Verse-by-Verse Bible Commentary

Isaiah 33:19

You will no longer see a fierce people, A people of unintelligible speech which no one comprehends, Of a stammering tongue which no one understands.
New American Standard Version

Bible Study Resources

Concordances:
Nave's Topical Bible - Church;   Israel, Prophecies Concerning;   Stammering;   Scofield Reference Index - Kingdom;  
Dictionaries:
Baker Evangelical Dictionary of Biblical Theology - Understanding;   Holman Bible Dictionary - Isaiah;   Remnant;   Hastings' Dictionary of the Bible - Assyria and Babylonia;   Medicine;   Messiah;   Tongues, Confusion of;   The Hawker's Poor Man's Concordance And Dictionary - Sea;   Watson's Biblical & Theological Dictionary - Confusion of Tongues;  
Encyclopedias:
International Standard Bible Encyclopedia - Isaiah;   Stammerer;   The Jewish Encyclopedia - Deep;   Root;  

Albert Barnes' Notes on the Whole Bible

Thou shalt not see a fierce people - Or, rather, ‹this fierce and boasting people you shall not see.‘ They shall not enter the city; but though they are advancing with so much confidence, they shall be suddenly cut, off and destroyed. The word rendered “fierce,” (נועז nô‛âz from נעז yâ‛az ), probably means strong, or wicked. Lowth renders it, ‹barbarous people,‘ as if it were לועז lô‛ēz Michaelis also adopts this reading by supposing an error in transcribing, a change of the Hebrew letter נ (n ) into the Hebrew letter ל (l ). Such a change might have easily occurred, but there is no authority from the manuscripts for making an alteration in the text The word strong, or mighty, agrees well with the connection.

A people of a deeper speech - A people whose language is so deep, that is, so dark, or obscure, that it cannot be understood by you. This refers to the army of the Assyrians, who spoke the Syrian language, which was understood by some of the Jews, but which was unintelligible to the mass (see Isaiah 36:11).

Than thou canst perceive - Than you can understand.

Of a stammering tongue - (see the note at Isaiah 28:11). Margin, ‹Ridiculous;‘ a sense which the Hebrew will bear, but the more appropriate meaning is that of a barbarous, or unintelligible foreign language.

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Barnes, Albert. "Commentary on Isaiah 33:19". "Barnes' Notes on the Whole Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/bnb/isaiah-33.html. 1870.

John Gill's Exposition of the Whole Bible

Thou shalt not see a fierce people,.... A people of a fierce countenance, as in Daniel 8:23 fierce in their looks, furious in their temper, cruel and bloodthirsty in their practices, confirmed and hardened in their sins, whose consciences are seared as with a red hot iron; a character given of the Papists, 1 Timothy 4:2 these shall be no more seen nor feared:

a people of a deeper speech than thou canst perceive; than the people in common could, having their worship and devotion not in their mother tongue, but in the Latin tongue:

of a stammering tongue, that thou canst not understand: meaning the same as before, a barbarous language, as everyone is to those who understand it not; so the Syriac and Assyrian languages were to the Jews, 2 Kings 18:26 and so the Roman language to other nations; but now no more to be used in religious worship; nor shall the church of God be any more visited by Turks or Papists, and be in any dread of them more.

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The New John Gill's Exposition of the Entire Bible Modernised and adapted for the computer by Larry Pierce of Online Bible. All Rights Reserved, Larry Pierce, Winterbourne, Ontario.
A printed copy of this work can be ordered from: The Baptist Standard Bearer, 1 Iron Oaks Dr, Paris, AR, 72855
Bibliographical Information
Gill, John. "Commentary on Isaiah 33:19". "The New John Gill Exposition of the Entire Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/geb/isaiah-33.html. 1999.

Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible

fierce people — The Assyrians shall not be allowed to enter Jerusalem (2 Kings 19:32). Or, thou shalt not any longer see fierce enemies threatening thee as previously; such as the Assyrians, Romans, and the last Antichristian host that is yet to assail Jerusalem (Deuteronomy 28:49, Deuteronomy 28:50; Jeremiah 5:15; Zechariah 14:2).

stammering — barbarous; so “deeper,” etc., that is, unintelligible. The Assyrian tongue differed only in dialect from the Hebrew, but in the Assyrian levies were many of non-Semitic race and language, as the Medes, Elamites, etc. (see on Isaiah 28:11).

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These files are a derivative of an electronic edition prepared from text scanned by Woodside Bible Fellowship.
This expanded edition of the Jameison-Faussett-Brown Commentary is in the public domain and may be freely used and distributed.
Bibliographical Information
Jamieson, Robert, D.D.; Fausset, A. R.; Brown, David. "Commentary on Isaiah 33:19". "Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/jfb/isaiah-33.html. 1871-8.

Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Thou shalt not see a fierce people, a people of a deeper speech than thou canst perceive; of a stammering tongue, that thou canst not understand.

A fierce — That fierce and warlike people, whom thou hast seen with terror, near the walls of Jerusalem, thou shalt see no more.

A people — A foreign nation, whose language is unknown to thee.

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These files are public domain and are a derivative of an electronic edition that is available on the Christian Classics Ethereal Library Website.
Bibliographical Information
Wesley, John. "Commentary on Isaiah 33:19". "John Wesley's Explanatory Notes on the Whole Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/wen/isaiah-33.html. 1765.

John Trapp Complete Commentary

Isaiah 33:19 Thou shalt not see a fierce people, a people of a deeper speech than thou canst perceive; of a stammering tongue, [that thou canst] not understand.

Ver. 19. Thou shalt not see a fierce people.] Or, Look not upon a fierce people; or, as some render it, a barbarous people, of a stammering tongue, that thou canst not understand. Such as are most of the schoolmen. Seven years, said one, are but sufficient to understand the barbarisms of Scotus upon Lombard. But rather look upon Zion.

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Bibliographical Information
Trapp, John. "Commentary on Isaiah 33:19". John Trapp Complete Commentary. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/jtc/isaiah-33.html. 1865-1868.

Thomas Coke Commentary on the Holy Bible

Isaiah 33:19. Thou shalt not see a fierce people While the people of God should see the king in his beauty, while they should see their land widely extending itself, they should no more see a barbarous enemy, or one of a stammering tongue and foreign speech, which they could not understand. They should be freed from a cruel and troublesome enemy, whose aspect and commerce had been a terror to them. Compare Daniel 8:23 where Antiochus Epiphanes is called a king of fierce countenance; and see Jeremiah 5:15. This, likewise, though primarily referring to the times of the Maccabees, has, mystically, its full completion only in the oeconomy of the Gospel.

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Coke, Thomas. "Commentary on Isaiah 33:19". Thomas Coke Commentary on the Holy Bible. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/tcc/isaiah-33.html. 1801-1803.

Matthew Poole's English Annotations on the Holy Bible

Thou shalt not see a fierce people: as Moses said of the Egyptians, Exodus 14:13, so I say of the Assyrians, that fierce and warlike people, whom thou-hast seen, with great terror, near the walls of Jerusalem, Thou shalt see them again no more.

A people of a deeper speech than thou canst perceive; a foreign nation, whose language is abstruse and unknown to thee.

Of a stammering tongue; of which see on Isaiah 28:11.

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Bibliographical Information
Poole, Matthew, "Commentary on Isaiah 33:19". Matthew Poole's English Annotations on the Holy Bible. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/mpc/isaiah-33.html. 1685.

Joseph Benson's Commentary of the Old and New Testaments

Isaiah 33:19. Thou shalt not see a fierce people — As Moses said of the Egyptians, (Exodus 14:13,) The Egyptians, whom you have seen to- day, you shall see them again no more; so I say of the Assyrians, that fierce and warlike people, whom thou hast seen, with great terror, near the walls of Jerusalem, thou shalt see them again no more; a people of a deeper speech, &c. — A foreign nation whose language is unknown to thee. Of a stammering tongue, &c. — Of which see on Isaiah 28:11.

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Benson, Joseph. "Commentary on Isaiah 33:19". Joseph Benson's Commentary. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/rbc/isaiah-33.html. 1857.

George Haydock's Catholic Bible Commentary

Shameless, unjust Assyrians, Luke xviii. 2. When shame is gone, people give way to every excess. --- Profound. Unknown to the Jews, 4 Kings xviii. 26. --- No wisdom, manners, or piety.

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Haydock, George Leo. "Commentary on Isaiah 33:19". "George Haydock's Catholic Bible Commentary". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/hcc/isaiah-33.html. 1859.

E.W. Bullinger's Companion Bible Notes

fierce, &c. Reference to Pentateuch (Deuteronomy 28:49, Deuteronomy 28:50).

stammering = jabbering.

tongue. Put by Figure of speech Metonymy (of Cause), for the language spoken by it.

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Bullinger, Ethelbert William. "Commentary on Isaiah 33:19". "E.W. Bullinger's Companion bible Notes". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/bul/isaiah-33.html. 1909-1922.

Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible - Unabridged

Thou shalt not see a fierce people, a people of a deeper speech than thou canst perceive; of a stammering tongue, that thou canst not understand.

Thou shalt not see a fierce people - The Assyrians shall not be allowed to enter Jerusalem (2 Kings 19:32). Or, Thou shalt not any longer see fierce enemies threatening thee as previously: such as the Assyrians, Romans, and the last antichristian host that is yet to assail Jerusalem (Deuteronomy 28:49-50; Jeremiah 5:15; Zechariah 14:2).

A people of a deeper speech than thou canst perceive - i:e., of unintelligible language.

Of a stammering tongue - foreign, barbarous. The Assyrian tongue differed only in dialect from the Hebrew; but in the Assyrian levies were many of non-Semitic race and language, as the Medes, Elamites, etc. (note, Isaiah 28:11.)

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Bibliographical Information
Jamieson, Robert, D.D.; Fausset, A. R.; Brown, David. "Commentary on Isaiah 33:19". "Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible - Unabridged". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/jfu/isaiah-33.html. 1871-8.

Ellicott's Commentary for English Readers

(19) Thou shalt not see a fierce people . . .—Better, The fierce people thou shalt not see . . . The words answer the question just asked. The whole Assyrian army, with their barbarous, unintelligible speech (Isaiah 28:11), shall have passed away.

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Ellicott, Charles John. "Commentary on Isaiah 33:19". "Ellicott's Commentary for English Readers". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/ebc/isaiah-33.html. 1905.

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

Thou shalt not see a fierce people, a people of a deeper speech than thou canst perceive; of a stammering tongue, that thou canst not understand.
shall not
Exodus 14:13; Deuteronomy 28:49,50; 2 Kings 19:32
deeper
28:11; Jeremiah 5:15; Ezekiel 3:5,6; 1 Corinthians 14:21
stammering
or, ridiculous.
Reciprocal: Isaiah 51:13 - where is

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Bibliographical Information
Torrey, R. A. "Commentary on Isaiah 33:19". "The Treasury of Scripture Knowledge". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/tsk/isaiah-33.html.

Calvin's Commentary on the Bible

19.Thou shaft not see a fierce people. The word נועז (nognaz) is translated by some “strong,” and by others “impudent;” but, undoubtedly, he intends to express the fierceness of the Assyrians, which he afterwards affirms by saying that they would have no intercourse with them, because they spoke a different language. Nothing is more fitted to excite men to compassion than the intercourse of speech, by which men explain their distresses to each other. When this is wanting, there can be no means of gaining their hearts; each party is a barbarian to the other; and nothing more can be obtained from them than if one were dealing with wild and savage beasts. The Prophet, therefore, dwells largely on the wretched condition of the people, in order to shew, on the other hand, how great was the kindness of God in delivering them from so great terror. In like manner, the Holy Spirit magnifies the grace of God, in preserving his people in Egypt, though

“they did not understand the language of that nation.”
(
Psalms 131:5.)

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Bibliographical Information
Calvin, John. "Commentary on Isaiah 33:19". "Calvin's Commentary on the Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/cal/isaiah-33.html. 1840-57.