Verse-by-Verse Bible Commentary

Ezekiel 30:12

"Moreover, I will make the Nile canals dry And sell the land into the hands of evil men. And I will make the land desolate And all that is in it, By the hand of strangers; I the Lord have spoken."
New American Standard Version

Bible Study Resources

Concordances:
Torrey's Topical Textbook - Egypt;  
Dictionaries:
American Tract Society Bible Dictionary - Ethiopia;   Nile;   Charles Buck Theological Dictionary - Repentance;   Easton Bible Dictionary - Prophecy;   Fausset Bible Dictionary - Nile;   Holman Bible Dictionary - Poetry;   People's Dictionary of the Bible - Egypt;  
Encyclopedias:
The Jewish Encyclopedia - Nile;  

Adam Clarke Commentary

I will make the rivers dry - As the overflowing of the Nile was the grand cause of fertility to Egypt, the drying it up, or preventing that annual inundation, must be the cause of dearth, famine, etc. By rivers, we may understand the various canals cut from the Nile to carry water into the different parts of the land. When the Nile did not rise to its usual height these canals were quite dry.

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Bibliographical Information
Clarke, Adam. "Commentary on Ezekiel 30:12". "The Adam Clarke Commentary". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/acc/ezekiel-30.html. 1832.

John Gill's Exposition of the Whole Bible

And I will make the rivers dry,.... Egypt was a country that abounded with rivers; however, with canals cut from the river Nile; its wealth and riches very much depended here on, partly on account of the multitude of fishes taken out of them, and the paper reeds that grew upon their banks; but chiefly because the whole land, was watered by them, and made exceeding fruitful, rain being not so common in it; so that to dry up the riven was in effect to take away their substance and dependence; besides, hereby the way was made easy and passable for the enemy; there was nothing to obstruct him, he could overrun and ravage the land at pleasure:

and sell the land into the hand of the wicked; the Chaldeans under Nebuchadnezzar, who were wicked idolaters, men of flagitious lives, and of merciless and cruel dispositions; who would show no favour to the inhabitants of the land, when delivered up to them, which is called a selling it; for, as things sold are delivered to the buyer, so should this land be to them; which though they had no right to it before, yet by the event of war, and disposal of divine Providence, came to have a property in it, given them by him who is the proprietor of all lands; and after them into the hands of the Persians, under Cambyses, and Ochus; who were very wicked and cruel princes, and may be reckoned among the terrible or violent ones of the nations in the preceding verse; and then into the hands of the Grecian, Romans, Saracen, Mamaluck, and now the Turks, all very wicked people:

and I will make the land waste, and all that is therein, by the hand of strangers; the Babylonians, people of another country and distant, of another language, and with whom they had no commerce, alliance, and friendship, and so would not spare them, and their land, when in their possession; and so all the rest above mentioned, into whose hands they successively fell:

I the Lord have spoken it; determined it, prophesied of it; and it shall come to pass, as it did accordingly.

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The New John Gill's Exposition of the Entire Bible Modernised and adapted for the computer by Larry Pierce of Online Bible. All Rights Reserved, Larry Pierce, Winterbourne, Ontario.
A printed copy of this work can be ordered from: The Baptist Standard Bearer, 1 Iron Oaks Dr, Paris, AR, 72855
Bibliographical Information
Gill, John. "Commentary on Ezekiel 30:12". "The New John Gill Exposition of the Entire Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/geb/ezekiel-30.html. 1999.

Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible

rivers — the artificial canals made from the Nile for irrigation. The drying up of these would cause scarcity of grain, and so prepare the way for the invaders (Isaiah 19:5-10).

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These files are a derivative of an electronic edition prepared from text scanned by Woodside Bible Fellowship.
This expanded edition of the Jameison-Faussett-Brown Commentary is in the public domain and may be freely used and distributed.
Bibliographical Information
Jamieson, Robert, D.D.; Fausset, A. R.; Brown, David. "Commentary on Ezekiel 30:12". "Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/jfb/ezekiel-30.html. 1871-8.

Wesley's Explanatory Notes

And I will make the rivers dry, and sell the land into the hand of the wicked: and I will make the land waste, and all that is therein, by the hand of strangers: I the LORD have spoken it.

The rivers dry — Probably the Chaldeans diverted them, and so their fortified towns wanted one great defence.

Sell — Give it up entirely.

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These files are public domain and are a derivative of an electronic edition that is available on the Christian Classics Ethereal Library Website.
Bibliographical Information
Wesley, John. "Commentary on Ezekiel 30:12". "John Wesley's Explanatory Notes on the Whole Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/wen/ezekiel-30.html. 1765.

John Trapp Complete Commentary

Ezekiel 30:12 And I will make the rivers dry, and sell the land into the hand of the wicked: and I will make the land waste, and all that is therein, by the hand of strangers: I the LORD have spoken [it].

Ver. 12. And I will make the rivers dry.] The Chaldees shall drink them up; {as 2 Kings 19:24} or I will dry them up, for a punishment of your vain trust in them, and boasting of them. [Ezekiel 29:3; Ezekiel 29:9]

And sell the land.] Pass it away utterly from you. "The earth is the Lord’s"; he is the true proprietary.

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Bibliographical Information
Trapp, John. "Commentary on Ezekiel 30:12". John Trapp Complete Commentary. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/jtc/ezekiel-30.html. 1865-1868.

Thomas Coke Commentary on the Holy Bible

Ezekiel 30:12. I will make the rivers dry, &c.— "I will destroy the strength of Egypt." The metaphor is taken from the decrease or falling of the Nile, upon the overflowings of which all the plenty and prosperity of Egypt depended. See 2 Kings 19:24 and Isaiah 37:25.

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Coke, Thomas. "Commentary on Ezekiel 30:12". Thomas Coke Commentary on the Holy Bible. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/tcc/ezekiel-30.html. 1801-1803.

Matthew Poole's English Annotations on the Holy Bible

I will make the rivers dry; either by some extraordinary drought, or rather by means of that mighty lake, which drew so much water from Nilus, that all their canals were ever after shallow, and the lake, as the oracle foretold, helped their enemy, and hurt their friends; or the Chaldeans might divert them, and so their fortified towns would want one great defence.

Sell the land: God gave it, here he sells; the one is proper, the other a borrowed expression; indeed God seems to pay wages with it, Ezekiel 29:19,20; but hereby is intimated, that as sellers deliver into the hand of the buyer, so God would deliver Egypt into the hand of Nebuchadrezzar, as surely as if he had bought it. arid we may conclude the Chaldean as a buyer will make the most of all he buys.

Of the wicked; not of just and compassionate, but of injurious and merciless men. Strangers, who leave nothing they can carry away, eat up, or spoil.

I the Lord have spoken it; it is the decree and edict of Heaven, which cannot be broken.

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Bibliographical Information
Poole, Matthew, "Commentary on Ezekiel 30:12". Matthew Poole's English Annotations on the Holy Bible. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/mpc/ezekiel-30.html. 1685.

Peter Pett's Commentary on the Bible

“And I will make the rivers dry, and will sell the land into the hands of evil men. And I will make the land desolate, and all that is in it by the hand of strangers. I Yahweh have spoken it.”

Egypt would not only have to cope with invasion but with drought as the level of the Nile fell and many tributaries dried up. The irrigation canals, which required constant attention by the people, would be neglected and silt up. Furthermore as regularly happens in such a war there would be a rise of brigandage, to add to the people’s troubles as the desolation continued through visiting armies. All this would be seen as Yahweh’s doing.

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Bibliographical Information
Pett, Peter. "Commentary on Ezekiel 30:12". "Peter Pett's Commentary on the Bible ". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/pet/ezekiel-30.html. 2013.

Whedon's Commentary on the Bible

12.Rivers dry — The Nile canals (note Ezekiel 29:3; compare Isaiah 19:5-6).

 

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Whedon, Daniel. "Commentary on Ezekiel 30:12". "Whedon's Commentary on the Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/whe/ezekiel-30.html. 1874-1909.

Expository Notes of Dr. Thomas Constable

Yahweh would cause the canals of the Nile River to dry up as a result of the warfare. The irrigation canals in Egypt required constant attention and maintenance, but during war the Egyptians would not have time for that. Consequently Egypt would stop producing food. The Babylonians, strangers to Egypt, would take over Egypt and desolate it.

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Bibliographical Information
Constable, Thomas. DD. "Commentary on Ezekiel 30:12". "Expository Notes of Dr. Thomas Constable". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/dcc/ezekiel-30.html. 2012.

George Haydock's Catholic Bible Commentary

Dry. The canals were obstructed (Calmet) which rendered cavalry useless. (Herodotus ii. 108.)

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Haydock, George Leo. "Commentary on Ezekiel 30:12". "George Haydock's Catholic Bible Commentary". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/hcc/ezekiel-30.html. 1859.

E.W. Bullinger's Companion Bible Notes

wicked. Hebrew. ra"a. App-44.

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Bullinger, Ethelbert William. "Commentary on Ezekiel 30:12". "E.W. Bullinger's Companion bible Notes". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/bul/ezekiel-30.html. 1909-1922.

Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible - Unabridged

And I will make the rivers dry, and sell the land into the hand of the wicked: and I will make the land waste, and all that is therein, by the hand of strangers: I the LORD have spoken it.

I will make the rivers dry - I will dry up the artificial canals made from the Nile for irrigation. The drying up of these would cause scarcity of grain, and so prepare the way for the invaders ( Isaiah 19:5-10).

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Text Courtesy of BibleSupport.com. Used by Permission.
Bibliographical Information
Jamieson, Robert, D.D.; Fausset, A. R.; Brown, David. "Commentary on Ezekiel 30:12". "Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible - Unabridged". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/jfu/ezekiel-30.html. 1871-8.

Ellicott's Commentary for English Readers

(12) Make the rivers dry—i.e., the canals of Egypt, by which the land was irrigated, and on which its fertility depended. It may also include the comparative drying, the lessening of the inundation of the Nile, which occurred from time to time, and was the cause of the various famines in Egypt mentioned in Scripture.

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Ellicott, Charles John. "Commentary on Ezekiel 30:12". "Ellicott's Commentary for English Readers". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/ebc/ezekiel-30.html. 1905.

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

And I will make the rivers dry, and sell the land into the hand of the wicked: and I will make the land waste, and all that is therein, by the hand of strangers: I the LORD have spoken it.
I will make
29:3; Isaiah 19:4-10; 44:27; Jeremiah 50:38; 51:36; Nahum 1:4; Revelation 16:12
dry
Heb. drought. sell.
Judges 2:14; Isaiah 19:4
all that is therein
Heb. the fullness thereof.
1 Corinthians 10:26
by the hand
28:10; 31:12
Reciprocal: Psalm 107:33 - turneth;  Isaiah 1:7 - strangers;  Isaiah 11:15 - shall smite;  Isaiah 19:5 - GeneralEzekiel 5:17 - I the;  Ezekiel 19:7 - the fulness;  Ezekiel 26:14 - for I;  Ezekiel 29:10 - I will;  Ezekiel 32:13 - destroy

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These files are public domain.
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Bibliographical Information
Torrey, R. A. "Commentary on Ezekiel 30:12". "The Treasury of Scripture Knowledge". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/tsk/ezekiel-30.html.