Verse-by-Verse Bible Commentary

Job 36:19

"Will your riches keep you from distress, Or all the forces of your strength?
New American Standard Version

Bible Study Resources

Concordances:
Nave's Topical Bible - Death;   God Continued...;   Watchfulness;   Torrey's Topical Textbook - Redemption;  
Dictionaries:
Easton Bible Dictionary - Gold;   Holman Bible Dictionary - Job, the Book of;   People's Dictionary of the Bible - Elihu;  
Encyclopedias:
International Standard Bible Encyclopedia - Esteem;   Forces;   Riches;  

Albert Barnes' Notes on the Whole Bible

Will he esteem thy riches? - That is God will not regard thy riches as a reason why he should not cut you off, or as a ransom for your forfeited life. The reference here must be to the fact that Job “had been” a rich man, and the meaning is, either that God would not spare him because he “had been” a rich man, or that if he had now all the wealth which he once possessed, it would not be sufficient to be a ransom for his life.

Nor all the forces of his strength - Not all that gives power and influence to a man - wealth, age, wisdom, reputation, authority, and rank. The meaning is, that God would not regard any of these when a man was rebellious in affliction, and refused in a proper manner to acknowledge his Maker. Of the truth of what is here affirmed, there can be no doubt. Riches, rank, and honors cannot redeem the life of a man. They do not save him from the grave, and from all that is gloomy and revolting there. When God comes forth to deal with mankind, he does not regard their gold, their rank, their splendid robes or palaces, but he deals with them as “men” - and the “happy,” the beautiful, the rich, the noble, moulder back, under his hand, to their native dust in the same manner as the most humble peasant. How forcibly should this teach us not to set our hearts on wealth, and not to seek the honors and wealth of the world as our portion!

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Barnes, Albert. "Commentary on Job 36:19". "Barnes' Notes on the Whole Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/bnb/job-36.html. 1870.

John Gill's Exposition of the Whole Bible

Will he esteem thy riches? no, not gold, nor all the forces of strength. Riches can be of no account, nor bear any weight with God; for they are of him and come from him, and what he has a right to take away and dispose of as he pleases. These cannot ward off the stroke of death, or secure from it; nor can a man possessed of them carry them with him into the other world; nor will they profit in the day of wrath. Mr. Broughton renders it, "will he esteem thy nobleness?" so Junius and Tremellius; thy noble birth, rank and station, thou hast had among men? Not at all. God is no respecter of persons; he regards not the noble and the rich more than the poor: and as for gold, the same may be said of that, which, though the most valuable among men, is of no esteem with God; and besides it is his: "the gold is mine", says he, "and the silver is mine", Haggai 2:8. Nor is death to be bribed with it, or put off by it; nor is a "munition"F26לא בצר "non munitionem", Tigurine version. fortress or castle, as some render the word, any defence against it: "nor all the forces of strength". Had a man at his command ever such numerous and powerful armies, they could not protect him from the stroke of death, or deliver him from eternal punishment, the demerit of sin. Though as Job had no riches, no gold, nor troops of soldiers about him; nor was there any great likelihood that this would be his case at death; I should think the words might be better rendered, "will he regard thy cry? no, not in distress; not even the most strong and forcible" cries or entreaties: when the stroke of death is given, the sentence of wrath is passed, and eternal destruction takes place; weeping and wailing will signify nothing: the cries and howlings of the damned in hell are of no avail; their strong cryings, and most intense and earnest entreaties, will have no effect on the Lord; though he is a God of great pity and compassion, and has sympathy with his people in distress, and in all their afflictions is afflicted; yet will have no regard to cries and tears, when the decree is gone forth and carried into execution: the verb from whence the first word is derived is used for "crying" in this chapter, Job 36:13; and the Targum renders it here by supplication and petition; so some other Jewish writersF1Vid. Aben Ezra, Bar Tzemach, Sephorno. interpret it of crying: and the second word is by several rendered "in straits"F2"In angustia", Mercerus, Drusius, Piscator; "in arcto", Cocceius, Schultens. and distress; and Cocceius has observed the notion of intense and fervent prayer in the third, and renders the whole pretty near to what has been observedF3"Num aequalis esset imploration tua non in arcto et omnes contentiones virium", Cocceius. .

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The New John Gill's Exposition of the Entire Bible Modernised and adapted for the computer by Larry Pierce of Online Bible. All Rights Reserved, Larry Pierce, Winterbourne, Ontario.
A printed copy of this work can be ordered from: The Baptist Standard Bearer, 1 Iron Oaks Dr, Paris, AR, 72855
Bibliographical Information
Gill, John. "Commentary on Job 36:19". "The New John Gill Exposition of the Entire Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/geb/job-36.html. 1999.

Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible

forces of strength — that is, resources of wealth (Psalm 49:7; Proverbs 11:4).

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These files are a derivative of an electronic edition prepared from text scanned by Woodside Bible Fellowship.
This expanded edition of the Jameison-Faussett-Brown Commentary is in the public domain and may be freely used and distributed.
Bibliographical Information
Jamieson, Robert, D.D.; Fausset, A. R.; Brown, David. "Commentary on Job 36:19". "Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/jfb/job-36.html. 1871-8.

Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Will he esteem thy riches? no, not gold, nor all the forces of strength.

Thy riches — If thou hadst as much of them as ever.

Forces — The strongest forces.

Copyright Statement
These files are public domain and are a derivative of an electronic edition that is available on the Christian Classics Ethereal Library Website.
Bibliographical Information
Wesley, John. "Commentary on Job 36:19". "John Wesley's Explanatory Notes on the Whole Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/wen/job-36.html. 1765.

John Trapp Complete Commentary

Job 36:19 Will he esteem thy riches? [no], not gold, nor all the forces of strength.

Ver. 19. Will he esteem thy riches?] Tremellius rendereth it, thy nobility. Others read it thus, Will he regard thy crying in thine adversity? Or, That thou shouldest not abide in adversity? See Proverbs 10:2; Proverbs 11:4, {See Trapp on "Proverbs 10:2"} {See Trapp on "Proverbs 11:4"}

No, not gold] Which yet can do much with men. The Hebrew word signifieth finest gold, Job 22:24, and hath its name from defending, because gold is a man’s defence: with men it may be so, but not with God, Zephaniah 1:18; see the note there. Others read it, No, not in affliction.

Nor all the forces of strength] Which are poor things in comparison to God, whose weakness is stronger than men, 1 Corinthians 1:25. He need but to arise, and his enemies shall be scattered; yea, all that hate him shall fly before him, Psalms 68:1. As the rocks repel the greatest waves, so doth God his enemies, Conantia frangere franguut.

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Bibliographical Information
Trapp, John. "Commentary on Job 36:19". John Trapp Complete Commentary. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/jtc/job-36.html. 1865-1868.

Matthew Poole's English Annotations on the Holy Bible

If thou couldst recover thy lost wealth or strength, or thy friends would employ theirs on thy behalf, neither could the one ransom thee, nor the other rescue thee.

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Bibliographical Information
Poole, Matthew, "Commentary on Job 36:19". Matthew Poole's English Annotations on the Holy Bible. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/mpc/job-36.html. 1685.

Whedon's Commentary on the Bible

Strophe b No resources of riches or might will suffice to redeem the soul out of God’s hand; therefore long not for the night, and, above all things, pervert not the afflictions of God into occasions of sin, Job 36:19-21.

19.Will he esteem thy riches — On the supposition that betsar is a compound word, some (Zockler) read, “Shall thy crying put thee out of distress? and all the efforts of strength?” i.e., of thy strength. Gesenius, (Thesaurus, 1069,) Renan, Noyes, Conant, Hitzig, etc., substantially agree with the English version. Thus Hirtzel, “Will thy riches suffice? O not gold, nor all treasures of power!” a reading which quite determines that the preceding verse (18) must accord with the Authorized Version. According to Suidas, the Phoenicians represented their gods with purses of gold as the symbol of power.

 

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Whedon, Daniel. "Commentary on Job 36:19". "Whedon's Commentary on the Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/whe/job-36.html. 1874-1909.

George Haydock's Catholic Bible Commentary

Without, or before thou be forced by tribulation. (Menochius) --- Lay aside all sentiments of pride, (St. Gregory) or keep in awe the mighty, who administer justice in thy name. (Menochius) --- Protestants, "Will he esteem thy riches? No, not gold, nor all the forces of strength." Septuagint, "Let not a willing mind incline thee unjustly to the prayer of the needy in distress." (Haydock)

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Haydock, George Leo. "Commentary on Job 36:19". "George Haydock's Catholic Bible Commentary". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/hcc/job-36.html. 1859.

Mark Dunagan Commentary on the Bible

There is a warning here against trusting in wealth to buy off distress, or by using human efforts, or by wanting to die as Job had declared in chapter 3. None of that was the answer.

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Bibliographical Information
Dunagan, Mark. "Commentary on Job 36:19". "Mark Dunagan Commentaries on the Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/dun/job-36.html. 1999-2014.

Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible - Unabridged

Will he esteem thy riches? no, not gold, nor all the forces of strength.

Forces of strength - i:e., resources of wealth (Psalms 49:6-7; Proverbs 11:4, "Riches profit not in the day of wrath").

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Bibliographical Information
Jamieson, Robert, D.D.; Fausset, A. R.; Brown, David. "Commentary on Job 36:19". "Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible - Unabridged". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/jfu/job-36.html. 1871-8.

Ellicott's Commentary for English Readers

(19) No, not gold, nor all the forces of strength.—The words here are doubtful. Some render, “Will He esteem thy riches, that thou be not in distress?” or, “all the forces of thy strength;” others, “Will thy cry avail, that thou be not in distress?” &c.; but there is authority for the Authorised Version.

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Bibliographical Information
Ellicott, Charles John. "Commentary on Job 36:19". "Ellicott's Commentary for English Readers". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/ebc/job-36.html. 1905.

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

Will he esteem thy riches? no, not gold, nor all the forces of strength.
Will
Proverbs 10:2; 11:4; Isaiah 2:20; Zephaniah 1:18; James 5:3
nor all
9:13; 34:20; Psalms 33:16,17; Proverbs 11:21; Isaiah 37:36
Reciprocal: Job 34:19 - regardeth;  Psalm 49:8 - General

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Torrey, R. A. "Commentary on Job 36:19". "The Treasury of Scripture Knowledge". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/tsk/job-36.html.