Verse-by-Verse Bible Commentary

Job 33:21

"His flesh wastes away from sight, And his bones which were not seen stick out.
New American Standard Version

Bible Study Resources

Concordances:
Nave's Topical Bible - Afflictions and Adversities;   Agency;   Conviction;   God;   God Continued...;   Philosophy;   Wicked (People);   The Topic Concordance - Deliverance;   Grace;   Prayer;   Torrey's Topical Textbook - Sickness;  
Dictionaries:
Fausset Bible Dictionary - Pitch;   Proverbs, the Book of;   Holman Bible Dictionary - Job, the Book of;   Hastings' Dictionary of the Bible - Job;   Pit;   Hastings' Dictionary of the New Testament - Eschatology (2);   People's Dictionary of the Bible - Elihu;  
Encyclopedias:
International Standard Bible Encyclopedia - Gazing-Stock;   Job, Book of;  

Adam Clarke Commentary

His flesh is consumed away - As in atrophy, marasmus, and consumptive complaints in general.

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Bibliographical Information
Clarke, Adam. "Commentary on Job 33:21". "The Adam Clarke Commentary". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/acc/job-33.html. 1832.

Albert Barnes' Notes on the Whole Bible

His flesh is consumed away, that it cannot be seen - He wastes away. His flesh, once vigorous, beautiful, and fair, now disappears. This is not a mere description of the nature of his sickness, but it is a description of the disciplinary arrangements of God. It is an important part of his affliction, as a part of the discipline, that his flesh vanishes, and that his appearance is so changed that he becomes repulsive to the view.

And his bones that were not seen, stick out - His bones were before invisible. They were carefully concealed by the rounded muscle, and by the fat which filled up the interstices, so that they were not offensive to the view. But now the protuberances of his bones can be seen, for God has reduced him to the condition of a skeleton. This is one of the common effects of disease, and this shows the strength of the discipline which God contemplates. The parts of the human frame which in health are carefully hid from the view, as being unsightly, become now prominent, and can be hidden no longer. One design is to humble us; to take away the pride which delighted in the round and polished limb, the rose on the cheek, the ruby lip, and the smooth forehead; and to show us what we shall soon be in the grave.

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Barnes, Albert. "Commentary on Job 33:21". "Barnes' Notes on the Whole Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/bnb/job-33.html. 1870.

John Gill's Exposition of the Whole Bible

His flesh is consumed away, that it cannot be seen,.... All being gone, none left to be seen, nothing but skin and bones; and this partly through the vehemence of strong pain, and partly through the nausea of food; not being able to take anything for nourishment and the support of the fluids, and so quite emaciated:

and his bones that were not seen stick out: which before were covered with flesh and fat, so that they could not be seen; but now the flesh and fat being wasted, they seem as if they rose up in an eminence, and stood out to be beheld; this was also Job's case, being reduced to a mere skeleton, Job 19:20. Elihu, in this description of an afflicted man, seems to have Job chiefly in view, and by this would intimate to him that God had been, and was speaking to him by those afflictions, which he would do well to advert unto.

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The New John Gill's Exposition of the Entire Bible Modernised and adapted for the computer by Larry Pierce of Online Bible. All Rights Reserved, Larry Pierce, Winterbourne, Ontario.
A printed copy of this work can be ordered from: The Baptist Standard Bearer, 1 Iron Oaks Dr, Paris, AR, 72855
Bibliographical Information
Gill, John. "Commentary on Job 33:21". "The New John Gill Exposition of the Entire Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/geb/job-33.html. 1999.

Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible

His flesh once prominent “can no more be seen.” His bones once not seen now appear prominent.

stick out — literally, “are bare.” The Margin, Hebrew (Keri) reading. The text (Chetib) reads it a noun “(are become) bareness.” The Keri was no doubt an explanatory reading of transcribers.

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These files are a derivative of an electronic edition prepared from text scanned by Woodside Bible Fellowship.
This expanded edition of the Jameison-Faussett-Brown Commentary is in the public domain and may be freely used and distributed.
Bibliographical Information
Jamieson, Robert, D.D.; Fausset, A. R.; Brown, David. "Commentary on Job 33:21". "Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/jfb/job-33.html. 1871-8.

John Trapp Complete Commentary

Job 33:21 His flesh is consumed away, that it cannot be seen; and his bones [that] were not seen stick out.

Ver. 21. His flesh is consumed away, that it cannot be seen] He that was habilior paulo, corpulent and well lined within, as we say, is so pined with long sickness, that you can hardly know him for the same man, and he may well cry out with the prophet, My leanness, my leanness! Of Christ it is said (though not through sickness), that he had "no form nor comeliness" (and yet he was the fairest among men, Psalms 45:2), through grief and sufferances, "neither was there any beauty left that we should desire him," for his outside, Isaiah 53:2. And of Mr Fox, the martyrologue, it is reported, that having with infinite pains finished that elaborate work of his, the Acts and Monuments of the Church, in eleven years’ time, never using the help of any other man, he grew thereupon so lean and withered, that his friends knew him not (Mr Clark in his Life). Now if sorrow and hard study will so macerate a man, what marvel if long and sharp sickness, and thereby extreme stomachlessness, cause leanness and deformity?

And his bones that were not seen] But could hardly be felt for flesh and fat; now they stick out as in an anatomy, so that you may count them, as also the veins and sinews; his body is become a very bag of bones, a skin bottle in the smoke, as David hath it.

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Bibliographical Information
Trapp, John. "Commentary on Job 33:21". John Trapp Complete Commentary. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/jtc/job-33.html. 1865-1868.

Matthew Poole's English Annotations on the Holy Bible

His flesh is consumed away, through pain and pining sickness.

That it cannot be seen; because there is none left to be seen; but he who before was fat and flourishing, is now become a mere skeleton.

That were not seen, formerly, because they were covered with flesh and fat. But this clause, is and may be rendered thus, and his bones are broken, and are not seen; which is to be metaphorically understood.

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Bibliographical Information
Poole, Matthew, "Commentary on Job 33:21". Matthew Poole's English Annotations on the Holy Bible. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/mpc/job-33.html. 1685.

Whedon's Commentary on the Bible

21.Bones that were not seen — “Wasted are his bones, they no more are seen” — thus the Kethib.

 

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Whedon, Daniel. "Commentary on Job 33:21". "Whedon's Commentary on the Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/whe/job-33.html. 1874-1909.

George Haydock's Catholic Bible Commentary

Bare. The skin will scarcely cover them. He will appear ghastly, like a skeleton. (Calmet) --- Hebrew, "his bones....shall stick out." (Protestants) (Haydock)

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Bibliographical Information
Haydock, George Leo. "Commentary on Job 33:21". "George Haydock's Catholic Bible Commentary". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/hcc/job-33.html. 1859.

Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible - Unabridged

His flesh is consumed away, that it cannot be seen; and his bones that were not seen stick out.

His flesh, once prominent, 'can no more be seen.' His bones, once not seen, now appear prominent.

Stick out - literally, are bare [ shupuw (Hebrew #8205)]. The Hebrew margin (Qeri') reading. The text (Kethibh) reads it a noun (are become), 'bareness' [ sh

Copyright Statement
These files are public domain.
Text Courtesy of BibleSupport.com. Used by Permission.
Bibliographical Information
Jamieson, Robert, D.D.; Fausset, A. R.; Brown, David. "Commentary on Job 33:21". "Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible - Unabridged". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/jfu/job-33.html. 1871-8.

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

His flesh is consumed away, that it cannot be seen; and his bones that were not seen stick out.
His flesh
7:5; 13:28; 14:20,22; 19:20; Psalms 32:3,4; 39:11; 102:3-5; Proverbs 5:11
his bones
Psalms 22:15-17
Reciprocal: Psalm 22:17 - I may;  Lamentations 4:8 - their skin;  Hebrews 2:15 - deliver

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These files are public domain.
Text Courtesy of BibleSupport.com. Used by Permission.
Bibliographical Information
Torrey, R. A. "Commentary on Job 33:21". "The Treasury of Scripture Knowledge". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/tsk/job-33.html.