Verse-by-Verse Bible Commentary

Ezra 6:20

For the priests and the Levites had purified themselves together; all of them were pure. Then they slaughtered the Passover lamb for all the exiles, both for their brothers the priests and for themselves.
New American Standard Version

Bible Study Resources

Concordances:
Nave's Topical Bible - Backsliders;   Levites;   Liberality;   Passover;   Priest;   Thompson Chain Reference - Passover;   Torrey's Topical Textbook - Feast of the Passover, the;  
Dictionaries:
American Tract Society Bible Dictionary - Haggai;   Easton Bible Dictionary - Pentateuch;   Fausset Bible Dictionary - Jeshua;   Holman Bible Dictionary - Ezra, Book of;   Purity-Purification;   Hastings' Dictionary of the Bible - Darius;   Ezra, Book of;   Nehemiah, Book of;   Passover and Feast of Unleavened Bread;   Hastings' Dictionary of the New Testament - Passover;   Thessalonians Epistles to the;   Time;  
Encyclopedias:
Condensed Biblical Cyclopedia - Babylonish Captivity, the;   The Jewish Encyclopedia - Esdras, Books of;  

Adam Clarke Commentary

The Levites were purified together - They were all ready at one time to observe the proper rites and ceremonies, and had no need of having a second passover, which was appointed by the law for those who had been accidentally defiled, or were at a distance from the tabernacle. See 2 Chronicles 30:3.

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Bibliographical Information
Clarke, Adam. "Commentary on Ezra 6:20". "The Adam Clarke Commentary". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/acc/ezra-6.html. 1832.

Albert Barnes' Notes on the Whole Bible

Some render, “And the priests were purified; and the Levites, as one man, were all of them pure.” A contrast is drawn between the universal purity of the Levites and the merely general purity of the priests 2 Chronicles 29:34; 2 Chronicles 30:3, which made it fitting that the former should undertake the slaughter of all the Paschal lambs, even of those which the priests were to consume. In later times the ordinary practice was for each head of a family to kill for himself.

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Barnes, Albert. "Commentary on Ezra 6:20". "Barnes' Notes on the Whole Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/bnb/ezra-6.html. 1870.

John Gill's Exposition of the Whole Bible

For the priests and the Levites were purified together, all of them were pure,.... They were all to a man pure, and all purified as one man; all were of one mind to purify themselves, and took care to do it, and did it with as much dispatch as if only one man was purified; so that they were more generally prepared for service now than in the times of Hezekiah, 2 Chronicles 29:34

and killed the passover for all the children of the captivity, and for their brethren the priests and for themselves; which seems to have been done by the Levites, for themselves and for the priests, and for all the people, who were not so pure as the priests and Levites; or otherwise they might have killed it themselves, Exodus 12:6, as BochartF14Hierozoic. par. 1. l. 2. c. 50. col. 576. thinks.

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The New John Gill's Exposition of the Entire Bible Modernised and adapted for the computer by Larry Pierce of Online Bible. All Rights Reserved, Larry Pierce, Winterbourne, Ontario.
A printed copy of this work can be ordered from: The Baptist Standard Bearer, 1 Iron Oaks Dr, Paris, AR, 72855
Bibliographical Information
Gill, John. "Commentary on Ezra 6:20". "The New John Gill Exposition of the Entire Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/geb/ezra-6.html. 1999.

John Trapp Complete Commentary

Ezra 6:20 For the priests and the Levites were purified together, all of them [were] pure, and killed the passover for all the children of the captivity, and for their brethren the priests, and for themselves.

Ver. 20. Were purified together] Misery had framed them to unanimity. See 2 Chronicles 29:34.

All of them were pure] Ritually at least, if not really.

And killed the passover] i.e. The paschal lamb, whereof see Exodus 12:1-51 with the notes.

For all the children] {See Trapp on "Ezra 6:1"}

And for themselves] For they also were sinners, and needed a Saviour, Hebrews 7:27. That Popish expositor was utterly out when, from Exodus 30:31-32, he will needs infer that priests, when once anointed with the holy oil, were thenceforth angels, spirits, not having human flesh, or infirmities.

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Bibliographical Information
Trapp, John. "Commentary on Ezra 6:20". John Trapp Complete Commentary. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/jtc/ezra-6.html. 1865-1868.

Whedon's Commentary on the Bible

20.For — This introduces the reason why they were able to celebrate the passover so soon after the dedication — they were not obliged to wait for the purifying of the priests and the Levites.

All of them were pure — They had already attended to that matter: unlike the time when Hezekiah held the passover in the second month instead of the first, because the priests had not properly sanctified themselves by ceremonial ablutions, according to the law. See 2 Chronicles 29:34; 2 Chronicles 30:2-3; 2 Chronicles 30:15-18, and notes there.

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Bibliographical Information
Whedon, Daniel. "Commentary on Ezra 6:20". "Whedon's Commentary on the Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/whe/ezra-6.html. 1874-1909.

Joseph Benson's Commentary of the Old and New Testaments

Ezra 6:20. The priests and Levites were purified together — Hebrew, כאחד, cheechad, as one man, so the word signifies. They were unanimous, both in their resolutions, and in their endeavours, to make and keep themselves ceremonially clean for this solemnity: and they joined together in their preparations, that they might help one another; so that all of them were legally pure, and, in this respect, excelled the priests and Levites in Hezekiah’s time, who were many of them under blame for not purifying themselves according to the law. The purity of ministers adds much to the beauty and honour of their ministrations, as doth their unity also.

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Bibliographical Information
Benson, Joseph. "Commentary on Ezra 6:20". Joseph Benson's Commentary. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/rbc/ezra-6.html. 1857.

George Haydock's Catholic Bible Commentary

One man, with zeal and unanimity; so that a second Phase was not to be celebrated, 2 Paralipomenon xxx. 3.

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Bibliographical Information
Haydock, George Leo. "Commentary on Ezra 6:20". "George Haydock's Catholic Bible Commentary". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/hcc/ezra-6.html. 1859.

Ellicott's Commentary for English Readers

(20) Purified together.—This verse should be translated as follows, contrary to the present accentuation: “The priests were purified; and the Levites were purified as one man: all were pure; and killed.” In this fact the present Levitical and official purity of both orders surpassed that of Hezekiah’s celebration (2 Chronicles 29:34; 2 Chronicles 30:3). It had come to be the practice that the Levites slaughtered all the paschal lambs.

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Bibliographical Information
Ellicott, Charles John. "Commentary on Ezra 6:20". "Ellicott's Commentary for English Readers". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/ebc/ezra-6.html. 1905.

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

For the priests and the Levites were purified together, all of them were pure, and killed the passover for all the children of the captivity, and for their brethren the priests, and for themselves.
purified together
2 Chronicles 29:34; 30:15-17
killed
Exodus 12:21; 2 Chronicles 35:11; Hebrews 7:27
Reciprocal: 2 Chronicles 35:6 - So kill;  Ezra 4:1 - children of the captivity;  Daniel 5:13 - the children

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Bibliographical Information
Torrey, R. A. "Commentary on Ezra 6:20". "The Treasury of Scripture Knowledge". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/tsk/ezra-6.html.