Verse-by-Verse Bible Commentary

Job 33:4

"The Spirit of God has made me, And the breath of the Almighty gives me life.
New American Standard Version

Bible Study Resources

Concordances:
Nave's Topical Bible - Breath;   God;   Holy Spirit;   Man;   Scofield Reference Index - Holy Spirit;   Thompson Chain Reference - Creator;   God;   Man;   The Topic Concordance - Creation;   Life;   Man;   Torrey's Topical Textbook - Holy Spirit, the, Is God;   Holy Spirit, the Personality of;   Man;   Titles and Names of the Holy Spirit;   Trinity, the;  
Dictionaries:
Bridgeway Bible Dictionary - Creation;   Holy spirit;   Spirit;   Trinity;   Baker Evangelical Dictionary of Biblical Theology - Holy Spirit;   CARM Theological Dictionary - Trinity;   Holman Bible Dictionary - Breath;   Job, the Book of;   Life;   Spirit;   Hastings' Dictionary of the Bible - Heredity;   Holy Spirit;   Pit;   Hastings' Dictionary of the New Testament - Breathing;   Morrish Bible Dictionary - Job, Book of;   People's Dictionary of the Bible - Elihu;   Wilson's Dictionary of Bible Types - Breath;   Watson's Biblical & Theological Dictionary - Holy Ghost;  
Encyclopedias:
International Standard Bible Encyclopedia - Death;   Eschatology of the Old Testament (with Apocryphal and Apocalyptic Writings);   Holy Spirit;   Psychology;   Soul;   Spirit;   The Jewish Encyclopedia - Holy Spirit;   Life;  

Adam Clarke Commentary

The Spirit of God hath made me - Another plain allusion to the account of the creation of man, Genesis 2:7, as the words נשמת nishmath, the breath or breathing of God, and תחיני techaiyeni, hath given me life, prove: "He breathed into his nostrils the breath of lives, and he became a living soul."

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Bibliographical Information
Clarke, Adam. "Commentary on Job 33:4". "The Adam Clarke Commentary". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/acc/job-33.html. 1832.

Albert Barnes' Notes on the Whole Bible

The Spirit of God hath made me; - see the notes at Job 32:8. There is an evident allusion in this verse to the mode in which man was created, when God breathed into him the breath of life and he became a living being; Genesis 2:7. But it is not quite clear why Elihu adverts here to the fact that God had made him, or what is the bearing of this fact on what he proposed to say. The most probable supposition is, that he means to state that he is, like Job, a man; that both were formed in the same way - from the same breathing of the Almighty, and from the same clay Job 33:6; and that although he bad undertaken to speak to Job in God‘s stead Job 33:6, yet Job had no occasion to fear that he would be overawed and confounded by the Divine Majesty. He had dreaded that, if he should be permitted to bring his case before him (Notes, Job 33:7), but Elihu says that now he would have no such thing to apprehend. Though it would be in fact the same thing as carrying the matter before God - since he came in his name, and meant to state the true principles of his government, yet Job would be also really conducting the cause with a man like himself, and might, unawed, enter with the utmost freedom into the statement of his views.

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Barnes, Albert. "Commentary on Job 33:4". "Barnes' Notes on the Whole Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/bnb/job-33.html. 1870.

The Biblical Illustrator

Job 33:4

The Spirit of God hath made me.

On the general dispensation of the Holy Spirit with respect to the new creation

The Holy Spirit completed the work of creation in all its parts. With respect to the new creation, the work is threefold.

I. His rich and copious influences and operations. The dispensation of the Spirit with respect to the new creation may be considered as follows:--

1. The plentiful effusion of the Spirit’s influences.

2. The ministry of the Spirit, in the Gospel, is called the ministry of the Spirit by way of eminence.

3. In the Gospel the Spirit is promised to all ranks and degrees of men.

4. Our Lord teaches all His disciples to pray for the Spirit (Luke 11:13).

5. The chief comfort which our Lord left to His disciples at His departure was the Spirit.

II. The work of the Spirit with respect to the human nature of Christ, the head of the new creation.

1. Spirit miraculously formed our Lord’s human nature, soul and body, in the womb of the Virgin.

2. He filled the human nature of our Lord with holiness; He sanctifies the new nature of the believer.

3. He carried on the progressive work of grace in our Lord’s soul and body; He carries on the sanctification of the believer unto perfection.

4. He anointed our Lord with all extraordinary powers necessary for the discharge of His offices; He anoints the believer for the discharge of every duty

5. He enabled our Lord to work miracles. He enables the believer to conquer sin and Satan: and are not these great miracles?

6. He directed and comforted our Lord in all His troubles. He directs and comforts believers in all their troubles.

7. He enabled our Lord to offer Himself without spot to God. He enables the believer to meet death in peace and purity.

8. He preserved our Lord’s dead body that it saw no corruption. He will gather the remains of the believer’s body, wherever they are.

9. He raised our Lord from the dead. He will raise the believer at the last day.

10. He glorified our Lord’s human nature. He will glorify the believer, when raised from the tomb.

II. He has borne witness concerning our Lord ever since He raised Him from the dead. He will write the name of the believer in the Book of Life.

III. The work of the Spirit upon the members of Christ’s mystical body. (J. Kidd, D. D.)

The breath of the Almighty hath given me life.--

The value of life

There are two conflicting theories of the origin of man. One brings him upward from the brute, the other downward from God.

1. Life, in its origin, is infinitely important. The birth of a babe is a mighty event. The Scandinavians have a very impressive allegory of human life. They represent it as a tree, the “Igdrasil,” or tree of existence, whose roots grow deep down in the soil of mystery; the trunk reaches above the clouds; its branches spread out over the globe. At the foot of it sit the past, present, and future, watering the roots. Its boughs, with their unleafing, spread out through all lands and all time; every leaf of the tree is a biography, every fibre a word, a thought, or a deed; its boughs are the histories of nations; the rustle of it is the noise of human existence onwards from of old; it grows amid the howling of the hurricane--it is the great tree of humanity.

2. Human life is transcendently precious from the services it may render to God in the advancement of His glory. Man was not created as a piece of guess work, flung into existence as a waif. There is purpose in the creation of every human being. What is the purpose of life? Man was created to be happy, to be holy! That is the double aim of life--duty first, then happiness as the consequence. The highest style of manhood and womanhood is to be attained by consecration to the Son of God.

3. Life is infinitely valuable from the eternal consequences flowing from it. This world is a solemn vestibule of eternity.

Practical thoughts--

1. How careful we ought to be to husband life.

2. What a stupendous crime wanton war becomes!

3. How short life is, yet infinite in its reach and retribution! What sort of life are you living? (T. L. Cuyler, D. D.)

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Bibliographical Information
Exell, Joseph S. "Commentary on "Job 33:4". The Biblical Illustrator. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/tbi/job-33.html. 1905-1909. New York.

John Gill's Exposition of the Whole Bible

The Spirit of God hath made me,.... As a man; so every man is made by God, and not by himself; Father, Son, and Spirit, are his Makers or Creators, as we read of them in the plural number, Psalm 149:2; and this is a proof of the deity of the Spirit, who was not only concerned in the creation of all things, garnishing the heavens, and moving upon the face of the waters on the earth; but in the formation of man:

and the breath of the mighty hath given me life; the same with the Spirit of God, the allusion is to the creation of man at first, when God breathed into him the breath of life, and he became a living soul: life natural is from God, he is the God of our life, he gives all the mercies of life, and by him is this life preserved; and the whole is the effect of almighty power: now this is observed by Elihu to Job, to encourage him to attend to him without fear, since he was a man, a creature of God, as he was: it may be understood of his spiritual formation, the Spirit of God remakes men, or makes them new men, new creatures; this is done in regeneration, which is the work of the Holy Spirit; hence regeneration, and renewing of the Holy Ghost, are put together; and being a work of almighty power, is proof of the deity of the Spirit of God; it is he that quickens men when dead in trespasses and sins, and makes them alive to God; which appears by their spiritual breathings after divine things, and by the exercise of their spiritual senses, and by their performance of spiritual actions; and now Elihu, being a man regenerated and quickened by the Spirit, might more justly claim the attention of Job, since what he should say was what he had heard, felt, and seen, as good man, one that had an experience of divine and spiritual things.

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The New John Gill's Exposition of the Entire Bible Modernised and adapted for the computer by Larry Pierce of Online Bible. All Rights Reserved, Larry Pierce, Winterbourne, Ontario.
A printed copy of this work can be ordered from: The Baptist Standard Bearer, 1 Iron Oaks Dr, Paris, AR, 72855
Bibliographical Information
Gill, John. "Commentary on Job 33:4". "The New John Gill Exposition of the Entire Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/geb/job-33.html. 1999.

Geneva Study Bible

The a Spirit of God hath made me, and the breath of the Almighty hath given me life.

(a) I confess the power of God, and am one of his, therefore you should hear me.
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Bibliographical Information
Beza, Theodore. "Commentary on Job 33:4". "The 1599 Geneva Study Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/gsb/job-33.html. 1599-1645.

Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible

The Spirit of God hath made me — as He did thee: latter clause of Job 33:6 (Genesis 2:7). Therefore thou needest not fear me, as thou wouldest God (Job 33:7; Job 9:34). On the other hand, “the breath of the Almighty hath inspired me” (as Job 32:8); not as English Version, “given me life”; therefore “I am according to thy wish (Job 9:32, Job 9:33) in God‘s stead” to thee; a “daysman,” umpire, or mediator, between God and thee. So Elihu was designed by the Holy Ghost to be a type of Jesus Christ (Job 33:23-26).

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These files are a derivative of an electronic edition prepared from text scanned by Woodside Bible Fellowship.
This expanded edition of the Jameison-Faussett-Brown Commentary is in the public domain and may be freely used and distributed.
Bibliographical Information
Jamieson, Robert, D.D.; Fausset, A. R.; Brown, David. "Commentary on Job 33:4". "Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/jfb/job-33.html. 1871-8.

Wesley's Explanatory Notes

The Spirit of God hath made me, and the breath of the Almighty hath given me life.

Life — I am thy fellow creature, and am ready to discourse with thee upon even terms, according to thy desire.

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These files are public domain and are a derivative of an electronic edition that is available on the Christian Classics Ethereal Library Website.
Bibliographical Information
Wesley, John. "Commentary on Job 33:4". "John Wesley's Explanatory Notes on the Whole Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/wen/job-33.html. 1765.

John Trapp Complete Commentary

Job 33:4 The Spirit of God hath made me, and the breath of the Almighty hath given me life.

Ver. 4. The Spirit of God hath made me] That is, I am God’s creature no less than thou art, made and maintained by the word of his power, by the breath of his mouth; why then may I not utter pure and holy doctrine? since I also am a rational creature; and if the Holy Spirit please to blow upon me, I can turn about like the mill; if to tune and touch me, I can move to make music; if to infuse good notions, I can utter them. Hear me therefore.

And the breath of the Almighty hath given me life] This some will have to be a metaphor taken from the blowing of glasses into this or that shape. It hath been before noted, that the Egyptians worshipped a god whom they knew not, under the shape of a man blowing an egg out of his mouth, to signify that he made the round world by his word (Plut. de Isid. et Osirid.). "By the word of the Lord were the heavens made; and all the host of them by the breath of his mouth," Psalms 33:6. Where some well note the mystery of the Trinity; as others do, not so well, out of this text; by God, understanding the first person; by Almighty, the second; and by the breath of the Almighty, the third. Sed hoc subtilius, saith Mercer.

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Bibliographical Information
Trapp, John. "Commentary on Job 33:4". John Trapp Complete Commentary. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/jtc/job-33.html. 1865-1868.

Sermon Bible Commentary

Job 33:4

The value and power of human life.

I. Life in its origin is infinitely important.

II. Life is transcendently precious from the service it may render God in the advancement of His glory.

III. Life is infinitely valuable on account of the eternal consequences flowing from it.

T. L. Cuyler, Christian World Pulpit, vol. xxviii., p. 49.


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Nicoll, William R. "Commentary on Job 33:4". "Sermon Bible Commentary". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/sbc/job-33.html.

Matthew Poole's English Annotations on the Holy Bible

I am thy fellow creature, made by God’s Spirit, Genesis 1:2, and quickened by that soul which God breathed into man, Genesis 2:7, and therefore fit and ready to discourse with thee upon even and equal terms, according to thy desire.

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Bibliographical Information
Poole, Matthew, "Commentary on Job 33:4". Matthew Poole's English Annotations on the Holy Bible. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/mpc/job-33.html. 1685.

Whedon's Commentary on the Bible

4.The Spirit of God hath made me — See note on Job 32:8. In the origination of every man is thus repeated, according to the view of Scripture, a work as divine as that of Adam’s creation. (Compare DELITZSCH. Psych., 249.) This passage is cited by Theodoret as a proof-text of the divinity of the Holy Spirit.

Hath given me life Giveth me life, quickeneth me. The manifestations of divine power in upholding all things, “cannot be better explained than by calling it a continuous creation.” — Leibnitz.

 

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Whedon, Daniel. "Commentary on Job 33:4". "Whedon's Commentary on the Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/whe/job-33.html. 1874-1909.

George Haydock's Catholic Bible Commentary

Spirit. We are therefore equal. (Menochius) --- Thou canst not fear being overpowered with the divine majesty, in this dispute, chap. xiii. 21. (Calmet) --- Life. Septuagint, "instruction." (Haydock)

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Haydock, George Leo. "Commentary on Job 33:4". "George Haydock's Catholic Bible Commentary". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/hcc/job-33.html. 1859.

Mark Dunagan Commentary on the Bible

Like Job, he is God"s creation (33:6) as well. "One"s view of his genesis will be reflected in his conduct" (Jackson p. 70). Job had also claimed that God had created him (31:15).

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Dunagan, Mark. "Commentary on Job 33:4". "Mark Dunagan Commentaries on the Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/dun/job-33.html. 1999-2014.

E.W. Bullinger's Companion Bible Notes

Spirit. Hebrew. ruach. App-9.

breath. Hebrew. neshamah. See App-16.

THE ALMIGHTY. Hebrew Shaddai. App-4.

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Bullinger, Ethelbert William. "Commentary on Job 33:4". "E.W. Bullinger's Companion bible Notes". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/bul/job-33.html. 1909-1922.

Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible - Unabridged

The Spirit of God hath made me, and the breath of the Almighty hath given me life.

The Spirit of God hath made me - as He did thee: latter clause of Job 33:6 (Genesis 2:7). Therefore thou needest not fear me as thou wouldest God (Job 33:7; Job 9:34). On the other hand, 'the breath of the Almighty hath inspired me' (as Job 32:8); not, as the English version, "given me life:" therefore "I am, according to thy wish (Job 9:32-33), in God's stead" to thee; a "daysman," umpire, or mediator between God and thee. So Elihu was designed by the Holy Spirit to be a type of Jesus Christ (Job 33:23-26).

Copyright Statement
These files are public domain.
Text Courtesy of BibleSupport.com. Used by Permission.
Bibliographical Information
Jamieson, Robert, D.D.; Fausset, A. R.; Brown, David. "Commentary on Job 33:4". "Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible - Unabridged". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/jfu/job-33.html. 1871-8.

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

The Spirit of God hath made me, and the breath of the Almighty hath given me life.
10:12; 32:8; Genesis 2:7; Psalms 33:6; Romans 8:2; 1 Corinthians 15:45
Reciprocal: Psalm 104:30 - sendest;  Isaiah 42:5 - he that giveth;  John 20:22 - he breathed;  Acts 17:25 - seeing

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Bibliographical Information
Torrey, R. A. "Commentary on Job 33:4". "The Treasury of Scripture Knowledge". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/tsk/job-33.html.