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Verse-by-Verse Bible Commentary

Ecclesiastes 7:9

Do not be eager in your heart to be angry, For anger resides in the bosom of fools.

Adam Clarke Commentary

Anger resteth in the bosom of fools - A wise man, off his guard, may feel it for a moment: but in him it cannot rest: it is a fire which he immediately casts out of his breast. But the fool - the man who is under the dominion of his own tempers, harbors and fosters it, till it takes the form of malice, and then excites him to seek full revenge on those whom he deems enemies. Hence that class of dangerous and empty fools called duellists.


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Bibliography
Clarke, Adam. "Commentary on Ecclesiastes 7:9". "The Adam Clarke Commentary". https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/acc/ecclesiastes-7.html. 1832.

John Gill's Exposition of the Whole Bible

Be not hasty in thy spirit to be angry,.... With men, for every word that is said, or action done, that is not agreeable; encourage not, but repress, sudden angry emotions of the mind; be not quick of resentment, and at once express anger and displeasure; but be slow to wrath, for such a man is better than the mighty, James 1:19, Proverbs 16:32; or with God, for his corrections and chastisements; so the Targum,

"in the time that correction from heaven comes upon thee, do not hasten in thy soul to be hot (or angry) to say words of rebellion (or stubbornness) against heaven;'

that advice is good,

"do nothing in angerF12Isocrates ad Nicoclem, p. 36. ;'

for anger resteth in the bosom of fools; where it riseth quick, and continues long; here it soon betrays itself, and finds easy admittance, and a resting dwelling place; it easily gets in, but it is difficult to get it out of the heart of a fool; both which are proofs of his folly, Proverbs 12:16; see Ephesians 4:26; the bosom, or breast, is commonly represented as the seat of anger by other writersF13"In pectoribus ira considit", Petronius; "iram sanguinei regio sub pectore cordis", Claudian. de 4. Consul. Honor. Panegyr. v. 241. .


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The New John Gill's Exposition of the Entire Bible Modernised and adapted for the computer by Larry Pierce of Online Bible. All Rightes Reserved, Larry Pierce, Winterbourne, Ontario.
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Bibliography
Gill, John. "Commentary on Ecclesiastes 7:9". "The New John Gill Exposition of the Entire Bible". https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/geb/ecclesiastes-7.html. 1999.

Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible

angry — impatient at adversity befalling thee, as Job was (Ecclesiastes 5:2; Proverbs 12:16).


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These files are a derivative of an electronic edition prepared from text scanned by Woodside Bible Fellowship.
This expanded edition of the Jameison-Faussett-Brown Commentary is in the public domain and may be freely used and distributed.

Bibliography
Jamieson, Robert, D.D.; Fausset, A. R.; Brown, David. "Commentary on Ecclesiastes 7:9". "Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible". https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/jfb/ecclesiastes-7.html. 1871-8.

Keil & Delitzsch Commentary on the Old Testament

In this verse the author warns against this pride which, when everything does not go according to its mind, falls into passionate excitement, and thoughtlessly judges, or with a violent rude hand anticipates the end. אל־תּב : do not overturn, hasten not, rush not, as at Ecclesiastes 5:1. Why the word בּרוּחך , and not בנפשך or בלבך , is used, vid ., Psychol . pp. 197-199: passionate excitements overcome a man according to the biblical representation of his spirit, Proverbs 25:28, and in the proving of the spirit that which is in the heart comes forth in the mood and disposition, Proverbs 15:13. כּעוס is an infin., like ישׁון , Ecclesiastes 5:11. The warning has its reason in this, that anger or ( כעס , taken more potentially than actually) fretfulness rests in the bosom of fools, i.e. , is cherished and nourished, and thus is at home, and, as it were (thought of personally, as if it were a wicked demon), feels itself at home ( ינוּח , as at Proverbs 14:33). The haughty impetuous person, and one speaking out rashly, thus acts like a fool. In fact, it is folly to let oneself be impelled by contradictions to anger, which disturbs the brightness of the soul, takes away the considerateness of judgment, and undermines the health, instead of maintaining oneself with equanimity, i.e. , without stormy excitement, and losing the equilibrium of the soul under every opposition to our wish.

From this point the proverb loses the form “better than,” but tov still remains the catchword of the following proverbs. The proverb here first following is so far cogn., as it is directed against a particular kind of ka'as (anger), viz., discontentment with the present.


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The Keil & Delitzsch Commentary on the Old Testament is a derivative of a public domain electronic edition.

Bibliography
Keil, Carl Friedrich & Delitzsch, Franz. "Commentary on Ecclesiastes 7:9". https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/kdo/ecclesiastes-7.html. 1854-1889.

John Trapp Complete Commentary

Ecclesiastes 7:9 Be not hasty in thy spirit to be angry: for anger resteth in the bosom of fools.

Ver. 9. Be not hasty in thy spirit to be angry.] The hasty man, we say, never wants woe. For wrath is an evil counsellor, and enwrappeth a man in manifold troubles, mischiefs, and miseries. It makes man like the bee, that vindictive creature, which, to be revenged, loseth her sting, and becomes a drone; or, like Tamar, who, to be even with her father-in-law, defiled him and herself with incest. "Cease, therefore, from anger, and forsake wrath: fret not thyself in anywise to do evil." [Psalms 37:8] Athenodorus counselled Augustus to determine nothing rashly, when he was angry, till he had repeated the Greek alphabet. Ambrose taught Theodosius, in that case, to repeat the Lord’s Prayer. What a shame it is to see a Christian act like Hercules furens, or like Solomon’s fool, that casts firebrands, or as that demoniac, [Mark 2:3] out of measure fierce! That demoniac was "among the tombs," but these are among the living, and molest those most that are nearest to them.

For anger resteth in the bosom of fools.] Rush it may into a wise man’s bosom, but not rest there, lodge there, dwell there; and only where it dwells it domineers, and that is only where a fool is master of the family. Thunder, hail, tempest, neither trouble nor hurt celestial bodies. See that the sun go not down upon this evil guest: see that the soul be not soured or impured with it, for anger corrupts the heart, as leaven doth the lump, or vinegar the vessel wherein it doth continue. (a)


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Bibliography
Trapp, John. "Commentary on Ecclesiastes 7:9". John Trapp Complete Commentary. https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/jtc/ecclesiastes-7.html. 1865-1868.

Thomas Coke Commentary on the Holy Bible

Ecclesiastes 7:9. To be angry;—for anger To grieve; for grief, &c.] So our translators have rendered the original word, chap. Ecclesiastes 2:23. See also chap. Ecclesiastes 5:17 and Ecclesiastes 11:10; and, thus rendered, it answers Solomon's purpose much better than anger.


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Bibliography
Coke, Thomas. "Commentary on Ecclesiastes 7:9". Thomas Coke Commentary on the Holy Bible. https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/tcc/ecclesiastes-7.html. 1801-1803.

Matthew Poole's English Annotations on the Holy Bible

Be not angry with any man without due consideration, and just and necessary cause; for otherwise anger is sometimes lawful, and sometimes a duty.

Resteth; hath its settled and quiet abode, is their constant companion, ever at hand upon all occasions, whereas wise men resist, and mortify, and banish it.

In the bosom; in the heart, the proper seat of the passions.


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Bibliography
Poole, Matthew, "Commentary on Ecclesiastes 7:9". Matthew Poole's English Annotations on the Holy Bible. https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/mpc/ecclesiastes-7.html. 1685.

Whedon's Commentary on the Bible

9. Be not hasty… angry — This exhortation comes as an inference from the foregoing remarks. Even an enemy may tell us some things good for us to know, much more, then, should we welcome the “faithful wounds” — the honest rebukes — of a friend. Only a fool would be angry at wholesome reproof. But how natural it is to be in this more or less foolish!


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Bibliography
Whedon, Daniel. "Commentary on Ecclesiastes 7:9". "Whedon's Commentary on the Bible". https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/whe/ecclesiastes-7.html. 1874-1909.

George Haydock's Catholic Bible Commentary

Speech. Hebrew, "thing." The best projects often are seen to fail. --- Beginning, as the auditor is on longer kept in suspense. --- Presumptuous. Rashness must not be confounded with courage. (Calmet) --- Hasty and immoderate anger is hurtful. (Worthington)


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Bibliography
Haydock, George Leo. "Commentary on Ecclesiastes 7:9". "George Haydock's Catholic Bible Commentary". https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/hcc/ecclesiastes-7.html. 1859.

Mark Dunagan Commentary on the Bible

"Do not be eager in your heart to be angry, for anger resides in the bosom of fools."

"eager in your heart"-quick to be angry. The idea is that of hastening, in a hurry to be angry. When our attitude isn"t right many of us are simply looking for an excuse to get angry, like someone who is just itching for a fight.

Points To Note:

1 Consider the close connection between pride and anger. Humility and patience is a great check against selfish and sinful anger. This should make us seriously reevaluate our own anger. Often what triggers an angry response isn"t righteous indignation, rather it is when our pride has been seriously humbled or put in its place. 2. The fool is a person who cherishes and nourishes such anger. "A quick temper in company with frustration is the earmark of the fool. Another mark of the fool is to welcome, harbor and entertain anger" (Kidwell p. 164). James ; Proverbs 25:28.


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Bibliography
Dunagan, Mark. "Commentary on Ecclesiastes 7:9". "Mark Dunagan Commentaries on the Bible". https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/dun/ecclesiastes-7.html. 1999-2014.

Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible - Unabridged

Be not hasty in thy spirit to be angry: for anger resteth in the bosom of fools.

Be not hasty - passionate with excitement, bursting out in complaints against God, and impatient at adversity befalling thee, as Job was (Ecclesiastes 5:2; Psalms 37:1-2; Psalms 37:8). Contrast Lamentations 3:24-27.

Anger resteth in the bosom of fools. It is fools who give way to anger or impatience and fretfulness at the sight of the prosperity of the ungodly (Psalms 37:1; Psalms 37:8).


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These files are public domain.
Text Courtesy of BibleSupport.com. Used by Permission.

Bibliography
Jamieson, Robert, D.D.; Fausset, A. R.; Brown, David. "Commentary on Ecclesiastes 7:9". "Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible - Unabridged". https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/jfu/ecclesiastes-7.html. 1871-8.

Ellicott's Commentary for English Readers

(9) Resteth.—Proverbs 14:33.


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Bibliography
Ellicott, Charles John. "Commentary on Ecclesiastes 7:9". "Ellicott's Commentary for English Readers". https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/ebc/ecclesiastes-7.html. 1905.

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

Be not hasty in thy spirit to be angry: for anger resteth in the bosom of fools.
hasty
1 Samuel 25:21,22; 2 Samuel 19:43; Esther 3:5,6; Proverbs 14:17; 16:32; Jonah 4:9; Ephesians 4:26,27; James 1:19
anger
Genesis 4:5,6,8; 34:7,8,25,26,30,31; 2 Samuel 13:22,28,32; Proverbs 26:23-26; Mark 6:19,24

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These files are public domain.
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Bibliography
Torrey, R. A. "Commentary on Ecclesiastes 7:9". "The Treasury of Scripture Knowledge". https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/tsk/ecclesiastes-7.html.

Ecclesiastes 7:9. Be not hasty in thy spirit to be angry. The anger or wrath is to be conceived as directed against God and the evil doers favoured by Him, that is, in this present case, against the heathen; compare Psalms 37:1-2; Psalms 37:8. For anger rests in the bosom of fools, who only look at the present and at once fall into error with regard to God and his providence if things go otherwise than in their view they ought to do. It is folly to fix the attention only on that which lies directly before our eyes, to speak wisdom in presence of the good fortune of the wicked: "as grass shall they be cut down, and as the green herb shall they wither," and, "evil doers shall be rooted out, but they that wait on the Lord shall possess the land." If we only do not make haste to be angry, the Lord will in his own good time remove all occasions to wrath out of the way. As the Berleburger Bible says: "blessed, on the contrary, is he who in all the events of life maintains a cairn patience, equips himself with a spirit of humble submissiveness and magnanimous contentment, accommodates himself to good and evil times alike, and ever derives strength and quickening from the petition,—"thy will be done."


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Bibliography
Hengstenberg, Ernst. "Commentary on Ecclesiastes 7:9". Ernst Hengstenberg on John, Revelation, Ecclesiastes, Ezekiel & Psalms. https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/heg/ecclesiastes-7.html.


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Monday, June 18th, 2018
the Week of Proper 6 / Ordinary 11
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