Verse-by-Verse Bible Commentary

2 Timothy 3:9

But they will not make further progress; for their folly will be obvious to all, just as Jannes's and Jambres's folly was also.
New American Standard Version

Bible Study Resources

Concordances:
Nave's Topical Bible - Apostasy;   Doctrines;   Minister, Christian;   Wicked (People);   Thompson Chain Reference - Folly;   Fools;   Life;   Wisdom-Folly;   The Topic Concordance - Folly;   Last Days;   Manifestation;   Torrey's Topical Textbook - Doctrines, False;  
Dictionaries:
Baker Evangelical Dictionary of Biblical Theology - Mind/reason;   Timothy, First and Second, Theology of;   Charles Buck Theological Dictionary - Jesus Christ;   Fausset Bible Dictionary - Egypt;   Idol;   Jannes and Jambres;   Moses;   Timothy, the Second Epistle to;   Tyre;   Holman Bible Dictionary - Titus, Epistle to;   2 Thessalonians;   2 Timothy;   Hastings' Dictionary of the New Testament - Madness;   Timothy and Titus Epistles to;   Morrish Bible Dictionary - Perilous Times;   Prophets, the;   Smith Bible Dictionary - Jan'nes;  
Encyclopedias:
International Standard Bible Encyclopedia - Fool;   Manifest;   Pastoral Epistles, the;  
Devotionals:
Every Day Light - Devotion for April 9;  

Adam Clarke Commentary

But they shall proceed no farther - Such teaching and teachers shall never be able ultimately to prevail against the truth; for the foundation of God standeth sure.

Their folly shall be manifest - As the Scriptures, which are the only rule of morals and doctrine, shall ever be preserved; so, sooner or later, all false doctrines shall be tried by them: and the folly of men, setting up their wisdom against the wisdom of God, must become manifest to all. False doctrine cannot prevail long where the sacred Scriptures are read and studied. Error prevails only where the book of God is withheld from the people. The religion that fears the Bible is not the religion of God. Is Popery or Protestantism this religion?

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Clarke, Adam. "Commentary on 2 Timothy 3:9". "The Adam Clarke Commentary". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/acc/2-timothy-3.html. 1832.

Albert Barnes' Notes on the Whole Bible

But they shall proceed no further - There is a certain point beyond which they will not be allowed to go. Their folly will become manifest, and the world will understand it. The apostle does not say how far these false teachers would be allowed to go, but that they would not be suffered always to prosper and prevail. They might be plausible at first, and lead many astray; they might, by art and cunning, cover up the real character of their system; but there would be a fair development of it, and it would be seen to be folly. The apostle here may be understood as declaring a general truth in regard to error. It often is so plausible at first, that it seems to be true. It wins the hearts of many persons, and leads them astray. It flatters them personally, or it flatters them with the hope of a better state of things in the church and the world. But the time will always come when men will see the folly of it. Error will advance only to a certain point, when it will be “seen” to be falsehood and folly, and when the world will arise and cast it off. In some cases, this point may be slower in being reached than in others; but there “is” a point, beyond which error will not go. At the reformation under Luther, that point had been reached, when the teachings of the great apostasy were seen to be “folly,” and when the awakened intellect of the world would allow it to “proceed no farther,” and aroused itself and threw it off. In the workings of society, as well as by the direct appointment of God, there is a point beyond which error cannot prevail; and hence, there is a certainty that truth will finally triumph.

For their folly shall be manifest unto all men - The world will see and understand what they are, and what they teach. By smooth sophistry, and cunning arts, they will not be able always to deceive mankind.

As their‘s also was - That of Jannes and Jambres. That is, it became manifest to all that they could not compete with Moses and Aaron; that their claims to the power of working miracles were the mere arts of magicians, and that they had set up pretensions which they could not sustain; compare Exodus 8:18-19. In regard to the time to which the apostle referred in this description, it has already been observed (see the notes at 2 Timothy 3:1), that it was probably to that great apostasy of the “latter days,” which he has described in 2 Thessalonians 2:7, he says that the “mystery of iniquity” was already at work, or was even then manifesting itself; and there can be no doubt that the apostle saw that there had then commenced what he knew would yet grow up into the great defection from the truth. In some persons, at that time, who had the form of godliness, but who denied its power; who made use of insinuating arts to proselyte the weak and the credulous; who endeavor to imitate the true apostles, perhaps by attempting to work miracles, as Jannes and Jambres did, he saw the “germ” of what was yet to grow up into so gigantic a system of iniquity as to overshadow the world. Yet he consoled Timothy with the assurance that there was a point beyond which the system of error would not be allowed to go, but where its folly must be seen, and where it would be arrested.

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Barnes, Albert. "Commentary on 2 Timothy 3:9". "Barnes' Notes on the Whole Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/bnb/2-timothy-3.html. 1870.

Coffman Commentaries on the Bible

But they shall proceed no further: for their folly shall be evident to all men, as theirs also came to be.

They shall proceed no further ... has the meaning that all the devices of evil opponents shall be unable to checkmate or foil the truth. As Hervey put it, "Heresies shall not prevail against the truth."[18]

Their folly shall be evident to all men ... This is certain to be true eventually, even if, for some great length of time, the heretical teaching seems to prevail (Revelation 6:12-17).

ENDNOTE:

[18] A. C. Hervey, op. cit., p. 41.

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Coffman Commentaries reproduced by permission of Abilene Christian University Press, Abilene, Texas, USA. All other rights reserved.
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Coffman, James Burton. "Commentary on 2 Timothy 3:9". "Coffman Commentaries on the Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/bcc/2-timothy-3.html. Abilene Christian University Press, Abilene, Texas, USA. 1983-1999.

John Gill's Exposition of the Whole Bible

But they shall proceed no further,.... They may proceed to more ungodliness, and wax worse and worse in error; but they shall proceed no further than the magicians of Egypt, who did lying wonders, hardened Pharaoh's heart, and deceived him and the Egyptians; but could not destroy the Israelites, nor hinder their departure out of Egypt, when their time was come: so these wicked men do false miracles, harden the popes of Rome, and deceive the nations subject to them; but they cannot deceive the elect of God, nor destroy the church of God, against which the gates of hell cannot prevail; nor could they hinder the reformation, or the departure of the Lord's people out of Babylon.

For their folly should be manifest unto all men, as theirs also was; as the folly of Jannes and Jambres was, when Aaron's rod devoured theirs; and when they could not produce lice, but was obliged to own to Pharaoh, that that plague was the finger of God; and when they could not stand before Moses, because of the boils that were upon them, Exodus 7:12. And so the Arabic version renders it, "as is manifest the folly, or madness of these two"; and it is notorious in how many instances the frauds, impostures, tricks, and villanies of the church of Rome, and its votaries, have been detected and exposed; which have been the means of hindering them from proceeding any further than they have. The Alexandrian copy reads, "their understanding"; that which they pretended to have of divine things.

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The New John Gill's Exposition of the Entire Bible Modernised and adapted for the computer by Larry Pierce of Online Bible. All Rights Reserved, Larry Pierce, Winterbourne, Ontario.
A printed copy of this work can be ordered from: The Baptist Standard Bearer, 1 Iron Oaks Dr, Paris, AR, 72855
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Gill, John. "Commentary on 2 Timothy 3:9". "The New John Gill Exposition of the Entire Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/geb/2-timothy-3.html. 1999.

Geneva Study Bible

3 But they shall proceed no further: for their folly shall be manifest unto all [men], as theirs also was.

(3) He adds a comfort: the Lord will at length take off all their masks.
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Beza, Theodore. "Commentary on 2 Timothy 3:9". "The 1599 Geneva Study Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/gsb/2-timothy-3.html. 1599-1645.

Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible

they shall proceed no further — Though for a time (2 Timothy 2:16) “they shall advance or proceed (English Version, ‹increase‘) unto more ungodliness,” yet there is a final limit beyond which they shall not be able to “proceed further” (Job 38:11; Revelation 11:7, Revelation 11:11). They themselves shall “wax worse and worse” (2 Timothy 3:13), but they shall at last be for ever prevented from seducing others. “Often malice proceeds deeper down, when it cannot extend itself” [Bengel].

their folly — literally, “dementation”: wise though they think themselves.

shall be manifestGreek, “shall be brought forth from concealment into open day” [Bengel], (1 Corinthians 4:5).

as theirs  …  was — as that of those magicians was, when not only could they no longer try to rival Moses in sending boils, but the boils fell upon themselves: so as to the lice (Exodus 8:18; Exodus 9:11).

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This expanded edition of the Jameison-Faussett-Brown Commentary is in the public domain and may be freely used and distributed.
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Jamieson, Robert, D.D.; Fausset, A. R.; Brown, David. "Commentary on 2 Timothy 3:9". "Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/jfb/2-timothy-3.html. 1871-8.

Robertson's Word Pictures in the New Testament

They shall proceed no further (ου προκοπσουσιν επι πλειονou prokopsousin epi pleion). Future active of προκοπτωprokoptō See note on 2 Timothy 2:16.

Folly (ανοιαanoia). Old word (from ανοοςanoos a privative and νουςnous), want of sense, here only in N.T.

Evident (εκδηλοςekdēlos). Old word (εκ δηλοςekεκεινωνdēlos outstanding), here only in N.T.

Theirs (ekeinōn). Of Jannes and Jambres (Exodus 7:12).

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The Robertson's Word Pictures of the New Testament. Copyright Broadman Press 1932,33, Renewal 1960. All rights reserved. Used by permission of Broadman Press (Southern Baptist Sunday School Board)
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Robertson, A.T. "Commentary on 2 Timothy 3:9". "Robertson's Word Pictures of the New Testament". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/rwp/2-timothy-3.html. Broadman Press 1932,33. Renewal 1960.

Vincent's Word Studies

Shall proceed ( προκόψουσιν )

See on 2 Timothy 2:16.

Folly ( ἄνοια )

Only here and Luke 6:11(note). The senselessness of their teaching, with an implication of its immoral character.

Manifest ( ἔκδηλος )

N.T.olxx, 3 Maccabees 3:19; 6:5.

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Vincent, Marvin R. DD. "Commentary on 2 Timothy 3:9". "Vincent's Word Studies in the New Testament". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/vnt/2-timothy-3.html. Charles Schribner's Sons. New York, USA. 1887.

Wesley's Explanatory Notes

But they shall proceed no further: for their folly shall be manifest unto all men, as theirs also was.

They shall proceed no farther — In gaining proselytes.

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Wesley, John. "Commentary on 2 Timothy 3:9". "John Wesley's Explanatory Notes on the Whole Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/wen/2-timothy-3.html. 1765.

Abbott's Illustrated New Testament

As theirs; that is, the folly of the magicians as recorded in the account in Exodus.

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Abbott, John S. C. & Abbott, Jacob. "Commentary on 2 Timothy 3:9". "Abbott's Illustrated New Testament". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/ain/2-timothy-3.html. 1878.

Calvin's Commentary on the Bible

Но они не много успеют (но они больше не будут преуспевать). Надежда на победу должна воодушевить Тимофея к битве. Ведь даже если лжеучителя и доставляют ему сейчас скорбь, им в будущем, по обещанию апостола, и притом довольно скоро, предстоят позор и бесславие. Хотя исход дела никак не соответствует этому обещанию. И кажется, что апостол немного ниже говорит совсем противоположное, а именно: они будут преуспевать в худшую сторону. И здесь не подходит ответ, даваемый Златоустом: якобы они день ото дня будут становится все хуже, но при этом никак не повредят другим. Ведь апостол подчеркнуто добавляет: заблуждающиеся и вовлекающие в заблуждение. И то же самое подтверждает наш повседневный опыт. Поэтому правильнее думать, что Павел имел в виду разные утверждения. Отрицая преуспевание этих людей, апостол говорит не обобщенно. Он только хотел сказать, что Господь сделает их безумие явным для многих из тех, кого вначале он обманывали своим призрачным учением. Посему, утверждая, что безумие их обнаружится перед всеми, апостол использует синекдоху.

Действительно, те, кто больше всего способен обманывать, вначале наводят большую мишуру, вызывают к себе великое благоволение, и, кажется, что скоро свернут горы, но напыщенность их вскоре сходит на нет. Ибо Господь открывает глаза многим, и они начинают видеть то, что ранее от них было сокрыто. Однако глупость лжепророков никогда не обнаружится настолько, чтобы стать очевидной для всех. Кроме того, если одно заблуждение терпит поражение, тотчас возникает новое. Поэтому оба увещевания апостола весьма для нас необходимы. Дабы благочестивые пастыри не падали духом, словно напрасно вели войну с заблуждением, им надо говорить о будущем успехе, который Господь даст Своему учению. Но, чтобы, с другой стороны, они не думали, будто можно ограничиться одним или двумя сражениями, им следует напоминать, что у них всегда будет повод вступить в битву.

Однако об этом апостол скажет потом. Сейчас же нам достаточно понять, что Тимофею возвещается твердая надежда на благополучный исход, дабы он сражался еще воодушевленнее. И апостол подтверждает это приведенным выше примером. Ведь подобно тому, как истина Божие возобладала вопреки всему мошенничеству волхвов, так и евангельскому учению апостол обещает победу над любыми человеческими выдумками.

 

 

 

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Calvin, John. "Commentary on 2 Timothy 3:9". "Calvin's Commentary on the Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/cal/2-timothy-3.html. 1840-57.

John Trapp Complete Commentary

9 But they shall proceed no further: for their folly shall be manifest unto all men, as theirs also was.

Ver. 9. As theirs also was] Exodus 8:19. When they were set, and could not with all their skill make a louse, but by further resistance manifested their folly unto all men. So did that magician of Antwerp, all whose enchantments were made void by Mr Tyndale the martyr, present at that supper, where and when he should, but could not, play his feats, and show his cunning.

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Trapp, John. "Commentary on 2 Timothy 3:9". John Trapp Complete Commentary. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/jtc/2-timothy-3.html. 1865-1868.

Thomas Coke Commentary on the Holy Bible

2 Timothy 3:9. But they shall proceed no further, &c.— "But I foresee, that they shall not proceed much farther in these artifices, for their folly shall be manifested to all; as theirs also was, when God sent upon the Egyptians plagues; which, far from being able to remove, or mitigate, they could not, as in former instances, so much as imitate."

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Coke, Thomas. "Commentary on 2 Timothy 3:9". Thomas Coke Commentary on the Holy Bible. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/tcc/2-timothy-3.html. 1801-1803.

Expository Notes with Practical Observations on the New Testament

Here our apostle encourages Timothy, and in him all the succeeding ministers of the gospel, to the end of the world, against all the discouragements which either he or they might meet with from the impostors and seducers of the times, by assuring them of the issue and event of these trials;

first, That God will put a bar in their way, that they proceed no farther in their hypocritical and juggling practices.

Learn thence, That heretics and seducers are limited and bounded by God: They cannot do all the mischief they would, and they shall not do all they can.

Secondly, That God would make their folly and madness manifest to their own confusion: Their folly shall be discovered, and then abhorred, as was the folly and madness of Jannes and Jambres.

Learn, That God will, in his own time, by the preaching of the word, discover false teachers and their delusions to the world.

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Burkitt, William. "Commentary on 2 Timothy 3:9". Expository Notes with Practical Observations on the New Testament. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/wbc/2-timothy-3.html. 1700-1703.

Greek Testament Critical Exegetical Commentary

9.] Notwithstanding (Ellic. well remarks that ἀλλά here after an affirmative sentence should have its full adversative force) they shall not advance further (in ch. 2 Timothy 2:16, it is said, ἐπὶ πλεῖον προκόψουσιν ἀσεβείας: and it is in vain to deny that there is an apparent and literal inconsistency between the two assertions. But on looking further into them, it is manifest, that while there the Apostle is speaking of an immediate spread of error, here he is looking to its ultimate defeat and extinction: as Chrys., κἂν πρότερον ἀνθήσῃ τὰ τῆς πλάνης, εἰς τέλος οὐ διαμενεῖ): for their folly (unintelligent and senseless method of proselytizing and upholding their opinions (see ref. Luke),—and indeed folly of those opinions themselves) shall be thoroughly manifested (ref. πάντʼ ἐποίησεν ἔκδηλα, Demosth. 24. 10) to all, as also that of those men was (Exodus 8:18; Exodus 9:11; but most probably the allusion is to their traditional end).

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Alford, Henry. "Commentary on 2 Timothy 3:9". Greek Testament Critical Exegetical Commentary. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/hac/2-timothy-3.html. 1863-1878.

Heinrich Meyer's Critical and Exegetical Commentary on the New Testament

2 Timothy 3:9. A ground of comfort.

ἀλλʼ οὐ προκόψουσιν ἐπὶ πλεῖον] This appears to stand in contradiction with 2 Timothy 3:13; 2 Timothy 2:16-17. Bengel remarks: non proficient amplius: non ita, ut alios seducant; quamquam ipsi et eorum similes proficient in pejus 2 Timothy 3:13. Saepe malitia, quum late non potest, profundius proficit. This, however, is not a satisfactory explanation, since νομὴν ἕξει, 2 Timothy 2:17, and πλανῶντες, 2 Timothy 3:13, point to the increasing extent of the heresy. Chrysostom, however, says rightly: κἂν πρότερον ἀνθήσῃ τὰ τῆς πλάνης, εἰς τέλος οὐ διαμένει. The contradiction exists only when the apostle’s words are wrongly pressed so as to contain a denial of every further extension of the heresy. For the present their influence is extending; but later it will come to an end; this does not contradict the apostle’s prophecy in 2 Timothy 3:1-5, since Paul does not say that the demoralization of men will be brought about by the heretics of whom he is thinking here. Hofmann sees no apparent contradiction, as he supposes that Paul in the passages mentioned is not speaking of the same people; but in this he is wrong, since both the context and the expression show that those mentioned in 2 Timothy 3:13 are the same as those in 2 Timothy 3:6-9.

The apostle confirms the thought expressed by adding the words: γὰρ ἄνοια αὐτῶν ἔκδηλος ἔσται πᾶσιν] The ἄνοια (= “want of judgment, senselessness”) of the heretics does not refer so much to their doctrines opposed to the truth, as to their conduct described in 2 Timothy 3:6.

ἔκδηλος ( ἅπ. λεγ.) … ὡς καὶ ἐκείνων ἐγένετο] “as they were put to shame before Moses,” Exodus 8:18 f., Exodus 9:11 (de Wette).

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Meyer, Heinrich. "Commentary on 2 Timothy 3:9". Heinrich Meyer's Critical and Exegetical Commentary on the New Testament. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/hmc/2-timothy-3.html. 1832.

Johann Albrecht Bengel's Gnomon of the New Testament

2 Timothy 3:9. οὐ προκόψουσιν ἐπὶ πλεῖον, they shall proceed no further) not so as to seduce others, although they themselves, and those like them, shall proceed ( προκόψουσιν) to worse and worse, 2 Timothy 3:13. Often malice proceeds deeper down when it cannot extend itself.— ἄνοια, folly) though they may think themselves wise.— ἔκδηλος) brought from ( ἐκ) concealment into open day.— ἐκείνων, theirs) Exodus 7:12; Exodus 8:18; Exodus 9:11. A very severe punishment is denoted by the moderate expression, used by the apostle in reference to a well-known fact.

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Bengel, Johann Albrecht. "Commentary on 2 Timothy 3:9". Johann Albrecht Bengel's Gnomon of the New Testament. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/jab/2-timothy-3.html. 1897.

Matthew Poole's English Annotations on the Holy Bible

But they shall proceed no further; God will preserve those in his church that are sincere; though they may captivate a few poor, ignorant women, they shall have no great success.

For their folly shall be made manifest unto all men; for God will in his providence so order it, that their folly or madness shall appear to all, and their party shall decline. The Divine Providence, that governs all things by the invincible light of truth, discovers and confounds the most specious and subtle seducers in his own time. And this prediction of the apostle was exactly fulfilled with respect to those primitive seducers. As theirs also was; as God by his providence laid open Jannes and Jambres.

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Poole, Matthew, "Commentary on 2 Timothy 3:9". Matthew Poole's English Annotations on the Holy Bible. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/mpc/2-timothy-3.html. 1685.

Alexander MacLaren's Expositions of Holy Scripture

безумие обнаружится Раньше или позже станет очевидным, что лжеучителя оказались глупцами, как это выяснилось в случае с Ианнием и Иамврием.

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MacLaren, Alexander. "Commentary on 2 Timothy 3:9". Alexander MacLaren's Expositions of Holy Scripture. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/mac/2-timothy-3.html.

Justin Edwards' Family Bible New Testament

No further; in their propagation of error and wickedness, than God shall suffer them.

As theirs also was; the folly of Jannes and Jambres, who pretended to work miracles when they did not. In opposing what is good and in promoting what is evil, men will proceed no further than God shall suffer them; and when he sees best, he will make their folly and wickedness manifest to all.

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Edwards, Justin. "Commentary on 2 Timothy 3:9". "Family Bible New Testament". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/fam/2-timothy-3.html. American Tract Society. 1851.

Peter Pett's Commentary on the Bible

‘But they will proceed no further. For their folly will be evident to all men, as theirs also came to be.’

But there is no need to be afraid (the foundation of God stands sure - 2 Timothy 2:19), for they will not advance much further. Rather, as happened with the Egyptian religionists, their folly will eventually be made clear to all. They will be exposed, and be found to be ineffective, if not in this world then at the Judgment.

Note on Jannes and Jambres.

These names are applied to Exodus 2:7 by the Jewish Targum of Jonathan, and were clearly current in Jewish tradition from where Paul took them. Jewish tradition also saw them as the sons of Balaam. According to Eusebius the Pythagorean philosopher Numenius also refers to them.

End of note.

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Pett, Peter. "Commentary on 2 Timothy 3:9". "Peter Pett's Commentary on the Bible ". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/pet/2-timothy-3.html. 2013.

Schaff's Popular Commentary on the New Testament

2 Timothy 3:9. They shall proceed no further. Verbally there seems a contradiction between this and 2 Timothy 2:16, but the context shows that the earlier passage refers to the development of evil tendencies from their germ, and the later to their ultimate failure and decay. Heresies spread rapidly but are short-lived.

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Schaff, Philip. "Commentary on 2 Timothy 3:9". "Schaff's Popular Commentary on the New Testament". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/scn/2-timothy-3.html. 1879-90.

George Haydock's Catholic Bible Commentary

But they shall proceed no farther. How doth this agree with ver. 13. where it is said, that seducers shall grow worse and worse? or with what he said in the last chapter, (ver. 17.) that their talk spreadeth like a cancer? We may answer, that the heretics became worse, and seduced very many in all ages, but the providence of God always put a stop to their progress, so that they could never prevail against the Church, as they hoped and proposed to do. (Witham) --- St. Paul shews what will be the fate of all heresies; and the annals of the Church prove good his words, that they will appear to flourish for a time, and then will die away and be forgotten.

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Haydock, George Leo. "Commentary on 2 Timothy 3:9". "George Haydock's Catholic Bible Commentary". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/hcc/2-timothy-3.html. 1859.

E.W. Bullinger's Companion Bible Notes

proceed no = not (App-105) proceed. Greek. prokopto, as in Romans 13:12.

further. Literally to (App-101) more. The magicians were allowed to imitate Moses up to a certain point, and then God stopped them. Ex, 7, 11, 12, 22; 2 Timothy 8:7, 2 Timothy 8:18, 2 Timothy 8:19.

folly. Greek. anonia. Only here and Luke 6:11.

manifest = thoroughly manifest. Greek. ekdelos. Only here.

unto = to.

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Bullinger, Ethelbert William. "Commentary on 2 Timothy 3:9". "E.W. Bullinger's Companion bible Notes". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/bul/2-timothy-3.html. 1909-1922.

Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible - Unabridged

But they shall proceed no further: for their folly shall be manifest unto all men, as theirs also was.

They shall proceed no further - though for a time (2 Timothy 2:16) 'they shall [ prokopsousin (Greek #4298)] proceed (English version, 'increase') unto more ungodliness,' yet there is a final limit beyond which they shall not 'proceed further' (Job 38:11; Revelation 11:7; Revelation 11:11). The assurance of final victory animates believers for present conflict. They shall "wax worse and worse" themselves (2 Timothy 3:13), but shall at last be forever prevented from seducing others. 'Malice proceeds deeper down when it cannot extend itself' (Bengel).

Their folly, [ anoia (Greek #454)] - wicked senselessness: 'dementation:' wise though they think themselves.

Shall be manifest, [ ekdeelos (Greek #1552)] - 'brought forth from concealment into open day' (1 Corinthians 4:5).

As theirs also was - when not only could they no longer rival Moses in sending boils, but the boils fell upon themselves: so as to the lice (Exodus 8:18; Exodus 9:11).

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Jamieson, Robert, D.D.; Fausset, A. R.; Brown, David. "Commentary on 2 Timothy 3:9". "Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible - Unabridged". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/jfu/2-timothy-3.html. 1871-8.

Ellicott's Commentary for English Readers

(9) But they shall proceed no further.—After that St. Paul, with no gentle hand, had torn aside the veil which was hiding apparently from Timothy the real state of his great charge at Ephesus, and had pointed out what fearful ravages among his flock had been committed by these ambitious and evil men, the Apostle proceeds to comfort his friend and disciple with the assurance that, great though the mischief already accomplished was, still it should proceed no further. To human eyes, such a state of things as here pictured by the Apostle would appear desperate. It would seem as though a deadly and incurable cancer was eating away the whole life of the community; but Timothy need not despair: the evil would only be allowed to advance to a certain point; and since St. Paul thus wrote, the same prophecy, not only in Ephesus but in a thousand churches, has been fulfilled to the very letter. Still, the same old foes under new faces make havoc of the Church. But they never seem to advance beyond a certain point, and after all these centuries the Church is still full of faith and life, bright, too, in spite of discouragements, in spite of the perpetual presence of these treacherous, deceitful men, with promise for the future.

For their folly shall be manifest.—Men and women would be led away for a season by the plausible words of such deceivers, but one school of error after another would fall into disrepute, then into neglect, then into the silent darkness of utter oblivion (the event in numberless instances has shown the truth of this prophecy); and Timothy might take comfort, by considering what Holy Scripture had placed on record respecting the Egyptian sorcerers, whose folly was manifest unto all men (Exodus 8:18-19; Exodus 9:11). Their folly was yet more manifest when men considered their latter end. (See Note above on Jannes and Jambres, 2 Timothy 3:8.)

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Ellicott, Charles John. "Commentary on 2 Timothy 3:9". "Ellicott's Commentary for English Readers". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/ebc/2-timothy-3.html. 1905.

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

But they shall proceed no further: for their folly shall be manifest unto all men, as theirs also was.
their
8; Exodus 7:12; 8:18,19; 9:11; 1 Kings 22:25; Psalms 76:10; Jeremiah 28:15-17; Jeremiah 29:21-23,31,32; 37:19; Acts 13:11; 19:15-17
Reciprocal: 1 Kings 18:29 - voice;  Proverbs 22:12 - he;  Ezekiel 13:3 - foolish;  Ezekiel 13:20 - and will;  Ezekiel 13:23 - ye shall see;  Daniel 1:20 - the magicians;  Daniel 4:7 - but;  Micah 3:7 - the seers;  Luke 13:17 - all his;  Luke 20:7 - that;  Luke 20:26 - they could;  Acts 8:9 - used;  1 Corinthians 3:13 - man's;  1 Corinthians 8:13 - if meat;  Galatians 1:7 - pervert;  1 John 2:19 - they might;  Revelation 9:4 - that they

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Torrey, R. A. "Commentary on 2 Timothy 3:9". "The Treasury of Scripture Knowledge". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/tsk/2-timothy-3.html.

Stanley Derickson - Notes on Selected Books

"But they shall proceed no further: for their folly shall be manifest unto all [meni, as theirs also was."

It seems Paul's "evaluation" is that these will not go far - they will be shown for what they are — false — fake - worthless.

There have been modem day cultists that seem to grow and prosper, but seldom do they go very far before they are revealed for their falsehood — some by their Messianic bent, others by their suicide and criminal behavior. Some do it themselves, via the outlandish lifestyle, others by their evil treatment of their followers.

We had one such rise up in central Oregon years ago - all eyes were upon him as his following grew and his collection of Rolls Royces grew. He and his cult declined almost as quickly as it had arisen out of the dust of Oregon. He and his followers were shown for the false prophets they were by their actions and their deeds.

The problem with false teachers is that they stir in their falsehood with their Scripture teaching and the general public often is taken in. They see the validity of most of what is said from the Word but they just accept the rest which has no basis in the Word.

Then there are those that think they are preaching truth, think they are following the Lord, yet by their lack of study or lack of thinking blurts out brief comments that have no basis in the Word — result — many will not compare the comment with Scripture and will suck it in as truth.

I think this is most frustrating — to have a good man/woman teaching false items with their offhanded comments that they don't really think through.

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Derickson, Stanley. "Commentary on 2 Timothy 3:9". "Stanley Derickson - Notes on Selected Books". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/sdn/2-timothy-3.html.

Whedon's Commentary on the Bible

9.Proceed—In success and ascendency no further than Jannes and Jambres did, who came to total overthrow. The similar words in 2 Timothy 2:16, described their increase or advance, not in success, but in ungodliness. Strange that Alford should find “an apparent inconsistency between the two assertions.”

For—Showing how their overthrow would be accomplished, not by destruction (as at the advent) but by exposure.

Theirs—Jannes and Jambres. Exodus 8:18; Exodus 9:11.

 

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Whedon, Daniel. "Commentary on 2 Timothy 3:9". "Whedon's Commentary on the Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/whe/2-timothy-3.html. 1874-1909.

The Expositor's Greek Testament

2 Timothy 3:9. : There is only a verbal inconsistency between this statement and those in 2 Timothy 2:16 and 2 Timothy 3:13, where see notes. The meaning here is that there will be a limit to the success of the false teachers. They will be exposed, found out; those to whom that fact is apparent will not be imposed on any more. In 2 Timothy 2:16, the increasing impiety of the teachers and the cancerous growth of their teaching is alleged as a reason why Timothy should avoid them. In 2 Timothy 3:13, does not indicate success in gaining adherents, but simply advance in degradation. “Saepe malitia, quum late non potest, profundius proficit” (Bengel).

: dementia (m50) is nearer the mark than insipientia (Vulg.).

: “Aaron’s rod swallowed up their rods” (Exodus 7:12); they failed to produce lice (Exodus 8:18). “And the magicians could not stand before Moses because of the boils; for the boils were upon the magicians” (Exodus 9:11). During the plague of darkness, “they lay helpless, made the sport of magic art, and a shameful rebuke of their vaunts of understanding” (Wisdom of Solomon 17:7).

 

 

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Nicol, W. Robertson, M.A., L.L.D. "Commentary on 2 Timothy 3:9". The Expositor's Greek Testament. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/egt/2-timothy-3.html. 1897-1910.

The Bible Study New Testament

9. But they will not get very far. This covers what he has been saying all the way back to 2 Timothy 2:14. Jewish literature says this: “As for the illusions of art magic, they were put down, and their vaunting in wisdom was reproved with disgrace” (Wisdom of Solomon 17:7). Adam Clarke says: “False doctrine cannot prevail long where the sacred Scriptures are read and studied. Error prevails only where the book of God is withheld from the people.”

 

 

 

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Ice, Rhoderick D. "Commentary on 2 Timothy 3:9". "The Bible Study New Testament". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/ice/2-timothy-3.html. College Press, Joplin, MO. 1974.

Calvin's Commentary on the Bible

9But they shall not proceed further He encourages Timothy for the contest, by the confident hope of victory; for, although false teachers give him annoyance, he promises that they shall be, within a short time, disgracefully ruined. (184) Yet the event does not agree with this promise; and the Apostle appears to make a totally different declaration, a little afterwards, when he says that they will grow worse and worse. Nor is there any force in the explanation given by Chrysostom, that they will grow worse every day, but will do no injury to any person; for he expressly adds, “deceived and deceiving;” and, indeed, the truth of this is proved by experience. It is more correct to say, that he looked at them in various aspects; for the affirmation, that they will not make progress, is not universal; but he only means, that the Lord will discover their madness to many whom they had, at first, deceived by their enchantments.

For their folly shall be manifest to all When he says, to all, it is by a figure of speech, in which the whole is taken for a part. And, indeed, they who are most successful in deceiving do, at first, make great boasting, and obtain loud applause; and, in short, it appears as if nothing were beyond their power. But speedily their tricks vanish into air; for the Lord opens the eyes of many, so that they begin to see what was concealed from them for a time. Yet never is the “folly” of false prophets discovered to such an extent as to be known to all. Besides, no sooner is one error driven away than new errors continually spring up.

Both admonitions are therefore necessary. That godly teachers may not despair, as if it were in vain for them to make war against error, they must be instructed about the prosperous success which the Lord will give to his doctrine. But that they may not think, on the other hand, that they are discharged from future service, after one or two battles, they must be reminded that there will always be new occasion for fighting. But on this second point we shall speak afterwards; at present, let it suffice us, that he holds out to Timothy the sure hope of a successful issue, that he may be time more encouraged to fight, And he confirms this by the example which he had quoted; for, as the truth of God prevailed against the tricks of the magicians, so he promises that the doctrine of the gospel shall be victorious against every kind of errors that may be invented.

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Calvin, John. "Commentary on 2 Timothy 3:9". "Calvin's Commentary on the Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/cal/2-timothy-3.html. 1840-57.