Bible Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

Ecclesiastes 7

Introduction

1Remedies against vanity are, a good name;
2mortification;
7patience;
11wisdom.
23The difficulty of wisdom.

Verse 1

A good name is better than precious ointment; and the day of death than the day of one's birth.
name
Proverbs 15:30; 22:1; Isaiah 56:5; Luke 10:20; Hebrews 11:2,39
precious
10:1; Psalms 133:2; Proverbs 27:9; Song of Solomon 1:3; 4:10; John 13:2
the day
4:2; Job 3:17; Isaiah 57:1,2; 2 Corinthians 5:1,8; Philippians 1:21-23; Revelation 14:13
Reciprocal: Genesis 44:7 - GeneralRuth 3:14 - Let it not;  Nehemiah 6:13 - and that they;  Jonah 4:3 - for

Verse 2

It is better to go to the house of mourning, than to go to the house of feasting: for that is the end of all men; and the living will lay it to his heart.
better
Genesis 48:1-22; 49:2-33; 50:15-17; Job 1:4,5; Isaiah 5:11,12; 22:12-14; Amos 6:3-6; Matthew 5:4; 14:6-12; 1 Peter 4:3,4
that
Numbers 23:10; Deuteronomy 32:29; Romans 6:21,22; Philippians 3:19; Hebrews 9:27
living
Deuteronomy 32:46; Isaiah 47:7; Haggai 1:5; *marg:; Malachi 2:2
Reciprocal: Esther 1:10 - the heart;  Ecclesiastes 2:2 - It is;  Ecclesiastes 9:5 - the living;  Ecclesiastes 10:19 - feast;  Jeremiah 12:11 - layeth;  Jeremiah 16:8 - GeneralLuke 6:21 - ye that weep;  John 11:19 - to comfort;  James 4:9 - afflicted;  1 Peter 4:7 - the end

Verse 3

Sorrow is better than laughter: for by the sadness of the countenance the heart is made better.
Sorrow
or, Anger. is better.
Psalms 119:67,71; 126:5,6; Jeremiah 31:8,9,15-20; 50:4,5; Daniel 9:3-19; Daniel 10:2,3,19; Zechariah 12:10-14; Luke 6:21,25; John 16:20-22; 2 Corinthians 7:9-11; James 4:8-10
by
Romans 5:3,4; 2 Corinthians 4:17; Hebrews 12:10,11; James 1:2-4

Verse 4

The heart of the wise is in the house of mourning; but the heart of fools is in the house of mirth.
heart
Nehemiah 2:2-5; Isaiah 53:3,4; Matthew 8:14-16; Mark 5:38-43; Luke 7:12,13; John 11:31-35
the heart
1 Samuel 25:36; 30:16; 2 Samuel 13:28; 1 Kings 20:16; Isaiah 21:4; Jeremiah 51:39,57; Daniel 5:1-4,30; Hosea 7:5; Nahum 1:10; Mark 6:21-29
Reciprocal: 1 Kings 1:41 - as they

Verse 5

It is better to hear the rebuke of the wise, than for a man to hear the song of fools.
better
Psalms 141:5; Proverbs 9:8; 13:13; 15:31,32; 17:10; 27:6; Revelation 3:19
the song
Psalms 69:12
Reciprocal: Proverbs 14:13 - General

Verse 6

For as the crackling of thorns under a pot, so is the laughter of the fool: this also is vanity.
as
2:2; Psalms 58:9; 118:12; Isaiah 65:13-15; Amos 8:10; Luke 6:25; 16:25; 2 Peter 2:13-17; Jude 1:12,13
crackling
Heb. sound. the laughter.
Proverbs 29:9
Reciprocal: Proverbs 14:13 - GeneralJames 4:9 - let

Verse 7

Surely oppression maketh a wise man mad; and a gift destroyeth the heart.
oppression
Deuteronomy 28:33,34,65
a gift
Exodus 23:8; Deuteronomy 16:19; 1 Samuel 8:3; 12:3; Proverbs 17:23; Isaiah 1:23; 33:15
Reciprocal: 1 Samuel 21:13 - changed;  1 Samuel 21:14 - is mad;  Ecclesiastes 4:1 - and considered;  Hosea 4:11 - take

Verse 8

Better is the end of a thing than the beginning thereof: and the patient in spirit is better than the proud in spirit.
Better
Psalms 126:5,6; Isaiah 10:24,25,28-34; Luke 16:25; James 5:11; 1 Peter 1:13
the patient
Proverbs 13:10; 14:29; 15:18; 16:32; 28:25; Luke 21:19; Romans 2:7,8; Hebrews 10:36; James 5:8; 1 Peter 2:20,21; 5:5,6
Reciprocal: Genesis 42:36 - all these things are against me;  1 Kings 12:14 - My father made;  1 Kings 21:4 - And he laid him;  2 Chronicles 10:14 - My father;  Job 42:12 - So;  Proverbs 17:14 - leave;  Proverbs 21:24 - haughty;  1 Corinthians 13:4 - vaunteth not itself;  1 Timothy 3:3 - patient;  James 1:19 - slow to wrath

Verse 9

Be not hasty in thy spirit to be angry: for anger resteth in the bosom of fools.
hasty
1 Samuel 25:21,22; 2 Samuel 19:43; Esther 3:5,6; Proverbs 14:17; 16:32; Jonah 4:9; Ephesians 4:26,27; James 1:19
anger
Genesis 4:5,6,8; 34:7,8,25,26,30,31; 2 Samuel 13:22,28,32; Proverbs 26:23-26; Mark 6:19,24
Reciprocal: Genesis 27:41 - then;  1 Samuel 20:32 - what hath;  1 Kings 21:4 - And he laid him;  Esther 5:10 - refrained;  Job 5:2 - the foolish;  Job 20:2 - and for;  Proverbs 14:29 - but;  Proverbs 17:14 - leave;  Proverbs 19:2 - and;  Proverbs 21:24 - haughty;  Amos 1:11 - kept;  1 Corinthians 13:4 - vaunteth not itself;  Ephesians 4:31 - wrath;  Titus 1:7 - not soon

Verse 10

Say not thou, What is the cause that the former days were better than these? for thou dost not enquire wisely concerning this.
What
Judges 6:13; Jeremiah 44:17-19
wisely
Heb. out of wisdom.
Genesis 6:11,12; Psalms 14:2,3; Isaiah 50:1; Romans 1:22-32; 3:9-19
Reciprocal: Genesis 24:54 - Send me;  1 Samuel 25:10 - there be;  Ecclesiastes 1:9 - that hath

Verse 11

Wisdom is good with an inheritance: and by it there is profit to them that see the sun.
good with an inheritance
or, as good as an inheritance, yea, better too.
9:15-18; 1 Kings 3:6-9; Luke 16:8,9; 1 Timothy 6:17-19
them
11:7
Reciprocal: 1 Kings 3:9 - to judge;  Job 22:2 - as he that;  Proverbs 8:10 - GeneralProverbs 14:24 - crown;  Proverbs 21:20 - treasure;  Ecclesiastes 1:3 - under;  Ecclesiastes 2:13 - I saw;  Ecclesiastes 10:19 - but

Verse 12

For wisdom is a defence, and money is a defence: but the excellency of knowledge is, that wisdom giveth life to them that have it.
wisdom
Job 1:10; 22:21-25; Proverbs 2:7,11; 14:20; 18:10,11; Isaiah 33:6
a defence
Heb. a shadow.
Judges 9:15; Psalms 57:1; Isaiah 30:2; 32:2
the excellency
Deuteronomy 30:19,20; 32:47; Proverbs 3:18; 8:35; 9:11; 11:4; John 12:50; 17:3; Philippians 3:8
Reciprocal: Proverbs 4:7 - Wisdom is;  Proverbs 4:13 - she;  Proverbs 8:19 - GeneralProverbs 10:15 - rich;  Proverbs 14:24 - crown;  Proverbs 16:16 - GeneralEcclesiastes 1:15 - crooked;  Ecclesiastes 2:13 - I saw;  Ecclesiastes 10:19 - but

Verse 13

Consider the work of God: for who can make that straight, which he hath made crooked?
Consider
Job 37:14; Psalms 8:3; 107:43; Isaiah 5:12
who
1:15; Job 9:12; 11:10; 12:14; 34:29; Isaiah 14:27; 43:13; 46:10,11; Daniel 4:35; Romans 9:15,19; Ephesians 1:11
Reciprocal: Ecclesiastes 8:6 - to every;  Ecclesiastes 9:11 - but;  Isaiah 42:16 - crooked;  Isaiah 45:7 - I make Peace;  Luke 12:26 - why

Verse 14

In the day of prosperity be joyful, but in the day of adversity consider: God also hath set the one over against the other, to the end that man should find nothing after him.
the day
3:4; Deuteronomy 28:47; Psalms 30:11,12; 40:3; Matthew 9:13; John 16:22,23; James 5:13
but
Deuteronomy 8:3; 1 Kings 8:47; 17:17,18; 2 Chronicles 33:12,13; Job 10:1,2; Psalms 94:12,13; Psalms 119:71; Isaiah 22:12-14; 26:11; 42:25; Jeremiah 23:20; Micah 6:9; Haggai 1:5-7; Luke 15:17,18; Acts 14:22
set
Heb. made.
12:8,13; Hosea 2:6,7
Reciprocal: Psalm 50:22 - consider;  Ecclesiastes 3:1 - every thing;  Ecclesiastes 8:6 - to every;  Ecclesiastes 11:8 - yet;  Isaiah 45:7 - I make Peace;  Colossians 3:2 - Set

Verse 15

All things have I seen in the days of my vanity: there is a just man that perisheth in his righteousness, and there is a wicked man that prolongeth his life in his wickedness.
have I
2:23; 5:16,17; 6:12; Genesis 47:9; Psalms 39:6
there is a just
3:16; 8:14; 9:1,2; 1 Samuel 22:18,19; 1 Kings 21:13; 2 Chronicles 24:21,22; Job 9:22,23; Matthew 23:34,35; John 16:2; Acts 7:52
there is a wicked
8:12,13; Job 21:7-15; Psalms 73:3-13; Isaiah 65:20; Jeremiah 12:1,2
Reciprocal: Genesis 18:25 - that the;  Job 4:7 - who ever;  Psalm 73:4 - no;  Proverbs 24:30 - went;  Ecclesiastes 9:13 - General

Verse 16

Be not righteous over much; neither make thyself over wise: why shouldest thou destroy thyself?
Be not
This verse is probably the language of an ungodly man; to which Solomon answers, as in the following verse, "Do not multiply wickedness; do not add direct opposition to godliness, to the rest of your crimes. Why should you provoke God to destroy you before your time?"
Proverbs 25:16; Matthew 6:1-7; 9:14; 15:2-9; 23:5,23,24,29; Luke 18:12; Romans 10:2; Philippians 3:6; 1 Timothy 4:3
neither
12:12; Genesis 3:6; Job 11:12; 28:28; Proverbs 23:4; Romans 11:25; 12:3; 1 Corinthians 3:18,20; Colossians 2:18,23; James 3:13-17
destroy thyself
Heb. be desolate.
Matthew 23:38; Revelation 18:19
Reciprocal: Ecclesiastes 1:18 - For in

Verse 17

Be not over much wicked, neither be thou foolish: why shouldest thou die before thy time?
not
Jeremiah 2:33,34; Ezekiel 8:17; 16:20; James 1:21
why
Genesis 38:7-10; 1 Samuel 25:38; Job 15:32,33; Psalms 55:23; Proverbs 10:27; Acts 5:5,10; Acts 12:23
before thy time
Heb. not in thy time.
Reciprocal: Job 22:16 - cut down;  Proverbs 11:3 - the perverseness;  Acts 16:28 - Do

Verse 18

It is good that thou shouldest take hold of this; yea, also from this withdraw not thine hand: for he that feareth God shall come forth of them all.
good
11:6; Proverbs 4:25-27; 8:20; Luke 11:42
for
8:12; 12:13; Psalms 25:12-14; 145:19,20; Jeremiah 32:40; Malachi 4:2; Luke 1:50
Reciprocal: 1 Kings 18:12 - from my youth;  Nehemiah 2:20 - The God;  Proverbs 12:13 - but;  Proverbs 14:26 - fear;  Proverbs 29:25 - whoso;  Proverbs 31:30 - she;  Ecclesiastes 2:3 - and to lay;  Ecclesiastes 5:7 - but;  Ecclesiastes 9:2 - as is;  Isaiah 56:2 - layeth;  Acts 10:2 - one

Verse 19

Wisdom strengtheneth the wise more than ten mighty men which are in the city.
9:15-18; 2 Samuel 20:16-22; Proverbs 21:22; 24:5; Colossians 1:9-11
Reciprocal: Joshua 8:4 - go not;  2 Samuel 20:22 - in her wisdom;  1 Kings 3:9 - to judge;  1 Kings 3:28 - the wisdom;  2 Kings 2:12 - My father;  1 Chronicles 12:32 - all their;  Proverbs 8:14 - I have;  Ecclesiastes 9:16 - Wisdom;  Isaiah 33:6 - wisdom;  Daniel 1:4 - and skillful;  Daniel 2:23 - who hast

Verse 20

For there is not a just man upon earth, that doeth good, and sinneth not.
there
1 Kings 8:46; 2 Chronicles 6:36; Job 15:14-16; Psalms 130:3; 143:2; Proverbs 20:9; Isaiah 53:6; Romans 3:23; James 3:2; 1 John 1:8-10
doeth
Isaiah 64:6
Reciprocal: Genesis 6:9 - just;  Genesis 8:21 - the imagination;  Genesis 9:21 - and was;  Genesis 20:2 - said;  Leviticus 13:6 - wash;  Leviticus 13:39 - if the bright;  1 Samuel 20:34 - in fierce;  2 Kings 20:13 - there was nothing;  Job 4:17 - Shall mortal;  Psalm 119:96 - I have seen;  Isaiah 39:2 - there was;  Daniel 9:20 - confessing;  John 13:10 - needeth;  Acts 15:39 - the contention;  Romans 3:12 - there is none;  Romans 7:15 - what;  Romans 7:23 - another;  Galatians 2:13 - the other;  Galatians 3:11 - that;  Galatians 5:17 - the flesh;  Philippians 3:9 - not

Verse 21

Also take no heed unto all words that are spoken; lest thou hear thy servant curse thee:
take no heed
Heb. give not thine heart.
2 Samuel 19:19
unto
2 Samuel 16:10; Isaiah 29:21; 1 Corinthians 13:5-7
Reciprocal: 1 Samuel 24:9 - GeneralEcclesiastes 10:20 - thought

Verse 22

For oftentimes also thine own heart knoweth that thou thyself likewise hast cursed others.
also
1 Kings 2:44; Matthew 15:19; 18:32-35; John 8:7-9; James 3:9
Reciprocal: 1 Samuel 3:13 - which he knoweth;  1 Samuel 24:9 - GeneralEcclesiastes 10:20 - thought;  John 8:9 - being;  Romans 2:15 - accusing

Verse 23

All this have I proved by wisdom: I said, I will be wise; but it was far from me.
I said
Genesis 3:5; 1 Kings 3:11,12; 11:1-8; Romans 1:22; 1 Corinthians 1:20
Reciprocal: Job 28:12 - GeneralJob 28:20 - GeneralEcclesiastes 1:17 - I gave;  Ecclesiastes 7:28 - yet;  Ecclesiastes 8:17 - that a man

Verse 24

That which is far off, and exceeding deep, who can find it out?
Deuteronomy 30:11-14; Job 11:7,8; 28:12-23,28; Psalms 36:6; 139:6; Isaiah 55:8,9; Romans 11:33; 1 Timothy 6:16
Reciprocal: Job 28:20 - GeneralPsalm 92:5 - deep;  Ecclesiastes 1:8 - man;  Ecclesiastes 7:28 - yet;  Ecclesiastes 8:17 - that a man;  Ecclesiastes 11:5 - even

Verse 25

I applied mine heart to know, and to search, and to seek out wisdom, and the reason of things, and to know the wickedness of folly, even of foolishness and madness:
I applied mine heart
Heb. I and my heart compassed.
1:13-17; 2:1-3,12,20
the reason
27; *marg:; 2:15; 3:16,17; 9:1,2; Jeremiah 12:1,2; 2 Peter 2:3-9; 3:3-9
know
9:3; 10:13; Genesis 34:7; Joshua 7:13; 2 Samuel 13:12; Proverbs 17:12; 26:11
Reciprocal: Proverbs 2:2 - apply;  Proverbs 6:32 - lacketh;  Proverbs 22:17 - apply;  Ecclesiastes 8:9 - this;  Ecclesiastes 8:16 - When I;  Mark 7:22 - foolishness;  2 Peter 2:16 - the madness

Verse 26

And I find more bitter than death the woman, whose heart is snares and nets, and her hands as bands: whoso pleaseth God shall escape from her; but the sinner shall be taken by her.
I find
Judges 16:18-21; Proverbs 2:18,19; 5:3-5; 7:21-27; 9:18; 22:14; 23:27,28
whoso pleaseth God
Heb. he that is good before God.
2:26
Reciprocal: Genesis 19:35 - GeneralGenesis 38:24 - played the harlot;  Genesis 39:12 - caught;  Exodus 10:7 - snare;  Leviticus 15:20 - GeneralNumbers 5:18 - the bitter water;  Numbers 5:27 - if she be defiled;  Numbers 25:1 - the people;  Numbers 31:16 - these caused;  Judges 16:8 - bound him;  Judges 16:19 - she made;  1 Kings 21:25 - whom Jezebel;  2 Kings 8:27 - the son in law;  1 Chronicles 14:3 - took;  Nehemiah 13:26 - Did not Solomon;  Job 31:9 - If mine;  Proverbs 2:16 - deliver;  Proverbs 5:4 - her;  Proverbs 5:22 - holden;  Proverbs 6:24 - keep;  Proverbs 6:32 - lacketh;  Proverbs 7:27 - GeneralProverbs 14:27 - to

Verse 27

Behold, this have I found, saith the preacher, counting one by one, to find out the account:
saith
1:1,2; 12:8-10
counting one by one, to find out the account
or, weighing one thing after another, to find out the reason.
Reciprocal: 1 Timothy 2:7 - a preacher

Verse 28

Which yet my soul seeketh, but I find not: one man among a thousand have I found; but a woman among all those have I not found.
yet
23,24; Isaiah 26:9
one
Job 33:23; Psalms 12:1
but
Solomon, instead of seeking one rational, virtuous woman, had collected an immense multitude, of various countries and religions, for magnificence and indulgence; among whom, as might have been expected, he had not found one who was thoroughly faithful, upright, and pious. He here uses the language of a penitent, warning others of the errors into which he had been led; and not that of a wasphish satirist, lashing indiscriminately one half of the human species.
1 Kings 11:1-3
Reciprocal: 1 Kings 11:3 - seven hundred;  Proverbs 20:6 - but;  Proverbs 31:10 - can

Verse 29

Lo, this only have I found, that God hath made man upright; but they have sought out many inventions.
God
Genesis 1:26,27; 5:1
they
The descendants of Adam have sought out an immense number of inventions, in order to find happiness in the world, without God, which have only proved so many variations of impiety and iniquity.
Genesis 3:6,7; 6:5,6,11,12; 11:4-6; Psalms 99:8; 106:29,39; Jeremiah 2:12,13; Jeremiah 4:22; Ezekiel 22:6-13; Mark 7:8,9; Acts 7:40-43; Romans 1:21-32; 3:9-19; Ephesians 2:2,3; Titus 3:3 Reciprocal: Job 15:14 - is man;  Psalm 14:3 - all gone;  Psalm 33:15 - fashioneth;  Proverbs 19:21 - many;  Proverbs 21:8 - way;  Ecclesiastes 3:11 - hath made;  Ezekiel 28:15 - till iniquity;  Romans 1:30 - inventors;  Romans 3:12 - They are

Copyright Statement
These files are public domain.
Text Courtesy of BibleSupport.com. Used by Permission.
Bibliographical Information
Torrey, R. A. "Commentary on Ecclesiastes 7". "The Treasury of Scripture Knowledge". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/eng/tsk/ecclesiastes-7.html.