Verse-by-Verse Bible Commentary

Job 33:29

"Behold, God does all these oftentimes with men,
New American Standard Version

Bible Study Resources

Concordances:
Nave's Topical Bible - Afflictions and Adversities;   Agency;   Conviction;   God;   God Continued...;   Philosophy;   Wicked (People);   The Topic Concordance - Deliverance;   Desire;   Enlightenment;   Grace;   Justification;   Light;  
Dictionaries:
American Tract Society Bible Dictionary - Job;   Fausset Bible Dictionary - Proverbs, the Book of;   Holman Bible Dictionary - Job, the Book of;   Sheol;   Hastings' Dictionary of the Bible - Pit;   Hastings' Dictionary of the New Testament - Advocate ;   People's Dictionary of the Bible - Elihu;  
Encyclopedias:
The Jewish Encyclopedia - Azulai, Azulay;   Numbers and Numerals;   Sin;  

Adam Clarke Commentary

Lo, all these things worketh God - God frequently uses one, or another, or all of these means, to bring men, גבר gaber, stout-hearted men, who are far from righteousness, to holiness and heaven.

Oftentimes - שלש פעמים paamayim shalosh, "three times over;" or as פעמים paamayim is by the points in the dual number, then it signifies twice three times, that is, again and again; very frequently. Blessed be God!

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Clarke, Adam. "Commentary on Job 33:29". "The Adam Clarke Commentary". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/acc/job-33.html. 1832.

Albert Barnes' Notes on the Whole Bible

Lo, all these things worketh God - That is, he takes all these methods to warn people, and to reclaim them from their evil ways.

Oftentimes - Hebrew as in the margin, twice, thrice. This may be taken either as it is by our translators, to denote an indefinite number, meaning that God takes frequent occasion to warn people, and repeats the admonition when they disregard it, or more probably Elihu refers here to the particular methods which he had specified, and which were three in number. First, warnings in the visions of the night, Job 33:14-17. Second, afflictions, Job 33:19-22. Third, the messenger which God sent to make the sufferer acquainted with the design of the affliction, and to assure him that he might return to God, Job 33:23-26. So the Septuagint understands it, which rendered it, ὁδοὺς τρεῖς hodous treis - three ways, referring to the three methods which Elihu had specified.

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Barnes, Albert. "Commentary on Job 33:29". "Barnes' Notes on the Whole Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/bnb/job-33.html. 1870.

Coffman Commentaries on the Bible

IF THOU HAST ANYTHING TO SAY; ANSWER ME!

"Lo, all these things doth God work,

Twice, yea thrice, with a man,

To bring back his soul from the pit,

That he may be enlightened with the light of the living.

Mark well, O Job, hearken unto me:

Hold thy peace, and I will speak.

If thou hast anything to say, answer me:

Speak, for I desire to justify thee.

If not, hearken thou unto me:

Hold thy peace, and I will teach thee wisdom."

Job responded to Elihu's challenge in exactly the proper manner, ignoring it completely. Job was fully conscious of his absolute integrity before God; and nothing that Elihu had said or would say later moved Job in even the slightest degree from that confidence.

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Coffman Commentaries reproduced by permission of Abilene Christian University Press, Abilene, Texas, USA. All other rights reserved.
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Coffman, James Burton. "Commentary on Job 33:29". "Coffman Commentaries on the Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/bcc/job-33.html. Abilene Christian University Press, Abilene, Texas, USA. 1983-1999.

John Gill's Exposition of the Whole Bible

Lo, all these things worketh God oftentimes with man. This is a summary or recapitulation of what goes before, from Job 33:15; God is an operating Being, he is always at work in a providential way: "my father worketh hitherto", John 5:17; sometimes on the minds of men in dreams and visions; and sometimes by affliction; and sometimes by his prophets, messengers and ministers of the word; he works with and by these, and all according to the internal workings and actings of his mind, his eternal purposes and decrees, which are hereby brought about: and these he works "oftentimes", or, as in the original, "twice"F23פעמים שלש "bis aut ter", Tigurine version; "bis et ter", Beza; "bis, ter", Mercerus, Cocceius. ; therefore when once is not sufficient, he repeats it in dreams and visions; when men are not admonished by one, he comes to them in another: and afflictions, when one does not bring men to repentance, or answer a good purpose, he sends another; and continues the ministry of the word, in which he waits to be gracious, till all his people are brought to repentance, and all his ends answered by it: and all this he works "with man", his darling object, the special care of his providence; and for whom his great concern is in redemption and salvation. He works with men distributively considered, with various men, in the several ways before expressed; and with men personally and individually; to one and the same man he has often appeared in dreams and visions, and on the same person has laid his afflicting hand again and again; and to the same individual has given line upon line, and precept upon precept. And because this is certain and to be depended upon as truth, and is worthy of notice and consideration, as well as is very wonderful and astonishing, that God should thus be mindful of man, and work with him and for him, "lo", or "behold", is prefixed unto it: the ends for which all this is done follow.

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The New John Gill's Exposition of the Entire Bible Modernised and adapted for the computer by Larry Pierce of Online Bible. All Rights Reserved, Larry Pierce, Winterbourne, Ontario.
A printed copy of this work can be ordered from: The Baptist Standard Bearer, 1 Iron Oaks Dr, Paris, AR, 72855
Bibliographical Information
Gill, John. "Commentary on Job 33:29". "The New John Gill Exposition of the Entire Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/geb/job-33.html. 1999.

Geneva Study Bible

Lo, all these [things] worketh God x oftentimes with man,

(x) Meaning, as often as a sinner repents.
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Beza, Theodore. "Commentary on Job 33:29". "The 1599 Geneva Study Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/gsb/job-33.html. 1599-1645.

Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible

Margin, “twice and thrice,” alluding to Job 33:14; once, by visions, Job 33:15-17; secondly, by afflictions, Job 33:19-22; now, by the “messenger,” thirdly, Job 33:23.

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These files are a derivative of an electronic edition prepared from text scanned by Woodside Bible Fellowship.
This expanded edition of the Jameison-Faussett-Brown Commentary is in the public domain and may be freely used and distributed.
Bibliographical Information
Jamieson, Robert, D.D.; Fausset, A. R.; Brown, David. "Commentary on Job 33:29". "Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/jfb/job-33.html. 1871-8.

Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Lo, all these things worketh God oftentimes with man,

Lo — All these ways God uses to convince, and save sinners.

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These files are public domain and are a derivative of an electronic edition that is available on the Christian Classics Ethereal Library Website.
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Wesley, John. "Commentary on Job 33:29". "John Wesley's Explanatory Notes on the Whole Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/wen/job-33.html. 1765.

John Trapp Complete Commentary

Job 33:29 Lo, all these [things] worketh God oftentimes with man,

Ver. 29. Lo, all these things worketh God oftentimes] Heb. twice, thrice; such is his patience, that he trieth all conclusions, as it were, and beareth long with men’s evil manners; one while casting them down, and making them believe he will pitch them into hell; and another while raising them up again, and restoring them, that if nothing will do he may pay them all at once for the new and the old, as he did Ahab, and Pharaoh, and Nineveh, because they despised "the riches of his goodness, and forbearance, and longsuffering, not knowing," or not weighing, "that the goodness of God should have led them to repentance," Romans 2:4-5. Woe be to him that will not be warned at the first, second, or third time! See Amos 1:3; Amos 2:1, &c., {See Trapp on "Amos 1:3"} {See Trapp on "Amos 2:1"} R. Solomon would thence infer, That God pardoneth a man only thrice; and then if he take not warning, to hell he must; and this he thinketh to be Elihu’s meaning here. But this is to limit the Holy One of Israel, who multiplieth pardon, as we multiply sin, Isaiah 55:7, and further addeth, for our comfort, Job 33:8, that his thoughts are not our thoughts, nor his ways our ways; but as the heavens are higher than the earth, &c. We are apt to measure God by our models, to cast him into a dishonourable mould, and to think him like ourselves in mercy, power, and other of his attributes. Xenophanes was wont to say, that if the creatures were put to paint the Creator, they would surely conceit him to be like themselves, because a creature cannot think of anything higher than a creature. So deal we for the most part with Almighty God. But he is God and not man; he is Jehovah that changeth not, neither is there any God like unto him for pardoning iniquity, not once, but often, Micah 7:18-19; see the note there. He who commandeth us to forgive an offending brother seventy times seven times in a day, if he say, It repenteth me, what will not himself do in such a case?

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Trapp, John. "Commentary on Job 33:29". John Trapp Complete Commentary. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/jtc/job-33.html. 1865-1868.

Matthew Poole's English Annotations on the Holy Bible

All these ways and methods doth God use to awaken, and convince, and save sinners.

Oftentimes with man; either severally, one way with one, and another way with another; or with the same man, trying several means one after another to bring him to repentance, and prepare him for deliverance.

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Poole, Matthew, "Commentary on Job 33:29". Matthew Poole's English Annotations on the Holy Bible. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/mpc/job-33.html. 1685.

Whedon's Commentary on the Bible

The Conclusion — ELIHU REASSERTS THE END OF ALL DIVINE VISITATION TO BE THAT DECLARED IN THE SECOND OF THE THREE MODES HE HAS UNFOLDED. This section serves not only as an epilogue, but as a transition to the second discourse, Job 33:29-33.

29.Oftentimes — Literally, twice, thrice. The Septuagint renders it “three ways,” meaning the three modes given above.

 

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Whedon, Daniel. "Commentary on Job 33:29". "Whedon's Commentary on the Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/whe/job-33.html. 1874-1909.

George Haydock's Catholic Bible Commentary

Times, or often. God instructs man by visions, sickness, and the intercession and inspirations of angels, ver. 14. (Calmet)

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Haydock, George Leo. "Commentary on Job 33:29". "George Haydock's Catholic Bible Commentary". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/hcc/job-33.html. 1859.

Mark Dunagan Commentary on the Bible

All these things, that is, including allowing men to suffer, God does often, for the purpose of saving men. Job"s three friends had argued that suffering was a punishment for sins, while Elihu argues that suffering may be disciplinary, and so serve to prevent sin" (Jackson p. 71). "Elihu viewed suffering as protective, rather than retributive, as a means of keeping man from death rather than as a means of punishment leading him to death. To the three counselors, sickness was the punishment of a judge for sins committed; but for Elihu, illness was God"s way of getting man"s attention, reminding him of what is right, diverting him from sin" (Zuck p. 148).

Elihu is closer to the truth than the three friends, yet even he seems to see some sort of sin connected with suffering (). When God will speak to Job, He will not use an angel (38-41). Elihu is correct is touching upon the disciplinary or teaching nature of suffering and the fact that such is designed to humble men, for pride had become a problem for Job.

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Dunagan, Mark. "Commentary on Job 33:29". "Mark Dunagan Commentaries on the Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/dun/job-33.html. 1999-2014.

Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible - Unabridged

Lo, all these things worketh God oftentimes with man,

Hebrew margin, etc., twice (and) thrice, alluding to Job 33:14 : once by visions, Job 33:15-17; secondly, by afflictions, Job 33:19-22; now by the "messenger;" thirdly, Job 33:23.

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Text Courtesy of BibleSupport.com. Used by Permission.
Bibliographical Information
Jamieson, Robert, D.D.; Fausset, A. R.; Brown, David. "Commentary on Job 33:29". "Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible - Unabridged". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/jfu/job-33.html. 1871-8.

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

Lo, all these things worketh God oftentimes with man,
all
14-17; 1 Corinthians 12:6; 2 Corinthians 5:5; Ephesians 1:11; Philippians 2:13; Colossians 1:29; Hebrews 13:21
oftentimes
Heb. twice and thrice.
14; 40:5; 2 Kings 6:10; 2 Corinthians 12:8
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Torrey, R. A. "Commentary on Job 33:29". "The Treasury of Scripture Knowledge". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/tsk/job-33.html.