Verse-by-Verse Bible Commentary

Ezra 8:27

and 20 gold bowls worth 1,000 darics, and two utensils of fine shiny bronze, precious as gold.
New American Standard Version

Bible Study Resources

Concordances:
Nave's Topical Bible - Basin;   Brass;   Dram;   Gold;   Integrity;   Levites;   Liberality;   Money;   Priest;   Temple;   Thompson Chain Reference - Basins;   Torrey's Topical Textbook - Brass, or Copper;   Gold;   Metals;  
Dictionaries:
American Tract Society Bible Dictionary - Amber;   Copper;   Bridgeway Bible Dictionary - Coins;   Talent;   Baker Evangelical Dictionary of Biblical Theology - Money;   Easton Bible Dictionary - Basin;   Copper;   Daric;   Dram;   Money;   Sherebiah;   Fausset Bible Dictionary - Amber;   Copper;   Daric;   Drams;   Meremoth;   Money;   Holman Bible Dictionary - Copper;   Daric;   Ezra, Book of;   Hashabiah;   Minerals and Metals;   Vessels and Utensils;   Hastings' Dictionary of the Bible - Ezra;   Johanan;   Mining and Metals;   Morrish Bible Dictionary - Bason;   Brass;   Smith Bible Dictionary - Copper,;   Daric;   Money;   Watson's Biblical & Theological Dictionary - Adarconim;   Copper;   Money;  
Encyclopedias:
Condensed Biblical Cyclopedia - Babylonish Captivity, the;   International Standard Bible Encyclopedia - Coins;   Copper;   Coppersmith;   Daric;   Fine;   Law in the Old Testament;   Meremoth;   Money;   Kitto Biblical Cyclopedia - Amber;   The Jewish Encyclopedia - Ahava;   Color;   Metals;   Money;   Numismatics;  

Albert Barnes' Notes on the Whole Bible

Twenty basons of gold, of a thousand drams - Not of a thousand drams (i. e., darics) each, but worth altogether a thousand darics. As the value of the daric was about 22 shillings of British money, each basin, or saucer, would have been worth (apart from the fashioning) 55 British pounds.

Of fine copper - The word translated “fine,” which occurs here only, is thought to mean either “yellow” or “glittering” (see the margin). Probably the vessels were of orichalcum, an amalgam which was either brass or something nearly approaching to brass, but which was very rarely produced in the ancient world, and, when produced, was regarded as highly valuable.

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Barnes, Albert. "Commentary on Ezra 8:27". "Barnes' Notes on the Whole Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/bnb/ezra-8.html. 1870.

John Gill's Exposition of the Whole Bible

Also twenty basins of gold, of a thousand drams,.... Which were upwards of 1000 pounds of our money; for Bishop Cumberland saysF5Scripture Weights and Measures, ch. 4. p. 115. , the Persian "daric", "drachma", or "drachm", weighed twenty shillings and four pence; and, according to Dr. Bernard, it exceeded one of our guineas by two grains; see Gill on 1 Chronicles 29:7.

and two vessels of fine copper, precious as gold; which perhaps is the same with the Indian or Persian brass AristotleF6De Mirabilibus, p. 704, vol. 1. speaks of, which is so bright and pure, and free from rust, that it cannot be known by its colour from gold, and that there are among the cups of Darius such as cannot be discerned whether they are brass or gold but by the smell: the Syriac version interprets it by Corinthian brass, which was a mixture of gold, silver, and copper, made when Corinth was burnt, and which is exceeding valuable; of which PlinyF7Nat. Hist. l. 34. c. 1, 2. makes three sorts, very precious, and of which he says, it is in value next to, and even before silver, and almost before gold; but this sort of brass was not as yet in being: KimchiF8Sepher Shorash. rad. צהב. interprets the word here of its colour, being next to the colour of gold.

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The New John Gill's Exposition of the Entire Bible Modernised and adapted for the computer by Larry Pierce of Online Bible. All Rights Reserved, Larry Pierce, Winterbourne, Ontario.
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Bibliographical Information
Gill, John. "Commentary on Ezra 8:27". "The New John Gill Exposition of the Entire Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/geb/ezra-8.html. 1999.

Geneva Study Bible

Also twenty basons of gold, of a thousand i drams; and two vessels of fine copper, precious as gold.

(i) Read (Ezra 2:69).
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Beza, Theodore. "Commentary on Ezra 8:27". "The 1599 Geneva Study Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/gsb/ezra-8.html. 1599-1645.

Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible

two vessels of fine copper, precious as gold — Almost all commentators agree in maintaining that the vessels referred to were not made of copper, but of an alloy capable of taking on a bright polish, which we think highly probable, as copper was then in common use among the Babylonians, and would not be as precious as gold. This alloy, much esteemed among the Jews, was composed of gold and other metals, which took on a high polish and was not subject to tarnish [Noyes].

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These files are a derivative of an electronic edition prepared from text scanned by Woodside Bible Fellowship.
This expanded edition of the Jameison-Faussett-Brown Commentary is in the public domain and may be freely used and distributed.
Bibliographical Information
Jamieson, Robert, D.D.; Fausset, A. R.; Brown, David. "Commentary on Ezra 8:27". "Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/jfb/ezra-8.html. 1871-8.

John Trapp Complete Commentary

Ezra 8:27 Also twenty basons of gold, of a thousand drams; and two vessels of fine copper, precious as gold.

Ver. 27. Of a thousand drachms] 312 pounds 10 shillings. The Hebrew (or rather Chaldee) word here rendered a drachm seems to be taken from the Greek word Dραχμη.

And two vessels of fine copper] Ex orichalco praestante, Of some choice mixed metal, Auro contra non caro. Overlaid with gold without no dross.

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Trapp, John. "Commentary on Ezra 8:27". John Trapp Complete Commentary. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/jtc/ezra-8.html. 1865-1868.

Matthew Poole's English Annotations on the Holy Bible

Heb. desirable as gold; not that it was of equal price and worth with it, but for its incomparable excellency in its kind, and for its great rarity, for which cause there were only two vessels of that sort.

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Poole, Matthew, "Commentary on Ezra 8:27". Matthew Poole's English Annotations on the Holy Bible. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/mpc/ezra-8.html. 1685.

Whedon's Commentary on the Bible

27.A thousand drams — Worth about five thousand five hundred dollars. See on the word dram, or daric, at Ezra 2:69.

Fine copper — Or, rather, copper shining beautifully. The value of all these treasures, according to the above estimate, must have been nearly seven million dollars, an amount so great as to lead us to suspect some corruption or error in the numbers.

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Whedon, Daniel. "Commentary on Ezra 8:27". "Whedon's Commentary on the Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/whe/ezra-8.html. 1874-1909.

George Haydock's Catholic Bible Commentary

CHAPTER VIII.

Solids. Hebrew adarconim. Darics, equivalent to the golden sicle. (Calmet) (1 Paralipomenon xxix. 7.) --- Best. Protestants, "of fine copper, precious as gold." It might resemble the Corinthian brass, or aurichalcum, (Haydock) composed of gold, silver, and brass melted together, in the burning of Corinth, by L. Mummius. (Pliny, [Natural History?] xxxiv. 2.) --- Yet no such Corinthian vessels have come down to us; so that the account seems fabulous; and, at any rate, the city was not taken in the days of Esdras, but in the year 608 of Rome. We cannot say whether he speaks of copper, brass, &c. (Calmet)

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Haydock, George Leo. "Commentary on Ezra 8:27". "George Haydock's Catholic Bible Commentary". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/hcc/ezra-8.html. 1859.

E.W. Bullinger's Companion Bible Notes

basons = bowls.

of = valued at.

fine copper, &c. = copper shining like gold.

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Bullinger, Ethelbert William. "Commentary on Ezra 8:27". "E.W. Bullinger's Companion bible Notes". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/bul/ezra-8.html. 1909-1922.

Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible - Unabridged

Also twenty basons of gold, of a thousand drams; and two vessels of fine copper, precious as gold.

Also twenty basons of gold, of a thousand drams, [ la'

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Jamieson, Robert, D.D.; Fausset, A. R.; Brown, David. "Commentary on Ezra 8:27". "Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible - Unabridged". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/jfu/ezra-8.html. 1871-8.

Ellicott's Commentary for English Readers

(27) A thousand drams.—Darics, and therefore the whole worth rather more than a thousand guineas.

Fine copper.—Probably the Roman Orichalcum, a metal very highly valued.

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Ellicott, Charles John. "Commentary on Ezra 8:27". "Ellicott's Commentary for English Readers". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/ebc/ezra-8.html. 1905.

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

Also twenty basons of gold, of a thousand drams; and two vessels of fine copper, precious as gold.
fine copper
Heb. yellow, or shining brass. The Syriac renders, nechosho korinthyo tovo, "good Corinthian brass;" so called from the brass found after the burning of Corinth by Lucius Mummius, which was, as is generally supposed, brass, copper, silver, and gold, melted together. Sir J. Chardin, however, in a MS. note, cited by Harmer, mentioned a factitious metal used in the East, and highly esteemed there, which might probably be of an origin as ancient as Ezra. He says, "I have heard some Dutch gentlemen speak of a metal in the island of Sumatra, and among the Macassars, much more esteemed than gold, which royal personages alone are privileged to wear. It is a mixture, if I remember right, of gold and steel, or copper and steel." He afterwards added, "calmbac is the name of this metal, which is composed of gold and copper."
precious
Heb. desirable.
Lamentations 4:2
Reciprocal: 1 Kings 20:6 - pleasant;  Ezra 7:19 - The vessels

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Torrey, R. A. "Commentary on Ezra 8:27". "The Treasury of Scripture Knowledge". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/tsk/ezra-8.html.