Verse-by-Verse Bible Commentary

Job 30:6

So that they dwell in dreadful valleys, In holes of the earth and of the rocks.
New American Standard Version

Bible Study Resources

Concordances:
Nave's Topical Bible - Persecution;   Thompson Chain Reference - Job;   Torrey's Topical Textbook - Rocks;   Valleys;  
Dictionaries:
American Tract Society Bible Dictionary - Horites or Horim;   Fausset Bible Dictionary - Hori;   Job;   Holman Bible Dictionary - Job, the Book of;   Hastings' Dictionary of the Bible - Rock;   Hastings' Dictionary of the New Testament - Paronomasia ;   Smith Bible Dictionary - Ut;  
Encyclopedias:
International Standard Bible Encyclopedia - Cave;   Cleft;   Rock;  

Adam Clarke Commentary

To dwell in the cliffs of the valleys - They were obliged to take shelter in the most dangerous, out-of-the-way, and unfrequented places. This is the meaning.

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Clarke, Adam. "Commentary on Job 30:6". "The Adam Clarke Commentary". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/acc/job-30.html. 1832.

Albert Barnes' Notes on the Whole Bible

To dwell in the cliffs of the valleys - The word here rendered “cliffs” (ערוץ ‛ârûts ) denotes rather “horror,” or something “horrid,” and the sense here is, that they dwelt in “the horrer of valleys;” that is, in horrid valleys. The idea is that of deep and frightful glens, where wild beasts ranged, far from the abodes of men, and surrounded by frightful wastes. The word rendered “valleys” (נחל nachal ) means properly a brook, stream, water-course - what is now called a wady; a place where the winter torrents run, but which is usually dry in summer; see the notes at Job 6:15.

In caves of the earth - Margin, as in Hebrew “holes.” Septuagint “Whose houses are - πρῶγλαι πετρῶν trōglai petrōn - caverns of the rocks;” that is, who are “Troglodytes.” Caves furnished a natural dwelling for the poor and the outcast, and it is well known that it was not uncommon in Egypt, and in the deserts of Arabia, to occupy such caves as a habitation; see Diod. Sic. Lib. iii. xiv. and Strabo, Lib. 16,

And in the rocks - The caverns of the rocks. Dr. Richardson found a large number of such dwellings in the vicinity of Thebes, many of which were large and beautifully formed and sculptured with many curious devices. Mr. Rich, also, saw a large number of such caves not far from Mousal. Residence in Koordistan, vol. ii. p. 94.

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Barnes, Albert. "Commentary on Job 30:6". "Barnes' Notes on the Whole Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/bnb/job-30.html. 1870.

John Gill's Exposition of the Whole Bible

To dwell in the cliffs of the valleys,.... Or "brooks"F12נחלים "torrentium", Tigurine version, Pagninus, Montanus, &c. , in such hollow places as were made by floods and streams of waters:

in caves of the earth, and in the rocks; where they betook themselves for fear of men, and through shame, being naked and miserable not fit to be seen: Job has respect to the Horites and Troglodytes, his neighbours, who dwelt in such places chiefly.

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The New John Gill's Exposition of the Entire Bible Modernised and adapted for the computer by Larry Pierce of Online Bible. All Rights Reserved, Larry Pierce, Winterbourne, Ontario.
A printed copy of this work can be ordered from: The Baptist Standard Bearer, 1 Iron Oaks Dr, Paris, AR, 72855
Bibliographical Information
Gill, John. "Commentary on Job 30:6". "The New John Gill Exposition of the Entire Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/geb/job-30.html. 1999.

Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible

They are forced “to dwell.”

cliffs of the valleys — rather, “in the gloomy valleys”; literally, “in the gloom of the valleys,” or wadies. To dwell in valleys is, in the East, a mark of wretchedness. The troglodytes, in parts of Arabia, lived in such dwellings as caves.

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These files are a derivative of an electronic edition prepared from text scanned by Woodside Bible Fellowship.
This expanded edition of the Jameison-Faussett-Brown Commentary is in the public domain and may be freely used and distributed.
Bibliographical Information
Jamieson, Robert, D.D.; Fausset, A. R.; Brown, David. "Commentary on Job 30:6". "Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/jfb/job-30.html. 1871-8.

John Trapp Complete Commentary

Job 30:6 To dwell in the clifts of the valleys, [in] caves of the earth, and [in] the rocks.

Ver. 6. To dwell in the cliffs of the valleys] Like wild beasts and serpents; which these idle persons will rather choose to do, and suffer any hardship, than labour for their livings, and do good in their places; earning it before they eat, and contributing something to the public welfare, as bees bring their honey to the common hive; this, those that will not do, are worthily cast out, and made to dwell in the cliffs, &c. In the time of Cato Censorius, when any one would be a citizen of Rome, they took his hand between theirs; and if it felt smooth and soft, they presently, as an idle vagabond, gave him his dimissal; but if hard and knotty, they forthwith admitted him to dwell in their city. And if a malefactor were apprehended whose hands were labouring hands, his punishment should be mitigated, though his crime were grievous; as if otherwise, a severe punishment was inflicted for a light offence.

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Bibliographical Information
Trapp, John. "Commentary on Job 30:6". John Trapp Complete Commentary. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/jtc/job-30.html. 1865-1868.

Matthew Poole's English Annotations on the Holy Bible

As unworthy of human society, and for their beggary and dishonesty suspected and avoided of all men.

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Poole, Matthew, "Commentary on Job 30:6". Matthew Poole's English Annotations on the Holy Bible. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/mpc/job-30.html. 1685.

Whedon's Commentary on the Bible

6.Clefts of the valleys — Literally, Horror of the gorges. Dwelling in valleys, Umbreit says, is in the East a mark of poverty and wretchedness.

Caves Hhorim, as in the margin, holes of the earth, whence the word Horites, those who dwell in holes and caves — the aborigines of Idumaea. (Deuteronomy 2:12; Deuteronomy 2:22.) See note Job 24:2. The treatment that they and their ancestors had received at the hand of their conquerors led them to improve every opportunity of revenge, as is evident from their persecution of Job, whom misfortune had thrown into their power. Then, too, fallen human nature takes pleasure in maltreating those who have fallen from a higher plane to that of a lower one. Wolves devour a wolf when no longer capable of self-defence.

 

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Whedon, Daniel. "Commentary on Job 30:6". "Whedon's Commentary on the Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/whe/job-30.html. 1874-1909.

George Haydock's Catholic Bible Commentary

Gravel of the torrents. (Menochius) --- Hebrew, "in the rocks," living like the Troglodites. (Haydock)

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Haydock, George Leo. "Commentary on Job 30:6". "George Haydock's Catholic Bible Commentary". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/hcc/job-30.html. 1859.

Mark Dunagan Commentary on the Bible

"Since they are not welcome in any community, they live in the dreadful ravines among the rocks. Job bitterly relates how even these people taunt him, now that he is also an outcast living on a dunghill" (p. 295). Even these people think they are better than me!

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Dunagan, Mark. "Commentary on Job 30:6". "Mark Dunagan Commentaries on the Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/dun/job-30.html. 1999-2014.

E.W. Bullinger's Companion Bible Notes

cliffs. = ravines; or, most dreadful ravines.

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Bullinger, Ethelbert William. "Commentary on Job 30:6". "E.W. Bullinger's Companion bible Notes". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/bul/job-30.html. 1909-1922.

Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible - Unabridged

To dwell in the cliffs of the valleys, in caves of the earth, and in the rocks. To dwell in the cliffs of the valleys, in caves of the earth, and in the rocks.

They are forced to dwell in the cliffs of the valleys - rather, 'in the gloomy (literally, gloom of) valleys,' or wadys [ ba`

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These files are public domain.
Text Courtesy of BibleSupport.com. Used by Permission.
Bibliographical Information
Jamieson, Robert, D.D.; Fausset, A. R.; Brown, David. "Commentary on Job 30:6". "Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible - Unabridged". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/jfu/job-30.html. 1871-8.

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

To dwell in the clifts of the valleys, in caves of the earth, and in the rocks.
dwell
Judges 6:2; 1 Samuel 22:1,2; Isaiah 2:19; Revelation 6:15
caves
Heb. holes.
Reciprocal: Isaiah 2:10 - Enter;  Isaiah 2:21 - go

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Bibliographical Information
Torrey, R. A. "Commentary on Job 30:6". "The Treasury of Scripture Knowledge". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/tsk/job-30.html.