Verse-by-Verse Bible Commentary

Ezekiel 30:21

"Son of man, I have broken the arm of Pharaoh king of Egypt; and, behold, it has not been bound up for healing or wrapped with a bandage, that it may be strong to hold the sword.
New American Standard Version

Bible Study Resources

Concordances:
Nave's Topical Bible - Disease;   Fractures;   Pharaoh;   Thompson Chain Reference - Disease;   Health-Disease;   Prevention and Cure of Diseases;   Torrey's Topical Textbook - Egypt;  
Dictionaries:
American Tract Society Bible Dictionary - Ethiopia;   Physicians;   Bridgeway Bible Dictionary - Egypt;   Charles Buck Theological Dictionary - Repentance;   Easton Bible Dictionary - Arm;   Fausset Bible Dictionary - Pharaoh;   Holman Bible Dictionary - Roller;   Hastings' Dictionary of the Bible - Arm;   People's Dictionary of the Bible - Egypt;   Smith Bible Dictionary - Medicine;  
Encyclopedias:
International Standard Bible Encyclopedia - Arm;   Heal;   Roller;   Kitto Biblical Cyclopedia - Arm;  

Adam Clarke Commentary

I have broken the arm of Pharaoh - Perhaps this may refer to his defeat by Nebuchadnezzar, when he was coming with the Egyptian army to succor Jerusalem.

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Bibliographical Information
Clarke, Adam. "Commentary on Ezekiel 30:21". "The Adam Clarke Commentary". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/acc/ezekiel-30.html. 1832.

John Gill's Exposition of the Whole Bible

Son of man, I have broken the arm of Pharaoh king of Egypt,.... Not Pharaohnecho, king of Egypt, whose army was overthrown at Carchemish by the king of Babylon, in the fourth year of Jehoiakim; when the latter took from the former all that belonged to him between the river of Egypt and the river Euphrates; by which he was so weakened and dispirited, that he could not stir any more out of his own land, Jeremiah 46:2 and of him Jarchi and Kimchi interpret it; but Pharaohhophra, or Apries, who was defeated by the Cyreneans, and saved himself by flight; See Gill on Ezekiel 29:4,

and, lo, it shall not be bound up to be healed, to put a roller to bind it; a metaphor taken from chirurgeons, who, having set broken bones, put on a bandage or rollers of linen, or such like stuff, to keep them tight; but nothing of this kind should be done; hereby suggesting that Egypt should receive such a blow or wound as would be incurable; see Jeremiah 46:11,

to make it strong to hold the sword; which it should not be able to do, or to make war any more, at least with success, or to defend itself.

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The New John Gill's Exposition of the Entire Bible Modernised and adapted for the computer by Larry Pierce of Online Bible. All Rights Reserved, Larry Pierce, Winterbourne, Ontario.
A printed copy of this work can be ordered from: The Baptist Standard Bearer, 1 Iron Oaks Dr, Paris, AR, 72855
Bibliographical Information
Gill, John. "Commentary on Ezekiel 30:21". "The New John Gill Exposition of the Entire Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/geb/ezekiel-30.html. 1999.

Geneva Study Bible

Son of man, f I have broken the arm of Pharaoh king of Egypt; and, lo, it shall not be bound up to be healed, to put a bandage to bind it, to make it strong to hold the sword.

(f) For Nebuchadnezzar destroyed Pharaoh Nebo at Carchemish, (Jeremiah 46:26).
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Bibliographical Information
Beza, Theodore. "Commentary on Ezekiel 30:21". "The 1599 Geneva Study Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/gsb/ezekiel-30.html. 1599-1645.

Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible

arm of Pharaoh — (Psalm 37:17; Jeremiah 48:25). Referring to the defeat which Pharaoh-hophra sustained from the Chaldeans, when trying to raise the siege of Jerusalem (Jeremiah 37:5, Jeremiah 37:7); and previous to the deprivation of Pharaoh-necho of all his conquests from the river of Egypt to the Euphrates (2 Kings 24:7; Jeremiah 46:2); also to the Egyptian disaster in Cyrene.

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These files are a derivative of an electronic edition prepared from text scanned by Woodside Bible Fellowship.
This expanded edition of the Jameison-Faussett-Brown Commentary is in the public domain and may be freely used and distributed.
Bibliographical Information
Jamieson, Robert, D.D.; Fausset, A. R.; Brown, David. "Commentary on Ezekiel 30:21". "Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/jfb/ezekiel-30.html. 1871-8.

Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Son of man, I have broken the arm of Pharaoh king of Egypt; and, lo, it shall not be bound up to be healed, to put a roller to bind it, to make it strong to hold the sword.

Have broken — Partly by the victory of the Chaldeans over Pharaoh-necho, partly by the victory of the Cyreneans over Pharaoh-hophra.

The sword — None can heal the wounds that God gives but himself. They whom he disables, cannot again hold the sword.

Copyright Statement
These files are public domain and are a derivative of an electronic edition that is available on the Christian Classics Ethereal Library Website.
Bibliographical Information
Wesley, John. "Commentary on Ezekiel 30:21". "John Wesley's Explanatory Notes on the Whole Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/wen/ezekiel-30.html. 1765.

John Trapp Complete Commentary

Ezekiel 30:21 Son of man, I have broken the arm of Pharaoh king of Egypt; and, lo, it shall not be bound up to be healed, to put a roller to bind it, to make it strong to hold the sword.

Ver. 21. I have broken the arm.] Ita ut nulla arte vel ope; so that by no means or medicines it can be made whole again. Losses received in war can hardly be repaired.

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Bibliographical Information
Trapp, John. "Commentary on Ezekiel 30:21". John Trapp Complete Commentary. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/jtc/ezekiel-30.html. 1865-1868.

Thomas Coke Commentary on the Holy Bible

Ezekiel 30:21. To put a roller to bind it It shall be bound with a roller, to heal it, and that it may be strengthened to hold the sword. Houbigant.

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Coke, Thomas. "Commentary on Ezekiel 30:21". Thomas Coke Commentary on the Holy Bible. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/tcc/ezekiel-30.html. 1801-1803.

Matthew Poole's English Annotations on the Holy Bible

I have often told thee I would break, now I tell thee

I have broken, partly by the victory of the Chaldean over Pharaoh-necho, partly by the victory the Cyreneaus got over Pharaoh-hophra to raise the siege, from which attempt he fell with shame and loss, but more by civil wars.

Pharaoh; Hophra or Apries.

It shall not be bound up to be healed; and this wound is incurable,

it shall never be bound up to be healed, his arm shall never be strong and fit to encounter a potent enemy, as once it was.

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Bibliographical Information
Poole, Matthew, "Commentary on Ezekiel 30:21". Matthew Poole's English Annotations on the Holy Bible. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/mpc/ezekiel-30.html. 1685.

Whedon's Commentary on the Bible

21.I have broken the arm of Pharaoh — The loss by Hophra of his dependencies, because of the failure of his attempt to resist the Chaldeans (Jeremiah 34:21; Jeremiah 37:5) is compared to a fractured arm. (See Ezekiel 31:17.) This loss of power will never be regained. He will not even have time to apply healing medicines and to put a splint (roller) upon it before Jehovah, in the person of Nebuchadnezzar, shall be upon him to break the other arm also (Ezekiel 30:22).

 

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Whedon, Daniel. "Commentary on Ezekiel 30:21". "Whedon's Commentary on the Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/whe/ezekiel-30.html. 1874-1909.

Expository Notes of Dr. Thomas Constable

Yahweh announced that He had broken Pharaoh"s arm. Ironically, "the strong-armed king had suffered a broken arm." [Note: K. S. Freedy and D. B. Redford, "The Dates of Ezekiel in Relation to Biblical, Babylonian and Egyptian Sources," Journal of the American Oriental Society90 (1970):482-83.] It had not been set in a splint and supported, so he could not wield a sword effectively. This may refer to Egypt"s defeat at Carchemish in605 B.C. when Egypt lost its share of control over the ancient Near East (cf. 2 Kings 24:7; Jeremiah 46:2). Another possibility is that the defeat in view was Hophra"s unsuccessful attack against the Babylonians near Judea a few months earlier (cf. 2 Kings 24:7; Jeremiah 37:5; Jeremiah 37:9; Jeremiah 44:30).

"Possibly the days between the first and fourth prophecies were approximately the length of time the siege on Jerusalem was lifted as Babylon repositioned its army to meet the Egyptian attack." [Note: Dyer, " Ezekiel," p1289.]

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Bibliographical Information
Constable, Thomas. DD. "Commentary on Ezekiel 30:21". "Expository Notes of Dr. Thomas Constable". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/dcc/ezekiel-30.html. 2012.

George Haydock's Catholic Bible Commentary

CHAPTER XXX.

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Haydock, George Leo. "Commentary on Ezekiel 30:21". "George Haydock's Catholic Bible Commentary". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/hcc/ezekiel-30.html. 1859.

E.W. Bullinger's Companion Bible Notes

a roller = a bandage.

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Bullinger, Ethelbert William. "Commentary on Ezekiel 30:21". "E.W. Bullinger's Companion bible Notes". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/bul/ezekiel-30.html. 1909-1922.

Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible - Unabridged

Son of man, I have broken the arm of Pharaoh king of Egypt; and, lo, it shall not be bound up to be healed, to put a roller to bind it, to make it strong to hold the sword.

I have broken the arm of Pharaoh - (Psalms 37:17, "The arms of the wicked shall be broken;" Jeremiah 48:25). Referring to the defeat which Pharaoh-hophra sustained from the Chaldeans, when trying to raise the siege of Jerusalem (Jeremiah 37:5; Jeremiah 37:7); and previously, in the fourth year of Jehoiakim, the defeat which Pharaoh-necho sustained from Nebuchadnezzar at Carchemish by the Euphrates, and the deprivation of all his conquests from the river of Egypt to the Euphrates (2 Kings 24:7; Jeremiah 46:2); also to the Egyptian disaster in Cyrene.

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Text Courtesy of BibleSupport.com. Used by Permission.
Bibliographical Information
Jamieson, Robert, D.D.; Fausset, A. R.; Brown, David. "Commentary on Ezekiel 30:21". "Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible - Unabridged". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/jfu/ezekiel-30.html. 1871-8.

Ellicott's Commentary for English Readers

(21) I have broken.—This is in the perfect tense, and refers to the breaking of the power of Egypt by the former conquests of Assyria, and perhaps especially to the great battle of Carchemish (about twenty years before), in which Egypt received a blow from which she never recovered. The word “roller” would be better understood now if translated bandage.

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Ellicott, Charles John. "Commentary on Ezekiel 30:21". "Ellicott's Commentary for English Readers". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/ebc/ezekiel-30.html. 1905.

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

Son of man, I have broken the arm of Pharaoh king of Egypt; and, lo, it shall not be bound up to be healed, to put a roller to bind it, to make it strong to hold the sword.
Son of man
This prophecy was delivered soon after the Egyptians under Pharaoh-hophra had come to relieve Jerusalem, and some months before the city was taken, being the eleventh year of Jeremiah's captivity, and answering to April 26, A.M. 3416. When the king of Babylon took from the king of Egypt, in the days of Pharaoh-necho, all his dominions in Asia, one of his arms was broken. God now declared that he should never recover these territories, or gain any ascendancy in that part of the world; nay, that his other arm, which was now strong, should soon be broken, and rendered utterly useless. This was fulfilled when Hophra was dethroned and driven into Upper Egypt by Amasis; and then Nebuchadnezzar, taking advantage of this civil discord, invaded and conquered that kingdom, and enslaved, dispersed, and carried captive the Egyptians.
I have
24; Psalms 10:15; 37:17; Jeremiah 48:25
it shall not
Isaiah 1:6; Jeremiah 30:13; 46:11; 51:8,9; Nahum 3:16; Revelation 18:21
Reciprocal: 1 Samuel 2:31 - I will cut;  Psalm 58:6 - Break their;  Psalm 76:5 - and;  Psalm 89:43 - turned;  Isaiah 45:1 - holden;  Ezekiel 31:17 - that were;  Daniel 11:6 - retain;  Nahum 3:19 - no

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Bibliographical Information
Torrey, R. A. "Commentary on Ezekiel 30:21". "The Treasury of Scripture Knowledge". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/tsk/ezekiel-30.html.