffman, James Burton. "Commentary on 2 Timothy 3:3". "Coffman Commentaries on the Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/bcc/2-timothy-3.html. Abilene Christian University Press, Abilene, Texas, USA. 1983-1999.

John Gill's Exposition of the Whole Bible

Without natural affection,.... To parents, or children, or wife; parents thrusting their children into religious houses, cloisters, &c. against their wills; children leaving their parents without their knowledge or consent; married bishops and priests being obliged to quit their wives, and declare their children spurious; with many other such unnatural actions.

Trucebreakers; or covenant breakers; stirring up princes to break through their treaties and covenants with one another; dissolving the allegiance of subjects to their sovereigns, and moving them to rebellion against them; loosing the marriage bond between husband and wife; making void all oaths, contracts, and agreements, among men, which stand in the way of their designs; teaching that no faith is to be kept with heretics.

False accusers; or devils, being like Satan, the accuser of the brethren, charging all that depart from their communion with schism and heresy.

Incontinent; though they pretend to the gift of continency, yet give themselves up to all lasciviousness, and work all uncleanness with greediness; or "intemperate" in eating and drinking, indulging themselves in rioting and drunkenness: "she hath lived deliciously", Revelation 18:7.

Fierce; like beasts of prey; such was Rome Pagan, in the times of the ten persecutions; and such has been Rome Papal, exercising the greatest cruelties and barbarities on the saints, being drunk with their blood.

Despisers of those that are good; or without love to good; both to good works, to which they are reprobate, notwithstanding all their pretensions to them, and bluster about them; and to good men, whom they hate.

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The New John Gill's Exposition of the Entire Bible Modernised and adapted for the computer by Larry Pierce of Online Bible. All Rights Reserved, Larry Pierce, Winterbourne, Ontario.
A printed copy of this work can be ordered from: The Baptist Standard Bearer, 1 Iron Oaks Dr, Paris, AR, 72855
Bibliographical Information
Gill, John. "Commentary on 2 Timothy 3:3". "The New John Gill Exposition of the Entire Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/geb/2-timothy-3.html. 1999.

Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible

truce-breakers — rather as the Greek is translated in Romans 1:31, “implacable.”

false accusers — slanderers (1 Timothy 3:11; Titus 2:3).

incontinent, fierce — at once both soft and hard: incontinently indulging themselves, and inhuman to others.

despisers, etc. — “no lovers of good” [Alford]; the opposite of “a lover of good” (Titus 1:8).

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This expanded edition of the Jameison-Faussett-Brown Commentary is in the public domain and may be freely used and distributed.
Bibliographical Information
Jamieson, Robert, D.D.; Fausset, A. R.; Brown, David. "Commentary on 2 Timothy 3:3". "Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/jfb/2-timothy-3.html. 1871-8.

Robertson's Word Pictures in the New Testament

Implacable (ασπονδοιaspondoi). Truce-breakers. Old word, only here in N.T. though in MSS. in Romans 1:31 (from αa privative and σπονδηspondē a libation).

Slanderers (διαβολοιdiaboloi). See note on 1 Timothy 3:11; Titus 2:3.

Without self-control (ακρατειςakrateis). Old word (αa privative and κρατοςkratos), here only in N.T.

Fierce (ανημεροιanēmeroi). Old word (αa privative and ημεροςhēmeros tame), only here in N.T.

No lovers of good (απιλαγατοιaphilagathoi). Found only here (αa privative and πιλαγατοςphilagathos for which see note on Titus 1:8). See also Philippians 4:8. A papyrus describes Antoninus as πιλαγατοςphilagathos and has απιλοκαγατιαaphilokagathia f0).

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The Robertson's Word Pictures of the New Testament. Copyright © Broadman Press 1932,33, Renewal 1960. All rights reserved. Used by permission of Broadman Press (Southern Baptist Sunday School Board)
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Robertson, A.T. "Commentary on 2 Timothy 3:3". "Robertson's Word Pictures of the New Testament". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/rwp/2-timothy-3.html. Broadman Press 1932,33. Renewal 1960.

Vincent's Word Studies

Without natural affection ( ἄστοργοι )

Only here and Romans 1:31. olxx. See on ἀγάπη love Galatians 5:22, under στέργειν tolove with a natural affection.

Truce-breakers ( ἄσπονδοι )

N.T.oolxx. Rend. implacable. From ἀ notand σπονδαί atreaty or truce. The meaning is, refusing to enter into treaty, irreconcilable.

Incontinent ( ἀκρατεῖς )

Or intemperate, without self -control. N.T.oOnce in lxx, Proverbs 27:20. Ἁκρασία incontinence Matthew 23:25; 1 Corinthians 7:5; Song of Solomon 4:3.

Fierce ( ἀνήμεροι )

Or savage. N.T.oolxx. Comp. ἀνελεήμονες merciless Romans href="/desk/?q=ro+1:31&sr=1">Romans 1:31.

Despisers of those that are good ( ἀφιλάγαθοι )

Better, haters of good. N.T.oolxx, oClass. Comp. the opposite, φιλάγαθον loverof good, Titus 1:8.

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Vincent, Marvin R. DD. "Commentary on 2 Timothy 3:3". "Vincent's Word Studies in the New Testament". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/vnt/2-timothy-3.html. Charles Schribner's Sons. New York, USA. 1887.

Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Without natural affection, trucebreakers, false accusers, incontinent, fierce, despisers of those that are good,

Without natural affection — To their own children.

Intemperate, fierce — Both too soft, and too hard.

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Wesley, John. "Commentary on 2 Timothy 3:3". "John Wesley's Explanatory Notes on the Whole Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/wen/2-timothy-3.html. 1765.

John Trapp Complete Commentary

3 Without natural affection, trucebreakers, false accusers, incontinent, fierce, despisers of those that are good,

Ver. 3. Without natural affection, &c.] True Christians live soberly, as touching themselves, righteously toward men, and godly towards their God, Titus 2:12. But these antipodes {a} are, as touching themselves, self-lovers, silver lovers, pleasure mongers, incontinent, boasters, proud, heady, high minded. As for their carriage towards others, they are blasphemers, disobedient to parents, without natural affection, truce breakers, or irreconcileable, ασπονδοι, false accusers, or devils, fierce or savage, despisers of those that are good, traitors, &c. And as to God, they are not lovers of God, but unthankful, unholy. And such dust heaps as these a man may find in every corner of the Church.

{a} Those who dwell directly opposite to each other on the globe, so that the soles of their feet are as it were planted against each other; esp. those who occupy this position in regard to us. ŒD

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Trapp, John. "Commentary on 2 Timothy 3:3". John Trapp Complete Commentary. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/jtc/2-timothy-3.html. 1865-1868.

Thomas Coke Commentary on the Holy Bible

2 Timothy 3:3. Without natural affection The word Στοργη, signifies that natural affection which even the brute creatures, as well as men, manifest, in cherishing, feeding, and taking care of their young ones; and the word αστοργοι signifies persons divested of that natural tenderness. The apostle does not mean that God would not implant such a principle in those apostates, as well as in other men; but that they would, by their cruelty and other wickedness, do all they could to root it out; or at least they would refuse to act as such a principle would dictate. The word ασπονδοι, rendered truce-breakers, signifies not only implacable, but treacherous persons; and may be applied to men, who, when once offended, will come to no treaty of reconciliation;—and also to those, who will not think themselves bound by such treaties, when they may accomplish any purposes of their own by a violation of them.

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Coke, Thomas. "Commentary on 2 Timothy 3:3". Thomas Coke Commentary on the Holy Bible. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/tcc/2-timothy-3.html. 1801-1803.

Johann Albrecht Bengel's Gnomon of the New Testament

2 Timothy 3:3. ἀκρατεῖς, ἀνήμεροι, incontinent, fierce) at once both soft (yielding as to self-indulgence) and hard.— ἀφιλάγαθοι, haters of those that are good) Its contrary is a lover of good, Titus 1:7, note 3.

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Bengel, Johann Albrecht. "Commentary on 2 Timothy 3:3". Johann Albrecht Bengel's Gnomon of the New Testament. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/jab/2-timothy-3.html. 1897.

Matthew Poole's English Annotations on the Holy Bible

Without natural affection; having no kindness for such as nature obligeth them to love and honour.

Truce-breakers; men that will be held by no bonds or leagues. Or rather, implacable; so we translate the same Greek word, Romans 1:31; men so full of malice that they will admit no terms or covenants of peace.

False accusers; Greek, devils, venting their malice by informing against and accusing others, without any regard to truth.

Incontinent; intemperate, drunkards, gluttons, unclean persons, &c.

Fierce; men without any gentleness, cruel.

Despisers of those that are good; men that have no kindness for any good men, haters of them.

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Poole, Matthew, "Commentary on 2 Timothy 3:3". Matthew Poole's English Annotations on the Holy Bible. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/mpc/2-timothy-3.html. 1685.

Justin Edwards' Family Bible New Testament

Truce-breakers; faithless men, who break treaties and refuse to fulfil their engagements.

Incontinent; not restraining their fleshly lusts.

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Edwards, Justin. "Commentary on 2 Timothy 3:3". "Family Bible New Testament". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/fam/2-timothy-3.html. American Tract Society. 1851.

Expository Notes of Dr. Thomas Constable

Furthermore, they would be (9) heartless, callous, hateful (astorgoi), (10) unforgiving (aspondoi) and consequently irreconcilable, and (11) slanderous of others (diaboloi), speaking with malicious gossip. They would be (12) lacking in self-control, especially self-restraint (akrateis), (13) brutal, brutish, uncivilized (anemeroi), and (14) antagonistic toward whatever is good (aphilagathoi).

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Constable, Thomas. DD. "Commentary on 2 Timothy 3:3". "Expository Notes of Dr. Thomas Constable". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/dcc/2-timothy-3.html. 2012.

Schaff's Popular Commentary on the New Testament

2 Timothy 3:3. Truce-breakers. Better, ‘implacable,’—not the persons who break a truce, but those with whom no truce can be made.

False accusers. Better, ‘slanderers,’ as in 1 Timothy 3:11.

Fierce. More definitely, ‘untameable’ or ‘inhuman.’

Despisers of them that are good. Better, ‘having no love of good.’

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Schaff, Philip. "Commentary on 2 Timothy 3:3". "Schaff's Popular Commentary on the New Testament". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/scn/2-timothy-3.html. 1879-90.

E.W. Bullinger's Companion Bible Notes

Without, &c. See Romans 1:31.

trucebreakers. Greek. aspodos. See Romans 1:31, where it is rendered "implacable".

false accusers = slanderers. Greek. diabotos.

incontinent. Greek. akrates. Only here. Compare 1 Corinthians 7:5.

fierce. Greek anemeros, Only here.

despisers, &c. Literally not lovers of the good. Greek aphilagathos. Only here.

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Bullinger, Ethelbert William. "Commentary on 2 Timothy 3:3". "E.W. Bullinger's Companion bible Notes". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/bul/2-timothy-3.html. 1909-1922.

Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible - Unabridged

Without natural affection, trucebreakers, false accusers, incontinent, fierce, despisers of those that are good,

Without natural affection, [ astorgoi (Greek #794)] - love between parents and children, and similar relationships.

Truce-breakers, [ aspondoi (Greek #786): asunthetoi would be truce-breakers] - rather, as Romans 1:31, "implacable."

False accusers (1 Timothy 3:11). Incontinent, fierce - at once both soft and hard: without control over themselves, and inhuman [anemeroi: 'untamed'] to others.

Despisers ... - `no friends of good,' [ afilagathoi (Greek #865)]: the opposite of 'a lover of good' (Titus 1:8).

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Bibliographical Information
Jamieson, Robert, D.D.; Fausset, A. R.; Brown, David. "Commentary on 2 Timothy 3:3". "Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible - Unabridged". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/jfu/2-timothy-3.html. 1871-8.

Ellicott's Commentary for English Readers

(3) Without natural affection.—Careless and regardless of the welfare of those connected with them by ties of blood.

Trucebreakers.—Better rendered, implacable.

False-accusers.—Or, slanderers. (See 1 Timothy 3:11.)

Incontinent.—Having no control over the passions.

Fierce.—Inhuman, savage, or merciless.

Despisers of those that are good.—Better rendered, no lovers of good—that is, hostile to every good thought and work.

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Ellicott, Charles John. "Commentary on 2 Timothy 3:3". "Ellicott's Commentary for English Readers". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/ebc/2-timothy-3.html. 1905.

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

Without natural affection, trucebreakers, false accusers, incontinent, fierce, despisers of those that are good,
natural
Matthew 10:21; Romans 1:31
trucebreakers
2 Samuel 21:1-3; Psalms 15:4; Ezekiel 17:15-19; Romans 1:31; *Gr:
false accusers
or, make-bates.
Matthew 4:1; John 6:70; 1 Timothy 3:11; Titus 2:3
All in Gr
incontinent.
1 Corinthians 7:5,9; 2 Peter 2:14,19; 3:3; Jude 1:16,18
fierce
Genesis 49:7; Daniel 8:23; Revelation 13:15,17; 16:6; 17:6
despisers
Psalms 22:6; Isaiah 53:3; 60:14; Luke 10:16; 16:14; 1 Thessalonians 4:8; James 2:6
Reciprocal: Exodus 20:16 - GeneralExodus 23:1 - an unrighteous witness;  Leviticus 19:16 - talebearer;  1 Kings 3:26 - give her;  2 Chronicles 16:3 - break;  Proverbs 14:2 - but;  Ezekiel 17:16 - whose oath;  Hosea 10:4 - swearing;  Micah 3:2 - hate;  Micah 7:6 - son;  Romans 11:20 - Be;  Ephesians 4:31 - evil speaking;  Titus 3:3 - living;  James 4:11 - Speak

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Torrey, R. A. "Commentary on 2 Timothy 3:3". "The Treasury of Scripture Knowledge". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/tsk/2-timothy-3.html.

Whedon's Commentary on the Bible

3.Truce-breakers—Who would seldom form any treaty, and disregard it if formed.

Incontinent—Uncontrolling of themselves.

Fierce—The reverse of mild, passionate and cruel.

Despisers’ good—With no sympathy or respect for the pious and excellent.

 

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Whedon, Daniel. "Commentary on 2 Timothy 3:3". "Whedon's Commentary on the Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/whe/2-timothy-3.html. 1874-1909.

The Expositor's Greek Testament

2 Timothy 3:3. : without natural affection, sine affectione. This and the three preceding adjectives appear to have teference to domestic relations.

: implacable, sine pace (absque foedere, Romans 1:31); not truce-breakers (A.V.), which would be , Romans 1:31; the refuses to treat with his foe at all.

: A.V.m. here and in Titus 2:3, has makebates. See note on 1 Timothy 3:11.

: without self-control (R.V.) rather than incontinent (A.V.). The latter word has a purely sexual reference, whereas , as Chrys. notes, is used “with respect both to their tongue, and their appetite, and everything else”. It is naturally coupled with , fierce, immites. “Simul et molles et duri” (Bengel).

: No lovers of good (R.V.), the good being “things true, honourable, just, pure, lovely, and of good report” (Philippians 4:8). The positive , Titus 1:8, has the same reference. It is a characteristic of the heavenly Wisdom (Wisdom of Solomon 7:22). The A.V. in both places narrows the reference to persons: Despisers of those that are good; A lover of good men. The Vulg. sine benignitate, benignum, does not express the active positive force of the Greek. and are applied to the Emperor Antoninus in a papyrus of ii. A.D. which also uses the term (perh. = ) of Marcus Aurelius (Moulton and Milligan, Expositor, vii., vi. 376).

 

 

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Nicol, W. Robertson, M.A., L.L.D. "Commentary on 2 Timothy 3:3". The Expositor's Greek Testament. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/egt/2-timothy-3.html. 1897-1910.

The Bible Study New Testament

3. Unkind, brutal, inhuman, heartless. MacKnight ties this in with those who are forced to live a celibate life (1 Timothy 4:3and note), also those who force their children and others into such things. [But voluntary celibacy is an option. See 1 Corinthians 7:1and note.] Merciless. People who, when offended, will not be open to any agreement or reconciliation. Slanderers of those who speak out against their sins. Violent against any who dare oppose them. Fierce in their opposition to truth. Hate the good. They hate the good because they love the evil. See Titus 1:8; Titus 1:16and notes.

 

 

 

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Ice, Rhoderick D. "Commentary on 2 Timothy 3:3". "The Bible Study New Testament". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/ice/2-timothy-3.html. College Press, Joplin, MO. 1974.