Verse-by-Verse Bible Commentary

Job 40:9

"Or do you have an arm like God, And can you thunder with a voice like His?
New American Standard Version

Bible Study Resources

Concordances:
Nave's Topical Bible - Power;   Thompson Chain Reference - Arm, Divine;   Divine;   God;   Torrey's Topical Textbook - Power of God, the;  
Dictionaries:
American Tract Society Bible Dictionary - Leviathan;   Thunder;   Holman Bible Dictionary - Arm;   Job, the Book of;   Hastings' Dictionary of the Bible - Arm;   Smith Bible Dictionary - Thunder;   Wilson's Dictionary of Bible Types - Voice;  
Encyclopedias:
International Standard Bible Encyclopedia - Thunder;  

Adam Clarke Commentary

Hast thou an arm like God? - Every word, from this to the end of Job 40:14, has a wonderful tendency to humble the soul; and it is no wonder that at the conclusion of these sayings Job fell in the dust confounded, and ascribed righteousness to his Maker.

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Bibliographical Information
Clarke, Adam. "Commentary on Job 40:9". "The Adam Clarke Commentary". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/acc/job-40.html. 1832.

Albert Barnes' Notes on the Whole Bible

Hast thou an arm like God? - The arm is the symbol of strength. The question here is, whether Job would venture to compare his strength with the omnipotence of God?

Or canst thou thunder with a voice like him? - Thunder is a symbol of the majesty of the Most High, and is often spoken of as the voice of God; see Psalm 29:1-11. The question here is, whether Job could presume to compare himself with the Almighty, whose voice was the thunder?

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Bibliographical Information
Barnes, Albert. "Commentary on Job 40:9". "Barnes' Notes on the Whole Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/bnb/job-40.html. 1870.

John Gill's Exposition of the Whole Bible

Hast thou an arm like God?.... Such power as he has, which is infinite, almighty, and uncontrollable, and therefore there is no contending with him; as he has an arm on which good men may lean on and trust in, and by which they are supported, protected, and saved, so he has an arm to crush like a moth all that strive with him or against him;

or canst thou thunder with a voice like him? thunder is his voice; see Job 37:4, &c. and is expressive of his power, Job 26:14; and his powerful voice may be observed in calling all things out of nothing into being in creation; in commanding and ordering all things in providence according to his pleasure; and in quickening sinners through his Gospel, by his Spirit and grace in conversion, and will be in calling men out of their graves and summoning them to judgment at the last day. God can both overpower and out voice men, and therefore it is in vain to oppose him and contend with him.

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The New John Gill's Exposition of the Entire Bible Modernised and adapted for the computer by Larry Pierce of Online Bible. All Rights Reserved, Larry Pierce, Winterbourne, Ontario.
A printed copy of this work can be ordered from: The Baptist Standard Bearer, 1 Iron Oaks Dr, Paris, AR, 72855
Bibliographical Information
Gill, John. "Commentary on Job 40:9". "The New John Gill Exposition of the Entire Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/geb/job-40.html. 1999.

Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible

arm — God‘s omnipotence (Isaiah 53:1).

thunder — God‘s voice (Job 37:4).

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These files are a derivative of an electronic edition prepared from text scanned by Woodside Bible Fellowship.
This expanded edition of the Jameison-Faussett-Brown Commentary is in the public domain and may be freely used and distributed.
Bibliographical Information
Jamieson, Robert, D.D.; Fausset, A. R.; Brown, David. "Commentary on Job 40:9". "Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/jfb/job-40.html. 1871-8.

John Trapp Complete Commentary

Job 40:9 Hast thou an arm like God? or canst thou thunder with a voice like him?

Ver. 9. Hast thou an arm like God?] That thou shouldest wrestle a fall with him, and hope to overmatch him? "Thou hast a mighty arm," saith David: "strong is thy hand, and high is thy right hand," Psalms 89:13. It spans the heavens, and holds the earth in the hollow of it. The weight of it broke the angels’ backs; and the terror of it may be seen in all those writs of execution recorded in the Scriptures. Oh, it is a fearful thing, saith the apostle, to fall into the (punishing) hands of the living God! Hebrews 10:31

Or canst thou thunder with a voice like him?] Of Pericles, the orator, it is said, that when he declaimed, Intonabat., fulgurabat, totam Graeciam commiscebat, &c., he thundered, he lightened, he mingled all Greece together (Cicero). And Livy, speaking of a certain Roman commander, saith, Haec cum intonuisset iracundus, &c., These things, when he had thundered out angrily, and with a courage, the people departed of their own accord. Alexander the Great, being once vexed at his soldiers for mutining and tumultuating, thunder-struck them with these words, Facessite hine ocyus, neminem teneo; liberate occulos meos ingratissimi milites, Get you quickly out of my presence, and be packing hence, ye ungrateful soldiers. And Severus, the emperor, in like sort dealt with his unruly army, Discedite Quirites, said he, et incertum an Quirites. These were terrible hard words, and very resolutely uttered: but what is any or all of this to the voice of God’s thunder, whereof see before? Knowest thou not, O Job, that thine arm is an arm of flesh? and thy voice so small and low that a fly would not be frighted at it?

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Bibliographical Information
Trapp, John. "Commentary on Job 40:9". John Trapp Complete Commentary. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/jtc/job-40.html. 1865-1868.

Matthew Poole's English Annotations on the Holy Bible

Thou art infinitely short of God in power, and therefore in justice; for all his perfections are equal and infinite. Injustice is much more likely to be in thee, an impotent creature, than in the Almighty God; of which See Poole "Job 40:2".

Canst thou thunder with a voice like him? therefore do not presume to contend with him.

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Text Courtesy of BibleSupport.com. Used by Permission.
Bibliographical Information
Poole, Matthew, "Commentary on Job 40:9". Matthew Poole's English Annotations on the Holy Bible. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/mpc/job-40.html. 1685.

Whedon's Commentary on the Bible

9.An arm like God — The arm of the Lord is the symbol of omnipotence, as in Isaiah 51:9, in which, in sublime strains, Jehovah is represented as personifying his own omnipotence.

 

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Bibliographical Information
Whedon, Daniel. "Commentary on Job 40:9". "Whedon's Commentary on the Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/whe/job-40.html. 1874-1909.

Joseph Benson's Commentary of the Old and New Testaments

Job 40:9. Hast thou an arm like God? — Hast thou, a poor, weak worm of the earth, an arm comparable to his, who upholdeth all things? The power of creatures, even of angels themselves, is derived from God, limited by him, dependant on him; but the power of God is original, independent, and unlimited: he can do every thing without us; we can do nothing without him; and therefore we have not an arm like God. The meaning is, Thou art infinitely short of God in power, and therefore in justice: for all his perfections are equal and infinite. Injustice is much more likely to be in thee, an impotent creature, than in the Almighty God; see on Job 40:2. Canst thou thunder with a voice like him? — No: his voice will soon drown thine; and one of his mighty thunders will overpower and overrule thy weak speeches. Therefore do not presume to contend with him.

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Text Courtesy of BibleSupport.com. Used by Permission.
Bibliographical Information
Benson, Joseph. "Commentary on Job 40:9". Joseph Benson's Commentary. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/rbc/job-40.html. 1857.

Mark Dunagan Commentary on the Bible

"Or do you have an arm like God?" The point here that any moral superiority to God must be accompanied by a similar superiority in power. "To contend with God suggests an assumed equality with God. And yet no mortal possesses that. Job did not have God"s strength (His "arm"), or the ability to terrify by His voice" (Bible Knowledge Comm. pp. 770-771).

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Text Courtesy of BibleSupport.com. Used by Permission.
Bibliographical Information
Dunagan, Mark. "Commentary on Job 40:9". "Mark Dunagan Commentaries on the Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/dun/job-40.html. 1999-2014.

E.W. Bullinger's Companion Bible Notes

an arm. Figure of speech Anthropopatheia. App-6.

GOD. Hebrew El. App-4.

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Bibliographical Information
Bullinger, Ethelbert William. "Commentary on Job 40:9". "E.W. Bullinger's Companion bible Notes". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/bul/job-40.html. 1909-1922.

Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible - Unabridged

Hast thou an arm like God? or canst thou thunder with a voice like him? Arm - God's omnipotence (Isaiah 53:1).

Thunder - God's voice (Job 37:4). 10. See, hast thou power and majesty like God's, to enable thee to judge and govern the world.

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These files are public domain.
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Bibliographical Information
Jamieson, Robert, D.D.; Fausset, A. R.; Brown, David. "Commentary on Job 40:9". "Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible - Unabridged". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/jfu/job-40.html. 1871-8.

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

Hast thou an arm like God? or canst thou thunder with a voice like him?
Hast
9:4; 23:6; 33:12,13; Exodus 15:6; Psalms 89:10,13; Isaiah 45:9; 1 Corinthians 10:22
canst
37:4,5; Psalms 39:3-9
Reciprocal: Exodus 9:17 - General1 Samuel 2:10 - he thunder;  1 Samuel 17:10 - give me;  2 Samuel 22:14 - thundered;  2 Chronicles 13:12 - fight ye;  2 Chronicles 32:8 - an arm;  Job 9:13 - the proud helpers;  Job 9:19 - he is strong;  Job 15:25 - strengtheneth;  Job 25:2 - Dominion;  Job 26:14 - the thunder;  Job 31:23 - by;  Job 35:9 - the arm;  Job 41:10 - who;  Psalm 18:13 - thundered;  Psalm 18:14 - he shot;  Psalm 29:4 - full of;  Isaiah 30:30 - his glorious voice;  Isaiah 33:5 - The Lord;  Isaiah 36:20 - that the Lord;  Isaiah 40:18 - GeneralJeremiah 15:12 - Shall iron;  Jeremiah 50:24 - because;  Jeremiah 51:16 - he uttereth;  Ezekiel 10:5 - the voice;  Ezekiel 13:5 - to stand;  Ezekiel 22:14 - Thine heart;  Ezekiel 28:6 - Because;  Daniel 4:35 - none;  Luke 1:51 - he hath scattered;  Luke 14:32 - and desireth;  Luke 18:14 - every;  John 12:10 - GeneralJohn 12:29 - thundered;  Acts 5:39 - to fight;  Acts 9:5 - it is;  Acts 11:17 - what;  Revelation 19:6 - and as the voice of mighty

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Bibliographical Information
Torrey, R. A. "Commentary on Job 40:9". "The Treasury of Scripture Knowledge". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/tsk/job-40.html.