Verse-by-Verse Bible Commentary

Job 36:6

"He does not keep the wicked alive, But gives justice to the afflicted.
New American Standard Version

Bible Study Resources

Concordances:
Nave's Topical Bible - Poor;   Thompson Chain Reference - Needy, the;   Poor, the;   Poverty-Riches;   The Topic Concordance - Death;   Deliverance;   Disobedience;   Exaltation;   God;   Government;   Hearing;   Life;   Obedience;   Perishing;   Poverty;   Preservation;   Prosperity;   Righteousness;   Service;   Throne;   Wickedness;   Wrath;   Torrey's Topical Textbook - Life, Natural;  
Dictionaries:
Holman Bible Dictionary - Job, the Book of;   People's Dictionary of the Bible - Elihu;  

Adam Clarke Commentary

He preserveth not the life - He will not give life to the wicked; all such forfeit life by their transgressions.

But giveth right - Justice will he give to the afflicted or humble, עניים aniyim .

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Bibliographical Information
Clarke, Adam. "Commentary on Job 36:6". "The Adam Clarke Commentary". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/acc/job-36.html. 1832.

Albert Barnes' Notes on the Whole Bible

He preserveth not the life of the wicked - Elihu here maintains substantially the same sentiment which the three friends of Job had done, that the dealings of God in this life are in accordance with character, and that strict justice is thus maintained.

But giveth right to the poor - Margin, “or afflicted.” The Hebrew word often refers to the afflicted, to the humble, or the lowly; and the reference here is to the “lower classes” of society. The idea is, that God deals justly with them, and does not overlook them because they are so poor and feeble that they cannot contribute anything to him. In this sentiment Elihu was undoubtedly right, though, like the three friends of Job, he seems to have adopted the principle that the dealings of God here are according to the “characters” of people. He had some views in advance of theirs. He saw that affliction is designed for “discipline” Job 33; that God is willing to show mercy to the sufferer on repentance; that he is not dependent upon human beings, and that his dealings “cannot” be graduated by any reference to what he would receive or suffer from people; but still he clung to the idea that the dealings of God here are a proof of the character of the afflicted. What was mysterious about it he resolved into sovereignty, and showed that man “ought” to be submissive to God, and to “believe” that he was qualified to govern. He lacked the views which Christianity has furnished, that the inequalities that appear in the divine dealings here will be made clear in the retributions of another world.

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Barnes, Albert. "Commentary on Job 36:6". "Barnes' Notes on the Whole Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/bnb/job-36.html. 1870.

John Gill's Exposition of the Whole Bible

He preserveth not the life of the wicked,.... He makes a difference between wicked and righteous men, which shows him to be a holy and righteous God; though he preserves the life of all men so long as they live, yet not in the same way; he preserves the lives of wicked men in the common course of his providence, but not in a special way and manner, as he does the lives of the righteous, which are dear and precious to him; nor does he preserve to any great length such as are notorious sinners, who are guilty of capital crimes, as murder, &c. their lives are shortened, and they do not live out half their days: or he does not quicken them, bestow his spiritual favour upon them, in which only is life; and though they will be quickened and raised at the last day, as well as the righteous, yet not to the resurrection of life, but to the resurrection of damnation;

but giveth right to the poor; pleads their cause and rights their wrongs, administers justice to them, especially to the poor in spirit, who hunger and thirst after righteousness; to these he gives freely the righteousness of his son, which only denominates persons truly righteous: of whom in Job 36:7.

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The New John Gill's Exposition of the Entire Bible Modernised and adapted for the computer by Larry Pierce of Online Bible. All Rights Reserved, Larry Pierce, Winterbourne, Ontario.
A printed copy of this work can be ordered from: The Baptist Standard Bearer, 1 Iron Oaks Dr, Paris, AR, 72855
Bibliographical Information
Gill, John. "Commentary on Job 36:6". "The New John Gill Exposition of the Entire Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/geb/job-36.html. 1999.

Geneva Study Bible

He d preserveth not the life of the wicked: but giveth right to the poor.

(d) Therefore he will not preserve the wicked, but to the humble and afflicted heart he will show grace.
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Bibliographical Information
Beza, Theodore. "Commentary on Job 36:6". "The 1599 Geneva Study Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/gsb/job-36.html. 1599-1645.

Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible

right … poor — He espouses the cause of the afflicted.

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These files are a derivative of an electronic edition prepared from text scanned by Woodside Bible Fellowship.
This expanded edition of the Jameison-Faussett-Brown Commentary is in the public domain and may be freely used and distributed.
Bibliographical Information
Jamieson, Robert, D.D.; Fausset, A. R.; Brown, David. "Commentary on Job 36:6". "Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/jfb/job-36.html. 1871-8.

Wesley's Explanatory Notes

He preserveth not the life of the wicked: but giveth right to the poor.

But — He will certainly in his time deliver his oppressed ones.

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These files are public domain and are a derivative of an electronic edition that is available on the Christian Classics Ethereal Library Website.
Bibliographical Information
Wesley, John. "Commentary on Job 36:6". "John Wesley's Explanatory Notes on the Whole Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/wen/job-36.html. 1765.

John Trapp Complete Commentary

Job 36:6 He preserveth not the life of the wicked: but giveth right to the poor.

Ver. 6. He preserveth not the life of the wicked] He is no such friend to them; though he be good to the godly, be greatly careth not what becomes of them. Their life they hold of him, and many good things besides; for he is the Saviour, or preserver, of all men, but especially of them that believe. But he suffereth not the wicked to live, as the Hebrew here hath it, he withdraweth them not from the hand of justice, he bindeth not them up in the bundle of life, he reckoneth them not among the living in Jerusalem, among the firstborn, whose names are written in heaven; he many times slayeth them with his own hand, and cutteth them short in righteousness. Or if not so, yet their preservation is but reservation, &c.

But giveth right to the poor] Or, to the afflicted. For poverty is an affliction, and subjecteth a man to many injuries: Zephaniah 3:12, they are an afflicted and poor people, but trusting in the name of the Lord, they shall be relieved and righted, not so soon perhaps as themselves would, nor yet so long hence as their oppressors would. In the mount will the Lord be seen, who, as he seldom comes at our times, so he never fails his own time. Meanwhile this comfort they have:

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Bibliographical Information
Trapp, John. "Commentary on Job 36:6". John Trapp Complete Commentary. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/jtc/job-36.html. 1865-1868.

Matthew Poole's English Annotations on the Holy Bible

He preserveth not the life of the wicked, to wit, for ever; but will in his due time forsake them, and give them up to the destroyer. Or, he doth not or will not preserve, is put for he will certainly and dreadfully destroy, by the figure called meiosis, used Proverbs 17:21, and oft elsewhere.

Giveth right to the poor; he doth uphold, and he certainly will in his time deliver, his poor oppressed ones from all their oppressors.

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Bibliographical Information
Poole, Matthew, "Commentary on Job 36:6". Matthew Poole's English Annotations on the Holy Bible. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/mpc/job-36.html. 1685.

Whedon's Commentary on the Bible

6.He preserveth not the life — In allusion to Job’s question, (Job 21:7.) “Wherefore do the wicked live?” See also Job 24:22, with note. The verb will admit the reading of Gesenius and Furst: — “He prospereth not the wicked.” It is not because of their wickedness that prosperity attends their ways. The economy that God has established tends to the overthrow of evil doers no less than to the exaltation of the righteous, a thought Elihu in the next verse proceeds to expand.

 

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Whedon, Daniel. "Commentary on Job 36:6". "Whedon's Commentary on the Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/whe/job-36.html. 1874-1909.

Mark Dunagan Commentary on the Bible

God does not ignore the wickedness of the wicked and neither does He ignore the afflictions of the afflicted. Thus Elihu reminds Job that God is merciful and that God is not ignoring him. "God restores afflicted, righteous people, giving them deserved blessings, watching over them in care (though Job felt this was no longer true of him, 29:2; 10:12)" (Bible Knowledge Comm. p. 763). Note, Elihu is not saying that the wicked are immediately punished or the righteous are immediately rewarded, in fact he admits that the righteous could be afflicted, rather he is saying that God is just and justice is eventually exercised in all cases.

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Dunagan, Mark. "Commentary on Job 36:6". "Mark Dunagan Commentaries on the Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/dun/job-36.html. 1999-2014.

E.W. Bullinger's Companion Bible Notes

wicked = lawless. Hebrew rasha". App-44.

poor = wretched. Hebrew. "ani. See note on Proverbs 6:11.

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Bullinger, Ethelbert William. "Commentary on Job 36:6". "E.W. Bullinger's Companion bible Notes". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/bul/job-36.html. 1909-1922.

Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible - Unabridged

He preserveth not the life of the wicked: but giveth right to the poor.

Right ... poor - he espouses the cause of the afflicted.

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These files are public domain.
Text Courtesy of BibleSupport.com. Used by Permission.
Bibliographical Information
Jamieson, Robert, D.D.; Fausset, A. R.; Brown, David. "Commentary on Job 36:6". "Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible - Unabridged". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/jfu/job-36.html. 1871-8.

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

He preserveth not the life of the wicked: but giveth right to the poor.
preserveth
21:7-9,30; Psalms 55:23; Jeremiah 12:1,2; 2 Peter 2:9
giveth
29:12-17; Psalms 9:12; 10:14,15; 72:4,12-14; 82:1-4; Proverbs 22:22,23; Isaiah 11:4
poor
or, afflicted.
Exodus 22:22-24; Psalms 140:12
Reciprocal: 1 Samuel 2:8 - set them;  Job 36:15 - delivereth;  Psalm 113:7 - needy

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Bibliographical Information
Torrey, R. A. "Commentary on Job 36:6". "The Treasury of Scripture Knowledge". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/tsk/job-36.html.