Verse-by-Verse Bible Commentary

Hebrews 10:33

partly by being made a public spectacle through reproaches and tribulations, and partly by becoming sharers with those who were so treated.
New American Standard Version

Bible Study Resources

Concordances:
Nave's Topical Bible - Persecution;   Thompson Chain Reference - Gazingstock;   Reproach;   Suffering for Righteousness' S;   Torrey's Topical Textbook - Love to Man;   Persecution;   Reviling and Reproaching;  
Dictionaries:
American Tract Society Bible Dictionary - Testament;   Bridgeway Bible Dictionary - Persecution;   Perseverance;   Baker Evangelical Dictionary of Biblical Theology - Blasphemy against the Holy Spirit;   Suffering;   Charles Buck Theological Dictionary - Atonement;   Covenant;   Peace;   Fausset Bible Dictionary - Games;   Theatre;   Holman Bible Dictionary - Compassion;   Hebrews;   Persecution in the Bible;   Reproach;   Hastings' Dictionary of the Bible - Ethics;   Hope;   Persecution;   Hastings' Dictionary of the New Testament - Christian Life;   Fellowship (2);   Games;   Hebrews Epistle to the;   Reproach;   Tribulation;   The Hawker's Poor Man's Concordance And Dictionary - Christ;   Smith Bible Dictionary - Games;  
Encyclopedias:
International Standard Bible Encyclopedia - Gazing-Stock;   Hebrews, Epistle to the;  

Adam Clarke Commentary

Ye were made a gazing-stock - Θεατριζομενοι· Ye were exhibited as wild beasts and other shows at the theatres. See the note on 1 Corinthians 4:9, where all this is illustrated.

Companions of them that were so used - It appears, from 1 Thessalonians 2:14, 1 Thessalonians 2:15, that the Churches of God in Judea were greatly persecuted, and that they believed with courage and constancy in their persecutions. When any victim of persecuting rage was marked out, the rest were prompt to take his part, and acknowledge themselves believers in the same doctrine for which he suffered. This was a noble spirit; many would have slunk into a corner, and put off the marks of Christ, that they might not be exposed to affliction on this account.

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Clarke, Adam. "Commentary on Hebrews 10:33". "The Adam Clarke Commentary". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/acc/hebrews-10.html. 1832.

Albert Barnes' Notes on the Whole Bible

Partly - That is, your affliction consisted partly in this. The Greek is, “this” - specifying one kind of affliction that they were called to endure.

Whilst ye were made a gazing-stock - Greek θεατριζόμενοι theatrizomenoi- you were made a public spectacle, as if in a theater; you were held up to public view, or exposed to public scorn. When this was done, or in precisely what manner, we are not told. It was not an uncommon thing, however, for the early Christians to be held up to reproach and scorn, and probably this refers to some time when it was done by rulers or magistrates. It was a common custom among the Greeks and Romans to lead criminals, before they were put to death, through the theater, and thus to expose them to the insults and reproaches of the multitude. See the proofs of this adduced by Kuinoel on this passage. The “language” here seems to have been taken from this custom, though there is no evidence that the Christians to whom Paul refers had been treated in this manner.

By reproaches - Repreached as being the followers of Jesus of Nazareth; probably as weak and fanatical.

And afflictions - Various “sufferings” inflicted on them. They were not merely reviled in words, but they were made to endure positive sufferings of various kinds.

And partly, while ye became companions of them that were so used - That is, even when they had not themselves been subjected to these trials, they had sympathized with those who were. They doubtless imparted to them of their property; sent to them relief, and identified themselves with them. It is not known to what particular occasion the apostle here refers. In the next verse he mentions one instance in which they had done this, in aiding him when he was a prisoner.

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Barnes, Albert. "Commentary on Hebrews 10:33". "Barnes' Notes on the Whole Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/bnb/hebrews-10.html. 1870.

Coffman Commentaries on the Bible

Partly being made a gazingstock both by reproaches and afflictions; and partly becoming partakers with them that were so used.

The appeal in these words is to the truly heroic and faithful endurance of those Hebrew Christians who, at the first, had stood against every persecution and insult, endured every hardship, and had continued in spite of every shameful thing done to them, never deviating and never turning back.

The mention of "gazingstock" brings to mind the words of Milligan in his quotation of Seneca. "In the morning men are exposed to lions and bears: at midday to their spectators."[42] "Reproaches" included scornful words of vilification, slurs, insults, lies, and curses of them that hated the Christians. The particular thing the author stressed is that they had not merely endured such things but willingly identified themselves with any of their brethren thus treated, befriending them, accompanying them, and sharing their reproaches.

ENDNOTE:

[42] Ibid.

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Coffman Commentaries reproduced by permission of Abilene Christian University Press, Abilene, Texas, USA. All other rights reserved.
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Coffman, James Burton. "Commentary on Hebrews 10:33". "Coffman Commentaries on the Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/bcc/hebrews-10.html. Abilene Christian University Press, Abilene, Texas, USA. 1983-1999.

John Gill's Exposition of the Whole Bible

Partly whilst ye were made a gazing stock,.... Brought upon the stage or theatre, and made a spectacle to the world, angels, and men, 1 Corinthians 4:9

both by reproaches and afflictions; suffering both in their characters and reputations, and in their persons and substance:

and partly whilst ye became companions of them that were so used; they maintained their communion with them, relieved them in distress, and sympathized with them.

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The New John Gill's Exposition of the Entire Bible Modernised and adapted for the computer by Larry Pierce of Online Bible. All Rights Reserved, Larry Pierce, Winterbourne, Ontario.
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Gill, John. "Commentary on Hebrews 10:33". "The New John Gill Exposition of the Entire Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/geb/hebrews-10.html. 1999.

Geneva Study Bible

Partly, whilst ye were made a p gazingstock both by reproaches and afflictions; and partly, whilst ye became q companions of them that were so used.

(p) You were brought forth to be shamed.

(q) In taking their miseries, to be your miseries.

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Beza, Theodore. "Commentary on Hebrews 10:33". "The 1599 Geneva Study Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/gsb/hebrews-10.html. 1599-1645.

Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible

The persecutions here referred to seem to have been endured by the Hebrew Christians at their first conversion, not only in Palestine, but also in Rome and elsewhere, the Jews in every city inciting the populace and the Roman authorities against Christians.

gazing-stock — as in a theater (so the Greek): often used as the place of punishment in the presence of the assembled multitudes. Acts 19:29; 1 Corinthians 4:9, “Made a theatrical spectacle to the world.”

ye became — of your own accord: attesting your Christian sympathy with your suffering brethren.

companions of — sharers in affliction with.

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These files are a derivative of an electronic edition prepared from text scanned by Woodside Bible Fellowship.
This expanded edition of the Jameison-Faussett-Brown Commentary is in the public domain and may be freely used and distributed.
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Jamieson, Robert, D.D.; Fausset, A. R.; Brown, David. "Commentary on Hebrews 10:33". "Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/jfb/hebrews-10.html. 1871-8.

Robertson's Word Pictures in the New Testament

Partly (τουτο μενtouto men) and partly (τουτο δεtouto de). Accusative of general reference (τουτοtouto) with μενmen and δεde for contrast.

Being made a gazing-stock (τεατριζομενοιtheatrizomenoi). Late verb to bring upon the stage, to hold up to derision. See Paul‘s use of τεατρονtheatron of himself in 1 Corinthians 4:9.

By reproaches and afflictions
(ονειδισμοις τε και τλιπσεσινoneidismois te kai thlipsesin). Instrumental case. See Romans 15:3.

Partakers
(κοινωνοιkoinōnoi). Partners (Luke 5:10) with those (τωνtōn objective genitive).

So used
(ουτως αναστρεπομενωνhoutōs anastrephomenōn). Present middle articular participle of αναστρεπωanastrephō to conduct oneself (2 Corinthians 1:12).

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The Robertson's Word Pictures of the New Testament. Copyright Broadman Press 1932,33, Renewal 1960. All rights reserved. Used by permission of Broadman Press (Southern Baptist Sunday School Board)
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Robertson, A.T. "Commentary on Hebrews 10:33". "Robertson's Word Pictures of the New Testament". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/rwp/hebrews-10.html. Broadman Press 1932,33. Renewal 1960.

Vincent's Word Studies

Whilst ye were made a gazing-stock ( θεατριζόμενοι )

N.T.oolxx, oClass. Lit. exhibited in the theater. Comp. 1 Corinthians 4:9.

Whilst ye became companions ( κοινωνοὶ γενηθέντες )

Rend. by becoming partakers. More than companionship is implied. For κοινωνοὶ see on Luke 5:10. The noun and its kindred verb in N.T. almost exclusively of ethical and spiritual relations, as 1 Timothy 5:22; 1 Peter 4:13; 2 John 1:11; 1 Corinthians 10:18; 2 Corinthians 1:7; Philippians 1:17. Even when applied to pecuniary contributions they imply Christian fellowship as the basis of the liberality. See on Romans 12:13; see on Romans 15:27; see on Philippians 4:15.

Of them that were so used ( τῶν οὕτως ἀναστρφομένων )

Rend. “of them that fared thus.” Others render “who conducted themselves thus”; endured their persecutions, so bravely. But the οὕτως can refer only to made a gazing-stock.

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Vincent, Marvin R. DD. "Commentary on Hebrews 10:33". "Vincent's Word Studies in the New Testament". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/vnt/hebrews-10.html. Charles Schribner's Sons. New York, USA. 1887.

Calvin's Commentary on the Bible

То сами среди поношений. Мы видим, кого понукает апостол. А именно: тех, чья вера была испытана в особых жизненных ситуациях. Однако же он не перестает увещевать их к еще большим делам. Посему никто не должен обманывать себя превратной лестью, словно он уже достиг цели и больше не нуждается в стимулах. Апостол говорит, что евреи были преданы скорбям и поношениям, будто их вывели на театральную сцену. Отсюда заключаем, что выдержанные ими гонения были весьма значительны. Но следует тщательно отметить вторую фразу, где апостол говорит, что евреи соучаствовали благочестивым в гонениях. Поскольку дело Христово, за которое сражаются благочестивые, обще для них всех, все, что терпит один из них, остальные должны переносить как бы на самих себя. Таким образом и надо всегда действовать, если мы не желаем отделиться от Иисуса Христа.

 

 

 

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Calvin, John. "Commentary on Hebrews 10:33". "Calvin's Commentary on the Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/cal/hebrews-10.html. 1840-57.

John Trapp Complete Commentary

33 Partly, whilst ye were made a gazingstock both by reproaches and afflictions; and partly, whilst ye became companions of them that were so used.

Ver. 33. Made a gazing-stock] Gr. θεατριζομενοι, set upon a theatre; take it either properly, or metaphorically, both befell Christians. See 1 Corinthians 4:9.

Ye became companions of them] Sympathy hath a strange force; as we see in the strings of an instrument; which being played upon (as they say), the strings of another instrument are also moved with it. (Dr Sibbs.) After love hath once kindled love, then the heart being melted is fit to receive any impression. Two spirits warmed with the same heat, will easily solder together.

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Trapp, John. "Commentary on Hebrews 10:33". John Trapp Complete Commentary. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/jtc/hebrews-10.html. 1865-1868.

Thomas Coke Commentary on the Holy Bible

Hebrews 10:33. Whilst ye were made a gazing flock While ye were openly exposed, as upon a theatre. St. Paul's expression, 1 Corinthians 4:9 is, "we are made θεατρον, a spectacle, as if we were exposed upon a theatre." Here it is θεατριζομενοι, openly exposed as upon a theatre: it is the same image expressed by the same word in effect,in both epistles; which, among many other unanswerable arguments, plainly points out the same inspired author of both. Dr. Heylin renders the next clause, one part of you being exposed—while the other sympathized with them, as the companions of those who were so abused. There was a communion, a fellow-feeling of the evils which the brethren underwent.

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Coke, Thomas. "Commentary on Hebrews 10:33". Thomas Coke Commentary on the Holy Bible. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/tcc/hebrews-10.html. 1801-1803.

Expository Notes with Practical Observations on the New Testament

Here our apostle particularly mentions the sufferings which the primitive saints underwent for the sake of Christianity, and reduces them to three heads, shame, pain, loss: They suffered in their names, by being disgraced; in their persons, by being scourged; in their estates, by the spoiling of their goods. Let all that make profession of the name of Christ expect and provide for such sufferings, especially for reproaches.

We may put a due value upon our names and reputations, but must not be over solicitous about the preservation of them. Let us keep in the way of our duty, and leave our good name to God's care and keeping. The world first thunders out our reproaches, then falls into a storm persecution.

Learn hence, that all temporary sufferings, in all their aggravating circumstances, in all their formidable dress and appearance, may be, and oft-times are, the lot and portion of those who have undertaken the profession of Christianity. Ye endured a great fight of afflictions, whilst ye were made a gazing-stock to the world.

The Christians here wre exposed to the world as it were upon a stage, or in a theatre where multitudes might gaze upon them, revile, and make a sport of them.

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Burkitt, William. "Commentary on Hebrews 10:33". Expository Notes with Practical Observations on the New Testament. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/wbc/hebrews-10.html. 1700-1703.

Greek Testament Critical Exegetical Commentary

33.] (the nature of these sufferings is now specified) partly (see reff.) being made a spectacle (the theatre being the place where conspicuous punishments were inflicted, on account of the multitudes there assembling. See Acts 19:29. The word θεατρίζω may therefore be literally taken, if (see Prolegg. § ii. and § iii. 3) the Epistle was written to Rome, after the Neronian persecution. See reff., and cf. 1 Corinthians 4:9, θέατρον ἐγενήθημεν τῷ κόσμῳ. Thl. says, θεατριζόμενοι, τουτέστιν ὥσπερ ἐπὶ θέατρον παραδειγματιζόμενοι, καὶ ταῦτα τυχὸν παρὰ εὐτελῶν καὶ εὐδαιμόνων. And Chrys., οὐχ ἁπλῶς εἶπεν, ὀνειδισμοῖς, ἀλλὰμετʼ ἐπιτάσεως πολλῆς θεατριζόμενοί φησιν· ὅταν μὲν γάρ τις ὀνειδίζηται καθʼ ἑαυτόν, λυπηρὸν μέν, πολλῷ δὲ πλέον, ὅταν ἐπὶ πάντων) in reproaches ( ὀνειδισμός is a word of later Greek. The dat. is one of manner in which) and tribulations; partly also (see above), having become (there is something of purpose in γενηθέντες, almost a middle sense, ‘having made yourselves.’ It is a fine encomium on their Christian sympathy and love) partakers with them who were thus living (viz. ἐν ὀνειδισμοῖς τε κ. θλίψεσιν: so Œc. and Thl. Some would give ἀναστρεφομένων an ethical sense: “who walk,” have their Christian walk and conduct, “in this way,” viz. as he exhorts them to endure, manfully and firmly. So Kypke, Kuinoel, al. But I prefer the other as more in accord with N. T. usage: cf. reff.).

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Alford, Henry. "Commentary on Hebrews 10:33". Greek Testament Critical Exegetical Commentary. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/hac/hebrews-10.html. 1863-1878.

Heinrich Meyer's Critical and Exegetical Commentary on the New Testament

Hebrews 10:33. τοῦτο μὲντοῦτο δέ] on the one hand … on the other; partly … partly. A genuinely Greek formula (comp. Wetstein ad loc.). In the N. T. only here.

τοῦτο μὲν ὀνειδισμοῖς τε καὶ θλίψεσιν θεατριζόμενοι] in that, on the one hand, by conditions of infamy (Hebrews 11:26, Hebrews 13:13) and by tribulations, ye were made a spectacle (were exposed publicly to reviling). ὀνειδισμοί (belonging to the later period of the Greek language; see Lobeck, ad Phryn. p. 512) has reference to the assaults upon honour and good name, θλίψεις to assaults upon the person (the life) and outward possessions.

θεατριζόμενοι] comp. 1 Corinthians 4:9 : θέατρον ἐγενήθημεν τῷ κόσμῳ καὶ ἀγγὲλοις καὶ ἀνθρώποις. The verb only here and with the Church Fathers.

τοῦτο δὲ κοινωνοὶγενηθέντες] and, on the other hand, ye became associates (fellow-sufferers) … sc. by the administering of consolation, and by efforts for the alleviation of their sufferings. κοινωνοὶ γενηθέντες is elucidated by συνεπαθήσατε, Hebrews 10:34, thus alludes equally as the first half of the sentence to historic facts. Arbitrarily therefore Ebrard: the expression indicates that the readers, “by the act of their conversion, had become once for all associates in that community, of which they knew that it thus fared, or was thus wont to fare with it.”

τῶν οὕτως ἀναστρεφομένων] of those who were in such condition (sc. ἐν θλίψεσιν καὶ ὀνειδισμοῖς). Kypke, Storr, Böhme, Kuinoel, and others supplement the οὕτως from the πολλὴν ἄθλησιν ὑπεμείνατε παθημάτων, Hebrews 10:32 : of those who thus walked, i.e. sustained with great stedfastness the contest of sufferings. In favour of this interpretation the authority of the ordinary Biblical use of ἀναστρέφεσθαι may no doubt be urged. Since, however, πολλὴν ἄθλησιν ὑπεμείνατε παθημάτων, Hebrews 10:32, is the general statement, which afterwards, Hebrews 10:33, separates into two special subdivisions by means of τοῦτο μὲντοῦτο δέ, so οὕτως in the second member can only refer back to the immediately foregoing characterization in the first member.

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Meyer, Heinrich. "Commentary on Hebrews 10:33". Heinrich Meyer's Critical and Exegetical Commentary on the New Testament. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/hmc/hebrews-10.html. 1832.

Johann Albrecht Bengel's Gnomon of the New Testament

Hebrews 10:33. τοῦτο· τοῦτο) A pronoun with an adverbial meaning. Two heads are set before us, which are explained in inverse order by Chiasmus, Hebrews 10:34.

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Bengel, Johann Albrecht. "Commentary on Hebrews 10:33". Johann Albrecht Bengel's Gnomon of the New Testament. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/jab/hebrews-10.html. 1897.

Matthew Poole's English Annotations on the Holy Bible

Partly, whilst ye were made a gazingstock both by reproaches and afflictions; their sufferings personal in this famous instance, yeatrizomenoi. They were so publicly exposed as on a stage or theatre, so as multitudes might sport themselves with them, 1 Corinthians 4:9; as many were exposed to be devoured by beasts in their public shows, 1 Corinthians 15:32. Or, to destroy them, exposed in their public courts of justice, and there taunted and reviled, as Christ foretold them, Matthew 10:17,18. They were suffering reproaches and afflictions publicly both in word and deed. What nick-names imposed on them, what crimes imputed to them which they abhorred, what buffeting, scourging, tormenting, shackling, imprisoning, banishing, were they not exercised with, as their fellow Christians are to this day?

And partly, whilst ye became companions of them that were so used; their sufferings by participation, in presence and sympathy with their fellow Christians. This is another kind of it; they were consorts and sharers of all those members of Christ, who were so abused by the devil and his instruments, and they bore their burdens with them, were inwardly grieved for them, publicly owned and comforted them, supplied and supported them as they could, as Hebrews 10:34 2 Corinthians 11:25,26.

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Poole, Matthew, "Commentary on Hebrews 10:33". Matthew Poole's English Annotations on the Holy Bible. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/mpc/hebrews-10.html. 1685.

Alexander MacLaren's Expositions of Holy Scripture

зрелищем Подразумевается театр и актеры на сцене, где их всякий может видеть. В этом контексте значит выставление на поношение и насмешки (ср. 1Кор. 4:9).

в других Эти необращенные евреи чуть не подверглись гонениям, затронувшим их знакомых верующих. Возможно, они и на самом деле пострадали за это отождествление, даже потеряв имущество, но все еще не отвернулись, так как по-прежнему были заинтересованы в небесной участи (ст. 34). В Новом Завете есть примеры людей, которые с готовностью шли на возможный арест и беды, так как они хотели помочь тем, кто страдал за свою веру. Удивительно, но однажды таковыми оказались даже фарисеи: они предупредили Иисуса о покушении на Него Ирода (Лк. 13:31). Среди тех, кто может быть приведен в качестве примера помогавшим гонимым, можно назвать Онисифора (2Тим. 1:16-18).

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MacLaren, Alexander. "Commentary on Hebrews 10:33". Alexander MacLaren's Expositions of Holy Scripture. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/mac/hebrews-10.html.

Schaff's Popular Commentary on the New Testament

Hebrews 10:33. Partly in that ye became a spectacle of shame—‘a theatrical spectacle’—a term taken from those who were exposed in the theatre to shameful punishment (1 Corinthians 4:11)—in the scornful taunts (you suffered) and in active persecution, and partly in that ye became partakers (partners) with those who were living and suffering in this way. The word ‘living’ is not passive, but is repeatedly found in the Epistles to describe the actual condition of a man’s life (chap. Hebrews 13:18; 2 Corinthians 1:12; 1 Timothy 3:15). Such ‘reproach and affliction’ is recorded in Acts 5:18; Acts 5:40; Acts 8:3; Acts 11:19; Acts 22:19; Acts 26:10-11, and in the history of Paul himself (Acts 21:27). All those instances must have been familiar to Hebrew believers.

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Schaff, Philip. "Commentary on Hebrews 10:33". "Schaff's Popular Commentary on the New Testament". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/scn/hebrews-10.html. 1879-90.

E.W. Bullinger's Companion Bible Notes

Partly. Add "indeed".

whilst, &c. = being.

made a gazingstock. Greek. theatrizomai. Only here. Compare 1 Corinthians 4:9 and App-133.

reproaches. Greek. oneidismos. See Romans 15:3.

afflictions. Greek. thlipsis. See Acts 14:22.

companions. Greek. koinonos. See 2 Corinthians 1:7.

were . . . used = were thus living. Greek. anastrepho. See 2 Corinthians 1:12.

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Bullinger, Ethelbert William. "Commentary on Hebrews 10:33". "E.W. Bullinger's Companion bible Notes". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/bul/hebrews-10.html. 1909-1922.

Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible - Unabridged

Partly, whilst ye were made a gazingstock both by reproaches and afflictions; and partly, whilst ye became companions of them that were so used.

The persecutions referred to were probably endured by the Hebrew Christians at their first conversion, not only in Palestine, but also in Rome and elsewhere, the Jews inciting the populace and the Roman authorities against Christians.

Gazing-stock - as in a theater [ theatrizomenoi (Greek #2301)], often used as the place of punishment in the presence of assembled multitudes. Acts 19:29; 1 Corinthians 4:9, 'Made a theatrical spectacle [ theatron (Greek #2302)] to the world.'

Ye became - of your own accord: attesting your sympathy with suffering brethren.

Companions of - sharers in affliction with [koinonoi].

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Jamieson, Robert, D.D.; Fausset, A. R.; Brown, David. "Commentary on Hebrews 10:33". "Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible - Unabridged". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/jfu/hebrews-10.html. 1871-8.

Ellicott's Commentary for English Readers

(33) Whilst ye were made a gazingstock.—Literally, being exposed in the theatre (see the Notes on Acts 19:29; 1 Corinthians 4:9; 1 Corinthians 15:32). Here also it is probable that the word has only a figurative sense.

Whilst ye became companions.—Better, having become sharers with them that thus lived—that lived amidst “reproaches and afflictions.” Not “companions” only had they been, but sharers of the lot of their persecuted brethren, both by sympathy and by voluntary association with their sufferings.

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Ellicott, Charles John. "Commentary on Hebrews 10:33". "Ellicott's Commentary for English Readers". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/ebc/hebrews-10.html. 1905.

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

Partly, whilst ye were made a gazingstock both by reproaches and afflictions; and partly, whilst ye became companions of them that were so used.
made
11:36; Psalms 71:7; Nahum 3:6; Zechariah 3:8; 1 Corinthians 4:9
by reproaches
11:26; 13:13; Psalms 69:9; 74:22; 79:12; 89:51; Isaiah 51:7; 2 Corinthians 12:10
whilst
Philippians 1:7; 4:14; 1 Thessalonians 2:14; 2 Timothy 1:8,16-18
Reciprocal: Isaiah 8:18 - for signs;  Daniel 11:32 - shall be;  Galatians 4:29 - even;  Philippians 1:30 - the same;  2 Thessalonians 1:5 - for;  2 Timothy 3:11 - Persecutions;  Hebrews 12:2 - despising

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Bibliographical Information
Torrey, R. A. "Commentary on Hebrews 10:33". "The Treasury of Scripture Knowledge". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/tsk/hebrews-10.html.

Haldane's Exposition on the Epistle to the Romans and Hebrews

Partly, whilst ye were made a gazing-stock both by reproaches and afflictions; and partly, whilst ye became companions of them that were so used.

These consisted, partly, in their being made a gazing-stock by the reproaches cast upon them, and the various afflictions which they had passed through in their own persons; and, partly, while they became companions of them that were so used, not forsaking their brethren, but giving them their countenance and sympathy.

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Bibliographical Information
Haldane, Robert. "Commentary on Hebrews 10:33". "Haldane's Exposition on the Epistle to the Romans and Hebrews". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/hal/hebrews-10.html. 1835.

Whedon's Commentary on the Bible

33.Made a gazing stock—Literally, theatrized; that is, exposed to shame, as if a spectacle in a public theatre.

Reproaches—Affecting their reputations.

Afflictions—Affecting their persons and goods.

Companions—Sympathizers and associates of despised and persecuted Christians.

 

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Bibliographical Information
Whedon, Daniel. "Commentary on Hebrews 10:33". "Whedon's Commentary on the Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/whe/hebrews-10.html. 1874-1909.

The Bible Study New Testament

33. You were at times. “Sometimes it was you who were publicly insulted, and other times it was your friends. You felt so strongly about it that you were ready to be a martyr with them!”

 

 

 

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Bibliographical Information
Ice, Rhoderick D. "Commentary on Hebrews 10:33". "The Bible Study New Testament". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/ice/hebrews-10.html. College Press, Joplin, MO. 1974.

Calvin's Commentary on the Bible

33.Partly, whilst ye were made, etc. We see who they were whom he addresses, even those whose faith had been proved by no common trials, and yet he refrains not from exhorting them to greater things. Let no man therefore deceive himself by self-flattery as though he had reached the goal, or had no need of incentives from others.

Now he says, that they had been made gazingstocks both by reproaches and afflictions, or exposed to public shame by reproaches and distresses, as though they were exposed on a public theater. (192) We hence learn that the persecutions which they had sustained were remarkably severe. But we ought especially to notice the latter clause, when he says that they became companions, or associates of the godly in their persecutions; for as it is Christ’s cause for which all the godly contend, and as it is what their contend for in common, whatever one of them suffers, all the rest ought to transfer, as it were, to themselves; and this is what ought by all means to be done by us, unless we would separate ourselves from Christ himself. (193)

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Calvin, John. "Commentary on Hebrews 10:33". "Calvin's Commentary on the Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/cal/hebrews-10.html. 1840-57.