Verse-by-Verse Bible Commentary

Job 33:10

‘Behold, He invents pretexts against me; He counts me as His enemy.
New American Standard Version

Bible Study Resources

Concordances:
Nave's Topical Bible - Blasphemy;  
Dictionaries:
Holman Bible Dictionary - Job, the Book of;   Hastings' Dictionary of the Bible - Pit;   People's Dictionary of the Bible - Elihu;  
Encyclopedias:
International Standard Bible Encyclopedia - Count;  

Albert Barnes' Notes on the Whole Bible

Behold, he findeth occasions against me - That is, God. This is not exactly the language of Job, though much that he had said had seemed to imply this. The idea is, that God sought opportunity to oppose him; that he was desirous to find in him some ground or reason for punishing him; that he wished to be hostile to him, and was narrowly on the watch to find an opportunity which would justify his bringing calamity upon him. The word rendered “occasions” - תנואה tenû'âh is from נוא nû' in the Hiphil, הניא hāniy' - to refuse, decline; to hinder, restrain, Numbers 30:6, Numbers 30:9, Numbers 30:12; and hence, the noun means, a holding back, a withdrawal, an alienation; and hence, the idea is, that God sought to be alienated from Job. The Vulgate renders it, “He seeks complaints (querales ) against me.” The Septuagint, μέμψιν mempsin - accusation. Umbreit, Feindshaft, enmity. So Gesenius and Noyes. “He counteth me for his enemy.” This is language which Job had used; see Job 19:11.

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Barnes, Albert. "Commentary on Job 33:10". "Barnes' Notes on the Whole Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/bnb/job-33.html. 1870.

John Gill's Exposition of the Whole Bible

Behold, he findeth occasions against me,.... That is, sought in order to find them; so Job in some places suggests, that God inquired after his sins, and sought diligently after them, that he might have something to bring against him; and because he could not find great sins, gross enormities, he sought after lesser sins; so some render the word, "staggerings", "totterings"F8תנואות "vacillationes", Cocceius; "aut mutationes", Michaelis. ; frailties, failings, and infirmities; and because he could find none of late of a very heinous nature, he went back as far as the sins of his youth; see Job 10:6; and this in order to pick a quarrel with him; and so Mr. Broughton renders the words, "lo, he picketh quarrels against me"; or that he might have just reason to depart from him, or to break from him, or to break off friendship with him, or to break him to pieces in his estate, family, and health; all which senses some observe the words will bear: but it would be needless for God to seek in order to find occasions against men; there is enough ready at hand, the sins that are about them; and to represent the Lord as dealing thus with good men is to represent him as acting contrary to the declarations and methods of his grace; yea, as doing what wicked men do to good men, as the enemies of David, Daniel, and Jeremiah, did to them; nay, even as Satan himself does, who goes about and seeks for, and picks up accusations against the saints; this must be owned to be a very irreverent and unbecoming expression of Job's, and for which he deserved to be sharply rebuked, as well as for some following ones, and for which he afterwards was thoroughly humbled:

he counteth me for his enemy; this he had often said, but very wrongly; See Gill on Job 13:24, and See Gill on Job 16:9, and See Gill on Job 19:11.

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The New John Gill's Exposition of the Entire Bible Modernised and adapted for the computer by Larry Pierce of Online Bible. All Rights Reserved, Larry Pierce, Winterbourne, Ontario.
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Bibliographical Information
Gill, John. "Commentary on Job 33:10". "The New John Gill Exposition of the Entire Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/geb/job-33.html. 1999.

Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible

occasions — for hostility; literally, “enmities” (Job 13:24; Job 16:9; Job 19:11; Job 30:21).

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These files are a derivative of an electronic edition prepared from text scanned by Woodside Bible Fellowship.
This expanded edition of the Jameison-Faussett-Brown Commentary is in the public domain and may be freely used and distributed.
Bibliographical Information
Jamieson, Robert, D.D.; Fausset, A. R.; Brown, David. "Commentary on Job 33:10". "Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/jfb/job-33.html. 1871-8.

John Trapp Complete Commentary

Job 33:10 Behold, he findeth occasions against me, he counteth me for his enemy,

Ver. 10. Behold, he findeth occasions against me] Or, breaches; he picks quarrels with me, and would fain find out somewhat in my carriage wherefore to break friendship with me, and to break me in pieces. But did Job ever say in this sort? Not expressly so; but by consequence, and to the same purpose, Job 9:17; Job 13:24; Job 14:17; Job 16:9; Job 19:11.

He counteth me for his enemy] This indeed he had said, and somewhat more, Job 13:24; Job 16:9; Job 30:21, as if God, of his mere pleasure, had made cruel wars upon him, and exercised all kind of hostility against him, as a vanquished enemy. {See Trapp on "Job 13:24"} {See Trapp on "Job 19:11"}

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Bibliographical Information
Trapp, John. "Commentary on Job 33:10". John Trapp Complete Commentary. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/jtc/job-33.html. 1865-1868.

Thomas Coke Commentary on the Holy Bible

Job 33:10. Behold he findeth occasions against me The first branch of this passage, Behold he findeth occasions against me; or, as Heath and others render it, He inventeth cruelties against me, is not to be found in Job's speeches; and as for the other branch, which occurs, chap. Job 13:24 we have there observed, that though there may be something faulty in the expostulation; yet it is much alleviated by the expressions of humility which precede and follow it. See the note on that place.

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Coke, Thomas. "Commentary on Job 33:10". Thomas Coke Commentary on the Holy Bible. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/tcc/job-33.html. 1801-1803.

Matthew Poole's English Annotations on the Holy Bible

He picketh quarrels with me, and watcheth over and searcheth after all my errors and frailties, as Job said, Job 10:6 14:16,17; severely marking what is amiss in me, that thence he may take occasion to punish me worse than mine iniquities deserve. Though I have endeavoured to be his friend and faithful servant all my days, yet he treats me like an enemy. This Job said Job 13:24 19:11.

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Poole, Matthew, "Commentary on Job 33:10". Matthew Poole's English Annotations on the Holy Bible. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/mpc/job-33.html. 1685.

Whedon's Commentary on the Bible

10.Occasions — Rather, enmities, hostilities.

 

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Whedon, Daniel. "Commentary on Job 33:10". "Whedon's Commentary on the Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/whe/job-33.html. 1874-1909.

George Haydock's Catholic Bible Commentary

Complaints. Something similar had indeed come from Job's lips; (chap. xiv. 17., and xx. 21.) not that he pretended that God sought to find him guilty without cause; but he meant that He treated him as an enemy, for some secret purpose. (Calmet)

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Haydock, George Leo. "Commentary on Job 33:10". "George Haydock's Catholic Bible Commentary". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/hcc/job-33.html. 1859.

Mark Dunagan Commentary on the Bible

He had also heard Job accuse God of being his enemy (13:27; 7:17-20). Here he rehearses Job"s complaints that God had been harassing him.

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Dunagan, Mark. "Commentary on Job 33:10". "Mark Dunagan Commentaries on the Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/dun/job-33.html. 1999-2014.

E.W. Bullinger's Companion Bible Notes

findeth = seeketh. Compare Numbers 14:35; Numbers 32:7.

He counteth. Some codices, with one early printed edition, Septuagint, Syriac, and Vulgate, read "that He may count".

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Bullinger, Ethelbert William. "Commentary on Job 33:10". "E.W. Bullinger's Companion bible Notes". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/bul/job-33.html. 1909-1922.

Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible - Unabridged

Behold, he findeth occasions against me, he counteth me for his enemy,

Occasions - for hostility: literally, enmities (Job 13:24; Job 16:9; Job 19:11; Job 30:21). [ t

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Bibliographical Information
Jamieson, Robert, D.D.; Fausset, A. R.; Brown, David. "Commentary on Job 33:10". "Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible - Unabridged". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/jfu/job-33.html. 1871-8.

Ellicott's Commentary for English Readers

(10) Behold, he findeth occasions against me.—See Job 13:24; Job 13:26-27; Job 19:11.

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Ellicott, Charles John. "Commentary on Job 33:10". "Ellicott's Commentary for English Readers". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/ebc/job-33.html. 1905.

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

Behold, he findeth occasions against me, he counteth me for his enemy,
he findeth
9:30,31; 10:15-17; 13:25; 14:16; 34:5
he counteth
13:24; 16:9; 19:11; 30:21; 31:35
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Torrey, R. A. "Commentary on Job 33:10". "The Treasury of Scripture Knowledge". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/tsk/job-33.html.