Verse-by-Verse Bible Commentary

3 John 1:12

Demetrius has received a good testimony from everyone, and from the truth itself; and we add our testimony, and you know that our testimony is true.
New American Standard Version

Bible Study Resources

Dictionaries:
Baker Evangelical Dictionary of Biblical Theology - Testimony;   Truth;   Fausset Bible Dictionary - Diotrephes;   Morrish Bible Dictionary - Demetrius ;   People's Dictionary of the Bible - Demetrius;  

Adam Clarke Commentary

Demetrius hath good report - Perhaps another member of the Church where Caius was; or he might have been one of those whom the apostle recommends to Caius; or, possibly, the bearer of this letter from John to Caius. He seems to have been an excellent person: all testified of his righteousness; the truth - Christianity, itself bore testimony to him; and the apostles themselves added theirs also.

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Clarke, Adam. "Commentary on 3 John 1:12". "The Adam Clarke Commentary". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/acc/3-john-1.html. 1832.

Albert Barnes' Notes on the Whole Bible

Demetrius hath good report of all men - Little is known of Demetrius. Lucke supposes that he resided near the place where the author of this Epistle lived, and was connected with the church there, and was probably the bearer of this Epistle. It is impossible to determine with certainty on this point, but there is one circumstance which seems to make it probable that he was a member of the same church with Gaius, and had united with him in showing Christian hospitality to these strangers. It is the use of the phrase “hath good report of all,” implying that some testimony was borne to his character beyond what the writer personally knew. It is possible, indeed, that the writer would have used this term respecting him if he lived in the same place with himself, as expressing the fact that he bore a good character, but it is a phrase which would be more appropriately used if we suppose that he was a member of the same church with Gaius, and that John means to say than an honorable testimony was borne of his character by all those brethren, and by all others as far as he knew.

And of the truth itself - Not only by men, who might possibly be deceived in the estimate of character, but by fact. It was not merely a reputation founded on what “appeared” in his conduct, but in truth and reality. His deportment, his life, his deeds of benevolence, all concurred with the testimony which was borne by men to the excellency of his character. There is, perhaps, particular reference here to his kind and hospitable treatment of those brethren.

Yea, and we also bear record - John himself had personally known him. He had evidently visited the place where he resided on some former occasion, and could now add his own testimony, which no one would call in question, to his excellent character.

And ye know that our record is true - This is in the manner of John, who always spoke of himself as having such character for truth that no one who knew him would call it in question. Every Christian should have such a character; every man might if he would. Compare the notes at John 19:35; John 21:24.

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Barnes, Albert. "Commentary on 3 John 1:12". "Barnes' Notes on the Whole Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/bnb/3-john-1.html. 1870.

The Biblical Illustrator

3 John 1:12

Demetrius hath good report of all men.

The Christian character will stand every test

1. The test of public opinion. All men had a good word for Demetrius. But there are antipathies in the worldly mind; how, then, can we expect an unbiassed judgment? We answer that truth must vanquish error as the light does the darkness. Dishonesty can only obtain a temporary triumph over integrity (1 Peter 2:12).

2. The test of the Word of God. The standard of character is the law of the Lord. We use the Bible for comparison as well as for instruction. It is a mirror in which to see our true condition.

3. The test of Church fellowship. Christians know each other intimately, and as such they know each other’s failings; yea, and they know the difficulties which beset a holy life. To have a good word from those who thus know us testifies to the genuineness of our character.

4. The test of the final judgment. (The Weekly Pulpit.)

Demetrius

An evangelist, possibly a prophet, animated by a most self-sacrificing and disinterested spirit, which sprang from an ardent love for Christ the Saviour of men, Demetrius won for himself a threefold testimony.

1. He won “the witness of all,” says St. John, i.e., the witness of all good men, of all who were capable of appreciating goodness. Even those who rejected his message had nothing to allege against the man, save the sublime folly of a perilous and unprofitable enthusiasm; while those who accepted it from him, or had already accepted it from other lips, could not but admire the fineness of his spirit and the fire of his zeal.

2. More, and better still, he won “the testimony of the truth itself.” For he who daily sets his life upon the die that he may be true to his convictions, he who, moved by the grace and love of Christ, seeks not his own things, but the things of others; he who devotes himself with burning zeal and all-enduring courage to the service of truth and the salvation of men--to him the truth itself, which has made him what he is, bears witness. Men do not despise ease and a sure provision for their daily wants; they do not daily affront every form of danger and loss, for truths, or beliefs, which have no real, no vital, hold upon them. “They who do such things as these declare plainly”; they “make it manifest“ that they are the servants of a truth, which they love more than they love them selves. It is the truth itself which speaks through them, and bears witness to them.

3. Last of all, St. John adds his own testimony to that of the previous witnesses: “We also bear witness.” And any man who has devoted himself to the service and spread of a truth which has not met with wide or general recognition will understand the special charm which this testimony would exert on Demetrius. A very noble character, on which, simply by describing it, St. John has pronounced a very noble eulogium. Let me also remind you that great as Demetrius looks to us--great in his disinterestedness, his devotion, his zeal--he was not a man of any great mark in the primitive Church. It is not some hero of distinction, some honoured and beloved man of spiritual genius, whom I have tried to place before you; but a man of whom we should never have heard but for the prating insubordination of Diotrephes. (S. Cox, D. D.)

A good name

There be two things which we ought all to procure--a good conscience in respect of God, and a good name in regard of men.

1. A good name is sweet and comfortable; it is preferred before the most precious things that men have in greatest estimation (Proverbs 22:3).

2. It is profitable. A good name maketh the bones fat. A good name maketh a man fat; he eats, he drinks, he sleeps the better for it.

3. It secures a man while he is alive; they that have a bad report for their injurious dealing are maligned; they go, in some sort, in danger of their lives; they that have a good report walk cheerfully and safely.

4. It is a consolation to a man, even on his deathbed; he hath the less, then, to vex and trouble his mind.

5. It leaves a sweet savour after us; when we be dead it is an odoriferous ointment; the house will smell of it a good while after. Therefore let us so live, that we may be well reported of, so far as it is possible of all men. I say, so far as it is possible; for in truth it is impossible; the best of us all must make account to pass through good report and ill report into the kingdom of heaven. (W. Jones, D. D.)

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Exell, Joseph S. "Commentary on "3 John 1:12". The Biblical Illustrator. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/tbi/3-john-1.html. 1905-1909. New York.

Coffman Commentaries on the Bible

Demetrius hath the witness of all men, and of the truth itself: yea, we also bear witness; and thou knowest that our witness is true.

This verse must take its place as a "church letter" similar to the one Paul wrote for Phoebe (Romans 16:1), this being another proof that more is intended by this letter than a mere communication to Gaius. Paul Hoon called attention to the thorough nature of this recommendation:

Three forms of testimony of Demetrius' character were cited. (1) "the witness of all men," that is, general consensus of opinion. This is good up to a point but can be wrong. (2) Testimony from a trusted friend is more reliable ("I testify ... too"); but (3) the integrity of Christian character in which "the gospel exhibits itself ... in life" crowns all else.[37]

Demetrius ... Nothing is certainly known of this man except what is written here. Another Demetrius is mentioned as the mob leader in Acts 19:24; but, as a rule, scholars do not identify the two as being the same man. Russell declared flatly, "He was not the Demetrius of Acts 19:24."[38] However, Dummelow viewed it as an intriguing possibility that perhaps he was.

Both he and the mob leader lived in or near Ephesus, and there is nothing impossible in the suggestion that the agitator had become a disciple, and that both references, therefore, are to the same person. He may have been the bearer of this letter.[39]

We may not leave this verse without observing the characteristic phraseology of the apostle John who often appealed to his own reliability as in John 21:24.

[37] Paul W. Hoon, The Interpreter's Bible, Vol. XII (New York: Abingdon Press, 1956), p. 312.

[38] James William Russell, Compact Commentary on the New Testament (Grand Rapids, Michigan: Baker Book House, 1964), p. 610.

[39] J. R. Dummelow, op. cit., p. 1062.

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Coffman Commentaries reproduced by permission of Abilene Christian University Press, Abilene, Texas, USA. All other rights reserved.
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Coffman, James Burton. "Commentary on 3 John 1:12". "Coffman Commentaries on the Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/bcc/3-john-1.html. Abilene Christian University Press, Abilene, Texas, USA. 1983-1999.

John Gill's Exposition of the Whole Bible

Demetrius hath good report of all men, This man was of a quite different cast from Diotrephes, and therefore the apostle makes mention of him to Gaius, to be followed by him, and not the other; he was either the same with Demas, which is a contraction of this name, or the person that John sent from Ephesus with this letter: we read of an Ephesian of this name, Acts 19:24; though not the same person; or else one that also was a member of the same church with Gaius and Diotrephes; and he being kind and beneficent, obtained a good report of the generality of men, not only of the brethren, but of those that were without; for a liberal man is universally respected. The Syriac version adds, "and of the church itself"; as distinct from all men, or the generality of the men of the world:

and of the truth itself; that is, whoever speaks truth must give him a good character, for this cannot be understood with any propriety of the Gospel, nor of Jesus Christ:

yea, and we also bear record; or a testimony to the character of Demetrius; that is, I, John, the apostle, and the saints at Ephesus:

and ye know that our record is true; faithful, and to be depended upon. The Alexandrian copy, and several others, read, "thou knowest", as does also the Vulgate Latin version, which seems most agreeable, since this epistle is directed to a single person; compare this with John 19:35; and it will give a further proof of this epistle being the Apostle John's.

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The New John Gill's Exposition of the Entire Bible Modernised and adapted for the computer by Larry Pierce of Online Bible. All Rights Reserved, Larry Pierce, Winterbourne, Ontario.
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Gill, John. "Commentary on 3 John 1:12". "The New John Gill Exposition of the Entire Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/geb/3-john-1.html. 1999.

Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible

of all men — who have had opportunity of knowing his character.

of the truth itself — The Gospel standard of truth bears witness to him that he walks conformably to it, in acts of real love, hospitality to the brethren (in contrast to Diotrephes), etc. Compare John 3:21 “He that doeth truth cometh to the light, that his deeds may be made manifest that they are wrought in God.”

we also — besides the testimony of “all men,” and “of the truth itself.”

ye know — The oldest manuscripts read, “thou knowest.”

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This expanded edition of the Jameison-Faussett-Brown Commentary is in the public domain and may be freely used and distributed.
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Jamieson, Robert, D.D.; Fausset, A. R.; Brown, David. "Commentary on 3 John 1:12". "Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/jfb/3-john-1.html. 1871-8.

Robertson's Word Pictures in the New Testament

Demetrius hath the witness of all men (Δημητριωι μεμαρτυρηται υπο παντωνDēmētriōi memarturētai hupo pantōn). Perfect passive indicative of μαρτυρεωmartureō “it has been witnessed to Demetrius (dative case) by all.” We know nothing else about him, unless, as is unlikely, he be identified with Demas as a shortened form (Philemon 1:24; Colossians 4:4; 2 Timothy 4:10), who has come back after his desertion or with the Ephesian silversmith (Acts 19:21.), who may have been converted under John‘s ministry, which one would like to believe, though there is no evidence for it. He may indeed be the bearer of this letter from Ephesus to Gaius and may also have come under suspicion for some reason and hence John‘s warm commendation.

And of the truth itself (και υπο αυτης της αλητειαςkai hupo autēs tēs alētheias). A second commendation of Demetrius. It is possible, in view of 1 John 5:6 (the Spirit is the truth), that John means the Holy Spirit and not a mere personification of the truth.

Yea we also (και ημεις δεkai hēmeis de). A third witness to Demetrius, that is John himself (literary plural).

Thou knowest (οιδαςoidas). “The words in John 21:24 sound like an echo of this sentence” (Westcott). John knew Demetrius well in Ephesus.

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The Robertson's Word Pictures of the New Testament. Copyright Broadman Press 1932,33, Renewal 1960. All rights reserved. Used by permission of Broadman Press (Southern Baptist Sunday School Board)
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Robertson, A.T. "Commentary on 3 John 1:12". "Robertson's Word Pictures of the New Testament". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/rwp/3-john-1.html. Broadman Press 1932,33. Renewal 1960.

Vincent's Word Studies

Demetrius hath good report ( Δημητρίῳ μεμαρτύρηται )

Lit., unto Demetrius witness hath been born. See John 3:26.

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Vincent, Marvin R. DD. "Commentary on 3 John 1:12". "Vincent's Word Studies in the New Testament". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/vnt/3-john-1.html. Charles Schribner's Sons. New York, USA. 1887.

Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Demetrius hath good report of all men, and of the truth itself: yea, and we also bear record; and ye know that our record is true.

And from the truth itself — That is, what they testify is the very truth.

Yea, we also bear testimony — I and they that are with me.

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Wesley, John. "Commentary on 3 John 1:12". "John Wesley's Explanatory Notes on the Whole Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/wen/3-john-1.html. 1765.

Abbott's Illustrated New Testament

Demetrius; named, apparently, as one of the brethren above referred to.

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Abbott, John S. C. & Abbott, Jacob. "Commentary on 3 John 1:12". "Abbott's Illustrated New Testament". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/ain/3-john-1.html. 1878.

John Trapp Complete Commentary

12 Demetrius hath good report of all men, and of the truth itself: yea, and we also bear record; and ye know that our record is true.

Ver. 12. Of all men] Of all good men; for God reckons of men according to their goodness. As a good name only is a name, Ecclesiastes 7:1, and a good wife only a wife, Proverbs 8:22.

And of the truth itself] That is enough. Doth the truth report well of a man? then he needs not care what the world can say.

And ye know that our record is true] This is one of John the Evangelist’s praises, John 21:24, and may confirm that he was the author of this and the two former Epistles. For this truth, we may better say of him than Sophronius doth of John Chrysostom, Nunquam eum mentitum fuisse, that he never told lie; and that he was eximium orbis terrarum luminare, as Theodoret styles him.

Yea, and we also] Which we do not use to do without special caution. It is a fault to be too forward to testify of any.

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Trapp, John. "Commentary on 3 John 1:12". John Trapp Complete Commentary. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/jtc/3-john-1.html. 1865-1868.

Thomas Coke Commentary on the Holy Bible

3 John 1:12. Demetrius hath good report Good men are in scripture often and justly praised; and the giving of such characters did not proceed from selfishness, flattery, or respect of persons, but from the real truth of the case. When the scriptures condemn persons, it is not from malice or personal resentment, but because of their wickedness; and they applaud no man, but for his holiness, virtue, and piety. Demetrius has been taken for a member of that church to which Gaius belonged. Others, however, take Demetrius for the bearer of this letter, and one of the most eminent and zealous of the persons who had then got out into those parts, preaching the gospel gratis to the Gentiles. This would probably exasperate Diotrephes the more against him, and render it proper for the apostle to be more particular and earnest in recommending Demetrius to the peculiar protection and regard of G

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Coke, Thomas. "Commentary on 3 John 1:12". Thomas Coke Commentary on the Holy Bible. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/tcc/3-john-1.html. 1801-1803.

Expository Notes with Practical Observations on the New Testament

Having propounded the example of God in the former verse, he propounds in this the example of Demetrius, as a pattern to them for their imitation in works of piety and charity; not only common report, and the apostle's testimony, but his own good works, did justly recommend him as an extraordinary pattern to their imitation.

Note, That the commendations, which our own good works do give us before the world, are more valuable than all the praises and applauses which can be given to us by men, yea, by the best of men. Demetrius has a good report of all men, yea, of the truth itself.

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Burkitt, William. "Commentary on 3 John 1:12". Expository Notes with Practical Observations on the New Testament. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/wbc/3-john-1.html. 1700-1703.

Greek Testament Critical Exegetical Commentary

12.] The praise of Demetrius. Testimony hath been borne to Demetrius by all (scil. who know him, and have brought report concerning him: “nemo qui non”), and by the truth itself (it is not very easy to explain this expression. If we understand it that the reality of facts themselves supports the testimony of the πάντες, we have abundance of authority for the expression in classical usage: Wetst. gives, from Demost. contra Neær. (qu. page?), δεῖ δʼ ὑμᾶς ἑξ αὐτῆς τῆς ἀληθείας τὴν ἀκρίβειαν ἀκούσαντας τῆς τε κατηργορίας καὶ τῆς ἀπολογίας οὕτως ἤδη τὴν ψῆφον φέρειν: de corona, p. 232, τούτων τοιούτων ὄντων καὶ ἐπʼ αὐτῆς τῆς ἀληθείας οὕτω δεικνυμένων. And from Æsch., contra Timarch., καταμεμαρτυρημένος ὑπὸ τοῦ ἑαυτοῦ βίου καὶ τῆς ἀληθείας. And thus Œc. ( ὑπʼ αὐτῆς τῆς ἀλ., τοῦ ἐνεργοῦς λόγοι· εἰσὶ γάρ τινες οἷς μαρτυρεῖται μὲν ἀρετή, κατεψευσμένη δὲ ἐπὶ ἀπράκτῳ λόγῳ), Corn.-a-lap., Bart.-Petr., Grot., (“rebus ipsis”), Joach.-Lange, Carpzov., G. Lange, al., and Beausobre, who (Düsterd.) explains it “sa conduite est un témoin réel de sa vertu.” But there are two reasons against this view: 1) that it does not correspond to the objective fact asserted in the μεμαρτύρηται, nor to the parallelizing of this testimony with that of the πάντες and that of the Apostle: and 2) that thus the Christian and divine sense of ἡ ἀλήθεια which St. John seems always to put forward, would be entirely sunk. Nor is the former of these met either by Schlichting, who says, “si ipsa veritas loqui posset, homini isti præberet testimonium virtutis et probitatis,” or by Lücke, “if infallible Christian truth itself, cf. 3 John 1:3, could be asked, it would bear favourable witness of him.” Against both there is the μεμαρτύρηται, as matter of fact, not of hypothesis. Baumg.-Crus. would understand that Demetrius had done much for the truth, and his deeds were his witness: but this is hardly a witness of ἡ ἀλήθεια to him. Sander takes refuge in the extraordinary supposition, that the Holy Spirit had revealed to the Apostle the truth respecting Demetrius. Huther regards the testimony borne by the truth to be that furnished by the πάντες, whose evidence was decisive, not from their credit as men, but because they all spoke of and from the truth of Christ dwelling in them. This would reduce this new μαρτυρία to the former, and would in fact besides include the following in it likewise. The best interpretation is that of Düsterdieck (from whom much of this note is derived). The objective Truth of God, which is the divine rule of the walk of all believers, gives a good testimony to him who really walks in the truth. This witness lies in the accordance of his walk with the requirement of God’s Truth. It was the mirror in which the walk of Demetrius was reflected: and his form, thus seen in the mirror of God’s Truth, in which the perfect form of Christ is held up to us (1 John 2:6; 1 John 3:3; 1 John 3:16), appeared in the likeness of Christ; so that the mirror itself seemed to place in a clear light his Christian virtue and uprightness, and thus to bear witness to him): yea, we too (see ref. and note there. The contrast here is between his own personal testimony (for to that and not to any collective one does ἡμεῖς refer) and the two testimonies foregoing) bear testimony, and thou knowest that our testimony is true (see reff.).

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Alford, Henry. "Commentary on 3 John 1:12". Greek Testament Critical Exegetical Commentary. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/hac/3-john-1.html. 1863-1878.

Heinrich Meyer's Critical and Exegetical Commentary on the New Testament

3 John 1:12. As the apostle, by μὴ μιμοῦ τὸ κακόν, has warned Caius against imitation of Diotrephes, so he now puts Demetrius before him as an example for imitation—corresponding to ἀλλὰ τὸ ἀγαθόν. Who this Demetrius was, however, and where he had his abode, is not stated. Ebrard thinks that he had been one of the βουλόμενοι (3 John 1:10) in the Church of Diotrephes, and had perhaps been excommunicated by him; but in that case Caius must have known him, so that he did not require this strong testimony of the apostle in his favour; the view that he was the bearer of the Epistle (Düsterdieck. Lücke, etc.) is more probable.

μεμαρτύρηται refers—in accordance with John’s usage of the perfect—not merely to a past, but also to a present record. μαρτυρεῖσθαι frequently appears in the same absolute way as here, especially in the Acts; comp. chap. Acts 6:3; Acts 10:22, and passim.

πάντων is not to be extended to the heathen, with Oecumenius and Theophylact, but refers to the Church to which Demetrius belonged; Ebrard incorrectly understands by it “the brethren,” 3 John 1:10; 3 John 1:7; 3 John 1:5; the apostle would have distinctly mentioned them, and besides, the πάντων, which is clearly used emphatically, would be unsuitable in reference to them.

καὶ ὑπʼ αὐτῆς τῆς ἀληθείας] Whilst the commentators are agreed in this, that the truth is here personified, they deviate widely from one another in their more particular definition of the idea; most of them understand by it the life of Demetrius as that which testifies for him, whether they interpret ἀλήθεια = reality (Hornejus: ipsa rei veritas; Grotius: res ipsae) or as the life itself, in so far as it is a testimony to his virtue (Beausobre: c’est à dire, que sa conduite est un témoin réel de sa vertu). This, however, is incorrect, as both the expression itself ( αὐτὴ ἀλήθεια) and also its position (between πάντες and ἡμεῖς) indicate that the apostle meant by ἀλήθεια something objectively contrasted with Demetrius. Düsterdieck (with whom Braune agrees) has rightly perceived this; but as he at the same time retains the reference to the life, he finds the testimony of the objective Christian truth in the fact that it gives commandments to man, and that inasmuch as Demetrius fulfils them, it is by these commandments that the truth bears a good testimony to him. But apart from the fact that this introduction of the commandments cannot be justified, the whole interpretation has something too artificial to permit of its being regarded as correct. The hypothetical interpretation of Lücke: “if the infallible Christian truth, comp. 3 John 1:3, itself were asked, it would give him a good testimony” (similarly Schlichting), does not suit the positive μεμαρτύρηται. It is too far-fetched, with Baumgarten-Crusius, to regard the result of the Christian activity of Demetrius as the testimony of the truth to him. A simple, clear idea would be brought out if, with Sander, we could regard it as “a special testimony which John had received through the Holy Ghost in reference to Demetrius;” but there is no justification for this. The correct way will be to interpret ὑπʼ αὐτῆς τῆς ἀληθείας in close connection with ὑπὸ πάντων, and to conclude that the apostle adds the former in order to bring out the fact that the good report of all has its origin not merely in their human judgment, but in the testimony of the ἀλήθεια which dwells in them (so also Brückner); and that the expression αὐτὴ ἀλήθεια is not merely a personification, but is a description of the Holy Ghost (comp. 1 John 5:6 : τὸ πνεῦμά ἐστιν ἀλήθεια). The opinion that αὐτὴ ἀλήθεια, in contrast with πάντες, cannot be the truth that produces their testimony, and that testifies for Demetrius (Ebrard,(23) Braune), is refuted by John 15:26-27, as here, in a quite similar way, the testimony of the Spirit of truth is conjoined with the testimony of the disciples, the latter being produced and confirmed by the former.

To the testimony of all the apostle further specially adds his own: καὶ ἡμεῖς δὲ μαρτυροῦμεν] By καὶδέ a stronger emphasis is laid on ἡμεῖς.

With καὶ οἶδας κ. τ. λ., comp. John 19:35; John 21:24.

By the reading: οἴδατε, Caius and his friends are addressed together.

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Meyer, Heinrich. "Commentary on 3 John 1:12". Heinrich Meyer's Critical and Exegetical Commentary on the New Testament. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/hmc/3-john-1.html. 1832.

Johann Albrecht Bengel's Gnomon of the New Testament

3 John 1:12. δημητρί, Demetrius) He seems to have been a minister who was a pattern of hospitality.— ἡμε ς, we) I, and they who are with me.— δ) yet: although Demetrius is already supplied with many testimonies.— κα ο δατε, and ye know) for we do not deceive in anything.

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Bengel, Johann Albrecht. "Commentary on 3 John 1:12". Johann Albrecht Bengel's Gnomon of the New Testament. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/jab/3-john-1.html. 1897.

Matthew Poole's English Annotations on the Holy Bible

Some eminent Christian, whom he could with confidence recommend as a pattern.

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Poole, Matthew, "Commentary on 3 John 1:12". Matthew Poole's English Annotations on the Holy Bible. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/mpc/3-john-1.html. 1685.

Alexander MacLaren's Expositions of Holy Scripture

о Димитрии Как и Гаий, имя Димитрий было широко распространено в Римской Империи (Деян. 19:24, 38). О нем ничего не говорится, кроме упоминания в этом послании. Вероятно, он доставил это письмо, которое служило для Гаия также рекомендацией Димитрию.

засвидетельствовано всеми Репутация Димитрия, так же как и Гаия, была хорошо известна во всем регионе.

самою истиною Димитрий служил образцом поведения, потому что следовал в своей жизни истинам Слова Божьего.

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MacLaren, Alexander. "Commentary on 3 John 1:12". Alexander MacLaren's Expositions of Holy Scripture. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/mac/3-john-1.html.

Justin Edwards' Family Bible New Testament

Hath good report; is well spoken of, justly, as a good man, whose works attest his piety and benevolence.

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Edwards, Justin. "Commentary on 3 John 1:12". "Family Bible New Testament". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/fam/3-john-1.html. American Tract Society. 1851.

Peter Pett's Commentary on the Bible

‘Demetrius has the witness of all, and of the truth itself. Yes, we also bear witness: and you know that our witness is true.’

Demetrius may have been another church leader, or a more probably a visiting preacher, a representative of John, and he may well also have been the letter bearer. He too is a man who adorns the truth, witnessed to by all. He is to be welcomed. Even John bears witness to his godliness. And Gaius can know that his testimony is reliable. Thus he can know that he can place complete confidence in Demetrius. His coming would give Gaius comfort at a distressful time. John is very practical as well as spiritual.

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Pett, Peter. "Commentary on 3 John 1:12". "Peter Pett's Commentary on the Bible ". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/pet/3-john-1.html. 2013.

Expository Notes of Dr. Thomas Constable

John urged Gaius to show hospitable love to Demetrius to give Gaius an opportunity to practice love and thereby reprove Diotrephes" lack of love. Demetrius may have carried this letter from John to Gaius. [Note: Westcott, p241; Hodges, " 3 John," p911.] Or he may have visited Gaius later. He may have been one of the controversial itinerant preachers. [Note: William Barclay, The Letters of John and Jude, p178.]

John gave three recommendations (witnesses) of this brother"s worth. He had a good reputation among all who knew him, his character and conduct were in harmony with the truth, and John personally knew him and vouched for him.

"Like Gaius, Demetrius is "walking in the truth." His life matches his confession. In Pauline terms, he manifests the fruit of the Spirit. In Johannine terms, he lives the life of love." [Note: Barker, p376.]

It will be interesting to get to heaven and see if this Demetrius is the same man who gave Paul so much trouble in Ephesus ( Acts 19:24). Several commentators have concluded that he was. [Note: E.g, W. Alexander, "The Third Epistle of John," in The Speaker"s Commentary: New Testament, 4:381; and Lloyd John Ogilvie, When God First Thought of You, pp201-6.] The odds are against this possibility since there were undoubtedly many men named Demetrius (lit. belonging to Demeter [the goddess of agriculture]) living in that area then. Furthermore Paul ministered in Ephesus in the early50s whereas John probably wrote this epistle in the early90s.

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Constable, Thomas. DD. "Commentary on 3 John 1:12". "Expository Notes of Dr. Thomas Constable". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/dcc/3-john-1.html. 2012.

Joseph Benson's Commentary of the Old and New Testaments

3 John 1:12. Demetrius, on the contrary, hath good report — Hath a good testimony from all that know him; and of the truth — The gospel; itself — His temper and conduct being conformable to its precepts, and he having exerted himself greatly to propagate it. Yea, and we also bear record — I, and they that are with me; and ye know that our record is true — That every commendation I give is well founded.

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Benson, Joseph. "Commentary on 3 John 1:12". Joseph Benson's Commentary. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/rbc/3-john-1.html. 1857.

E.W. Bullinger's Companion Bible Notes

hath good report = is borne witness to. See 3 John 1:6.

of = by. App-104.

bear record = testify, 3 John 1:3.

ye know. The texts read, "thou knowest". App-132.

record = testimony. See p. 1511.

true. App-175.

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Bullinger, Ethelbert William. "Commentary on 3 John 1:12". "E.W. Bullinger's Companion bible Notes". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/bul/3-john-1.html. 1909-1922.

Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible - Unabridged

Demetrius hath good report of all men, and of the truth itself: yea, and we also bear record; and ye know that our record is true.

Demetrius - a hospitable presbyter in the place; or else one of the missionary strangers who bore the letter. Of all men - who have opportunity of knowing his character.

Of the truth itself. The Gospel standard of truth witnesses that he walks conformably to it, in real love, hospitality to the brethren (in contrast to Diotrephes), etc. Compare John 3:21.

We also - besides the testimony of "all men," and of "the truth itself." Ye know. 'Aleph (') A B C d, Vulgate, read, 'thou knowest.'

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Jamieson, Robert, D.D.; Fausset, A. R.; Brown, David. "Commentary on 3 John 1:12". "Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible - Unabridged". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/jfu/3-john-1.html. 1871-8.

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

Demetrius hath good report of all men, and of the truth itself: yea, and we also bear record; and ye know that our record is true.
good
Acts 10:22; 22:12; 1 Thessalonians 4:12; 1 Timothy 3:7
and we
John 19:35; 21:24
Reciprocal: 1 Samuel 2:24 - no good;  1 Samuel 12:4 - GeneralActs 6:3 - honest;  1 Corinthians 16:18 - therefore;  2 Corinthians 6:8 - evil;  1 Thessalonians 1:8 - in every;  1 Timothy 5:10 - reported;  1 Peter 5:12 - testifying;  1 John 5:11 - this;  3 John 1:6 - have borne witness of thy charity;  Revelation 1:2 - bare

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Torrey, R. A. "Commentary on 3 John 1:12". "The Treasury of Scripture Knowledge". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/tsk/3-john-1.html.

E.M. Zerr's Commentary on Selected Books of the New Testament

This Demetrius is not found in any other place that I have seen. He was a disciple well spoken of by all who knew him. Of all, and of he truth itself. A man could have a good name without deserving it, but the report for Demetrius was a truthful one. John adds his testimony for the good name of this brother by saying we also bear record. It is probable that he was to be the bearer of this epistle.

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Zerr, E.M. "Commentary on 3 John 1:12". E.M. Zerr's Commentary on Selected Books of the New Testament. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/znt/3-john-1.html. 1952.

Gary H. Everett's Study Notes on the Holy Scriptures

Praise to Demetrius - 3 John 1:12 serves as a praise to Demetrius for his good deeds.

3 John 1:12 Demetrius hath good report of all men, and of the truth itself: yea, and we also bear record; and ye know that our record is true.

3 John 1:12Word Study on "Demetrius" - William Alexander says the Greek name "Demetrius" ( δημήτριος) (G 1216) may be a derivative of the Greek earth-goddess Demeter, 47] goddess of grain and the harvest. 48]

47] William Alexander, The Epistles of St. John, in The Expositor's Bible, eds. William R. Nicoll and Oscar L. Joseph (Grand Rapids, MI: Eerdmans, 1956), in Ages Digital Library, v 10 [CD-ROM] (Rio, WI: Ages Software, Inc, 2001), comments on 3 John 1:1:12.

48] Jessie M. Tatlock, Greek and Roman Mythology (New York; The Century Company, c 1917), 154-162.

Comments- An individual by the name of Demetrius is found within the book of Acts. It is possible that this Demetrius was the same one who called such a riot in Ephesus years earlier over the preaching of the Gospel by Paul and his companions. This may be the reason that Luke gave some attention to this individual when writing the book of Acts, as such a conversion would have been of much interest to his readers.

Acts 19:24, "For a certain man named Demetrius, a silversmith, which made silver shrines for Diana, brought no small gain unto the craftsmen;"

The Apostolic Constitutions, a collection of ecclesiastical law that is believed to have been compiled during the latter half of the fourth century, states that there was a man by the name of Demetrius who became the bishop of the church at Philadelphia. It is very possible that this was the same person mentioned in John's third epistle. It is interesting to note that the name of Gaius ( 3 John 1:1) is mentioned next to the name of Demetrius in this passage.

"Now concerning those bishops which have been ordained in our lifetime, we let you know that they are these…Of Pergamus, Gains. Of Philadelphia, Demetrius, by me." (Constitutions of the Holy Apostles 7446)

3 John 1:12Comments- Donald Guthrie tells us that 3 John 1:12 makes the epistle of 3John take the form of "a letter of commendation to Demetrius." 49] It is not likely that Demetrius was previous acquainted with Gaius, and thus not a member of the recent group of itinerate preachers that were rejected by Diotrephes. Guthrie concludes that Demetrius was most likely the bearer of this short epistle. 50]

49] Donald Guthrie, New Testament Introduction (Downers Grover, Illinois: Intervarsity Press, 1990), 893.

50] Donald Guthrie, New Testament Introduction (Downers Grover, Illinois: Intervarsity Press, 1990), 894.

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Everett, Gary H. "Commentary on 3 John 1:12". Gary H. Everett's Study Notes on the Holy Scriptures. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/ghe/3-john-1.html. 2013.

Whedon's Commentary on the Bible

12.Demetrius—Elder or pastor, as we suppose, of another congregation of the Pergamos Church.

Of the truth itself—He was certified by men as adhering to the truth; and the truth itself, by agreeing with his faith and doctrine, attested and bore record of his genuineness.

Our record is true—Being that of an original witness of Christ. See our notes on 1 John 1:1.

 

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Whedon, Daniel. "Commentary on 3 John 1:12". "Whedon's Commentary on the Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/whe/3-john-1.html. 1874-1909.

The Expositor's Greek Testament

3 John 1:12. Application of the warning against evil example: Do not imitate Diotrephes, but imitate Demetrius. Demetrius was probably the bearer (Ueber-bringer) of the epistle. There is no reason for identifying him with Demetrius the silversmith of Ephesus (Acts 19:24). B. Weiss (Einleit.), supporting the ecclesiastical interpretation of 2 John (see Introd. p. 162) and finding a reference to it in 3 John 1:9, regards Demetrius as the recipient (Empfänger) of the former—a member of the Church and a striking contrast to his fellow-member Diotrephes. But evidently he was a stranger to Gaius and needed introduction and commendation. St. John gives him a threefold testimony: (1) that of the whole community at Ephesus ( ); (2) that of “the Truth” (see note on 1 John 1:8): he fulfilled the requirements of the Gospel and exemplified its saving power; (3) that of the Apostle and his colleagues at Ephesus ( ): he has long been honoured by his community as an embodiment of the Truth ( ), and the Apostle testifies this when he is going among strangers ignorant of his past ( ). , see note on 1 John 1:3. , . . .: because St. John knew him so well. Demetrius belonged to the Church of Ephesus and was probably a convert of the Apostle.

 

 

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Nicol, W. Robertson, M.A., L.L.D. "Commentary on 3 John 1:12". The Expositor's Greek Testament. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/egt/3-john-1.html. 1897-1910.

The Bible Study New Testament

12. Demetrius. We know nothing more about this man. Roberts thinks he was one of the brothers whom John sent out. But he may have been a church elder along with Diotrephes. He is an example of good. Truth itself. “The truth of God, which guides the lives of all believers, is a witness to the one who actually lives in truth!” And we. John is also a witness to the good character of Demetrius. [Letters of recommendation were used to identify true teachers to people who did not know them personally. See Acts 18:27; 2 Corinthians 3:1; Romans 16:1; Colossians 4:10.]

 

 

 

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Ice, Rhoderick D. "Commentary on 3 John 1:12". "The Bible Study New Testament". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/ice/3-john-1.html. College Press, Joplin, MO. 1974.